Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 77, No. 1, January/February

A Careful Look at Defense Manpower
The Army's transition to an All-Volunteer Force in the mid-1970s was not easy. Congress tasked the Defense Manpower Commission in 1974 to look at the future of a force made up of volunteers rather than draftees. This article, published in the September...
A CINC's View of Operational Art
In September 1990,just as the crisis with Iraq was beginning, General Crosbie E. Saint, US Army, Europe and Seventh Army commander in chief, gave Military Review this frank analysis of an army group commander's role. His observations and recommendations...
Command
In May 1990, the same month this article was published, Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize, Boris Yeltsin became the Russian Federation president and the dissolution of the Soviet Union was becoming a clear possibility. Three months after this...
Defining Military Strategy
Colonel Arthur F. Lykke Jr. 's pragmatic definition of military strategy is as current today as it was when his article led the May 1989 issue of Military Review. Lykke's model remains the basis for military strategy instruction at the US Army War College....
Doctrine for Joint Operations in a Combined Environment: A Necessity
In this wide-ranging treatise on applying operational art to joint and combined operations, General Robert W. RisCassi provides a modern blueprint for doctrine, command and control, training and logistics for future coalition forces. This article, published...
Educating and Training for Theater Warfare
Written at the conclusion of then Colonel LD. Holder's tenure as the director of the School of Advanced Military Studies, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and on the eve of Operation Desert Storm, this article assesses the implementation of the concept of "operational...
Extending the Battlefield
General Donn A. Starry made the following comments on the genesis of this March 1981 article and AirLand Battle: "The ultimate lesson of Active Defense' and the 1976 edition of FM [US Army Field Manual] 100-5 [Operations] is that it is virtua!!y impossible...
Firepower, Attrition, Maneuver-Us Army Operations Doctrine: A Challenge for the 1980s and Beyond
Then Colonel Wayne A. Downing was a student at the Air War College at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, from 1979 to 1980 when he wrote this article. Like other forward thinkers during the late 1970s, he came to the conclusion that the US Army's attrition...
FM 100-5: The Airland Battle in 1986
The publication of US Army Field Manual (FM) 100-5, Operations, in August 1982 launched AirLand Battle as the Army's doctrine of the future. Such a revolutionary change, however, was not automatically accepted by everyone and caused some consternation...
From the Editor
Going through back issues of Military Review brings to life both the journal's proud heritage and the US Army's distinct lineage. Many authors who wrote for the journal as captains, majors and colonels later show up in print as generals. Some Military...
Full-Dimensional Operations: A Doctrine for an Era of Change
The 1993 version of US Army Field Manual (FM) 100-5, Operations, was distributed on the Army's 218th birthday. General Frederick M. Franks Jr. notes in this December 1993 article that the new manual "goes beyond AirLand Battle to full-dimension operations."...
How to Change an Army
In this November 1984 article for Military Review, then Colonel Huba Wass de Czege, lead author for the 1982 version of US Army Field Manual (FM) 100-5, Operations, and the founding director of the School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS), Fort Leavenworth,...
Isolation of the Battlefield by Air Power
In this lead article of the July 1944 issue of Military Review, General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold clearly articulates the principles associated with the Army's doctrinal "deep battle" concept at that time. The tactical air force priorities he outlines are...
JPME: Are We There Yet?
In the lead article for the May 1992 edition of Military Review, Congressman Ike Skelton reviews the implementation of recommendations made by the House Armed Services Committee Panel on Military Education concerning joint professional military education....
Leader Development and Command and Control
When this 1990 article was written, the US Army had already made some major advancements in training and leader development with the National Training Center, 6 years old in 1990; the Center for Army Lessons Learned, 5 years old; and the Battle Command...
Leadership: A Return to Basics
The late 1970s and early 1980s were trying times for the US Army as it struggled to recover from Vietnam and establish a credible All-Volunteer Force. During these years, Army senior leaders tried various leadership theories and slogans. By 1980, however,...
Leadership for the 21st Century: Empowerment, Environment and the Golden Rule
This January-February 1996 lead article is one of three Army Chief of Staff General Dennis J. Reimer has written for Military Review. His command philosophy is simple: Leaders should do "what is legally and morally right;" create an environment tolerant...
