Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 78, No. 1, January/February

American Army Doctrine for the Post-Cold War
AMERICAN ARMY DOCTRINE FOR THE POST-COLD WAR by John L. Romjue. 160 pages. Military History Office, US Army Training and Doctrine Command, Fort Monroe, VA (Available from the Superintendent of Documents, GPO, Washington, DC) 1996. $8.00. Historically,...
Arming against Hitler: France and the Limits of Military Planning
ARMING AGAINST HITLER: France and the Limits of Military Planning by Eugenia C. Keisling. 260 pages. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. 1996. $35.00. Over the years, the 1940 Campaign and the development of the German and French armies that became...
Armistice 1918
ARMISTICE 1918 by Bullitt Lowry. 344 pages. Kent Univerity Press, Kent, OH. 1996. $35.00. This book is a thorough study of the armistice that ended the fighting on World War I's Western Front. Author Bullitt Lowry presents a preponderance of evidence...
Assessing Self-Development
PUZZLING OVER your commander's remark that your communication skills need improvement, you went to a friend to ask for advice. "I could have told you that. There are quite a few times when you don't listen to anyone." "Well, why didn't you tell me?"...
Beating Plowshares into Swords: The Political Economy of American Warfare, 1606-1865
BEATING PLOWSHARES INTO SWORDS: The Political Economy of American Warfare, 1606-1865, by Paul A.C. Koistinen. 376 pages. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. 1996. $39.95. In Beating Plowshares into Swords, California State University professor...
Breaking the Counseling Mold
THE ARRIVAL of Officer Personnel Management System (OPMS) XXI has generated a lot of discussion among senior US Army leaders about counseling and possible ways to improve it. This article discusses several issues surrounding the topic, including a discussion...
Confronting Psychological Trauma
Stress has always been a part of military life. Since the US Civil War, American military leaders and medical officers have sought to understand its effects and take measures to preserve the psychological strength of their soldiers. For decades, psychological...
Developing Great Leaders in Turbulent Times
THE US ARMY is about winning. The mere thought of anything less is repugnant, because when the Army loses, America loses. I think this determination goes a long way toward explaining our success. The Army's history is a history of change, but no amount...
Facing Armageddon: The First World War Experienced
FACING ARMAGEDDON: The First World War Experienced, edited by Hugh Cecil and Peter H. Liddle. 936 pages. Pen & Sword Books Ltd., South Yorkshire, England. 1996. $65.00 Cloth. $35.00 Paper. So many books have been written on World War I that it might...
Fighting with the Soviets: The Failure of Operation Frantic 1944-1945
FIGHTING WITH THE SOVIETS: The Failure of Operation Fran/w 1944-1945, by Mark J. Conversino. 284 pages. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. 1996. $35.00. In the spring of 1944, US Army Air Force units arrived in Russia as part of Operation Frantic....
From A Dark Sky: The Story of U.S. Air Force Special Operations
FROM A DARK SKY: The Story of U. Air For Special Operations by Orr Kelly. 340 pages. Presidio Press, Novato, CA 1996. $24.95. Orr Kelly provides a highly readable account of Air Force special operations (SO) from the beginning of World War II through...
From the Editor
The Army is a hierarchical organization that demands accountability at every level. While individuals are accountable for their own actions, leaders have a unique responsibility to ensure appropriate behavior and attitudes in groups of individuals. Leadership...
Kitchener's Sword-Arm: The Life and Times of General Sir Archibald Hunter
KITCHENER'S SWORD-ARM: The Life and Emes of General Sir Archibald Hunter by Archie Hunter. 260 pages. Sarpedon Publishers, New York. 1996. $29.95. The difference between achieving mediocrity or fame can be as simple as seizing an opportunity at the right...
Leadership Doctrine: 1778 to 1995
THROUGHOUT the distinguished history of the US Army, the relationship between leaders and those they lead has always played a critical role in determining performance, both on and off the field of combat. With the recent and ongoing downsizing initiatives,...
Leadership in the Digitized Force
THROUGHOUT HISTORY, military leaders have wrestled with the question of how to lead their organizations.1 Sun-tzu offered the military leaders of his day insights for effective leadership. Likewise, the great Prussian theorist Carl von Clausewitz wrote...
Letters
Understanding Unconventional Warfare Challenges The difficulty in reaching any viable conclusions when examining "The Counterinsurgency Paradox" in the July-August 1997 issue of the Military Review underscores the subject's intricacy. Sergeant First...
