Journal of Ecumenical Studies

Academic journal focuses on religious issues and cross-cultural understanding.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 1-2, Spring

A Dialogue Experience of a Japanese Catholic
I would like to share my experience of dialogue as a Catholic in Asia, by which I mean East, Southeast, and South Asia. I am from Japan, where the Christian population is one percent of the total and Roman Catholics are just thirty percent of that...
A Dialogue for Trust: Presentation of the Macedonian Orthodox Church
In the foundation of its mission, the church--as Christ's mystic body or as the extension of Christ--has the task of spreading the message of the incarnated, crucified, and risen Son of God that there be "on earth peace among those whom he favors"...
A Muslim Contribution to Confidence-Building
The organizers of this meeting deserve my profound thanks for bringing me to this cradle of civilizations. Though this is my first visit to the beautiful Macedonia, I have been fascinated with this part of the world since my childhood. It was that...
A Response to Mehmet Aydin
I first heard and responded to Mehmet Aydin's essay in Skopje, Macedonia, on May 11, 2002. Several months later, as I reflect on his words and try to recall my initial impressions, I can see how the events of this long year have deepened my appreciation...
Argue, for God's Sake-Or, a Jewish Argument for Argument
It is truly an honor to be in Skopje, but I came with a real sense of anxiety. I wondered to myself after being asked to address you what I could possibly say that would impart any greater wisdom than already exists in this company. What would I...
A Second Glance at Working for Reconciliation: Pax Christi's Work in Banja Luka and Zenica
Pax Christi, the Catholic Peace Movement, is an international nongovernmental organization that, for over fifty years, has been at work throughout the world on a wide variety of issues in human rights, security and disarmament, economic justice,...
Building Trust among the Churches and Religious Communities in Macedonia through Dialogue
I begin with a brief introduction of my church and how it came to the Balkans and to Macedonia. The Evangelical Methodist Church in Macedonia originated from the work of John Wesley (1703-91), an English priest who sought reforms in the Church of...
But, There Is No Other Way: Reconciliation among Muslims, Serbian Orthodox, and Catholics-An Islamic View
I begin my presentation pessimistically and will attempt to conclude it more optimistically. The twentieth century, according to some serious critics of modern culture, passed in an atmosphere of great historical pessimism. (1) It seems that we...
Common Elements of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
In the past, when people were comparing religions, they tended to focus on the differences between them. That tended to emphasize the distance between religions. More recently, we have come to understand that Judaism, Christianity, and Islam--the...
Da 'Wah or Dialogue?
Most societies now tend to be highly diverse in many ways--religiously, culturally, racially, and linguistically. Even tribal societies tend to be quite diverse, with different tribes living together in one geographical area. Today, with faster...
Dialogue Based on the Foundations That Connect Us: A Contribution toward Strengthening Relations among the Churches and Religious Communities in Macedonia
The highest legislative body with the authority to determine the appropriateness of the scholarly and religious achievements and goals of the Christian church are the Ecumenical Councils. The Roman Catholic Church today recognizes twenty-one Ecumenical...
Foreword to Part Two
During the war in the former Yugoslavia at the beginning of the 1990's, the question of identity of ethnic groups played a decisive role. Serbs, Croats, and Boshniaks define themselves largely along religious and cultural lines as Orthodox, Catholic,...
Fractured Land, Healing Nations: Religious Barriers and Contributions toward Reconciliation in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina
Introduction From a military commander we can gain insight about peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Former U. S. General Charles G. Boyd (ret.) denies that the Dayton Accord stopped the fighting in Bosnia. "What it did...," he says, "was freeze...
How Interreligious Dialogue Can Contribute to a Brighter Future for Macedonia
Macedonia and its citizens find themselves at a kairos moment in their history, a moment of great creative opportunity, although the well-known Balkan pessimism--a reaction to recent events--makes it difficult to see this opportunity clearly. Previous...
Islamic Humanism: A Foundation for Interreligious Dialogue
Globalization has brought us today to the situation that we all live in a global village, where information and the speed of communication have almost totally erased the borders of time and space. This is surely a brand new experience for humankind,...
Living with the "Other"
Introduction: Speaking in a Christian Voice I consider it an honor and a privilege to address this gathering of the representatives from the three great families of "Abraham's children"--Jews, Christians, and Muslims. I am especially delighted...
Nurturing a Culture of Dialogue: A Journey from Violence to Cooperation
Although I most regrettably could not be present to participate in this most important colloquium on "Dialogue and the Peacemaking Role of Macedonian Religious Communities," I want to convey the following message in a spirit of friendly concern...
