The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 49, No. 3, Summer

Armenia -- A History of the Armenian People, Vol. II: 1500 A.D. to the Present by George A. Bournoutian
A History of the Armenian People, vol. II: 1500 A.D. to the Present, by George A. Bournoutian. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 1994. xviii + 201 pages. Plates to p. 210. Bibl. to p. 219. Index to p. 237. $14.95 paper.Reviewed by Rouben P. AdalianThere...
Central Asia and the Caucasus -- Central Asia and the Caucasus after the Soviet Union: Domestic and International Dynamics Edited by Mohiaddin Mesbahi
Central Asia and the Caucasus after the Soviet Union: Domestic and International Dynamics, ed. by Mohiaddin Mesbahi. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. x + 319 pages. Contribs. to p. 323. Index to p. 353. $49.95 cloth; $24.95 paper.Reviewed...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Regional Affairs1995Jan. 16: Forces of Prime Minister Gulboddin Hekmatyar and local forces clashed in Balkh Province. Five people were killed and twelve were wounded. [1/18 FBIS]Jan. 17: Forces of Prime Minister...
Chronology: Algeria
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs1995Jan. 16: France's Foreign Ministry released a statement calling on the Algerian government to follow up on the proposal from the 9 January Sant' Egido conference in Rome by eight...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arab-Israeli ConflictSee also, Regional Affairs, Lebanon1995Jan. 16: Israeli officials increased the number of housing units to be built in East Jerusalem and the West Bank by 1999 from 17,000 to 30,000. [1/17 WSJ]In Cairo, the Egyptian parliament released...
Chronology: Bahrain
See also, Regional Affairs1995Jan. 17: Shaykh 'Ali Salman, whose arrest on 5 December sparked rioting, arrived in London reportedly to gain political asylum after being deported to the United Arab Emirates (UAE). [1/17 FBIS]Jan. 18: Security forces arrested...
Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia
Central Asia and TranscaucasiaSee also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran1995Jan. 21: Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed an agreement establishing "joint forces" with Russia. The agreement provided for combined Kazakh-Russian...
Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs1995Jan. 18: In France, Egyptian president Husni Mubarak met with French president Francois Mitterrand to discuss regional issues. [1/19 FBIS]Jan. 19: In Manshiyat, al-Minya Governorate, 'Ujaybi Yusuf...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iraq1995Jan. 16: Norway recalled its ambassador to Iran following a diplomatic dispute regarding the death sentence of author Salman Rushdie and the 1993 wounding of Rushdie's publisher, William Nygaard....
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Regional Affairs, Turkey, UAE1995Jan. 17: In Baghdad, the Iranian-backed Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO) headquarters in al-Andalus Square was attacked by unidentified "oppositionists." There was no report of casualties. [1/19 FBIS]Jan....
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Egypt, Lebanon1995Jan. 30: The Knesset rejected by a vote of 57-43 a no-confidence motion introduced by the United Torah Jewry party, the National Religious Party (NRP), and the Moledet party. The Tzomet...
Chronology: Jordan
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs,1995Feb. 7: The Amman-based al-Bilad newspaper reported that security forces arrested several alleged Islamists in the Hittin Camp, al-Rusayfah, and al-Zarga'. 'Izz-al-Din 'Abd-al-Latif,...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also, Regional Affairs, Turkey 1995Jan. 17: In the Israeli self-declared "security zone," the Lebanese Army shelled Israeli forces and South Lebanese Army (SLA) positions, reportedly in retaliation for a Israeli air strikes on al-Na'ima and al-Damur,...
Chronology: Morocco
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict1995Jan. 31: King Hassan II dissolved the government and appointed 'Abdellatif Filali prime minister and minister of foreign affairs. [2/1 FBIS]Feb. 23: The government and Canada signed a trade agreement covering Canadian...
Chronology: Oman / Pakistan
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs1995Mar. 22: In Muscat, US vice president Al Gore met with Sultan Qabus Bin-Sa'id to discuss bilateral relations and regional issues. [ 3/23 FBIS]See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 1995Jan....
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
Petroleum AffairsSee also, Iran, Kuwait1995Jan. 19: In Moscow, Caspian Pipeline Consortium members Kazakhstan, Oman, and Russia announced initiation of the first stage of a pipeline that would transport oil from Kazakhstan to the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk....
