Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 77, No. 3, May/June

An African Rapid-Deployment Force
Speed is the essence of war Take advantage of the enemy's unpreparedness; travel by unexpected routes and strike him where he has taken no precautions. -un Tzu, The Art of War IN RECENT YEARS, the concept of speedy deployment of military forces to world...
ASEAN: Comming of Age
SOUTHEAST ASIA approaches the 21st century as an increasingly cohesive region, economically vibrant and with greater political clout than ever before. With all 10 of its countries members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)one of the...
Bashing the Laser Range Finder with a Rock
In Chechnya, we did not have a war which had been expected, for which the troops and staffs were preparing, which had been studied in academies and planned accordingly and which would have complied with regulations and field manuals.1 Colonel General...
Border Patrol Enforcement versus Militarization
THE MILITARIZATION OF THE US-MEXICO BORDER 1978-1992: Low-Intensity Doctrine Comes Home by Timothy J. Dunn. 307 pages. Center for Mexican American Studies, University of Texas at Austin. 1996. $14.95. During his 1996 bid for the Republican Party presidential...
Building Military Relations in Africa
ERC projects will be submitted to the Joint Staff for approval and funding based upon the extent that the projects. . . promote US national interests. -US Central Command regulation 1 With security assistance funding reduced, Exercise Related Construction...
Concepts in International Peacekeeping
Translator 's note: With more and more peace operations being conducted around the world, standardized terminology is vital to help define and delineate each mission 's nature, goal and scope. Because most peace operations involve multinational forces...
Confronting Terrorism: New War Form or Mission Impossible?
Terrorism is not fundamentally a military problem; it is a political, social and economic problem. The military. by its nature, is not suitably structured, trained or equipped to defeat terrorism Unfortunately, in many cases, the US military and American...
Confronting the RMA in Russia
Reverting to a theme that has not been seen in Russian/Soviet military writings since the 1920s, [General of the Army] Gareev stresses adapting military art to the problem of warfare between more-technologically and less-technologically developed states....
Conquering the Valley: Stonewall Jackson at Port Republic
CONQUERING THE VALLEY: Stonewall Jackson at Port Republic by Robert K Krick. 594 pages. William Morrow & Co. Inc., New York. 1996. $30.00. Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign in Virginia in the spring and summer...
Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Lies That Led to Vietnam
DERELICTION OF DUTY: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Lies that Led to Vietnam by H.R. McMaster. 435 pages. HarperCollins. New York. 1997. $27.50. The best-known incident in the Sherlock Holmes series occurs when, at a crime scene,...
Exercise GOLDEN CARGO Challenges Reserve Component
People and training have always been critical components for our nation's Army. The Active Army has even fewer people and dollars to support its missions, but the Army Materiel Command (AMC) has aggressively integrated the Reserve Component (RC) in its...
Force Recon Command: A Special Marine Unit in Vietnam, 1969-1970
FORCE RECON COMMAND: A Special Marine Unit in Vietnam, 1%91970. hy Alex Lee. 254 pages. The Naval Institute Press. Annapolis, MD. 1995. $29.95. This extraordinary book is about an extraordinary US Marine Corps unit. As a major in Vietnam, author Alex...
From the Editor
Despite our ongoing operations in Bosnia and other recent major deployments to stabilize teetering situations abroad, we are clearly in what future historians will refer to as an "interwar period." Without an easily identifiable foe to act as a foil...
Insurgents on the Internet
New generations of guerilla "hobbyists," activists, hard core insurgents and terrorist organizations are thriving on the Internet. What initially was an exotic innovation by pioneering rebels, such as Mexico's Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN),...
Killing Ground on Okinawa: The Battle for Sugar Loaf Hill
KILLING GROUND ON OKINAWA: The Battle for Sugar Loaf Hill by James H. Hallas. 237 pages. Praeger Publishing. Westport. CT. 1996. S24.95. Operation Iceberg, the invasion of Okinawa, began on 1 April (Easter Sunday) 1945, and was not declared over until...
Lapham's Raiders: Guerillas in the Philippines, 1942-1945
LAPHAM'S RAIDERS: Guerrillas in the Philippines, 1942-1945, hy Robert Lapham and Bernard Norling. 292 pages. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 196. $24.95. World War II Pacific Theater buffs and those interested in guerrilla warfare or...
