Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 80, No. 3, May/June

A Homeland Defense Mission
With the rise of transnational security threats such as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction (WMD), international crime, drug trafficking and illegal immigration, the comprehensive defense of the Continental United States (CONUS) takes on increasing...
Air Power: Closing the Last Sanctuary
My personal experience-over 24 hours of flight time on days 1 to 3 of the ground war-was that I never saw a fixed wing aircraft. I know there were some CAS [close air support) sorties flown, but I didn't see them. If they're not there, they're not providing...
Army Pre-Positioned Stocks
In war, nothing is achieved except by calculation. Everything that is not soundly planned in detail yields no results. -The Mans of Napoleon THE BRIGADE OPERATIONS officer met us immediately upon our return from the National Training Center (NTC). During...
Battle Rhythm
FUNCTIONAL BATTLE RHYTHM minimizes the friction inherent in combat activities by providing predictability to subordinates and better synchronizing different echelons of command. However, battle rhythm itself is an intangible commodity that is often difficult...
Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War
BLACK HAWK DOWN: A Story of Modern War by Mark Bowden, Atlantic Monthly Press, New York, NY, 1999, 386 pages, $24.00. Black Hawk Down tells the full story of the gunfight in Mogadishu, Somalia, that erupted in October 1993 after a Ranger-supported Delta...
Close Quarters Combat and Modern Warfare
Technical advances in modern warfare have compromised the combat needs of individual soldiers who must confront the enemy at some point to complete their missions. New battlefield technology distances the individual soldier psychologically and physically...
Closing with the Enemy: The Core Competency of an Army
Technology is advancing at an astonishing pace. The fruits of the information age-precision and information-will allow future forces to concentrate the effects of lethal firepower well beyond our imagination today. In a future crisis requiring military...
Combat Stress Control Detachment: A Commander's Tool
CONTROLLING COMBAT STRESS is the commander's responsibility and encompasses all the steps that the commander must take to keep an operations' strain on people within an acceptable range. Stress cannot be avoided, nor should it be, for the tension often...
Correcting the Force Structure Mismatch
OUR CURRENT National Security Strategy (NSS), National Military Strategy (NMS) and existing Army force structure bode ill for the future of the Army. As a result of the Bottom-Up Review (BUR), the Army was right-sized and structured to meet the requirements...
Data Analysis and Decision Making
Recently, the Minnesota adjutant general's highest strategic priority has been strength and strength maintenance. However, the lack of rigorous analyses of causal relationships means that objectives and programs that support such strategic ends are based...
Fighting the Desert Fox: Rommel's Campaigns in North Africa, April 1941 to August 1942
FIGHTING THE DESERT FOX: Rommel's Campaigns in North Af rica, April 1941 to August 1942, by John DeLaney, Arms & Armour Press, London, 1998, 160 pages, $29.95. The exploits of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his renowned Afrika Korps have long...
Former Joint Chiefs Chairman Honored
Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell, Retired, became the 81st person inducted into the Fort Leavenworth Hall of Fame on 23 February 2000 during a ceremony at Bell Hall's Marshall Auditorium. Established in 1970, the Fort...
History of Transformation
The ROAD reorganization project was characterized by careful planning, mobilizaton of planning resources at branch and staff schools at several points, systematic testing and evaluation, and an implementation schedule that was timely but not hasty. ROAD,...
Honor Bound: The History of American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973
HONOR BOUND: The History of American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973, by Stuart I. Rochester and Frederick Kiley, US Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD, 1999, 704 pages, $38.95. To describe Honor Bound as comprehensive fails to do Stuart...
If War Comes Tomorrow?
The Contours of Future Armed Conflict by General Makhmut Gareev, edited by Jacob W. Kipp, Frank Cars Publishers, Portland, OR, 1998, 182 pages, $22.50. Books about the future of armed conflict and the world's security environment abound. Many regurgitate...
Insights for a Power-Projection Army
Regardless of the mission our power-- projection forces must perform, the ultimate measure of military effectiveness will remain control of population and territory-a fact that makes Army tactical formations indispensable to any successful power-projection...
