Academic Exchange Quarterly

Periodical covering issues in education.

Articles from Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer

Achievement Calibration and Causal Attributions
Abstract The way students explain success or failure on a test affects motivation to achieve on future tests. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether these explanations are related to accuracy of self-assessments of preparedness...
Action Research in Administrative Internships
Abstract The demands on educational leaders in the context of an accountability environment are complex, implying a comprehensive field experience as part of graduate program preparation. This article will outline the University of Hartford's use...
Adjuncts Happen: Strong Faculty; Weak System
Abstract Given the current increase in the use of adjunct faculty, this paper addresses adjunct faculty role expectations for the purpose of clarifying program stressors. Because university policies on adjuncts are open-ended or unspecified, each...
An Interactive Approach to Advanced Japanese
Abstract In an advanced Japanese class, professors and graduate students traditionally tend to focus on grammar and translation without encouraging student interaction in Japanese. In this paper, I report how I encouraged Japanese-language interaction...
A Practical Lesson in Cognitive Dissonance
Abstract The sensation of cognitive dissonance can produce much anxiety for college students. Interestingly, although most college-aged individuals have experienced cognitive dissonance, they often have difficulty recognizing and attending to it....
Benefit of Self-Selecting Reading Materials
Abstract According to the reader response theory, the readers bring their interests, personal backgrounds, and prior experiences to the reading process. Research related to self-selection of reading materials shows that through this shift in power,...
Can Challenging Classes Also Be Enjoyed?
Abstract Because enjoyment of academics increases intrinsic motivation, it also has the potential to facilitate learning. However, an optimal learning environment is not only enjoyable but also challenges students to fully use and improve their...
Conflict Management and the Prospective Principal
Abstract Aspiring principals were surveyed about their perceptions and training in regard to conflict management. Subjects reported positive attitudes about conflict and were confident in their conflict management skills when dealing with students....
Conflict Resolution and Group Work
Abstract Group work is a common strategy used by college professors interested in using more student-centered teaching strategies, although, conflict is believed to be common in group projects between students. Very little research, has considered...
Crisis in Information Literacy
Abstract Colleges and universities are integrating information literacy components into current curricula to better prepare students for the global marketplace. Students attending Robert Morris University are required to successfully complete five...
Determination of Economics Student Performance
Abstract This study investigates the determination of student performance in the Principles of Economics course. It employs an ordinary least squares regression procedure to ascertain the importance of math ability, classification, major, attendance...
Enhancing Consensus-Building through Technology
Abstract The authors led two teams who developed Georgia high school standards and curricula for Law Enforcement in 2003 and for Private Security and Protective Services in 2004. Although both projects were similar, the methods used were different....
Evaluating Teacher Feedback in Writing Classes
Abstract Process writing is marking intensive and is often seen to be unmanageable in large classes. The feedback given to students is an important part of the process, but many teachers question how much of their feedback students attend to on...
Expanding Library Instruction to the Web Portal
Abstract Teaching information literacy skills is a major initiative for today's instruction librarians. The advent of web portals on the college campus provides a unique teaching opportunity. This paper describes how the University at Buffalo Libraries...
Factors in Learning Second Language and Culture
Abstract The focus of this study was to identify factors which enhance or complicate second language learners' acculturation and language acquisition processes. The researchers conducted structured interviews at a southern California high school...
From Small Step to Giant Leap in Research Ability
Abstract Undergraduate students have access to enormous amounts of information yet often fail to understand how to locate and use information effectively and ethically. This article describes a unique collaboration that embeds the five information...
Genres and Library Skills: A Topical Approach
Abstract Children must be introduced to a variety of genres and writing styles to help develop their own interest in reading and writing. They must also develop skills in using the library and selecting appropriate materials. Through the use of...
Grammar: Defying Definition beyond Two Millennia
Abstract No consensus has been reached regarding the definition of grammar since the term came into existence more than two millennia ago. The article illustrates how terminology has developed, changed and always presented problems from ancient...
Helping Linguistic Minorities Read Independently
Abstract This article first discusses the challenges that linguistic minority populations face as they strive to learn English and become competent second language readers. Secondly, teachers are offered suggestions of ways they can investigate...
Helping Teachers Become Transformational Leaders
Abstract Building learning organizations and support for administrators is imperative in today's schools. An overview of our teacher leader program is given with a description of the curriculum stressing professional development. We describe how...
History, Enriched Lectures, and Pedagogy
Abstract This article offers some insight into the process of integrating multimedia enriched lectures into an undergraduate history curriculum, it highlights specifically some of the pedagogical advantages and benefits of a courseware package the...
