California History

A quarterly historical journal that publishes scholarly articles dedicated to the study and promotion of all aspects of California and Western history, from pre-Columbian to modern times.

Articles from Vol. 84, No. 2, Winter

California's Second Capital
In the 1830s, Mexican California was embroiled in power struggles between north and south. Nortenos and surenos vied for land, cattle, and spoils from secularization of the missions. This decree documents competition for the provincial capital. ...
"Californios! Whom Do You Support?" El Clamor Publico's Contradictory Role in the Racial Formation Process in Early California
Most of the academic literature on El Clamor Publico has pointed out the role of the newspaper as a defender of the rights of Mexicans in a particularly violent era during California history. This essay explores some of the complexities of the newspaper's...
Francisco P. Ramirez: A Short Biography
The owner and editor of to El Clamor Publico (the Public Outcry), Francisco P. Ramirez, was a brilliant and precocious seventeen-year old who published his Los Angeles journal as a champion of the Mexican people between 1855 and 1859. At a time...
Individuals
The California Historical Society is deeply grateful to the following individual donors for their contributions received between June 1, 2005 and December 1, 2006. $10,000 AND ABOVE Mr. Darius Anderson, San Francisco Mr. Ted Balestreri, Monterey...
Introduction
"El Clamor Publico was a public defender speaking out against unfair administration, the manipulation of juries, corrupt practices, and the prejudiced application of the law. It also sought to inform and instruct the Mexican people on civics as well...
Linchocracia: Performing "America" in El Clamor Publico
The title of this essay draws from an 1857 editorial reprinted in El Clamor Publico that suggests that California was rapidly becoming a lynchocracy. Edited by Francisco Ramirez, and written almost exclusively in Spanish, El Clamor Publico championed...
Rare Opportunity
Already a multilingual and experienced newspaper typesetter, writer, and translator, Francisco P. Ramirez founded, edited, and published the first Spanish-language newspaper in southern California on June 19, 1855. Although he was just seventeen years...