Psychologische Beiträge

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 2, 2000

A Reappraisal of the Ability Determinants of Individual Differences in Skilled Performance
Summary The prediction of individual differences in skilled performance has been a source of substantial theory and empirical research over the past 100 years. Developments in the statistical evaluation of individual differences data, and progress in...
Cognitive Abilities: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
The main paradigms of cross-cultural studies of cognition are briefly described: Piagetian studies, the psychometric tradition, cognitive style, and daily cognition. These provide the theoretical background to our work at Tilburg University, which is...
Cognitive Mechanisms at the Core of Success and Failure in Intelligence Testing
Summary A process-based framework of mechanisms, which predicts success and failure in completing intelligence test tasks, is presented. It integrates previous accounts of the occurrence of errors in intelligence testing. Two types of processes are assumed:...
Genetic and Environmental Influences on Reaction Times: Evidence from Behavior-Genetic Research
Summary This paper reviews the behavior-genetic literature on speed of information processing with special focus on two major issues in this field: (a) the importance of genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in performance on...
Metacognitive Aspects of Test-Taking and Intelligence
Summary This paper reviews recent work on the metacognitive traits of self-confidence and selfmonitoring. These traits can be measured using typical tests of cognitive abilities. They are also implicated in the work on ecological validity and probabilistic...
Passage Limitation as a Source of the Speed-Ability Relationship
Passage limitation is defined as an important source of the speed-ability relationship caused by the constraints of perception. These constraints result from the restriction of perceptual processing as well as from interferences and inhibitions in preparing...
Physiological Approaches to Human Intelligence: A Review
Summary Since the 60s an increasing interest in the physiological correlates of human intelligence can be observed, which is motivated by the search for a biological basis of cognitive ability. The early research efforts that concentrated on speed parameters...
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