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Regional AffairsSee also, Arab-Israeli Conflict1995Jan. 17: In London, British police arrested two women and three men in connection with the 26 July 1994 bombing of the Israeli embassy and the 27 July 1994 bombing of the Balfour House. The suspects...
Chronology: Sudan
See also, Regional Affairs1995Jan. 24: Fighting between government forces and elements of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) caused relief agencies to evacuate Nimule in southern Sudan. [1/26 FBIS]Feb. 2: Government forces reportedly broke a siege...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Cyprus, Iraq1995Jan. 18: Turkey reportedly began implementing a strategy to overcome obstacles to a customs union with the European Union (EU) that had been blocked because of Greece's objections as well...
Conceiving the Masculine: Gender and Palestinian Nationalism
PALESTINIAN nationalism, like other nationalisms, is influenced in its philosophy by Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment Romantic thought. Enlightenment philosophy underlies a variety of nationalisms in Europe and, through European colonialism, many...
Egypt -- Egypt during the Nasser Years: Ideology, Politics, and Civil Society by Kirk J. Beattie
Egypt During the Nasser Years: Ideology, Politics, and Civil Society, by Kirk J. Beattie. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. vi + 235 pages. Appends. to p. 243. Bibl. to p. 249. Index to p. 269. $60.Reviewed by Robert L. TignorThe cloak of secrecy with...
Egypt -- Nasser and Sadat: Decision Making and Foreign Policy (1970-1972) by Shaheen Ayubi
Nasser and Sadat: Decision Making and Foreign Policy (1970-1972), by Shaheen Ayubi. Lanham, MD and London: University Press of America, 1994. xiv + 212 pages. Appends. to p. 218. Bibl. to p. 253. Index to p. 262. $49.50 cloth; $32.50 paper.Reviewed by...
Egypt -- the Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt by Patrick D. Gaffney
The Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt, by Patrick D. Gaffney. Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1994. viii + 268 pages. Appends. to p. 316. Notes to p. 341. Bibl. to p. 357. Index to p. 367. $50 cloth; $20 paper.Patrick...
Iraq -- Culture, History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba'thist Iraq, 1968-89 by Amatzia Baram
Culture, History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba'thist Iraq, 1968-89, by Amatzia Baram. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. xviii + 143 pages. Notes to p. 182. Bibl. to p. 189. Index to p. 196. $35.In this study of Ba'thist Iraq (1968-89), the author...
Israel and Zionism -- Original Sins: Reflections on the History of Zionism and Israel by Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi
Original Sins: Reflections on the History of Zionism and Israel, by Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi. New York: Olive Branch Press, 1993. v + 220 pages. Bibl. to p. 225. Index to p. 227. $29.95 cloth; $14.95 paper.The Zionist problematic, according to Benjamin...
Lebanon -- Come with Me from Lebanon: An American Family Odyssey by Ann Zwicker Kerr
Come With Me From Lebanon: An American Family Odyssey, by Ann Zwicker Kerr. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1994. xxi + 301 pages. Bibl. to p. 306. Index to p. 322. $28.95.Come With Me From Lebanon is a journey through one woman's abiding dedication...
Modernization and Its Discontents: State and Gender in Kuwait
THE initiation of commercial exports of oil from Kuwait in 1946 set in train a series of changes affecting not only the economy, but also Kuwaiti social and political life. Prior to the coming of oil, the mainstays of the Kuwaiti economy were trading,...
Modern Politics -- Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity by Mohamed Rabie
Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity, by Mohamed Rabie. Westport, CT and London: Praeger, 1994. viii + 219 pages. Bibl. to p. 223. Index to p. 229. $55.Reviewed by Simona SharoniWhat role does ethnicity play in conflict situations and how can a better understanding...
Modern Politics -- Confronting the Costs of War: Military Power, State, and Society in Egypt and Israel by Michael N. Barnett
Confronting the Costs of War: Military Power, State, and Society in Egypt and Israel, by Michael N. Barnett. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992. xiii + 261 pages. Appends. to p. 269. Notes to p. 343. Bibl. to p. 368. Index to p. 378. $16.95...
Modern Politics -- India, Pakistan, and the Kashmir Dispute by Robert G. Wirsing
India, Pakistan, and the Kashmir Dispute, by Robert G. Wirsing. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994. xii + 263 pages. Appends. to p. 278. Notes to p. 30. Index to p. 337. $45.Reviewed by Eliza Van HollenAnyone who has wrestled with the Kashmir problem-a...
