Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 80, No. 6, November/December

Allenby and British Strategy in the Middle East, 1917-1919
ALLENBY AND BRITISH STRATEGY IN THE MIDDLE EAST, 1917-1919, Matthew Hughes, Frank Cass Publishers, Portland, OR, 1999, 224 pages. $57.50. The Palestine Campaign of World War I is a footnote in most histories. Yet, the actions and decisions made from...
Asynchronous, Decentralized Command and Control
Command and control (C2) issues are central to warfare. Command refers to intelligent and usually human decision making. Control refers to actually executing the decisions. Just as decision making may be centralized or distributed, execution may be organized...
A World Transformed
A WORLD TRANSFORMED, George Bush and Brent Scowcroft, Vintage Books, NY, 1998, 590 pages, 1998, $16.00. From 1989 to 1993, the nation watched-sometimes in horror, sometimes in awe-as critical events changed the world. We witnessed the brutality in China's...
Battle Command: Replicating the CTC Experience
Maximizng the effectiveness of virtual simulators and constructive training tools includes guarding against their totally replacing live training. Multiechelon field training exercises at the battalion level, supported with OPFOR and O/Cs, give leaders...
Building Democratic Institutions
For more than 50 years the School of the Americas and its predecessors have responded to the needs of the nations of this hemisphere for military training and education. More than 63,000 officers, noncommissioned officers (NCOs) and soldiers have graduated...
Coalition Leadership Imperatives
COALITION COMMANDERS often head a symbolic presence as well as a physical force. They encourage cooperation among the various nongovernment organizations (NGOs), coordinate with UN personnel and correlate with different tribes and groups. However, the...
Confronting the Tiger: Small Unit Cohesion in Battle
The Army has tended to ignore many behaviors associated with prolonged combat and concentrate on the first stage in which soldiers have the illusion of immortality. However, lessons on why sod fight drawn from recent experiences may not necessarily be...
Decision Making and the Levels of War
TRADITIONAL APPROACHES to the decision making process have employed analytical models that generate and compare options basea on weighted features. This is often referred to as multiattribute decision making. The deliberate procedures developed by the...
Developing the Capacity for Decisive Action
The seriousness of defending the US Constitution and leading troops into battle sigh that military leaders should not operate out of selfish motives Authentic military leadership e only when it is used for the sake of protecting lives and vital interests....
Faithful and Fearless: Moving Feminist Protest Inside the Church and Military
FAITHFUL AND FEARLESS: Moving Feminist Protest inside the Church and Military, Mary Fainsod Katzenstein, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1998, 270 pages, $24.95. Do women in today's Army, Navy and Air Force enjoy opportunities equal to those...
Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers: Innovation in the US Army, 1917-1945
FAST TANKS AND HEAVY BOMBERS: Innovation in the US Army, 1917-1945, David E. Johnson, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1998, 288 pages, $37.50. The subject of Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers is familiar-an interwar army, crippled by austerity and public...
Force Protection: A State of Mind
The Ist Cavalry Division had many opportunities to implement a wide range of force protection measures and consider how they applied to a unit conducting peace support operations As the command's top priority, force protection was a continuous concern...
From TFS to Kalt: Evolution of Military Learning
Learners will need to build knowledge proactively. Heimstra believes more research is needed to determine better ways of incorporating computer technology and electronic communication into self-directed learning as more distance education programs are...
From the Editor
This is not your father's Jeep. The 21st Century Army's equipment is different, the generation of soldiers is different, the operations are different, the operations are different, and the way we train is different. As the Army forges ahead with Transformation...
Infantry Marching Endurance
When considering warfare's future, many military thinkers concentrate on technological solutions to combat's many difficulties. Increased mechanization, digitization, smart weapons, information warfare, space operations and other computerized push-button...
Iran's Military Forces in Transition: Conventional Threats and Weapons of Mass Destruction
IRAN'S MILITARY FORCES IN TRANSITION: Conventional Threats and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Anthony H. Cordesman, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, 432 pages, 1999, $69.50. In Iran's Military Forces in Transition, Anthony H. Cordesman lays out the intricate...
"Jock" Columns
We were looking down with our squadron of tanks into a wadi and there as far as the eye could see was the Africa Korps all lined up. We started shelling them-plenty of trucks went up-but there wasn't a great deal we could do to stop them. We had a Stuka...
Letters
Close Air Support As an Air Force officer, I enjoyed David M. Keithly's article, "Revamping Close Air Support" in the March-April 2000 issue of Military Review. I agree with many of his criticisms of the US Air Force's stand on close air support (CAS)....
Lost Opportunities: The Revision of AR 220-1
Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out. -James B. Conant1 In 1997 the US Army commissioned a leadership and professionalism assessment survey among selected officers and noncommissioned officers (NCOs).2 One year later...
Reflections: Poets of the Great War
All a poet can do is warn.1 -Wilfred Owen, KIA, 4 Nov 1918 World War I was the first major conflict in Europe in which thousands of well-read citizens became soldiers. From the large number of intellectuals and artists who flocked to war in unparalleled...
Reinventing Russia: Russian Nationalism and the Soviet State, 1953-1991
REINVENTING RUSSIA: Russian Nationalism and the Soviet State, 1953-1991, Yitzhak M. Brudny, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1998, 352 nap-es. $45.00. The strength of Yitzhak M. Brudny's book, Reinventing Russia, is its explanation of how Russian...
Revolutionary Movements in Latin America: El Salvador's FMLN & Peru's Shining Path
REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS IN LATIN AMERICA: El Salvador's FMLN & Peru's Shining Path, Cynthia McClintock, United States Institute of Peace, Washington, DC, 1998, 298 pages, $19.95. In Revolutionary Movements in Latin America, Cynthia McClintock, professor...
Small Arms and Asymmetric Threats
Those seeking to neutralize the power disparities inherent in asymmetric warfare will target vulnerable US ground combatants. Therefore, US ground combatants' small arms must be adaptable to the realities of such combat. While these challenges are not...
The Doctor Is In
The aim of leadership is not merely to find and record failures in men, but to remove the causes of failure. -W. Edwards Deming1 For more than 40 years, W. Edwards Deming has had a worldwide consulting practice in quality management and leadership. However,...
The Gulf War: The Complete History
THE GULF WAR: The Complete History, Thomas Houlahan, Schrenker Military Publishing, New London, CT, 1999, 471 pages, $21.00. For many of us who served in Operations Desert Shield-Desert Storm, there is an almost surreal quality in the many accounts of...
The Long Road of War: A Marine's Story of Pacific Combat
THE LONG ROAD OF WAR: A Marine's Story of Pacific Combat, James W. Johnston, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1998, 174 pages, $29.95. When James W. Johnston joined the US Marine Corps in early 1943 he was 20 years old and thought of war as a grand...
Training Imperatives for Reserve Forces
THE US ARMY RESERVE Component (RC) is in danger of losing its ability to support wartime and peacetime contingencies effectively. This is an ominous turn, for the RC provides over 70 percent of the US Army's combat support and combat service support....
Training or Performance Improvement?
Crawl, walk, run. The idea makes sense for little children and collective training. But at the institutional Army level, it winds up being run, run, run. Units struggle to become and stay proficient amid pressures of declining operating tempo (OPTEMPO),...
Zhukov's Greatest Defeat: The Red Army's Epic Disaster in Operation Mars, 1942
ZHUKOV'S GREATEST DEFEAT: The Red Army's Epic Disaster in Operation Mars, 1942, David M. Glantz, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, 1999, 421 pages, $39.95. Zhukov's Greatest Defeat, by David M. Glantz, fills a void in the history of the Eastern Front...
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