Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 87, No. 3, May-June

Army IO Is PSYOP; Influencing More with Less
THE PURPOSE OF this article is to briefly examine some of the root causes of the ongoing fracture of Army information operations (IO) in general and the dysfunctional friction between IO and the various Army agents of influence, in particular psychological...
Committing to Afghanistan: The Case for Increasing U.S. Reconstruction and Stabilization Aid
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AFGHANISTAN as a successful nation-state is at grave risk, and its failure could have a resounding strategic and economic impact on the United States and, indeed, the entire world. This summer will be a critical time, as increasing...
Counterinsurgency Diplomacy: Politcal Advisors at the Operational and Tactical Levels
In the conventional war, military action, seconded by diplomacy, propaganda, and economic pressure, is generally the principal way to achieve the goal. Politics as an instrument of war tends to take a back seat and emerges again--as an instrument--when...
Cows, Korans, and Kalashnikovs: The Multiple Dimemensions of Conflict in the Nuba Mountains of Central Sudan
AUTHOR'S NOTE: With continued massive human suffering and violence in Darfur, there is discussion about increasing U.S. and international military involvement in the Sudan. With that in mind, this article provides an overview of the 2002 cease-fire...
Discouraging Hearts and Minds: Democracies and Insurgencies
FIGHTING AN INSURGENCY is challenging for any type of government, but for democracies the task is particularly difficult. This article looks at the insurgent's opportunities and the counterinsurgent's challenges when the counterinsurgent is a state...
Ethics and Operations: Training the Combatant
The ethical dilemmas of modern war, 3 April 2003, An Najaf Iraq: Faced by hundreds of menacing Iraqi civiliians, LTC Chris Hughes, commander, 2d Battalion, 327th Infantry, tells his Soldiers to smile, take a knee, and point their weapons at the ground...
Everything Old Is New Again Task Force Phantom in the Iraq War: Sometimes Army Doctrine Actually Works When Given the Chance
IT IS NO SMALL IRONY that a military intelligence (MI) brigade came to the above conclusion about infantry operations during more than 20 months of combat in 2003 and 2005. With Iraq as the laboratory and an XVIII Airborne Corps infantry long-range...
Farewell Message: Army Chief of Staff General Peter J. Schoomaker 35th Chief of Staff of the Army
Tomorrow we will stand on the parade field at Fort Myer and the mantle of Army Chief of Staff will pass to General George W. Casey. It has been a tremendous privilege and honor to serve alongside you, the Soldiers, Civilians, and family members, who...
Fourth Generation Warfare Evolves, Fifth Emerges
SEVENTEEN YEARS AGO, a small group of authors introduced the concept of "Four Generations of War." Frankly, the concept did not get much traction for the first dozen years. Then came 9/11. Some of the fourthgeneration warfare (4GW) proponents claimed...
In Defense of Military Public Affairs Doctrine
THE SIMULTANEOUS EXPANSION of information operations (IO) and the effects-based approach to operations is challenging traditional notions of military public affairs (PA). (1) Politicians looking for more support in waging an ideological war against...
Managing Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Malaya
Without a reasonably efficient government machine, no programmes or projects, in the context of counterinsurgency, will produce the desired results. --Sir Robert Thompson, Defeating Communist Insurgency. (1) ********** COMBATING AN INSURGENCY...
Of Shoes and Sites: Globalization and Insurgency
IN 1965, two years before his execution at the hands of Bolivian counterinsurgent troops, Ernesto Rafael "Che" Guevara, the famed South American Marxist insurgent and guerrilla fighter, found himself deep in the African jungles of the Congo passing...
Partnership for the Americas: The Human Rights Initiative
The United States must defend liberty and justice because these principles are right and true for all people everywhere. These nonnegotiable demands of human dignity are protected most securely in democracies. The United States government will work...
The Power Equation: Using Tribal Politics in Counterinsurgency
FOUR SHORT YEARS AGO, the sheik standing beside me clothed in a fine wool dishdasha robe had received yearly patronage from Saddam Hussein's political machine, doled money out to his tribe as he saw fit, and, as his father had before him, maintained...
The Shia Revival
THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENT in the Middle East today is the rise of sectarian conflict. This is a process that has begun in Iraq, but it will not end there. In Iraq it has become the single most important determinant of that country's future....
Understanding the Link between Center of Gravity and Mission Accomplishment
DURING THE PAST DECADE there has been a proliferation of literature on effective methodologies to identify and neutralize, weaken, or destroy a center of gravity (COG). (1) This trend continues with the rewrites of Joint Publications (JP) 3-0, Joint...
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