Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 82, No. 2, March/April

6 Nightmares: Real Threats in a Dangerous World and How America Can Meet Them
6 NIGHTMARES: Real Threats in a Dangerous World and How America Can Meet Them, Anthony Lake, Little, Brown, and Co., Boston, MA, 2000, 386 pages, $22.36. 6 Nightmares: Real Threats in a Dangerous World and How America Can Meet Them disappoints. One might...
A Great Civil War: A Military and Political History, 1861-1865
A GREAT CIVIL WAR: A Military and Political History, 1861-1865, Russell F. Weigley, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2000, 612 pages, $35.00. Russell F. Weigley has a grand legacy of studying, teaching, and writing military history and applying...
America's Army
AMERICA'S ARMY" was an expression the Department of the Army (DA) used during the 1990s to describe the U.S. Army to the general population. The expression is even more important now as the nation assesses the need to substantially transform the military...
Bearer of the Sword
IN THE IMMEDIATE aftermath of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, U.S. President George W. Bush and his national security leaders articulated objectives for a wide-ranging war against terrorism. Months...
Beyond Declaring Victory and Coming Home: The Challenges of Peace and Stability Operations
BEYOND DECLARING VICTORY AND COMING HOME: The Challenges of Peace and Stability Operations, Max G. Manwaring and Anthony James Joes, eds., Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, 2000, 264 pages, $69.95. The political and increasingly universal practice of...
Censoring History: Citizenship and Memory in Japan, Germany, and the United States
CENSORING HISTORY: Citizenship and Memory in Japan, Germany, and the United States, Laura Hein and Mark Selden, eds., M.E. Sharpe Inc., Armonk, NY, 2000,301 pages, $24.95. In the book Nineteen Eighty-four (Knopf, NY, 1992), George Orwell says, "Who controls...
Children of a New Fatherland: Germany's Post-War Right-Wing Politics
CHILDREN OF A NEW FATHERLAND: Germany's Post-War RightWing Politics, JR. Brinks, David Binder, trans., I.B. Tauris, NY, 2000, 200 pages, $35.00. The collapse of communism and the reunification of Germany produced an outburst of right-wing hate crimes...
Emerging Army Doctrine: Command and Control
IN MAY 1863, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, outnumbered more than two to one by the Union Army of the Potomac, defeated the Union Army in the Battle of Chancellorsville. This victory was a victory of command and control (C2) rather than one...
FM 3-0: Doctrine for a Transforming Force
ON 14 JUNE 2001, the U.S. Army released its new operations manual, U.S. Army Field Manual (FM) 3-0, Operations.1 This edition supersedes the 1993 edition of FM 100-5. It is number 14 in a series of Army field service regulations dating back to 1905 that...
From the Editor
In this issue, Military Review focuses on three themes: United We Stand, Global Threats, and Emerging Doctrine. United We Stand contains articles about the ongoing war against terrorism and homeland defense. Retired General Gordon Sullivan and retired...
Further Combined Arms Doctrine
IFM3-911 will be the first echelon manual that references doctrine from FM 3-0 and FM 3-90, Tactics. Readers must understand these manuals to effectively understand and use FM 3-91. This draft also combines the TTP from five 71-100 manuals, thereby eliminating...
General William S. Harney: Prince of Dragoons
GENERAL WILLIAM S. HARNEY: Prince of Dragoons, George Rollie Adams, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 2001, 389 pages, $50.00. George Rollie Adams' biography of General William S. Harney is a delightful work of scholarship on the 19th-century U.S....
Global Security Challenges with Potential Links to Terrorism
Terrorists require safe havens in which they can plan and train. These outlaws thrive in places where the absence of civilized standards encourages criminal organizing or radical politics. Some of these havens are pockets of lawlessness, particularly...
Identifying Potential Ethnic Conflict: Case Applications of a Process Model
IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL ETHNIC CONFLICT: Case Applications of a Process Model, Thomas S. Szayna, ed., RAND, Santa Monica, CA, 2000, 329 pages, $25.00. Policy analysts and regional experts at the RAND Arroyo Center in Santa Monica, California, have undertaken...