Leader Development in a Transforming Army
SECRETARY OF THE ARMY Louis Caldera has underscored the requirement to develop competent and capable Leaders. Today, the Army focuses an transforming a brigade organization for more rapid deployment. While the US Army remains trained and ready for decisive...
Military Learning
During World War II, US and British armored units fought against the same foe on the same ground using the same equipment. US effectiveness improved dramatically in three years of active operations. British ef fectiveness improved at a much slower rate...
MR Letters
The Worst Case The article by Major Gregory A. Pickell, "Planning for Major Theater Wars: Examining the Worst Case," in the January-February 2000 issue of Military Review, is interesting for the amount of research he did. Unfortunately, the article is...
Recruiting: Crisis and Cures
TODAY'S ARMY FACES a manpower challenge as significant as any in the history of the all-volunteer force (AVF, and certainly the most acute since its accession failure of fiscal year (FY) 1979.1 The US Army Recruiting Command (USAREC) finished fiscal...
Reserve Components Commanders and Training
I do not know when or where, but we will sometime place soldiers in harm's way, on short notice and ask them to defeat a determined and dangerous foe. When that happens, we should be satisfied that we have done our best to prepare them for the task at...
ROTC Developments and Prospects
Times change So do resilient organizations, but they never forsake the fundamentals that make them great. Over the years the Reserve Officer Training Corps surged to meet the nation's needsso much so that it now provides the bulk of the Army's active-duty...
Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns
SIX ARMIES IN TENNESSEE: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns by Steven E. Woodworth, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, 1998, 257 pages, $29.95. Although military historians have written extensively on the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout...
Stalin's Dangerous Game
At 0330 on 22 June 1941, world war came to Russia for the second time in the 20th century. Three decades earlier, Czar Nicholas II's armies had gone forewarned into the offensive. This time Stalin's armies were caught by surprise and on the defensive....
Studies in British Military Thought: Debates with Fuller and Liddell Hart
STUDIES IN BRITISH MILITARY THOUGHT: Debates with Fuller and Liddell Hart by Brian Holden Reid, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, 1998, 287 pages, $50.00. In Studies in British Military Thought, distinguished British military scholar and professor...
The Alamo: An Illustrated History
THE ALAMO: An illustrated History by Edwin P. Hoyt, Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, TX, 1999, 208 pages, $28.95. It was a small and unimportant battle a military blunder. It decided nothing. Yet, it decided everything. When the last shot was fired...
The All-Voluntary Army: Historical Challenges
Manpower acquisition methods have had a significant impact on the ability of the US Army to conduct its mission effectively. Maintaining an all-volunteer force (AVF), especially during prosperous economic times for our nation, is expensive, difficult...
The Continuing Storm: Iraq, Poisonous Weapons, and Deterrence
THC CONTINUING STORM: Iraq, Poisonous Weapons, and Deterrence by Avigdor Haselkorn, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1999, 398 pages, $30.00. In The Continuing Storm: Iraq, Poisonous Weapons, and Deterrence, Avigdor Haselkorn says that Iraqi weapons...
The Race for Wake Island
Following Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the US Pacific Fleet lay in ruins, and the Japanese were just beginning their dizzying string of victories. One bright spot in the chaos was the US Marines' dogged defense of Wake Island and...
Transnational Contagion and Global Security
SINCE THE END of the Cold War, the United States is increasingly accepting its role in global security as one of securing peace and prosperity through efforts directed toward states that are failing or at risk of failing.1 Even if these states do not...
War along the Bayous: The 1864 Red River Campaign in Louisiana
WAR ALONG THE BAYOUS: The 1864 Red River Campaign in Louisiana by William Riley Brooksher, Brassey's, Washington, DC, 1998, 287 pages, $27.50. Vicksburg is captured. The Union controls the Mississippi River. The South is split. The Confederate traps-Mississippi...
Warmaking and American Democracy: The Struggle over Military Strategy, 1700 to the Present
WARMAKING AND AMERICAN DEMOCRACY: The Struggle Over Military Strategy, 1700 to the Present, by Michael D. Pearlman, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 1999, 441 pages, $45.00. Michael D. Pearlman's unique book, Warmaking and American Democracy,...
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