The Journal of African American History

The Journal of African American History is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal that publishes scholarship on African American history. The Journal of African American History includes research and reviews.

Articles from Vol. 90, No. 1-2, Spring

Carter G. Woodson Distinguished Lecturers 2004-2005
The Association for the Study of African American Life and History and The Journal of African American History are pleased to present the list of the Carter G. Woodson Distinguished Lecturers for 2004-2005. These lecturers are among the leading scholars...
Discourses of Difference and the Overrepresentation of Black Students in Special Education
The 23rd Annual Report to Congress on the implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) indicates that African American students continue to be overrepresented across all thirteen legally sanctioned disability categories...
Edgar Allan Toppin, Ph.D
On 8 December 2004, the Association for the Study of African American Life and History lost one of its foremost leaders, Dr. Edgar Allen Toppin, Emeritus Professor of History at Virginia State University in Petersburg, Virginia. Born in Harlem, New...
From Desegregation to Resegregation: Public Schools in Norfolk, Virginia 1954-2002
In the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Supreme Court declared separate public schools for African American and white students unconstitutional. This essay examines the history and evolution of school desegregation in Norfolk, Virginia...
"He Said He Wouldn't Help Me Get a Jim Crow Bus": The Shifting Terms of the Challenge to Segregated Public Education, 1950-1954
The task of getting Shirley Bulah back and forth from Hockessin School No. 107, the local black elementary school, about seven miles west of Wilmington, Delaware, was arduous for her parents. Unlike the services provided local white children who attended...
Integration and Inclusion-A Troubling Nexus: Race, Disability, and Special Education
There are perhaps five million children in the United States who are colored. There are close to five million other children who will be directly affected by this decision. I am not speaking of the majority of white children, many of...
Introduction: Brown V. Board of Education-Fifty Years of Educational Change in the United States
Beginning in January 2004 and continuing throughout the year, numerous programs, conferences, and symposia were held, and numerous books and articles were published commemorating the 50th anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education...
Representations of Brown V. Board of Education in Selected Educational Resources for Middle School Students
In commenting on the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision outlawing legal segregation in public education, historian Waldo E. Martin, Jr. observed that, Brown deserves to be recognized for its enormously liberating...
The Launching of the Student Sit-In Movement: The Role of Black Women at Bennett College
This essay explores the involvement of the women of Bennett College in the student-led sit-in movement that was launched in Greensboro, North Carolina in February 1960. On 24 February 2003, Dr. Johnetta B. Cole at a book talk at the Schomburg Center...
Tufts University's Involvement in Public School Desegregation in Boston, Massachusetts, 1960-1980
When the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas in 1954 that segregated schools were inherently unequal, many hailed the decision as the beginning of the end of "American apartheid." However, by 1960, it had become obvious...
"We Will Be Ready Whenever They Are": African American Teachers' Responses to the Brown Decision and Public School Integration in Nashville, Tennessee, 1954-1966
When Nashville's black teachers first learned of the 17 May 1954, Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas decision, some like Lillie Bowman felt excited and believed black children would no longer have to attend schools that lacked curricular...

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