Issues in Law & Medicine

Journal covering legal and ethical issues in the delivery of medical care.

Articles from Vol. 24, No. 1, Summer

Hastings Center Pep.: Expanding Newborn Screening: Process, Policy, and Priorities
A newborn screening program is not just a panel of screening tests. Ideally, it is also parental education, follow-up, diagnosis, treatment and management, and program evaluation, and all of the various parts of the system must be in place and working...
Hastings Center Rep.: Ending the Life of a Newborn: The Groningen Protocol
Since its publication in 2005, the Groningen Protocol has been under fire both in the Netherlands and outside it. The purpose of the protocol is to set a standard of practice for doctors to end the lives of severely impaired newborns, but it also lays...
Hastings Center Rep.: Ethics, Evidence, and Cost in Newborn Screening
In the United States, state-based public health programs screen all infants shortly after birth for selected conditions that can have serious health consequences if not identified and treated very early in life. All states have newborn screening systems...
Informed Consent or Institutionalized Eugenics? How the Medical Profession Encourages Abortion of Fetuses with Down Syndrome
ABSTRACT: Many women are unprepared to make prenatal decisions about fetuses diagnosed with Down Syndrome because of societal pressures to have "normal" children, a negative view of persons with disabilities by many in society, a fear of legal liability...
J. Am. Physicians & Surgeons: Induced Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk: A Critical Analysis of the Report of the Harvard Nurses Study II
Harvard researchers have reported the widely disseminated conclusion: "Among this predominantly premenopausal population, neither induced nor spontaneous abortion was associated with the incidence of breast cancer." This conclusion was based on the...
Mayo Clinic Proc.: Oral Contraceptive Use as a Risk Factor for Premenopausal Breast Cancer: A Meta-Analysis
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer in women worldwide and the most common cause of cancer death in U.S. women aged 20 to 59 years. Each year in the United States, approximately 211,000 women develop breast cancer and more than 47,000 (20%)...
Preface
In the lead article, Damn P. Dixon, J.D., examines informed consent for fetal genetic screening and diagnostic testing and addresses the contributing factors and causes that ultimately lead to a very high abortion rate for fetuses diagnosed with Down...
The Federal Government and Academic Texts as Barriers to Informed Consent
ABSTRACT: Informed patient consent for medical treatment is required by both law and medical ethics. Yet, both federal agencies and academicians are participating in the suppression of information about the heightened risk of breast cancer posed by...
Tulsa L. Rev.: Gonzales V. Oregon and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Ethical and Policy Issues
While the policy arguments for physician-assisted suicide are strong they are not strong enough. They are counteracted by even stronger policy arguments against physician-assisted suicide. Importantly, the latter arguments apply with greater force...
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