Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 46, No. 3, Summer

Big Rock (Sugar) Candy Mountain? How George Orwell Tramped toward Animal Farm
After Eric Blair returned from Paris in the spring of 1928, he began tramping that autumn through the metropolitan area of London and his native Southwold. Around that time, a traditional ballad that had been popular in the hobo world since the turn...
Textual Voyages of Self-Formation and Liberation: Darwin's the Voyage of the Beagle and Dana's Two Years before the Mast
The books by Darwin and by Dana about their youthful journeys exemplify writing that consolidates processes of self-formation and intellectual enfranchisement. The formative process, which would culminate in these books, began in both cases as an act...
To the Greenwood: Forster's Literary Life to Come after A Passage to India
In a recent review of an edition of E.M. Forster's talks for the BBC, Zadie Smith sums up the general view of Forster as "middling" (8), and this portrait may be based in part on not only his widely chronicled hesitating manner but also on his leaving...
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