Imperial China, 900-1800
IMPERIAL CHINA, 900-1800, Frederick W. Mote, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2000. 1,107 pages, $39.95. Frederick W. Mote, an emeritus professor of Chinese history and civilization at Princeton University, has spent more than 50 years teaching...
In Colombia-A Terrorist Sanctuary?
SOON AFTER the entire world expressed solidarity with the United States' intention to physically defeat terrorism, the predictable waffling about how to define "terrorist" began. Some governments struggled to find a semantic concoction that would appear...
In Harm's Way: The Sinking of the USS Indianapolis and the Extraordinary Story of the Survivors
IN HARM'S WAY: The Sinking of the USS Indianapolis and the Extraordinary Story of the Survivors, Douglas Stanton, Henry Holt and Co., NY, 2001, 333 pages, $25.00. Two weeks before the end of World War II, a Japanese submarine in the Philippine Sea, about...
Installation Antiterrorism Force-Protection Planning
The U.S. Army's AT/FP program is a collective effort that reduces the likelihood that Army-affiliated personnel, their families, facilities, and materiel will be subject to a terrorist attack and to prepare to respond to the consequences of such attacks...
Is It Time to Abandon the Military Decisionmaking Process?
MANY OFFICERS and noncommissioned officers describe the military decisionmaking process (MDMP) with phrases such as "too complex," "too burdensome," or simply "too slow." Frustration with the process is evidenced by late-- night monologues delivered...
Legacy of the Prophet: Despots, Democrats and the New Politics of Islam
LEGACY OF THE PROPHET: Despots, Democrats and the New Politics of Islam, Anthony Shadid, Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 2001, 340 pages, $26.00. Even before the 11 September 2001 attacks on America, most Westerner thought of Islam as being characterized...
Love and Valor: Intimate Civil War Letters between Captain Jacob and Emeline Ritner
LOVE AND VALOR: Intimate Civil War Letters Between Captain Jacob and Emeline Ritner, Charles F. Larimer, ed., Sigourney Press, Western Springs, IL, 2000,472 pages, $19.95. Collections of letters from Civil War soldiers are not uncommon. What sets this...
MacArthur and the American Century: A Reader
MACARTHUR AND THE AMERICAN CENTURY: A Reader, William M. Leary, ed., University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 2001, 560 pages, $82.50. In February 1945, when asked what General Douglas MacArthur was really like, General Thomas Blarney, commander of the...
Marines under Armor: The Marine Corps and the Armored Fighting Vehicle, 1916-2000
MARINES UNDER ARMOR: The Marine Corps and the Armored Fighting Vehicle, 1916-2000, Kenneth W. Estes, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD, 2000,267 pages, $32.95. At a time when the U.S. Army is developing intermediate brigades equipped with light armored...
Military Leaders' Obligation to Justify Killing in War
During the nation's worst conflicts, soldiers have wrestled with the morality of killing during combat Pete Kilner argues that leaders have a responsibility to train combat soldiers to kill during combat but leaders also have an obligation to explain...
Paraguay's Ciudad del Este and the New Centers of Gravity
PARAGUAY IS landlocked, poor, a long way from everywhere, and seldom appears in the drama of international events but is nevertheless emblematic of our global security challenge. It has suffered crippling wars where governance has always been a challenge...
Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace
PERPETUAL WAR FOR PERPETUAL PEACE, Robert A. Divine, Texas A&M University Press, College Station, 2000, 128 pages, $29.95. In Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace, Robert A. Divine examines U.S. involvement in 20th-century wars. Although Americans like...
Prelude to Tragedy: Vietnam, 1960-1965
PRELUDE TO TRAGEDY: Vietnam, 1960-1965, Harvey Neese and John O'Donnell, eds., Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD, 2001, 309 pages, $32.95. Prelude to Tragedy: Vietnam, 1960-1965, is a good book for former military advisers to the U.S. Armed Forces...
Ripcord: Screaming Eagles under Siege, Vietnam 1970
RIPCORD: Screaming Eagles Under Siege, Vietnam 1970, Keith W. Nolan, Presidio Press, Novato, CA, 2000, 447 pages, $29.95. In Ripcord: Screaming Eagles Under Siege, Keith W. Nolan gives a brilliant account of a crucial engagement at Dienbienphu during...
