Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 86, No. 5, September/October

AFTER FIDEL: The Inside Story of Castro's Regime and Cuba's Next Leader
AFTER FIDEL: The Inside Story of Castro's Regime and Cuba's Next Leader, Brian Latell, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, 2005, 248 pages, $24.95.As the United States remains engaged in the complexities of Iraq's reconstruction and Iran's drive to acquire...
American Military Performance in IRAQ
IT HAS BECOME COMMONPLACE to blame the neoconservatives in the Bush administration for the confusion and continued bloodshed in Iraq. But as we enter the fourth year of the Iraq war, it is not too early to stand back and review our military performance...
Battlefield Victories and Strategic Success: The Path Forward in Iraq
THE ARMY is going through a period of introspection regarding its counterinsurgency (COIN) practices and their effectiveness in Iraq and Afghanistan.1 Opinions vary on this topic, but I doubt three years ago anyone could have predicted the current situation...
China's Presence in Latin America: A View on Security from the Southern Cone
THERE IS NO contemporary analysis that can possibly disregard China, a commercial, financial, and political presence of mythical proportion that has been created around a growth that, from a distance, looks like some strange miracle.1From the Southern...
Civilian-Military Relations in Latin America
FOR SOME TIME NOW, there has been debate in academic circles about just how much civilian politicians in Latin America need to know, and do, to control their militaries. David Pion-Berlin, a highly regarded scholar on Latin American civil-military relations,...
Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice
Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice, David Galula, reviewed by Lieutenant Colonel Terence J. Daly, U.S. Army Reserve, RetiredWhen reading Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice for the first time, most people have what could be called...
Fanaticism and Conflict in the Modern Age
FANATICISM AND CONFLICT IN THE MODERN AGE, Matthew Hughes and Gaynor Johnson, eds., Frank Cass, Abington, Oxon, United Kingdom, 2005, 171 pages, $135.00.Fanaticism and Conflict in the Modern Age offers revealing insights into the frequently misinterpreted...
Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq
Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, Thomas E. Ricks, Penguin Press, New York, 2006,496 pages, $27.95.Thomas E. Ricks, the prominent Washington Post military affairs reporter, has contributed his own assessment of the evolving U.S. entanglement...
Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES OF THE OPERATIONAL ART, Michael D. Krause and R. Cody Phillips, Center of Military History Washington, DC, 2005, 487 pages, price unavailable.Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art is a unique collection of essays by a...
INTELLIGENT DESIGN: COIN Operations and Intelligence Collection and Analysis
ONE OF THE GREATEST CHALLENGES for the current generation of American military professionals is relearning the principles of counterinsurgency (COIN). This includes intelligence professionals who must not only tailor the Intelligence Preparation of the...
It's Time for a New Round of OER Reform
IN 1997 THE ARMY inaugurated a new officer evaluation system and a redesigned Officer Evaluation Report (OER), Department of the Army Form 67-9. The popular previous version had been compromised by an insidious inflation during the 19 years of its existence,...
Modernizing U.S. Counterinsurgency Practice: Rethinking Risk and Developing a National Strategy
While the updating of U.S. Army counterinsurgency (COIN) doctrine is long overdue, its imminent arrival is cause for celebration. The reality, however, is that the military doctrine won't fully address two challenges that remain critical for its ultimate...
NETWORKS: Terra Incognita and the Case for Ethnographic Intelligence
Author's note: What I have chosen to call "ethnographic intelligence" might be more accurately described as "ethnographic information," since much of the content involved in analyzing a hostile network will be opensource. I have chosen to retain "intelligence,"...
Organizing Intelligence for Counterinsurgency
The very essence of counterinsurgency is the collection of intelligence for the government.-Lucian W. Pye1EFFECTIVE, ACCURATE, AND TIMELY intelligence is essential to conducting any form of warfare, including counterinsurgency operations, because the...
Statistics, Real Estate, and the Principles of War: Why There Is No Unified Theory of War
Callicralus: We 're lucky men, you and I. We 've been present at the moment the world changed.Eupolis: What's that supposed to mean?Callicratus: What's new, what s going to change the world, is that once they've beaten us they don't let us go. They're...
THE ASSASSINS' GATE: America in Iraq
THE ASSASSINS' GATE: America in Iraq, George Packer, Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2005, 467 pages, $26.00The nominating committee for the inaugural Michael Kelly Award (a $25,000 award given in memory of Michael Kelly, the first American reporter killed...
THE AXIS OF EVIL: Hezbollah and the Palestinian Terror
THE AXIS OF EVIL: Hezbollah and the Palestinian Terror, Shaul Shay, Transaction Publishers, Brunswick, NJ, 2004, 262 pages, $44.95.Shaul Shay is a research fellow at the International Policy Institute for Counter Terrorism at the Interdisciplinary Centre...
THE CHINESE ARMY TODAY: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century
THE CHINESE ARMY TODAY: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century, Dennis J. Blasko, Routledge, London and New York, 2006, 228 pages, $34.95.In The Chinese Army Today, Dennis Blasko set out to write the kind of book he wished he'd had available...
The Expeditionary Sailor in the War on Terror
AMONG THE MANY ODDITIES on display in my home office is a print depicting Captain A. K. Wilson, Royal Navy, engaged in a hand-to-hand fight with an enemy warrior during Britain's 1884-1885 Sudan War, an action for which he would be awarded the Victoria...
The Human Terrain System: A CORDS for the 21st Century
In accurately defining the contextual and cultural population of the task force battlespace, it became rapidly apparent that we needed to develop a keen understanding of demographics as well as the cultural intricacies that drive the Iraqi population.1-Major...
The Leadership Battlebook: A Practical Approach to Leader Self-Development
. . . I love the man that can smile in trouble, that can gather strength from distress, and grow brave by reflection. 'Tis the business of little minds to shrink; but he whose heart is firm, and whose conscience approves his conduct, will pursue his...
THE WAR TAPES: The First War Movie Filmed by Soldiers Themselves
THE WAR TAPES: The First War Movie Filmed by Soldiers Themselves, (DVD), Stewart Films, 2006.Rather than sending a film crew to Iraq to create another documentary on the war, director Deborah Scranton just sent cameras. She equipped three New Hampshire...
The XVIII Airborne Corps on the Ground in Iraq
FROM JANUARY 2005 to January 2006, XVIII Airborne Corps served as the nucleus of Multi-National Corps-Iraq (MNC-I). The Corps deployed with an experienced staff of officers and NCOs who had spent time in Afghanistan or Iraq, and it went through extensive...
U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY: Framing an Authentic Preemptive Strategy in the 21st Century
AS THE UNITED STATES considers, adopts, and implements preemptive national security policy for the 21st century, it is important to ensure that we maintain a broad policy that not only keeps America secure, but also demonstrates a realistic and moral...
Viewing the Center of Gravity through the Prism of Effects-Based Operations
Editor's Note: This article was written in June 2005 and came to Military Review in the fall of the same year. In February of 2006, U.S. Joint Forces Command published the Commander's Handbook for an Effects-Based Approach to Joint Operations. Readers...