Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 95, No. 6, November-December

Act of War: Lyndon Johnson, North Korea, and the Capture of the Spy Ship Pueblo
ACT OF WAR: Lyndon Johnson, North Korea, and the Capture of the Spy Ship Pueblo Jack Cheevers, NAL Caliber, New York, 2014, 448 pages The 1968 capture of the USS Pueblo by North Korea and the detention of its crew for almost a year are incidents...
A Good Death: Mortality and Narrative in Army Leadership
What does it matter when death comes, since it is inevitable? To the man who told Socrates, "The thirty tyrants have condemned you to death," he replied, "And nature, them." --Michel de Montaigne A soldier sees death more vividly than most. Mortality's...
A Handful of Bullets: How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces the Peace
A HANDFUL OF BULLETS: How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces the Peace Harlan K. Ullman, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, 2014, 256 pages A Handful of Bullets: How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces...
Air Force Leaders Take Note: The Army Is Changing
The United States Army is changing. Visibly, the physical size of the force is reducing dramatically. Doctrinally new manuals are both addressing a hybrid threat via unified land operations and reshaping leadership focus through mission command. Understanding...
A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War
A LAND OF ACHING HEARTS: The Middle East in the Great War Leila Tarazi Fawaz, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2014, 416 pages Leila Tarazi Fawaz's sweeping synthesis of the First World War in the Middle East explores the social...
An All-Volunteer Force for Long-Term Success
In 2014, America's modern all-volunteer force (AVF) observed its fortieth anniversary. The AVF has, largely, been deemed a success by policy makers as well as the general public since its inception during the Vietnam War up until the conflicts initiated...
A Way to Teach Critical Thinking Skills So Learners Will Continue Using Them in Operations
It was a special kind of failure. Of course, members of human terrain teams--sociocultural research teams deployed with U.S. and partner forces in Iraq and Afghanistan--had no monopoly on cognitive rigidity. Nor were all team members guilty of it....
Balancing Air and Missile Defense to Better Support Maneuver
Thus it is that in war the victorious strategist only seeks battle after the victory has been won, whereas he who is destined to defeat first fights and afterwards looks for victory. --Sun Tzu The U.S. Army is modernizing and cultivating specific...
Beyond the Call: The True Story of One World War II Pilot's Covert Mission to Rescue POWs on the Eastern Front
BEYOND THE CALL: The True Story of One World War II Pilot's Covert Mission to Rescue POWs on the Eastern Front Lee Trimble and Jeremy Dronfield, Berkley Caliber, New York, 2015, 352 pages Beyond the Call is a son's discovery of his father's...
Comments on "Cavalry Tanks"
(These comments are made at the request of the writer of the preceding article) In response to a request for remarks on the foregoing article, I must begin by a most vigorous dissent from the writer's picture of a senile and impotent cavalry, futilely...
Countering the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Threat
A key lesson of history is that every war is different. Consequently, to benefit from the insights provided by history, prudent war planners must confront the probability of the unexpected by applying training, doctrine, and equipment aimed at anticipating...
Drones, Honor, and War
Drones have become a symbol of the new American approach to warfare. Yet, the American use of weaponized drones has elicited vocal and persistent criticism both at home and abroad. While majorities in the United States and Israel continue to approve...
Failed States and the Origins of Violence: A Comparative Analysis of State Failure as a Root Cause of Terrorism and Political Violence
FAILED STATES AND THE ORIGINS OF VIOLENCE: A Comparative Analysis of State Failure as a Root Cause of Terrorism and Political Violence Tiffiany Howard, Ashgate Publishing Company, Burlington, Vermont, 2014, 210 pages Along with poverty and political...
Fires of October: The Planned US Invasion of Cuba during the Missile Crisis of 1962
FIRES OF OCTOBER: The Planned US Invasion of Cuba during the Missile Crisis of 1962 Blaine L. Pardoe, Casemate Publishers, Havertown, Pennsylvania, 2013, 376 pages FIRES OF OCTOBER: The Planned US Invasion of Cuba During the Missile Crisis of...
For Liberty and the Republic: The American Citizen as Soldier, 1775-1861
FOR LIBERTY AND THE REPUBLIC: The American Citizen as Soldier, 1775-1861 Ricardo A. Herrera, New York University Press, New York, 2015, 272 pages More than fifty years ago, in his famous book The Soldier and The State: The Theory and Politics...
Generals of the Bulge: Leadership in the U.S. Army's Greatest Battle
GENERALS OF THE BULGE: Leadership in the U.S. Army's Greatest Battle Jerry D. Morelock, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, 2015, 384 pages In Generals of the Bulge: Leadership in the U.S. Army's Greatest Battle, Jerry Morelock's compilation...
Grounded: The Case for Abolishing the United States Air Force
GROUNDED: The Case for Abolishing the United States Air Force Robert M. Farley, University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 2014, 272 pages For nearly two centuries, On War, by Carl von Clausewitz, has been considered the primer on the...
I Am Proud to Present Military Review's First Issue Published as a Member of the Army Press!
I am proud to present Military Review's first issue published as a member of the Army Press! Our prestigious journal has finally joined ranks with the Combat Studies Institute to form an enhanced organization that will help aspiring authors publish...
