The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 51, No. 2, Spring

Anthology of Palestinan Literature
Anthology of Palestinian Literature, ed. by Salma Khadra Jayyusi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. xxxii + 719 pages. Trs. to p. 736. List of Authors to p. 739. Gloss. to p. 742. Bibl. to p. 745. $20. The scope and selection of figures and...
Arab Industrialization in Israel
Arab Industrialization in Israel, by Izhak Schnell, Michael Sofer, and Israel Drori. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers, 1995. xiv + 189 pages. Bibl. to p. 198. Index to p. 204. $55. Reviewed by Ephraim Kleiman Recent years have witnessed the...
Arms Buildup and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process
Perilous Prospects: The Peace Process and the Arab-Israeli Military Balance, by Anthony H. Cordesman. Boulder, CO and Oxford: Westview Press, 1996. xvi + 287 pages. Notes to p. 306. Bibl. to p. 316. $69 cloth; $25 paper. Nuclear Weapons in Israel, by...
Aunt Safiyya and the Monastery
Aunt Safiyya and the Monastery, by Bahaa' Taher. Tr. by Barbara Romaine. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996. xix + 124 pages. $35 cloth; $12.95 paper. Reviewed by Aida A. Bamia Bahaa' Taher is an Egyptian novelist who, slowly...
Ben-Gurion's Spy: The Story of the Political Scandal That Shaped Modern Israel
Ben-Gurion's Spy: The Story of the Political Scandal that Shaped Modern Israel, by Shabtai Teveth. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. xxx + 274 pages. Notes to p. 299. Index to p. 310. $29.95. Reviewed by Gabriel She,fer Since ancient times,...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Regional Affairs, Iran 1996 Oct. 16: Near Mazar-i-Sharif, General `Abd alRashid Dostam met with the Taliban's acting foreign minister, Muhammad Ghaws. The two discussed a peace plan and a commission for the formation...
Chronology: Algeria
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Western Sahara 1996 Oct. 21: In Algiers, the mayor of Algiers, `Ali Boucetta, was fatally shot. One report stated that Boucetta was attacked in his motorcade by Islamists. Another report, from government...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
1996 Oct. 16: In Cairo, Palestinian National Assembly (PNA) president Yasir Arafat met with Egyptian president Husni Mubarak to discuss Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. Arafat also met with Jordanian prime minister `Abd al-Karim al-Kabariti on the same...
Chronology: Central Asia / Transcaucasia
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran 1996 Nov. 4: Armenian prime minister Hrant Bagratian resigned, citing personal reasons. The resignation came after a protest vote against his rigid budgetary reform policy. [11/5 FT] Nov. 24: It was...
Chronology: Egypt
Egypt See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Petroleum Affairs 1996 Oct. 21: Cairo radio reported that security forces had arrested 55 members of a "secret Shi'ite organization," that planned to "implement the Iranian Shi'ite model in Egypt."...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan 1996 Oct. 27: Twenty-two Majlis deputies submitted a petition to the Majlis Presidential Board for the impeachment of interior minister `Ali Muhammad Besharati,...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 1996 Oct. 16: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) forces approached a strategic road northeast of Irbil in order to surround Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) forces in Irbil. [10/17 WP] The Amman-based daily...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Egypt, Lebanon 1996 Oct. 17: Police arrested Khin Lain Thaung, a suspected member of a terrorist/smuggling organization in Burma. Thaung, in Israel as a worker, was ordered deported to Burma. [10/21...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also, Regional Affairs, Saudi Arabia 1996 Oct. 18: In Washington, Lebanese prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri met with US president Bill Clinton to discuss efforts to rebuild Lebanon. [10/22 FBIS] Nov. 3: Beirut radio reported that Hizballah fighters...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia 1996 Oct. 21: Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto presented a draft anti-corruption law to parliament. She also stated that she would resist opposition demands that she resign because of corruption charges....
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Regional Affairs 1996 Oct. 16: Algeria and Bahrain signed an agreement to cooperate on combating terrorism. [10/18 FBIS] Oct. 18: Iranian foreign minister `Ali Akbar Velayati reported that he had conducted a sixnation tour meeting with representatives...
Chronology: Sudan
1996 Oct. 22: The municipal government of Khartoum enacted a "public order law" which requires physical barriers between the sexes at social events, and bars the sexes from facing each other directly. [10/27 NYT] Oct. 25: Omdurman radio reported that...
Chronology: Turkey
Turkey See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Cyprus, Iraq 1996 Oct. 16: Turkey and Macedonia signed a military defense and technology sharing cooperation agreement. [10/18 FBIS] Oct. 17: The government of Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan survived...
Daughters of Palestine: Leading Women of the Palestinian National Movement
Daughters of Palestine: Leading Women of the Palestinian National Movement, by Amal Kawar. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. xvii + 132 pages. Append. to p. 138. Notes to p. 149. Bibl. to p. 156. Index to p. 159. $16.95 paper. Reviewed...
Economic Interactions among Participants in the Middle East Peace Process
The geographical trade pattern and the trade policies of the six partners in the Arab-Israeli peace process, namely, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the Palestinian Territories, suggest that the scope for expanding trade among them is rather...
Governance and Conflict in the Sudan, 1985-1995: Analysis, Evaluation and Documentation
Governance and Conflict in the Sudan, 1985-1995: Analysis, Evaluation and Documentation, by Peter Nyot Kok. Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 1996. 220 pages. Bibl. to p. 229. Appends. to p. 382. n.p. Reviewed by Richard P. Stevens Because this book...
Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict
Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict, by Norman G. Finkelstein. London and New York: Verso, 1995. 171 pages. Notes to p. 237. Index to p. 243. $18.95. Reviewed by Robert J. Bookmiller In this work, Norman Finkelstein attacks traditional,...
Imperial Diplomacy in the Era of Decolonization: The Sudan and Anglo-Egyptian Relations, 1945-56
Imperial Diplomacy in the Era of Decolonization: The Sudan and Anglo-Egyptian Relations, 1945-56, by W. Travis Hanes, III. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press, 1996. x + 174 pages. Bibl. to p. 179. Index to p. 190. $55. Reviewed by Ismail H. Abdalla...
Iran's Economy and the US Sanctions
Since the early 1980s, Iran's Islamic Republic has been under various US economic sanctions as a punishment for alleged international transgressions. During this period, the theocratic regime has moved forward on many economic fronts, but has been effectively...
Les Melkites: Grecs-Orthodoxes et Grecs-Catholiques Des Patriarcats d'Antioche, d'Alexandrie et De Jerusalem
Les Melkites: Grecs-Orthodoxes et GrecsCatholiques des Patriarcats d'Antioche, d'Alexandrie et de Jerusalem, by Ignace Dick. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers, 1994. 190 pages. Bibl. to p. 212. Tables to p. 219. Illustrs. to p. 240. 895FF. Reviewed...
Nationalism and Language in Kurdistan, 1918-1985
Nationalism and Language in Kurdistan, 1918-1985, by Amir Hassanpour. San Francisco: Mellen Research University Press, 1992. xliii + 468 pages. Bibl. to p. 520. $109.95. Reviewed by Ernest N. McCarus The author's stated aim in this study is to present...
Private Voluntary Organizations in Egypt: Islamic Development, Private Initiative, and State Control
Private Voluntary Organizations in Egypt: Islamic Development, Private Initiative, and State Control, by Denis J. Sullivan. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. vii + 160 pages. Notes to p. 177. Bibl. to p. 186. Index to p. 191. $29.95. Denis...
Privatization in Morocco: The Politics of Development
A successful privatization effort has heralded Morocco's formal break with the dirigiste economic policies of the past in favor of the disengagement of the state from certain social and economic obligations. It remains to be seen whether the government's...
Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change
Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change, by Fatma Muge Gocek. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. vi + 141 pages. Append. to p. 143. Notes to p. 184. Bibl. to p. 208. Index to p. 220. $45. Reviewed...
Soviet Jewish Aliyah, 1989-1992: Impact and Implications for Israel and the Middle East
Soviet Jewish Aliyah, 1989-1992: Impact and Implications for Israel and the Middle East, by Clive Jones. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1996. 219 pages. Append. to p. 221. Bibl. to p. 238. Index to p. 244. $39.50. Reviewed by Charles S. Liebman...
The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor
The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor, tr., ed. and annotated by Wheeler M. Thackston. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press, 1996. 447 pages. Chron. to p. 450. Select. Gloss. to p. 454. Refs. to p. 459. Indices to p. 472. $39.95. Reviewed...
The Ends of the Earth: A Journey at the Dawn of the 21st Century
The Ends of the Earth: A Journey at the Dawn of the 21st Century, by Robert D. Kaplan. New York: Random House, 1996. xii + 438 pages. Bibl. to p. 460. Index to p. 476. $27.50. Reviewed by David Nalle Robert Kaplan is a very good reporter, distinguished...
The Lebanese Central Bank and the Treasury Bills Market
Since their introduction in 1993, the securities issued by the Lebanese Treasury have had considerable success. But with returns sometimes approaching 40 percent, a strain has been placed on Lebanon's fragile economy as the internal debt hits record...
The Politics of Protest: The Israeli Peace Movement and the Palestinian Intifada
The Politics of Protest: The Israeli Peace Movement and the Palestinian Intifada, by Reuven Kaminer. Brighton, UK: Sussex Academic Press, 1996. xxii + 217 pages. Notes to p. 232. Bibl. to p. 235. Index to p. 248. $49.95 cloth; $19.95 paper. Reviewed...
The Wiles of Women/The Wiles of Men: Joseph and Potiphar's Wife in Ancient near Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Folklore
The Wiles of Women/The Wiles of Men: Joseph and Potiphar's Wife in Ancient Near Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Folklore, by Shalom Goldman. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995. xxxiii + 148 pages. Notes to p. 168. Bibl. to p. 177. Index to...
Three Mothers, Three Daughters: Palestinian Women's Stories
Three Mothers, Three Daughters: Palestinian Women's Stories, by Michael Gorkin and Rafiqa Othman. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1996. xviii + 228 pages. Chron. to p. 231. Gloss to p. 234. $25. Reviewed by Ellen Fleischmann...
US Security Assistance to Egypt and Israel: Politically Untouchable?
Since the 1970s, Egypt and Israel together have received the lion's share of worldwide US security assistance allocations: about $100 billion. This aid helped the United States achieve short-term political objectives, but several factors suggest a need...
Women and Words in Saudi Arabia: The Politics of Literary Discourse
Women and Words in Saudi Arabia: The Politics of Literary Discourse, by Saddeka Arebi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. xii + 299 pages. Notes to p. 329. Bibl. to p. 346. Index to p. 357. $49.50 cloth; $17.50 paper. In this remarkable book,...
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