The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 56, No. 4, Autumn

Al-Demoqratiyah Wa Tahadiyat Al-Hadatna Bayn Al-Sharq Wa Al-Gharb [Challenges of Modernity: Western and Islamic Perspectives]
al-Demoqratiyah wa Tahadiyat alHadatna bayn al-Sharq wa al-Gharb [Challenges of Modernity: Western and Islamic Perspectives, by Iliya Harik. Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Saqi, 2001. (in Arabic). 413 pages. n.p. In this book, Iliya Harik presents a powerful...
Algeria's Policy toward Israel: Pragmatism and Rhetoric
This article is an analysis of Algerian-Israeli relations. The author argues that Algeria did not come to terms with Israel largely due to the rigidity of the FLN's (Front de Liberation National) ideology and to the popularity of the Islamic parties...
America's Palestine: Popular and Official Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood
America's Palestine: Popular and Official Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood, by Lawrence Davidson. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001. 222 pages. Notes to p. 252. Bibl. to p. 257. Index to p. 264. $55. Explaining United States...
An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Vol. 1 / an Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Vol. 2
An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, vol. 1, ed. by Seyyed Hossein Nasr with Mehdi Aminrazavi. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. xxx + 411 pages. Bibl. to p. 413. Index to p. 434. n.p. An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, vol. 2,...
Arab Views of Soviet Policy in the Era of Glasnost, 1985-1991
This study examines Egyptian, Syrian, and Palestinian perceptions of Soviet involvement in the Arab-Israeli dispute during perestroika. The goal is to find out how the Arabs perceived the Soviet stand during Gorbachev's rule. The study focuses on Egyptian,...
Bazaar to Piazza: Islamic Trade and the Italian Renaissance, 1300-1600
Bazaar to Piazza: Islamic Trade and the Italian Renaissance, 1300-1600, by Rosamond Mack. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2002. ix + 188 pages. Notes to p. 222. Gloss. to p. 225. Bibl. to p. 240. Index to...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also Regional affairs, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Pakistan, Turkey Apr. 16: British Royal Marines from the 45 Commando, with United States' troops and Afghan troops, began an operation to search out Taliban and al-Qa`ida forces in the mountains...
Chronology: Algeria
Apr. 19: As the European Union and Algeria prepared to sign a trade deal, human rights group Amnesty International encouraged the EU to utilize its economic power to put pressure on Algerian officials to lower the country's number of political killings....
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Affairs
April 16, 2001 - July 15, 2002 AN, arabicnews.com BBC, British Broadcasting Company (www.bbc,co.uk) FT, Financial Times NYT, The New York Times WSJ, The Wall Street Journal WP, The Washington Post Arab-Israeli Affairs See Also, Information Technology,...
Chronology: Bahrain
May 4: A small demonstration was held to protest the government's censorship of the Internet. About 20 people gathered outside the offices of the Bahrain Telecommunications Company, the country's sole provider of Internet services, demanding an end to...
Chronology: Caucasus and Central Asia
Apr. 26: US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld traveled to Kyrgyzstan to meet American and other foreign troops based at Manas International Airport near Bishkek and to meet with Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev. [BBC, 4/26] Georgia, to train and to equip...
Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs May 19: Egypt recovered a statue of an ancient pharaoh from the Netherlands, which was stolen 15 years ago from a warehouse in the south of Egypt. The statue...
Chronology: Information Technology
Apr. 19: King Muhammad VI of Morocco appointed Othman Demnati director-general of the National Telecom Regulatory Agency (ANRT). His role would be to supervise the liberalization of Morocco's telecom sector. [AN, 4/19] May 17: Egypt's Prime Minister,...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs Apr. 20: The Presidents of Iran and China Mohammad Khatami and Jiang Zemin, signed six cooperation agreements. This event marked the first time a Chinese leader had visited Iran since the 1979 revolution....
Chronology: Iraq
Apr. 23: Senior Pentagon officials reported that Iraq had moved more surface-to-air missiles into the no-flight zones in both northern and southern Iraq. [NYT, BBC, 4/23] Apr. 24: Iraq's Foreign Minister, Naji Sabri, confirmed that Iraq would continue...
Chronology: Jordan
Apr. 25: Jordanian authorities arrested five members of the banned Islamic Liberation Party. The party had been organizing a statewide campaign to pressure the government to send fighters to help the Palestinians. [AN, 4/25] May 16: Jordan's first woman...