Soviet Special Forces (Spetsnaz): Experience in Afghanistan
When I read in the newspapers that U.S. Special Forces units had deployed to Afghanistan in the full-- scale antiterrorist operation after the Attack on America on 11 September 2001, I could not help but experience deja vu; I had "been there, done that."...
Tectonic Shifts and Putin's Russia in the New Security Environment
AS THE U.S. Government mobilizes for homeland defense and a protracted war against terrorism, it is evident to the Russian national security elite that fundamental features of the international security landscape are undergoing "tectonic shifts."1 Such...
The Anthrax Scare: Tips for Leaders
It is useful to make three assumptions: that the terrorists' supply of anthrax spores is finite; that their lack of access to sophisticated battlefield dispersal methods means that anthrax dissemination will continue to occur through low-technology,...
The Battle of Brisbane: Australians and Yanks at War
THE BATTLE OF BRISBANE: Australians and Yanks at War, Peter A. Thompson and Robert Macklin, Australian Broadcasting Company, Sydney, 2000, 242 pages, $29.90 (Australian). In 1939, Australia went to war. In 1941, the United States joined the fray. The...
The Doughboys: America and the First World War
THE DOUGHBOYS: America and the First World War, Gary Mead, Overlook Press, New York, 2000, 478 pages, $37.95. The Doughboys: America and the First World War, Gary Mead's attempt to "redress the balance of history by reinstating the vital importance of...
The Future of Turkish-Western Relations: Toward a Strategic Plan
THE FUTURE OF TURKISH-- WESTERN RELATIONS: Toward a Strategic Plan, Zalmay Khalilzad, Ian O. Lesser, and F. Stephen Larrabee, eds., RAND. Santa Monica. CA 2000.$20.00. A real estate professional would easily define Turkey's importance in the geopolitical...
The Spirit of 1914: Militarism, Myth, and Mobilization in Germany
THE SPIRIT OF 1914: Militarism, Myth, and Mobilization in Germany, Jeffrey Verhey, Cambridge University Press, MA, 2000, 268 pages, $59.95. Some of the most enduring images from World War I are photographs of enthusiastic crowds of people surrounding...
The Two World Wars That Shaped the 20th Century
MR Review Essay The 20th century was shaped by two world wars. The result of World War I was the collapse of the German, Austrian, Turkish, and Russian empires that gave rise to fascism and communism. World War II hastened the end of European colonial...
Training, Tactics and Leadership in the Confederate Army of Tennessee: Seeds of Failure
TRAINING, TACTICS AND LEADERSHIP IN THE CONFEDERATE ARMY OF TENNESSEE: Seeds of Failure, Andrew R.B. Haughton, Frank Cass Publishers, Portland, OR 2000,356 pages, $49.50. While the American Civil War is one of the most written about conflicts in history,...
Unfinished Business
The primary audience for this new manual is commanders and staffs from battalion to corps when operating at the tactical level.... Such a manual had not existed since the early 1960s when FM 100-5 stopped being an infantry division-level manual with...
United We Stand
The war against terrorism is the first war of the 21st century. Even as the United States prosecutes the war, it learns lessons for future wars. Although the principles of war remain unchanged, the ways warfighters apply them continue to evolve. United...
When America Fights: The Uses of U.S. Military Force
WHEN AMERICA FIGHTS: The Uses of U.S. Military Force, Donald M. Snow, Congressional Quarterly Press, Washington, DC, 2000, 289 pages, $24.95. Donald M. Snow's When America Fights: The Uses of U.S. Military Force is a thoughtful view of current foreign...
Why Nations Go to War
WHY NATIONS GO TO WAR, John G. Stoessinger, Bedford/St. Martin's, Boston, MA, 2001, 286 pages, $59.95. Barnes and Noble and Amazon. com classify Why Nations Go to War by John G. Stoessinger as a history textbook. I agree. While Stoessinger attempts to...
Women in the Emirati Military: Spearhead of Change
After the dastardly attacks that occurred on 11 September 2001, Americans have had to reexamine their understanding of Islam and the Middle East. Americans generally misunderstand Islam, seeing it as a homogenous culture and religion. However, we are...
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