Opening Remarks by His Excellency Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia
It is my distinct privilege and honor to join you today and to share with you some of my thoughts. Furthermore, I want to thank Paul Mojzes and Leonard Swidler for all their devotion and dedication to bringing us together. I am particularly gratified...
Patience as a Precondition for Peace and Tolerance
Patience, conciliation, and tolerance are real human characteristics without which life in community is not possible. "If humankind, the states in it, the communities in the states, and the family in the community still exist, it has been made possible...
Preface
This collection contains a selection of the papers delivered at two conferences held in 2002 in southeastern Europe: the first held in Skopje, Macedonia; the second, in Dubrovnik, Croatia. Hence, the content is divided into two sections, the first...
Recent Patriarchal Encyclicals on Religious Tolerance and Peaceful Coexistence
In recent times more and more is said about globalization, tolerance, peaceful coexistence, and dialogue among the world religions. The Orthodox Church, through the patriarchal encyclicals, has voiced its concern and advocacy for the amelioration...
Reconciliation in Bosnia and the Phenomenology of a Little People: The Serbs, Europe, and the Liberation of Our Reconciled Future Liberty *
Bosnam destructam esse penitus et barones ipsos intra se exterminium maximum preparare. (excerpt from a letter to Barbara of Citti, the Queen of Hungary, from the people of Ragusa, 1416) Poets are the best describers of the fallen nature of humanity,...
Reconciliation in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the Prospective of Its Catholic Inhabitants
Professor Scott Appleby gave us his dynamic view of Catholic reconciliation theology in our time. There is no need for referring to concrete texts of the New Testament about forgiving other human beings, because we all need God's forgiveness, or...
Reconciliation in Islamic Theology
Introduction In this essay I will address reconciliation in Islamic theology, but at the outset I want to define the term "reconciliation" from my own perspective. Dictionaries explain that it means a process in which two people or two groups...
Religion: The Missing Element in Dialogue
In her excellent book, Making Peace Prevail: Preventing Violent Conflict in Macedonia, Alice Ackermann documented how Macedonia, in the years following its declaration of independence in 1991, managed to prevent the irruption of the violent conflict...
Religious and Civic Nationalism: A Response to Mehmet Aydin
Prefatory Note I am grateful to Mehmet Aydin for a thoughtful and stimulating paper bearing, among other things, on the problem of religious nationalism. Since I, too, have for some years worried about this subject, I shall take this opportunity...
Religiously Inspired Reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Introductory Remarks
Much has been written about how ethnoreligious animosity in the post-Tito era replaced the relatively successful interethnic relationships in the former Yugoslavia during the Tito era. Most analyses have dealt with the international, political,...
The Center for Religious Dialogue: Activities and Future Steps regarding the Dialogue between Different Religious Communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The intention of the Center for Religious Dialogue in Sarajevo and its projects is to continue bringing people of different faiths or the same faith and tradition to discuss the issues that are crucial for the sustainability of their communities...
The Church and the Religious Communities Following the War Conflict and Unrest
The representatives of the international monotheistic religions, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, have opened a trialogue, in which we will search for our similarities and common elements as children of Abraham, as Isaac's and Ishmael's kin, by...
The Religious Contribution to Developing Shared Values and Peace *
As was clearly stated in the Barcelona Declaration on the Role of Religion in the Promotion of a Culture of Peace, "religion is not the sole remedy for all the ills of humanity, but it has an indispensable role to play in this most critical time"...
The Role of Religious Leaders in Times of Conflict in Multinational and Multireligious Societies: A Contribution toward Interreligious Dialogue in Macedonia
It is natural for most people to wish for harmony in the communities in which they live, whether these be local, regional, national, or international. However, given the realities of human nature, we have come to think that it is equally "natural"...
The Theological and Spiritual Aspects of Reconciliation in an Orthodox Key
The Roots of Hostility According to the famous formula of Karl Barth, original sin brought division between God and the human being, human and human, and within each person. In our times in the presence of the undeclared war of our civilization...
Toward a Theology and Praxis of Reconciliation
The pontificate of John Paul II has been marked by the drama of a pope's apologizing for the sins of his co-religionists. The pope asked forgiveness for Roman Catholic complicity in the terrible sin of Antisemitism. He lamented the role of Catholics,...
Work at the Jajce Youth Center: Concrete Civilian Peace Service
"If you can't learn to love your own children and your neighbors, the people who live next door to you, how can you expect the world to change in even the slightest way to bring us peace?" (Mother Teresa) Introduction The following text deals...
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