Holistic Writing: Integrated Patterns
Abstract This study examines a small group of upper elementary students who have struggled with language foundations and the fundamentals of writing. Focusing principally on English language learners and learning disabled students, classroom investigation...
Implementing a Workshop Approach to Reading
Abstract Implementing a workshop approach to reading instruction presents many challenges for classroom teachers. These challenges come from external pressures such as high stakes testing, administrative edicts and peer pressures. They are also...
Improving the Research Paper in Theatre History
Abstract This paper describes a seven-step process designed by Davida Bloom for the research paper assignment in her History of Theatre classes. The carefully structured assignment is helpful for teachers of non-composition classes whose students...
Inclusion in Northern Ireland: Cracking the Code
Abstract Teachers in Northern Ireland are faced with the introduction of new legislation relating to the identification, assessment, and provision for, children with special needs. In line with the United Kingdom and Europe, teachers are increasingly...
Increasing Book Access for Latino Kindergartners
Abstract The present study examined how classroom libraries affected 138 low-SES Latino kindergartners' early reading conceptualizations at an elementary school in Los Angeles. Results indicated that while students in both the control and experimental...
Input Processing Revisited
Abstract Current models of language pedagogy fail to provide with the abstract principles that a comprehensive theory of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) might require. All of these models acknowledge the important role of attention in any learning...
Inspiring College Writers with Web Portfolios
Abstract Writers sometimes come to college with attitudinal blocks to their development that an instructor can begin to overcome by listening to what they say about their early pedagogical experiences. One way to make use of this information is...
Integrating Music in History Education
Abstract Meaningful history education moves beyond traditional practice by suggesting the inclusion of student and issues centered approaches to teaching and learning. Our children's natural desire to make sense of their world can be enhanced through...
Leader as Teacher: Conversations to Grow Teams
Abstract Among the opportunities a leader has to improve a work culture, creating and growing effective teams have become important routes to organizational transformation. Our intent is to help leaders understand the stages and considerations in...
Leadership Preparation in Dangerous Times
Abstract In this article it is argued that contemporary models of leadership such as shared or distributed leadership, or even discussions of transformational methodologies are based on a compromised vision of the nature of leadership. Specifically,...
Leading Leaders: Lessons from the Field
Abstract University programs preparing candidates for school leadership positions are under increasing pressure to align programs with the realities of practice. This research investigates the effects of classroom and field experiences with candidates...
Learning a Second Language through Music
Abstract Music offers students a unique and exciting opportunity both to explore the language and culture of a foreign country and to cultivate their listening skills. Songs remain, however, an irregular feature of most foreign language courses...
Learning from Contrasting Teams
Abstract An exploratory action-research investigation was conducted of two diverse teams composed of aspiring school principals. The eleven team participants were inner city teachers enrolled in an educational leadership program at a private university....
Linguistics in Language Teacher Education
Abstract Linguistic theory has been a traditional component in the training of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL), but recently the relevance of theoretical training has been questioned by some TESOL teacher educators. In...
Major Approaches to the Study of Leadership
Abstract The study of leadership has produced a multitude of perspectives and theories. It is a daunting but rewarding challenge for professors to synthesize the literature and present it to aspiring leaders in a meaningful way. Introduction...
Morbid Fascination: Teaching the History of Death
Abstract The history of death is rarely, if ever, taught as a course despite increased attention from researchers. The article discusses the author's experience in designing and teaching a freshmen history course on death and dying. The article...
New Assessment Technology: The PRS Alternative
Abstract Personal Response Systems (PRS) can be used for instant, interactive assessment during library instruction sessions. The technology is a good active learning tool for today's freshmen, who are at the dualistic stage of cognitive development...
Online Course in Two-Year Nursing Education
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of offering an online nursing course at a community college in Iowa. Using a qualitative design, data were gathered from administrators and nursing instructors using interviews and...
Perceptions of Research and Its Link to Teaching
Abstract This article investigates graduate education majors' perceptions of research and its relation to teaching. I show that most students view research as consumers. Missing from this view is an inquiry-based stance in which they position themselves...
Perceptions of Spanish Heritage and L2 Writing
Abstract Four compositions written in Spanish by two Spanish heritage speakers and two second language learners are evaluated and commented on by twenty native Spanish speakers from eleven Spanish-speaking countries. The study addresses what differences...
Personality and Learning Style Connections
Abstract Student success always has been a primary goal of every teacher, yet it can be a challenging mystery to solve. As a reflective practitioner, a teacher would consider the evidence of such success and propose the underlying causes of that...
Preservice Teacher Efficacy: Cross-National Study
Abstract This cross-national study assessed the relationship between two groups (i.e., US and Turkey) of matched preservice teachers regarding their perceptions of self-efficacy toward teaching students with learning disabilities and their perceptions...
