Medium Aevum

Bi-yearly journal contains articles, notes and review articles on a range of medieval linguistic and literary topics.

Articles from Vol. 77, No. 2, Fall-Winter

An Unpublished Fifteenth-Century Carol Collection: Oxford, Lincoln College MS Lat. 141
Medium Aevum Essay Prize 2008 The fifteenth century is the first period from which substantial numbers of vernacular English songs survive, in both notated and un-notated manuscripts, together testifying to a vigorous written tradition. Many of...
Christine De Pizan's Crown of Twelve Stars
In the twelfth chapter of her Epistre de la prison de vie humaine, (1) a consolatory epistle completed on 20 January 1417 OS (1418 NS) and designed to comfort all the grieving princesses of the realm and other noble ladies affected by the French defeat...
'I Shalle Send Word in Writing': Lexical Choices and Legal Acumen in the Letters of Margaret Paston
Margaret Paston's letters have been said to contain 'many obvious echoes of legal phraseology', (2) and both their tone and their content have led historians to surmise that she had a certain familiarity with the law, bur the extent of her legal knowledge...
Poverty, Dignity, and Lay Spirituality in Pore Caitif and Jacob's Well
This essay will demonstrate that Jacob's Well, the early fifteenth-century sermon cycle, derived the doctrinal material within its exposition of the Creed and Ten Commandments from the late fourteenth-century collection of treatises known as Pore Caitif....
Sight and Sound in St Erkenwald: On Theodicy and the Senses
... yea, this is now believed, afterward it shall be seen. (Augustine, The City of God, XVII.17) Bur such a vision is not of the present life. (Bernard of Clairvaux, Sermons on the Song of Songs, 31.2) For we walk by faith, and not by sight....
Simon Sudbury and Helenus in John Gower's Vox Clamantis
In the aftermath of the Great Rising of 1381, chroniclers and poets tried to come to terms with the violence and social upheaval that had ruptured English society. John Gower, for instance, added an extra book (now known as the Visio) to the beginning...
The Structure of Piers Plowman B XV-XX: Evidence from the Rubrics
All but two of the seventeen copies of the B text of Piers Plowman make some reference in their rubrics to the so-called Three Lives, Dowel, Dobet, and Dobest. Although the frequency, distribution, and form of these rubrics differ considerably from...
The Tortoise and the Snail: A Lexical Shellgame
In his second fable, the poet Avianus (c. AD 400) tells the story of a tortoise (testudo) which tired of its slowness and asked an eagle to carry it into the air in return for some precious sea-shells: (1) Pennatis avibus quondam testudo locuta...
Thomas Hoccleve's Seal
Ina fascinating article, 'Some new light on Thomas Hoccleve', Linne Mooney has added enormously to our knowledge of Hoccleve's bureaucratic career by identifying a large number of autograph documents that were copied by him in his capacity as a clerk...