Medium Aevum

Bi-yearly journal contains articles, notes and review articles on a range of medieval linguistic and literary topics.

Articles from Vol. 79, No. 1, Spring-Summer

Chaucer's Second Hector: The Triumphs of Diomede and the Possibility of Epic in Troilus and Criseyde
Troilus and Criseyde is a poem about being second-best. Set in the besieged city of Troy, it presents the story of the ill-fated love affair between the disgraced daughter of a traitor and Hector's little brother. Chaucer tells us from the beginning...
From Manuscript into Print: The Festial, the Four Sermons, and the Quattuor Sermones
For five centuries, the Quattuor sermones has resisted all attempts to divide it satisfactorily into four sermons. (2) First published by Caxton in 1483 and issued alongside the Festial (STC 17957-75) for over forty years, the book that originally...
More Notes by Coleman
In an article published in Medium AEvum in 1949, Neil Ker was the first to note the appearance of signed marginal notes in three eleventh-century manuscripts from Worcester. (1) These notes carry a cryptic signature reading 'Coleman' when deciphered...
Nicholas of Guildford and the Owl and the Nightingale
'Maister Nichole of Guldeforde' appears as a personality in two passages of the Middle English poem known as The Owl and the Nightingale. (1) In the first of these (lines 187-214), the poem's eponymous protagonists agree that this 'Maister Nicole'...
Queer Times: Richard II in the Poems and Chronicles of Late Fourteenth-Century England
For those authors charged with explaining the Lancastrian usurpation of the throne in 1399, Richard II deserved to be deposed. He was said by these writers to be tyrannical, extravagant, mercurial, foppish, and alternatingly wilful or spineless--characteristics...
Social Rank in the Poema De Mio Cid
There was an old and perhaps rather simplistic view about the Poema de mio Cid that its hero was 'bourgeois', and that the spirit of the poem might be called 'democratic'. Both terms, to be sure, are in different ways anachronistic when one is talking...
The Date of Sir John Clanvowe's the Two Ways and the 'Reinvention of Lollardy'
In his interesting recent book on literature and heresy in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries Andrew Cole gives some prominence to Sir John Clanvowe's treatise The Two Ways, especially to that passage in which the author defends himself...
The Middle French Alchemical Treatises in MS Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 164
There are as many varieties of alchemy as there are practitioners of it and writers on it. The imprecision and obscurity of alchemical writings which represent an obstinate barrier to the elucidation of even key concepts are the result of the occultism...