Chronology: Lebanon
Apr. 26: Lebanon's Foreign Minister Mahmoud Hammond, called on the UN to stop Israel's continued violations of Lebanese airspace and sovereignty. [AN, 4/261 May 10: Lebanon's Education Minister `Abdurrahim Murad, announced that KFAED (The Kuwait Fund...
Chronology: Morocco
See Also, Information Technology June 11: At least three al-Qa`ida members, all Saudi nationals, were arrested in connection with plots to attack American and British naval ships in the Straits of Gibraltar. The wives of two of the suspects were arrested...
Chronology: Pakistan
See Also Regional Affairs Apr. 23: The Pakistani Supreme Court began hearings to address complaints by political parties and Islamic religious groups challenging the constitutionality of April 30 referendum called for by President Musharraf to extend...
Chronology: Palestine Affairs
Apr. 20: The Greek Orthodox Church called for international intervention to end the 17-- day-old siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. A statement issued by the Church said it held the Israeli Government responsible for the siege. Food had...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Apr. 17: In a speech at Virginia Military Institute, President George Bush renewed calls for a campaign against countries representing the "axis of evil," and outlined the second stage of America's military conflict in Afghanistan, Operation Mountain...
Chronology: Sudan
May 21: The Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA) said that it planned to open a bank and develop its own currency in southern Sudan, where it was in control. [BBC, 5/21] The United States said that it would commit financial and human resources to resolving...
Chronology: Syria
Apr. 16: In an effort to revive Syria's economy the Syrian Minister of the Economy Ghassan Al-Refa'e stated at a press conference, held in Damascus, that the government would adopt new tax laws and legislation in order to attract foreign investments....
Chronology: Turkey
See Also, Information Technology Apr. 16: The outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which initiated an armed campaign in Turkey in 1984, proclaimed a change in name-to the Congress for Freedom and Democracy in Kurdistan (KADEK)-and a change in strategy,...
Civil and Uncivil Violence in Lebanon: A History of the Internationalization of Communal Conflict
Civil and Uncivil Violence in Lebanon: A History of the Internationalization of Communal Conflict, by Samir Khalaf. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002. xxiv + 328 pages. Notes to p. 334. Bibl. to p. 351. Index to p. 368. $32.50. According to the...
Debating Islam in the Jewish State: The Development of Policy toward Islamic Institutions in Israel
Debating Islam in the Jewish State: The Development of Policy Toward Islamic Institutions in Israel, by Alisa Rubin Peled. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001. xii + 158 pages. Appends. to p. 166. Notes to p. 208. Bibl. to p. 228. Index...
Explaining the Oslo Backchannel: Norway's Political Past in the Middle East
The signing of the 1993 Oslo agreement showed an astonished world the extent to which the small state of Norway had contributed to one of the most serious attempts at peace in the Middle East since the creation of Israel in May 1948. Through secret diplomacy...
Hizb'ullah: Politics & Religion
Hizb'ullah: Politics & Religion, by Amal Saad-Ghorayeb. London, UK: Pluto Press, 2002. x + 191 pages. Appends. to p. 193. Gloss. to p. 195. Notes to p. 234. Bibl. to p. 242. Index to p. 254. $22.50 paper. The subject of Hizb'ullah (Hizballah, Party...
Holy War, Holy Peace: How Religion Can Bring Peace to the Middle East
Holy War, Holy Peace: How Religion Can Bring Peace to the Middle East, by Marc Gopin. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. viii + 228 pages. Notes to p. 254. Bibl. Index to p. 269. $29.95. This volume follows closely on the heels of...
Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire
Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire, by Benjamin C. Forma. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. xv + 247 pages. Bibl. to p. 274. Index to p. 280. $74. A welcome addition to the growing body of...
Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah
Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah, by Afshin Matin-asgari. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2002. xiii + 165 pages. Notes to p. 226. Illust. to p. 246. Append. to p. 259. Bibl. to p. 275. Index to p. 286. $35 cloth; $28 paper. Stock histories of...
Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilizations Collide
Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilizations Collide, by Bat Ye'or. Cranbury, NJ: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 2002. 400 pages, Appends. to p. 422. Notes to p. 269. Gloss. to p. 271. Bibl. to p. 507. Index to p. 528. $60 cloth; $19.95 paper. No...
Kazakhstan: Unfulfilled Promise
Kazakhstan: Unfulfilled Promise, by Martha Brill Olcott. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002. xii + 244 pages. Abbrevs. Map. Appends to p. 267. Notes to p. 300. Sel. bibl. to p. 320. About the author. $44 cloth; $24.95 paper....
