Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 81, No. 4, July/August

Airmechanization
Superior mobility must be achieved if we are to surprise our opponent, select the terrain on which we are to fight and gain the initiative. There is no alternative. If we are slow in movement, awkward in maneuver, clumsy in deployment-in a word, not...
Asymmetric Warfare: Strategic Asymmetry
Authors in this section discuss aspects of asymmetric warfare that escape many who assume they know what such threats are and how to cope with them. Metz points out that our joint doctrine inadequately addresses these strategic vulnerabilities-and related...
Asymmetry and Adaptive Command
THERE IS NOTHING NEW about asymmetry. Strategists and tacticians have always sought to pit their strength against opponents' weaknesses. During the Cold War, Western allies adopted an offset strategy, relying on technological superiority to offset numerical...
China's Strategic Modernization: Implications for the United States
CHINA'S STRATEGIC MODERNIZATION: Implications for the United States, Mark A. Stokes, Strategic Studies Institute, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999, 229 pages, out of print. Credit Mark A. Stokes for providing an alternative view to...
Deadly Dreams: Opium, Imperialism and the Arrow War (1856-1860) in China
DEADLY DREAMS: Opium, Imperialism and the Arrow War (18561860) in China, J.Y. Wong, Cambridge University Press, New York, 542 pages, $69.95 The Arrow War is an important event in 19th century Anglo-Chinese relations, but scholars have never placed it...
Deciphering Asymmetry's Word Game
[One] assessment listed four asymmetric responses that other nations could take to counter US superiority: acquiring weapons of mass destruction; acquiring high-technology weapons, acquiring cyberweapons; and fighting in environments that degrade US...
Developing the Warrior-Scholar
Concurrent with the Army Officer's changing role in the westward expansion, an intellectual awakening among some officers' study of the "theoretical and practical duties of their profession." This push led to establishing a school for the application...
Distorting Defense: Network and National Security
DISTORTING DEFENSE: Network and National Security, Stephen P. Aubin, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, 1999, 262 pages, $62.95. The ability of major US networks to report significant events fairly, accurately and objectively is a topic of great debate....
Eisenhower
EISENHOWER, Geoffrey Peter, Random House, New York, 1999, 685 pages, $35.00. General Dwight D. Eisenhower has long been a favorite of biographers. He is perceived as a hero and a good president. Geoffrey Perret does Eisenhower justice without succumbing...
Firepower: Tactically Responsive Firepower
It takes an Army to deter a war. - US Army Chief of Staff General Eric K. Shinseki IF THE US ARMY is to deter war in the 21st century, it must embrace its largely ignored amphibious warfare responsibilities and focus doctrine and capabilities on rapidly...
From the Editor
Do you ever feel as if we have it backward-as if we're talking about missile defense before assessing threats, choosing weapon systems before nailing down a strategy, losing officers when we need them most? If you feel unnerved, this issue of Military...
Is Army Deployability Overemphasized?
H.L. Mencken, the famed sage of Baltimore, wrote that for every problem there is a nice, neat solution, which is inevitably wrong. The same might be said for critics who claim that the US Army's new heavy weapon systems, such as the Crusader self-propelled...
Leadership: US and British Approaches to Force Protection
"Mission first, soldiers always." The United States has been a reluctant but fierce warrior many times. Now some warn that understandable reluctance before operations is unwisely continuing in excessive concern for casualties during peacekeeping. Examining...
Legacy of Honor: The Life of Rafael Chacon, A Nineteenth-Century New Mexican
LEGACY OF HONOR: The Life of Rafael Chacon, A Nineteenth-- Century New Mexican, Jacqueline Dorgan Meketa, Yucca Tree Press, Las Cruces, NM, 2000, 456 pages, $19.00. Almost all memoirs written by soldiers and officers of the frontier US Army in the 19th...
Operational Firepower the Broader Stroke
Maneuver and firepower should not be considered separate operations against a common foe but complementary. Firepower resources establish a mobility advantage over the enemy and ease operational maneuver. Generally this refers to several tasks: attacking...
Post-Cold War Priorities
Although the post-Cold War world has changed the nature of conflict, many argue that the US military cannot adapt quickly enough. The military is one-third smaller than it was in 1990, and its budget is about 30 percent lower. It now faces a shortfall...
Reassessing Strategy: A Historical Examination
Lieutenant Colonel Dominic J. Caraccilo, US Army In The Art of War, Sun Tzu says that "[v]ictory smiles upon those who anticipate the changes in the character of war, not upon those who wait to adapt themselves after the changes occur."' Antoine Henri...
Short-Range Air Defense in Army Divisions: Do We Really Need It?
Soon after General Eric K. Shinseki became the Chief of Staff, US Army, in June 1999, he stated that his goal was "to provide strategic leadership that [would] keep the Army the preeminent land warfighting force in the world."1 To accomplish this goal,...
Six Presidents and China
In 1950, because they feared an invasion of Manchuria, the Chinese Communists fought in the Korean War and suffered many thousands of casualties. In 1962 the People's Republic of China fought with India to safeguard a route to Chinese nuclear test sites...
The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence, and Reconciliation
THE AMBIVALENCE OF THE SACRED: Religion, Violence, and Reconciliation, R. Scott Appleby, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Boulder, CO, 2000, 429 pages, $65.00. Violence that ends without reconciliation will not lead to permanent peace. Religious...
The Emerging Strategic Environment: Challenges of the Twenty-First Century
THE EMERGING STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT: Challenges of the Twenty-First Century, Williamson Murray, ed., Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, 1999, 320 pages, $59.95. The Emerging Strategic Environment: Challenges of the Twenty-- First Century contains relevant,...
The Promise of E-Commerce to Defense: The Road to Savings
As the Department of Defense (DOD) struggles to keep up with ebusiness, e-tailing, e-everything, it does so not to be in vogue but to achieve a definite national-security goal. That goal remains consistent from one major defense review to the next-reduce...
Training and Developing Army Leaders
General Shinseki chartered the Army Training and Leader Development Panel (ATLDP) to study training and leader development in light of Army Transformation and the new operational environment. As part of the Transformation process, the panel was asked...
ULUS-KERT: An Airborne Company's Last Stand
In four days of desperate fighting, from 29 February to 3 March 2000, a large force of Chechen fighters wiped out a Russian paratroop company in the harsh defiles and ridges of the Argun Gorge in the mountains of southern Chechnya. Although the battle...
US Army Decisionmaking: Past, Present and Future
After tracing the history of Army decisionmaking doctrine, the author proposes wide-ranging examination of our procedures, organizations and culture. In the end, the military decisionmaking process emerges as a valuable tool for coordinating intuition...
Vicksburg: Fall of the Confederate Gibraltar
VICKSBURG: Fall of the Confederate Gibraltar, Terrence J. Winschel, McWhiney Foundation Press, Abilene, TX, 1999, 168 pages, $12.95. For a conflict that lasted only four years and occurred 135 years ago, the American Civil War has spawned a publication...