Medal of Honor Recipients, 1863-1994: Volume I, Civil War to Nicaraguan Campaign and Volume II, World War II to Somalia
MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS, 1863-1994: Volume I, Civil War to Nicaraguan Campaign and Volume II, World War II to Somalia, edited by George Lang, Raymond L Collins and Gerald E White. 8% pages. Facts on File Inc., New York. 1996. $99.00 set. Until the...
Praire Warrior 98: Looking Ahead
Training leaders for the rigors of military leadership in today's complex environment is the US Army Command and General Staff College's (CGSC's) ongoing charter at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. PRAIRIE WARRIOR (PW), the capstone Command and General Staff...
Psychological Operations: Principles and Case Studies
PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: Principles and Case Studies, edited by Colonel Frank L Goldstein and Colonel Benjamin E Findley Jr. 364 pages. Air University Press, Maxwell Air Force Base, AL. (Available from the Superintendent of Documents, US Government...
Pw 98
PW 98 will emphasize exercise of corps and division operations at operational and tactical levels of war. Primary objectives of decision making and leadership will consider the complexities of a joint multinational force with military cooperation as...
PW: The Educational Link
Learning objectives in 1998 are to plan, conduct and sustain joint and multinational combined arms operations and to emphasize corps and division levels of a combined and joint TF (JTF). Decision making will apply Army doctrine and joint planning and...
Responsibility, Commitment and Morale
Accept the challenges so that you may feel the exhilaration of victory. -General George S. Patton Jr. PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY is an important military concept. When soldiers feel responsible for their performance, they will do anything to achieve a goal...
Retaining the Moral Element of War
MUCH DEBATE and philosophical resonance in US military and academic circles today focuses on whether or not we are entering into, in the midst of or departing from a revolution in military affairs (RMA). This speculative fog masks an important component...
Tales from Twelve O'Clock High: Leadership Lessons for the 21st Century
Second Place The year is 1942. The place: Archbury Airfield England The American 918th Bomber Group has just returned from another mission against German targets in France. The 918th's performance continues to be dismaL The unit cannot put steel on target...
The Admiral's Baby
THE ADMIRALS BABY by Laurens van der Post. 340 pages. William Morrow & Co., New York. 1996. $27.00. Nothing fails like bad policy poorly executed, and soldiers too often unfairly bear the brunt of it. The Admiral's Baby is a remarkable story of how...
The End of the War in Europe: 1945
THE END OF THE WAR IN EUROPE: 1945, edited by Gill Bennett 251 pages. HMSO Books. (Distributed by Seven Hills Books Distributors, Cincinnati, OH.) 1996. $50.00. Fifty years after V-E Day, World War II still generates controversy. In the words of noted...
The Evolution of American Military Ideals
Military ideals . . . are all founded in hard military experience; they did not find expression because some admiral got it in his head one day to set an unattainable goal for his men, or because some general wished to turn a pious face toward the public....
The Next War
THE NEXT WAR by Caspar Weinberger and Peter Schweizer. 470 pages. Regnery Press Inc, Washington, DC 1996. $27.50. The Next War warns of coming disaster. Unfortunately, the warning is overly shrill. The points Caspar Weinberger and Peter Schweizer make...
The Wrong Road to Character Development?
IN LEWIS CARROL's Alice's Adventures in WonIt land, Alice comes upon the Cheshire cat at the crossroads and asks, "Cheshire, . . . would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here?" The cat answers, "That depends a good deal on where you...
Unorthodox Strategies for the Everyday Warrior: Ancient Wisdom for the Modern Competitor
UNORTHODOX STRATEGIES FOR THE EVERYDAY WARRIOR: Ancient Wisdom for the Modern Competitor, translated by Ralph D. Sawyer. 224 pages. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. 1996. $25.00. "In general, the essence of military strategy lies in responding to change,...
US National Security Policy and Strategy, 1987-1994: Documents and Policy Proposals
US NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY AND STRATEGY, 1987-1994: Documents and Policy Proposals, edited by Robert A Vitas and John Allen Williams. 304 pages. Greenwood Press, Westport, CF. 1996. $75.00. Even before historians stopped arguing about how the Cold War...
Vision Precedes Success
DURING HIS BATTALION change of command ceremony, Lieutenant Colonel John Smith mentally relives the past two years of command. His mind fills with memories of one triumphant training event after another, glowing inspection reports and praise from his...
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