On the Edge of Empire: Hadhramawt, Emigration, and the Indian Ocean, 1880s-1930s
ARABIAN PENINSULA On the Edge of Empire: Hadhramawt, Emigration, and the Indian Ocean, 1880s -1930s, by Linda Boxberger. New York: State University of New York Press, 2002. xix + 246 pages. Appends. to p. 251. Notes to p. 276. Select bibl. to p. 286....
Rabin and Israel's National Security
Rabin and Israel's National Security, by Efraim Inbar. Washington, DC: The Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins Press, 1999. xiv + 190 pages. Notes to p. 246. Bibl. to p. 266. Index to p. 276. $32. As a general, diplomat, politician...
Religious Response to Social Change in Afghanistan, 1919-29: King Aman-Al-Lah and the Afghan Ulama
Religious Response to Social Change in Afghanistan, 1919-29: King Aman-Allah and the Afghan Ulama, by Senzil K. Nawid. Costa Mesa: CA: Mazda Publishers, 1999. xxi +193 pages. Photographs to p. 210. Tables to p. 216. Appends to p. 244. Gloss. to p. 250....
Satellite Realms: Transnational Television, Globalization and the Middle East
Satellite Realms: Transnational Television, Globalization and the Middle East, by Naomi Sakr. London, UK: I.B. Tauris, 2002. xii + 208 pages. Tables. Gloss. Notes to p. 241. Bibl. to p. 251. Index to p. 266. $65 cloth; $22.50 paper. Satellite Realms...
Social Change in Iran: An Eyewitness Account of Dissent, Defiance, and New Movements for Rights
Ervand Abrahamian teaches in the City University of New York Social Change in Iran: An Eyewitness Account of Dissent, Defiance, and New Movements for Rights, by Behzad Yaghmaian. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2002. x + 232 pages. Notes...
The Dance of the Rose and the Nightingale
The Dance of the Rose and the Nightingale, by Nesta Ramazani. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002. xvi + 294 pages. Gloss. to p. 302. $26.95. This book is an autobiographical account of the life of the author in Iran from childhood to marriage....
The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism
The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism, by Abdulaziz Sachedina. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. xii+139 pages. Notes to p. 161. Bibl. to p. 168. Index to p. 175. $25. Abdulaziz Sachedina's goal in The Islamic Roots of Democratic...
The Israeli-Egyptian Peace Process in the Reporting of Western Journalists
The Israeli-Egyptian Peace Process in the Reporting of Western Journalists, by Mohammed el-Nawawy. Westport, CT and London, UK: Ablex Publishing, 2002. xiv + 187 pages. Appends. to p. 189. Refs. to p. 209. Index to p. 214. $64.95 cloth; 24.95 paper....
The Liberty Incident: The 1967 Israeli Attack on the U.S. Navy Spy Ship
The Liberty Incident: the 1967 Israeli Attack on the U.S. Navy Spy Ship, by A.J. Cristol. Washington, DC: Brassey's Inc., 2002. 201 pages. Epilogue to p. 205. Appends. to p. 272. Bibl. to p. 294. $27.50. This is the most thorough study to date of the...
The Politics of Incoherence: The United States and the Middle East
The world today is caught in the midst of fundamental incoherence. Old systems tear and unravel while new systems have not yet formed to take their places. The challenge of incoherence is especially acute in the Middle East where gaps, divisions, and...
Three Faces of Beauty: Casablanca, Paris, and Cairo
Three Faces of Beauty: Casablanca, Paris, and Cairo, by Susan Osman. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002. x + 162 pages. Gloss. to p. 190. Sel. bibl. to p. 196. Index to p. 204. $54.95 cloth; $18.95 paper. Susan Osman offers readers an innovative...
Who Owns the Shebaa Farms? Chronicle of a Territorial Dispute
The roots of the border controversy in the Shebaa farmland lie in the clumsy manner France delineated the Syrian-Lebanese boundary during the Mandate years. Since 1920, maps located the area within Syria. However, for all practical matters, the area...
Whose Pharaohs? Archaeology, Museums, and Egyptian National Identity from Napoleon to World War I
Whose Pharaohs? Archaeology, Museums, and Egyptian National Identity from Napoleon to World War I, by Donald Malcolm Reid. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2002. xiii + 297 pages. Maps. Figures. Appendix to...
Women in Islam: The Western Experience
Women in Islam: The Western Experience, by Anne Sophie Roald. London, UK and London and New York, 2001. xv +302 pages. Notes to p 314. List of scholars to p. 316. Gloss. to p 320. Bibl. to p. 332. Index to p. 339. $25.95 paper. This is a book about the...
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