Modern Politics -- the Failure of Political Islam by Olivier Roy and Translated by Carol Volk
The Failure of Political Islam, by Olivier Roy. Tr. by Carol Volk. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. xi + 203 pages. Notes to p. 224. Bibl. to p. 229. Index to p. 238. $22.95.Reviewed by John O. VollOlivier Roy's examination of "political Islam"...
Palestine and the Palestinians -- A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil and Translated by Ethel Broido
A History of Palestine, 634-1099, by Moshe Gil. Tr. by Ethel Broido. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. xxvi + 937 pages. Chron. to p. 861. Bibl. to p. 911. Index to p. 968. $125.The impressive array of sources and documents used in this exhaustive...
Palestine and the Palestinians -- Eyes without Country: Searching for a Palestinian Strategy of Liberation by Souad R. Dajani
Eyes Without Country: Searching for a Palestinian Strategy of Liberation, by Souad R. Dajani. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994. xvii + 158 pages. Abbrevs. to p. 161. Notes to p. 228. Index to p. 238. $44.95 cloth; $22.95 paper.This book examines...
Prospects for Democratizing Foreign Policymaking: The Gradual Empowerment of Israeli Women
THE prestige and power foreign affairs and foreign policy convey upon its practitioners sheds light on why elites have always made it their own domain. The historical legacy that has made foreign policy the patrimonium of the elite, and the prevailing...
Reform of Personal Status Laws in North Africa: A Problem of Islamic or Mediterranean Laws?
THE treatment of the marital relationship in contemporary personal status laws in North Africa, examined in this article, challenges stereotypical Western ideas about the peculiar problems of personal status law reform in Muslim countries. The degree...
Turkey -- the Making of Modern Turkey by Feroz Ahmad
The Making of Modern Turkey, by Feroz Ahmad. London and New York: Routledge, 1993. xiv + 227 pages. Notes to p. 237. Bibl. to p. 242 Index to p. 252. $18.95 paper.This informative survey, by a well-known specialist on Turkey and Professor of History...
Turkey -- Turkey: The Challenge of a New Role by Andrew Mango
Turkey: The Challenge of a New Role, by Andrew Mango. London and Westport, CO: Praeger, 1994. xvi + 133 pages. Notes to p. 135. Bibl. to p. 138. Index to p. 144. $12.95 paper.Too often the modem republic of Turkey has been perceived in the West largely,...
Women -- Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East by Valentine M. Moghadam
Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East, by Valentine M. Moghadam. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1993. xvi + 256 pages. Notes to p. 290. Bibl. to p. 297. Index to p. 309. $40 cloth; $17.95 paper.Reviewed by...
Women -- Politics, Gender, and the Islamic Past: The Legacy of 'A'isha Bint Abi Bakr by D. A. Spellberg
Politics, Gender, and the Islamic Past: The Legacy of 'A'isha Bint Abi Bakr, by D. A. Spellberg. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. x + 195 pages. Notes to p. 222. Gloss. to p. 225. Bibl. to p. 238. Index to p. 243. $35.Reviewed by Mary Ann Tetreault'A'isha...
Women's Rights and Political Contingency: The Case of Yemen, 1990-1994
PRIOR to unification in 1990, the difference between the two Yemeni states was graphically reflected in, among other domains, legislation pertaining to the family and to women's rights. The laws of the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), or "North" Yemen, embodied...
Women -- Taj Al-Saltana-Crowning Anguish: Memoirs of a Persian Princess from the Harem to Modernity, 1884-1914 by Taj Al-Saltana and Edited by Abbas Amanat and Translated by Anna Vanzan and Amin Neshati
Taj al-Saltana--Crowing Anguish: Memoirs of a Persian Princess from the Harem to Modernity, 1884-1914, by, Taj al-Saltana. Ed. by Abbas Amanat. Tr. by Anna Vanzan and Amin Neshati. Washington, DC: Mage Publishers, 1993. 311 pages. Biogs. to p. 332. Notes...
Women -- Women in Kuwait: The Politics of Gender by Haya Al-Mughni
Women in Kuwait: The Politics of Gender, by Haya al-Mughni. London: Saqi Books, 1993. 148 pages. Notes to p. 159. Bibl. to p. 166. Index to p. 174.Reviewed by Jill CrystalThis very interesting book is one that anyone (and lately that seems to be just...

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