Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 2, March-April

All Our Eggs in a Broken Basket: How the Human Terrain System Is Undermining Sustainable Military Cultural Competence
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] FIELD-EXPERIENCED WARFIGHTERS and other experts in operational art have identified a range of weaknesses in military cultural training, education, and intelligence. Each "culture gap" has been painstakingly codified in military...
Amnesty, Reintegration, and Reconciliation: South Africa
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] HE GRANTING OF AMNESTY and the process of reconciliation and reintegration (collectively referred to as "AR2" in this series of articles) are typically post-conflict processes. However, potential belligerents may resort to...
A View from Inside the Surge
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] DURING THE EARLY YEARS of Operation Iraqi Freedom, too many units attempted to fight an emerging and eventually flourishing insurgency the wrong way. They over-emphasized kinetic operations against an adaptive insurgent hidden...
Borrowed Soldiers: Americans under British Command, 1918
BORROWED SOLDIERS: Americans Under British Command, 1918, Mitchell A. Yockelson, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 2008, 256 pages, $29.95. In 1917, when President Woodrow Wilson led the United States into the First World War, he sought to keep...
Complex Operations in Africa: Operational Culture Training in the French Military
FRANCE HAS DEPLOYED some 8,000 French troops around the world, and the way they interact with foreign populations and military organizations overseas is the direct result of a successful, 100-year-old marriage between ethno-anthropology and the French...
Counterinsurgency Lessons from Iraq
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE MILITARY WAR in Iraq ended in 2008, although political conflict among Sunnis, Shi'ites, and Kurds will continue for decades. At the same time, the war in Afghanistan has heated up, with more American troops committed to...
Educating by Design: Preparing Leaders for a Complex World
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] We tolerate the unexplained but not the inexplicable. --Erving Goffman (1) THE ARMY HAS MANAGED an increasingly complex global environment since 2001 with the additional dilemmas of asymmetric warfare, counterinsurgency,...
Europe's Role in Nation-Building: From the Balkans to the Congo
EUROPE'S ROLE IN NATION BUILDING: From the Balkans to the Congo, James Dobbins, et al., RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, 2008, 342 pages, $35.00. This book, sponsored by the RAND Corporation and led by James Dobbins--a renowned peacekeeping and...
From Peddlers to Sheiks: A Contracting Case Study in Southern Baghdad
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] CULTURAL ADVISORS in Iraq today act as modern-day Greeks among Romans, providing scholarly advice to the warrior. As a Middle East expert assigned to Forward Operating Base Falcon in Baghdad, I embedded with a brigade combat...
Human Intelligence, Counterterrorism, & National Leadership: A Practical Guide
HUMAN INTELLIGENCE, COUNTERTERRORISM, & NATIONAL LEADERSHIP: A Practical Guide, Gary Berntsen, Potomac Books, Inc., Washington, DC, 144 pages, $19.95. Gary Berntsen's stated purpose for writing Human Intelligence, Counterterrorism, & National...
In the Common Defense: National Security Law for Perilous Times
IN THE COMMON DEFENSE: National Security Law for Perilous Times, James E. Baker, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007, 404 pages, $30.00. Soldiers and politicians often claim that legislation such as the Goldwater-Nichols Act or Title...
Learning from Moderate Governments' Approaches to Islamist Extremism
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] ACCORDING TO FIELD MANUAL (FM) 3.0, Operations, "Landpower is the ability--by threat, force, or occupation--to gain, sustain, and exploit control over land, resources, and people." (1) When, in the aftermath of a conventional...
Military Cooperation in Multinational Peace Operations: Managing Cultural Diversity and Crisis Response
MILITARY COOPERATION IN MULTINATIONAL PEACE OPERATIONS: Managing Cultural Diversity and Crisis Response, Joseph Soeters and Philippe Manigart, eds., Routledge, Abingdon, UK, 2008, 253 pages, $140.00. Soeters and Manigart have mined some gold nuggets...
Narrowing the Gap: DOD and Stability Operations
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD) should challenge the assumption that it must prepare to perform all stability lines of operations as a "core mission" as specified in Directive 3000.05 and subsequent Army operations doctrine...
