Psychologische Beiträge

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 1, 2000

Alterations in Immunological and Endocrine Functions after Acute Psychological Stress in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Healthy Controls
Summary Since clinical and experimental observations suggest that psychological stress can affect disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we analyzed cardiovascular parameters, catecholamine concentrations, lymphocyte subpopulations,...
Autonomic, Neuroendocrine, and Immune Responses to Psychological Stress
Summary Although stress may be necessary for survival, it can also alter susceptibility to disease. Stress, particularly if prolonged or repeated, can produce cardiovascular changes that can contribute to a narrowing of blood vessels and to heart attacks...
Behaviourally Conditioned Immunosuppression: Mechanisms and Biological Relevance
Summary Bi-directional interactions between the central nervous system (CNS) and immune system are demonstrated by the modification of immune function using behavioural conditioning. Despite numerous reports describing this phenomenon, little advance...
Direct Nervous Action on Immunocompetent Organs
Summary There is now overwhelming evidence that the nervous system is concerned with immune system function or regulation. One question, that leads to new horizons, concerns the nature of the nervous system action. Here a primary point of interest is...
Negative Feedback Control of Inflammatory Leukocyte Recruitment by Stress-Induced Glucocorticoid Secretion
Summary Exogenously administered glucocorticoids downregulate inflammatory host response, i.e. by inhibition of adhesion molecule expression on leukocyte surfaces. Here, possible associations between the trauma-induced endogenous secretion of cortisol...
Psychoeducational Intervention Programs for Patients with Cancer
Summary Research has documented the need for and the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for patients with cancer. Based on a review of the literature and the authors' clinical and research experience, cancer patients may benefit from a variety of...
Psychoneuroimmunological Effects of Coping Training in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis
Summary Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most frequent non-traumatic neurological disease. The causal etiology of the disease is still unknown, it is considered as a multi-factorially caused auto-immune disease. In this study, we focused on the question,...
Psychoneuroimmunology: From Basic Research to Clinical Relevance
Over the last 25 years, there has been a growing interest in interactions between central nervous, endocrine and immune system. Experiments provide evidence that psychological factors are able to modulate functions of the immune system via neuroendocrine...
Psychoneuroimmunology of Multiple Sclerosis-Changes in Endocrine and Immune Parameters after Acute Psychological Stress
Summary Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. An impaired hypothalamo-pituitary axis (HPA) and stress reactivity have extensively been discussed without convincing expertimental evidence. We choose a standardized...
Stress-Periodontitis-Relationships-A Case for Psychoneuroimmunology?
Summary The present paper discusses psychoimmunological aspects of periodontitis, an inflammatory disease with high prevalence in adult western communities. A brief introduction into epidemiology and pathogenesis of periodontitis precedes a review of...
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