Mexico's Other Insurgents
A CENTRAL POST-COLD WAR security issue is the fate of insurgent movements that received weapons, equipment and political support for decades from the Soviet bloc and other communist states around the world. In Latin America, where the development and...
Modernization Plan Helps DOD Maintain Military Readiness
Master Sergeant Stephen Barrett, USA American Forces Press Service DOD's modernization plans will upgrade military readiness while supporting efforts to balance the federal budget, Deputy Defense Secretary John P. White said. Speaking before the Navy...
MR Letters
Vulnerability a Potential Liability Lieutenant General Ronald L. Watts' article "Joint STARS: A Force XXI Enabler" in the November-December 1996 issue highlighted the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (J-STARS) aircraft's excellent battlefield...
No Bended Knee
NO BENDED KNEE by Merrill B. Twining. Edited hy Neil Carey. 206 pages. Presidio Pre., Novato, CA. 1996. $21.95. This book was written by General Merrill B. Twining, US Marine Corps, Retired, 50 years after the Ist Marine Division's relief on Guadalcanal....
Operation Rio: Taking Back the Streets
They are . . . the post-modern equivalent of jungles and mountains-citadels of the dispossessed and irreconcilable. A military unprepared for urban operations across a broad spectrum is unprepared for tomorrow.1 -Ralph Peters, "Our Soldiers, Their Cities"...
PSYOP & CA Course Added to CGSC Curriculum
Major Doug Wallace, USAR Social Security Administration, Kansas City. Missouri Academic Year 1996-97 US Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC) students were the first CGSC class to have the opportunity to take a course specifically focused on...
Sea Soldiers in the Cold War: Amphibious Warfare, 1945-1991
SEA SOLDIERS IN THE COLD WAR: Amphibious Warfare, 19451991, by Joseph H. Alexander and Merrill L. Bartlett. 178 pages. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD. 1996. $32.95. In 1949, only four years after Hiroshima was bombed, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs...
Security Challenges and the Nature of Future War
In December 1990, profound, accelerating change was shattering 45 years of Cold War planning assumptions. In Military Review's special Soviet Army Studies Office (SASO) issue that month, one of my predecessors assessed what he saw as a central concern...
The Age of the New Persuaders
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS, terrorism and low-intensity conflict (LIC) are challenges that confront armies and governments throughout the world. A much overlooked international instability manifestation associated with these phenomena is the overt and covert...
The Armies of U.S. Grant
THE ARMIES OF U.S. GRANT by James R. Arnold. 288 pages. Arms & Armour Press. London. (Distributed by Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., New York.) 1995. $29.95 clothbound. $19.95 paperback. The American Civil War is one of the most studied fields in...
The Army Medical Department, 1865-1917
THE ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT, 1865-1917, by Mary C. Gillett. 517 pages. Center of Military History, Washington, D.C. (Available from the Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.) 1996. 534.00. "The education of line...
The Changing Security Environment
ONE OF THE POST-COLD WAR's world's greatest challenges is identifying and evaluating the old and new security dangers threatening US strategic goals. In describing national security issues facing his second administration, President Bill Clinton told...
The Churchill War Papers: Never Surrender; Volume II-May 1940-December 1940 / Great Battles and Leaders of the Second World War
THE CHURCHILL WAR PAPERS: Never Surrender, Volume II-May 1940December 1940 by Martin Gilbert. 1.359 pages. W.W. Norton & Co. Inc., New York. 1995. $75.()0. GREAT BATTLES AND LEADERS OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR by Winston S. Churchill. 328 pages. Houghton...
The Face of Future Battle: Chechen Fighter Shamil Basayev
AS THE 20TH CENTURY draws to a close, military theorists and planners, in and out of uniform, are considering the effects that changes in global security will have on future conflicts. The Cold War's certainties have been replaced by a number of indeterminate,...
The New Military in Russia: Ten Myths That Shape the Image
THE NEW MILITARY IN RUSSIA: Ten Myths That Shape the Image by Richard F. Staar. 248 pages. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD. 1996. $41.00 clothbound. $16.95 paperback. Former Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's twin policies of perestroika...
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