Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 45, No. 4, Fall

A Recipe for Modernism and the Somatic Intellect in the Alice B. Toklas Cook Book and Gertrude Stein's Tender Buttons
Long relegated to the position of subservient wife of Gertrude Stein, Alice B. Toklas is a distinctive writer in her own right; The Alice B. Toklas Cook Book is a witty, enthralling text flavored with philosophical musing and domestic storytelling....
Biting More Than "We" Can Chew: The Royal Appetite in Richard II and 1 and 2 Henry IV
Shakespeare's contemporary Edmund Spenser dedicates an entire book of his Faerie Queene to criminal Justice. His knight, Sir Artegall, is educated in the virtue by Astraea, a former immortal who kidnaps Artegall as a child, rears him apart from civilization...
Buchenwald, Books, and the Identity of the Intellectual in the Works of Jorge Semprun
From the days of his youth, Jorge Semprun has thought of himself as a writer. After his imprisonment in the Buchenwald concentration camp, however, he faced a momentous, potentially fatal decision: to bear witness as an author or to choose life, for...
"The DNA Molecule": May Swenson Confronts Modern Paradigms
Collected in May Swenson's 1970 book Iconographs, "The DNA Molecule" is a stunningly successful shaped poem. The layout of the text, in jagged blocks of type cascading irregularly down the page, validates the poet-speaker's opening assertion that "the...
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