Leadership, Versatility and All That Jazz
Army Chief of Staff General Gordon R. Sullivan wrote several articles for Military Review. This article on leadership presents a unique comparison of General Matthew B. Ridgway and jazz musician Dave Brubeck in addressing professional competency, team...
Major Problems Confronting a Theater Commander in Combined Operations
In this lead article for the October 1947 edition of Military Review, General Jacob L. Devers identifies the political, economic and military-doctrinal, logistic and human difficulties of combined command from the World War II experience and offers insights...
Notes on Leadership for the 1980s
In this July 1980 article, then Major General Walter F Ulmer Jr., 3d Armored Division commander, expresses concern about the Army's organizational climate and its impact on leadership effectiveness. He calls for a return to basicsdiscipline, rewards...
ROTC: An Academic Focus
Then Major George A. Joulwan recounts his experiences as an associate professor of military science at Loyola University during the Vietnam era in this article from the January 1971 edition of Military Review. The Army's application of "Track C" to its...
Selective Service 1948
At World War II's end, the US Army quickly drew down from a high of some 14 million men to less than 1 million by 1948. Then Secretary of the Army Kenneth C. Royall wrote this lead article for the October 1948 edition of Military Review, outlining the...
Serving the People: The Need for Military Power
This December 1976 Military Review article was published in the wake of Vietnam and congressional passage of the 1973 War Powers Act and examines the relationship between the American people and their military. Retired Army Chief of Staff General Fred...
Some Doctrinal Questions for the United States Army
In a US Army Training and Doctrine Command TRADOC) Historical Monograph Series publication titled "From Active Defense to AirLand Battle: The Development of Army Doctrine 1973-1982 (June 1984)," author John L. Romjue describes William S. Lind, then a...
Some Thoughts on Leadership
Major General Alexander M. Patch wrote this December 1943 article primarily to educate junior officers about leadership. Fancy equipment won't win wars, Patch says, but strong leadership-which is based on character-and disciplined soldiers will. When...
Strategic Underpinnings of a Future Force
This article, published in the October 1986 issue of Military Review, foreshadowed several changes that would be made in the US Department of Defense (DOD) over the next 10 years many of them under Congressman Richard B. "Dick" Cheney after he became...
The American Volunteer Soldier: Will He Fight?
This article appeared in the June 1976 edition of Military Review and reports the results of a survey conducted by the authors of the All-Volunteer Force. The findings concerning soldier values, the importance of education to the force and the improvement...
The Army and Society
As Vietnam began to wind down, the US Army and its role in society was debated on several planes, not the least of which was the end of the draft in 1973 and the institution of the "All-Volunteer Force" concept. Then Lieutenant Colonel Frederic J. Brown...
The President's Responsibility
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the bill that established today's Department of Defense. Truman's intent, as he states in this article written for the September 1962 issue of Military Review, was to create an organization that would be responsive...
Training and the Army of the 1990s
This article by then Army Chief of Staff General Carl E. Vuono was prepared on the eve of Operation Desert Storm. Vuono's commitment to training readiness, even in the midst of mandated downsizing and calls for additional cost-saving measures such as...
Training: Preparation for Combat
The revolution in American military doctrine introduced by AirLand Battle spawned a need for corresponding revolutions in both combined arms and joint training. In this June 1986 article, General William R. Richardson, then US Army Training and Doctrine...
Values and the American Soldier
Then Secretary of the Army John 0. Marsh Jr. contributed the following article to open the November 1986 edition of Military Review. The secretary addresses "values," the Army theme for 1986, and perhaps explains why the All-Volunteer Force was ultimately...
Western Defense Planning
Captain B.H. Liddell Hart's lead article in the June 1956 issue of Military Review gives a concrete example of the difficulties of developing a coherent military strategy, as outlined in the preceding two articles. In view of the existing "mutual assured...
Why Aren't Americans Better at Strategy?
This article followed Colonel Arthur F Lykke Jr.'s article in the May 1989 edition of Military Review, which was devoted to strategy. Here, Steven Metz outlines the difficulties of defining a coherent national security strategy in a democracy where consensus...

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