Principals' Impact on Teacher Retention
Abstract The No Child Left Behind legislation of 2002 reshaped teacher recruitment by requiring the nation's schools have highly qualified teachers in every classroom. Principals play a pivotal role in the attainment of this objective. They exert...
Problem-Based Curriculum Development for Leaders
Abstract This article describes one way to solve the seeming dichotomy between teaching theory and teaching skills in an educational leadership curriculum development course. The course aims to develop understandings of how k-12 leaders can help...
Reflecting on Miscues in Content Area Readings
Abstract This article describes a case study of a struggling middle school reader. Different content area texts (science, math, literature) were selected and three oral reading miscue analysis cycles were conducted. After each miscues analysis the...
Rewards and Motivation in the Classroom
Abstract Findings from meta-analyses on the effects of rewards on students' performance and motivation as well as a consideration of social cognitive theory suggest a set of strategies for using rewards in educational settings. In this article,...
School Technology Leadership: Theory to Practice
Abstract Technology leadership is an emerging specialty area in Educational Leadership programs. This article describes the School Technology Leadership Initiative, an innovative graduate-level curriculum that addresses the technology needs of school...
Science Literacy: A Collaborative Approach
Abstract Timely topics in microbiology were used to engage students in a non-science majors microbiology course designed to introduce the principles of biology and the role of microorganisms in nature and human affairs, as well as to develop an...
Sexual Harassment in Higher Education
Abstract Countless claims of sexual harassment have been filed throughout American companies, colleges, and universities. During the early 1980's, the impact and scope of sexual harassment problems were recognized on college campuses. Due to increased...
Teachers Blossom into New Leadership Roles
Abstract Many school administrators envision increasing their district's leadership capacity by developing teacher leaders to support educational reform. I examined how teachers increase their leadership while participating in a leadership institute....
Teaching English Language Learners: A Self-Study
Abstract This study investigates the implementation, challenges, and successes of a district-wide, intensive, three-week English as a Second Language (ESL) summer program in an elementary school in the southeastern United States were where the English...
Teaching Leadership and Teaching Leaders
Welcome to our inaugural "Leadership" feature topic. Our purpose in creating this topic is to provide a forum for instructors, scholars and leaders in all fields and who advance the growth of those who currently lead others. Fifteen "Leadership" manuscripts...
Teaching Nonviolence in Times of War
Abstract Through a critical analysis of a course entitled "Nonviolent Activism in Modern Asia," this article discusses the use of educational games, which are set in the past and assign students specific roles and tasks informed by primary sources,...
Teaching Styles and Student Interest: Three Cases
Abstract This article presents the results of a study comparing teaching styles and student motivation. Three history classes, all high school juniors, and three teachers, each with a different teaching style, were the study group participants....
Teaching Teachers to Lead: Some Lessons
Abstract Programs designed to prepare educational leaders are under increasing pressure to include more authentic, field-based performances as a component of their programs. This paper deals with lessons learned through the design, implementation,...
Technology Choices for Leadership Classrooms
Abstract This paper demonstrates the potential for technology to improve performance-based assessment and achieve reflective practice in educational leadership classrooms. Videotaping performances is relatively easy, but distribution logistics required...
Text Appropriation: Spirituality and Pedagogy
Abstract Much research in rhetoric and composition has focused on the damage done by teachers who inappropriately control student texts, but little of this research has examined the origins of text appropriation. I believe a spiritually sensitive...
The 8th Anniversary Editorial
This Summer 2005 issue is the thirty-second issue of Academic Exchange Quarterly, a journal begun eight years ago at Chattanooga State College in Tennessee. It is now published in New York and has grown significantly. I first joined the editorial staff...
The Library Game: Engaging Unengaged Freshmen
Abstract In an effort to enliven the freshman library orientation, the instruction librarians at Radford University developed a Jeopardy!-style game in which the librarian acted as game show host and the students competed in teams. This article...
The Mirror Crack'd-History Reflected by Hollywood
Abstract This article examines how mainstream (Hollywood) history films can be productively incorporated into high school and university history classrooms. It presents the findings of an experimental case study of the use of mainstream film in...
Tourism English and IT Evaluation
Abstract An oral fluency evaluation for Tourism English (TE) is proposed by contrasting linguistic production with corpus data. Electronic written and oral text collections (corpora) are designed and exploited so that an evaluative approach may...
Writing under the Bodhi Tree
Abstract Buddhist Philosophy provides a fitting set of guidelines for writing center pedagogy and inspiration. Buddhist monk Thich Nhat Hanh's "Charter of Interbeing" supports the importance of rhetoric, kairos and audience consideration, in general....
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