Leading Soldiers With-Not Primarily Through-Communication Technology
Recent advances in communication technology have made the world smaller in many ways. Individuals are now able to communicate with others in real or near-real time from almost anywhere in the world. While these advances are remarkable, they also engender...
Leningrad 1943: Inside a City under Siege
LENINGRAD 1943: Inside a City Under Siege Alexander Werth, L.B. Tauris, New York, 2015, 256 pages Alexander Werth's gripping narrative delves into the siege of Leningrad. It presents a poignant example of the cruelty and horrors that are unique...
Let Us Fight as Free Men: Black Soldiers and Civil Rights
LET US FIGHT AS FREE MEN: Black Soldiers and Civil Rights Christine Knauer, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2014, 352 pages In Let Us Fight As Free Men: Black Soldiers and Civil Rights, Christine Knauer, a postdoctoral research...
Military Communication Strategies Based on How Audiences Meld Media and Agendas
In 1422, Charles VI of France died, and Charles VII ascended the throne moments later as, according to tradition, the Duke of Uzes announced, "The King is dead, long live the King!" (translated from French). (1) Just as old kings die and are replaced...
Ministers at War: Winston Churchill and His War Cabinet
MINISTERS AT WAR: Winston Churchill and His War Cabinet Jonathan Schneer, Basic Books, New York, 2015, 352 pages What more can be said or written about Sir Winston Churchill? It has been seventy-five years since he first obtained the position...
North Korea: State of Paranoia
NORTH KOREA: State of Paranoia Paul French, Zen Books, New York, 2014, 480 pages For many, when they think about the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea), words like black hole, isolated, hermit kingdom, cult of personality, and...
North Korea Undercover: Inside the World's Most Secret State
NORTH KOREA UNDERCOVER: Inside the Worlds Most Secret State John Sweeney, Pegasus Books, New York, 2015, 336 pages Posing as a university professor with a visiting group of students from the London School of Economics, renowned investigative journalist...
Order in Chaos: The Memoirs of General of Panzer Troops Hermann Balck
ORDER IN CHAOS The Memoirs of General of Panzer Troops Hermann Balck Hermann Balck, edited and translated by David T. Zabecki and Dieter J. Biedekarken, University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 2015, 578 pages FIGHTING THE COLD WAR...
Six Weeks in 1914: Campaign Execution and the Fog of War-Historical Lessons for the Military Professional
World War I in general and the so-called First Battle of the Marne in particular are still relevant to military operations today. There are many lessons that the modern military professional can draw from the first six weeks of the war, which was fought...
So Much to Lose: John F. Kennedy and American Policy in Laos
SO MUCH TO LOSE: John F. Kennedy and American Policy in Laos William Rust, University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 2014, 376 pages In his inaugural address, John Kennedy promised to "... bear any burden ... in order to assure the survival...
The Battle for Moscow
THE BATTLE FOR MOSCOW David Stahel, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2015, 480 pages On 12 November 1941, the German Wehrmacht launched the final push of Operation Typhoon, the offensive to seize Moscow. Typhoon was to be...
The Battle of the Bulge: A Graphic History of Allied Victory in the Ardennes, 1944-1945
THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE: A Graphic History of Allied Victory in the Ardennes, 1944-1945 Wayne Vansant, Zenith Press, Minneapolis, 2014, 104 pages My father introduced me to the Battle of the Bulge when I was a teenager. His roommate in college...
The Deluge: The Great War, America and the Remaking of the Global Order, 1916-1931
THE DELUGE: The Great War, America and the Remaking of the Global Order, 1916-1931 Adam Tooze, Viking, New York, 2014, 672 pages Adam Tooze writes about the emergence of American power in the midst of World War I. While American military power...
The Forecast for D-Day: And the Weatherman Behind Ike's Greatest Gamble
THE FORECAST FOR D-DAY: And the Weatherman behind Ike's Greatest Gamble John Ross, Lyons Press, Guilford, Connecticut, 2014, 235 pages Author John Ross admits in his acknowledgments that he is not a historian or a meteorologist. While he may...
The Lights and the Heavies: Adapting Cavalry Branch to the Demands of Force 2025 and Beyond
The moment of greatest peril is the moment of victory. --Napoleon Bonaparte The Army's white paper expressing the Army's latest vision for Force 2025 delineates three primary lines of effort: First, force employment is defined as "Army forces...
The United States Army's Secret to Success: Capitalizing on the Human Dimension to Enhance Its Combat Capabilities
Following the conclusion of the Vietnam War, the U.S. Army had a series of successful combat operations, including Operation Urgent Fury, Operation Just Cause, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Military...
The Urban Individual: Unassailable Source of Power in Twenty-First Century Armed Conflicts
1st Place, 2015 De Puy Contest Winner After the battle of Borodino in September 1812, Napoleon marched on Moscow. In this time of crisis, most generals urged Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov to defend the city at all cost. Kutuzov refused because "the...
Why South Vietnam Fell
WHY SOUTH VIETNAM FELL Anthony James Joes, Lexington Books, Lanham, Maryland, 2014, 218 pages This review is best subtitled "The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly." First, the good. There is a lot here to like. Professor Joes has succinctly compiled...
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