Not My Job: Contracting and Professionalism in the U.S. Army
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] SEVEN YEARS into America's War on Terrorism, private contractors now outnumber American troops serving in harm's way. Pentagon officials recently informed Congress that as of September 2007, there were 196,000 contractors,...
Paradise Lost: Smyrna, 1922: The Destruction of Islam's City of Tolerance
PARADISE LOST: Smyrna, 1922: The Destruction of Islam's City of Tolerance, Giles Milton, Basic Books, New York, 2008, 432 pages, $27.95. Giles Milton, one of the more entertaining writers of popular history, has written a book that is both gripping...
Tal Afar and Ar Ramadi: Grass Roots Reconstruction
AMERICAN STRATEGY FOR IRAQ consists of three basic tenets: clear, hold, and build. U.S. ground forces have been successful in clearing and holding key areas in Iraq; however, the last tenet, build, as of February 2007 has been the most complicated...
Testing Galula in Ameriyah: The People Are the Key
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] CRITICS OF THE ARMY'S FOCUS on counterinsurgency operations (COIN) have argued recently that the Army has developed a dogmatic approach to COIN. In particular, they question the assertion in Field Manual (FM) 3-24, Counterinsurgency,...
The Airmen and the Headhunters: A True Story of Lost Soldiers, Heroic Tribesmen and the Unlikeliest Rescue of World War II
THE AIRMEN AND THE HEADHUNTERS: A True Story of Lost Soldiers, Heroic Tribesmen and the Unlikeliest Rescue of World War II, Judith M. Heimann, Harcourt, New York, 2007, 304 pages, $26.00 Does an almost forgotten chapter of World War II history involving...
The Art of Design: A Design Methodology
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] It is well known that when you do anything, unless you understand its actual circumstances, its nature and its relations to other things, you will not know the laws governing it, or know how to do it, or be able to do it well....
The Border: Exploring the U.S.-Mexican Divide
THE BORDER: Exploring the U.S.-Mexican Divide, David J. Danelo, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA, 2008, 256 pages, $24.95. Drug violence in Mexico has grabbed headlines recently, with more than 5,000 Mexicans killed in 2008--more than double the...
The Far Reaches of Empire: War in Nova Scotia 1710-1760
THE FAR REACHES OF EMPIRE: War in Nova Scotia 1710-1760, John Grenier, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 2008, 288 pages, $34.95. John Grenier's The Far Reaches of Empire provides a well-researched account of a little known theater of colonial...
The Future Combat System Program
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE FUTURE COMBAT SYSTEM (FCS) program will enter a stringent design review in 2009 to make the congressionally mandated "go" or "no-go" decision on the future of this program. This discussion argues for continuing the FCS...
Trench Warfare under Grant and Lee: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign
TRENCH WARFARE UNDER GRANT AND LEE: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign, Earl J. Hess, The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 2007, 336 pages, $39.95. Earl Hess has contributed yet another credible scholarly work to his already...
Unifying Physical and Psychological Impact during Operations
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE is to expand on some key ideas raised, but not fully developed, in my November/December 2008 Military Review article entitled "Re-Thinking IO: Complex Operations in the Information Age." That piece...
Warlord: A Life of Winston Churchill at War, 1874-1945
WARLORD: A Life of Winston Churchill at War, 1874-1945, Carlo D'Este, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 864 pages, 2008, $39.95. Carlo D'Este's outstanding biography is a vivid profile of Winston Churchill, warts and all, a great man seemingly...
Warrior King: The Triumph and Betrayal of an American Commander in Iraq
WARRIOR KING: The Triumph and Betrayal of an American Commander in Iraq, Nathan Sassaman with Joe Layden, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2008, 305 pages, $25.95. This may not be the best book you will read, but it will probably be the book you will...
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values
ZEN AND THE ART OF MOTORCYCLE MAINTENANCE: An Inquiry into Values, Robert M. Pirsig, HarperCollins Publishers, New York 1974, reprint 2005, 430 pages, $13.95. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Robert Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (ZMM)...
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