Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 79, No. 1, March/April

Anatomy of Mistrust: U.S.-Soviet Relations during the Cold War
ANATOMY OF MISTRUST: U.S.-Soviet Relations During the Cold War by Deborah Welch Larson. 329 pages. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 1997. $37.50. In Anatomy of Mistrust, Deborah Welch Larson uses cognitive psychology to address the arms race and...
Army-Congress Relations: A View from the Hill
When visiting members of Congress and their staffs, the Army should market its top programs. Virtually every member of Congress of staffer knows that the Navy needs submarines and aircraft carriers and the Air Force needs new fighter jets. However, even...
Britain's Strategic Nuclear Deterrent: From before the V-Bomber to beyond Trident
BRITAIN'S STRATEGIC NUCLEAR DETERRENT: From Before the V-Bomber to Beyond Trident by Robert H. Paterson. 194 pages. Frank Cass and Co., Portland OR. 1997. $45.00. In Britain's Strategic Nuclear Deterrent, Robert H. Paterson provides a useful precis to...
Challenges of Military Readiness
uPHOLDING MILITARY READINESS in a time of relative peace and prosperity presents enormous challenges to politicians and policy makers. Despite public apathy and occasional resistance, they must make tough decisions that will affect our national sedcurity...
Citizen-Soldiers and Legislators Too!
This vignette is adapted from an article that originally appeared in Issue No. 3, 1999, of Army Reserve magazine, and is reprinted with permission. On 20 January 1953, Presi dent Harry S. Truman retired from the US Army Reserve (USAR) with the rank of...
Citizen-Soldiers: A Tradition of Service
IN THEIR EARL lEST SERVICE as a militia force at Bunker Hill, Americans first began serving their communities and their country as citizensoldiers. From those humble beginnings emerged the organization we know today as the National Guard a citizen-soldier...
Congress and the Army
When the framers drafted the United States Constitution, they delineated Congress's immense powers in Article I - the power to levy and collect taxes, regulate commerce and banking, coin money and establish post offices, among other things. Congress...
Congressional Panel
The following series of questions and responses from a guest panel of five members of congress address a wide range of civil-military issues. The panel is composed of the following legislators: Senator Rick Santorum, Senator Carl Levin, Senator Daniel...
Defending Sovereignty: Domestic Operations and Legal Precedents
The Department of Defense (DOD) maintains and employs the Armed Forces to: * Support and defend the Constitution of ihe United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. * Ensure, by timely and effective military action the security of the United...
From the Editor
This special edition of Military Review provides an in-depth look at Army-Congress relations and how Article 1, Section 8 of the United States Constitution gives Congress immense power "to provide for the common defense." In the first article, Secretary...
International Engagement-Why We Need to Stay the Course
If the United States were not to try, at least, to use its current position of strength to help construct an era of relative peace and stability, it would be a moral failure of historic magnitude. More than that, to fail to exercise our strength in a...
Maintaining Readiness
During World War II, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel demonstrated that the best form of welfare for troops is first-class training. First-class training is at the top of the quality of life (QOL) requirements list. We owe our soldiers such training...
Subversion as Foreign Policy
For most Americans, Indonesia is an obscure foreign land on the other side of the world having little to do with us; one that suddenly appeared in the news in 1997 as a hallmark of political turmoil and as part of the Asian economic crisis. It now appears...
Testifying on the Hill: A Guide to Success
This aide is adapted from an article that orginally appeared in the Winter 1992-93 Parameters. OVER THE PAST DECADE, the US military has won both a "hot" and Cold War and successfully accomplished a series of military operations other than war, yet there...
The Appropriation Process
On 17 SEPTEMBER 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, our founding fathers sent to the states a document for ratification, the Constitution of the United Staes. To this day that document remains remarkably intact, having been amended only 27 times since...
The Army and Congress
Never in the history of mankind has a document endured the test of time like the United States Constitution. In fact, for many Americans-past and present-the Constitution is the single most important document in all our lives. It is a "living document"...
The Army and Congress: Thoughts from the Chief
IN THE SUMMER OF 1940, Army Chief of Staff (CSA) General George C. Marshall faced one of the biggest challenges of his long career. Over the preeceding two years, Adolf Hitler had annexed Austrua and the Sudetenland. His armies had invaded Poland and...
The Army and Congress: Thoughts from the Secretary
Company grade officers would benefit from a "Congress 101" course to explain Congress's role, readiness from the legilature's perspective and how effective dealings with congressional delegations can advance the Army's cause. Moreover, we should also...
The Army and Legislative Affairs
The Army must capitalize on every opportunity to communicate its message to Congress. By proactively informing and educating Congress about our requirements, our relevance to the nation's defense and our daily missions across the spectrum of national...
The Constabulary Function Dilemma
In November 1997, a Texas poll on the question of illegal immigration reported that slightly over half of those queried favored using "troops to help seal the border with Mexico."1 That indicator of public attitudes, along with the appearance of pseudo-militia...
The Downsized Warrior: America's Army in Transition
THE DOWNSIZED WARRIOR: America's Army in Transition by David McCormick. 280 pages. New York University Press, NY. 1998. $24.95. As the Cold War came to an end, downsizing the US military was both necessary and inevitable. While all of the services were...
The European Union and the South: Relations with Developing Countries
THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE SOUTH: Relations with Developing Countries by Marjorie Lister. 232 pages. Routledge, New York. 1997. $24.95. With the end of the Cold War, Europe has been trying to define itself. The European Union (EU) has begun to see itself...
The New Warfare-Ethnic Conflict
During the past decade, the emergence of the United States as the world's only military superpower has brought a "sea change" in the focus of strategic thinking among politicians, civilian analysts and uniformed professionals. While Pentagon war gamers...
The Soldier and Congress
Samuel Huntington published his seminal work in civil-military relations, The Soldier and the State, well over 40 years ago.1 That book launched a debate among scholars and soldiers and across academic disciplines that has only intensified over time....
US Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare
US SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES IN ACTION: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare by Thomas K. Adams. 360 pages. Frank Cass and Co., Portland, OR. 1998. $27.50. Now that the probability of a conventional war on the plains of Europe has diminished with...
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