The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 51, No. 1, Winter

A Harvest of Technology: The Super-Green Revolution in the Jordan Valley
A Harvest of Technology: The SuperGreen Revolution in the Jordan Valley, by Sharif S. Elmusa. Washington, DC: Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, 1994. xxvii + 195 pages. Bibl. to p. 210. Index to p. 217. $19.95 paper. Reviewed...
Ankara's Baku-Centered Transcaucasia Policy: Has It Failed?
Turkey's initiatives towards Azerbaijan have been low-key because of Ankara's traditionally cautious diplomacy and its relatively modest short-term goals in the Transcaucasus. Yet the Turkish government's long-term goals are ambitious and include: 1)...
Chronology: Afghanistan
Western Sahara See also, Morocco Afghanistan See also, Regional Affairs 1996 July 16: `Abd al-Jalil, a Taliban pilot, flew his MiG-21 warplane to a government air base near Kabul and surrendered. [7/17 NYT] July 18: Five groups joined to create the Islamic...
Chronology: Algeria
1996 July 17: Near Blida, two bombs exploded, killing ten people. [7/18 FBIS] July 20: In Kolea, in Blida Province, a bomb exploded in a cafe, killing seven people and wounding 28 others. [7/22 FBIS] July 21: In Bouira, 100 km from Algiers, a bus bomb...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov/ntis/home .html. The date in the source information...
Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia
1996 Aug. 2: It was reported that, in Kazakstan, a government plan to release 56,000 prisoners had alarmed doctors because 16,500 of the prisoners had tuberculosis. [8/2 WSJ] Aug. 13: Kazakstan sold to foreign investors its remaining energy sector assets,...
Chronology: Cyprus
1996 July 21: Turkish prime minister Neqmettin Erbakan visited Northern Cyprus during the anniversary of the 1974 Turkish invasion. [7/22 FT] July 29: The European Union's (EU) special representative on Cyprus, Kestler Heaslip, met separately with Greek-Cypriot...
Chronology: Iran
1996 July 23: A court sentenced to death Kurosh Nikakhtar for the 1 February 1994 assassination attempt on President `Ali Akhbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. [7/30 FBIS] July 27: Following a state visit by Iranian first vice-president Hasan Habibi, Bosnian radio...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affiars, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Lebanon 1996 July 17: A Histadrut-sponsored general strike paralyzed the country. The strike protested government spending cuts. [7/18 NYT] July 20: In Jerusalem,...
Chronology: Jordan
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs 1996 July 21: Authorities arrested the editor of the Amman-based publication Sawt al-Mara', Nasr al-Khammash on various charges, including inaccurate reporting. [7/25 In Amman, unnamed professional unions...
Chronology: Lebanon
1996 July 17: Beirut radio reported that Israeli forces had shelled al-Wadi al-Akhdar, Habbush and Iqlim al-Tuffah in southern Lebanon. Islamic Resistance forces retaliated by firing on an Israeli position at al-Suwayda' in the South. [7/18 FBIS) July...
Chronology: Pakistan
1996 July 17: Pakistan and China signed an agreement for bilateral cooperation in aeronautics. [7/18 FBIS] July 21: In the southern province of Sindh, commercial transport owners went on strike to protest new taxes. [7/22 FT] July 22: A bomb at Lahore's...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
1996 July 17: In Bayt Awla, near Hebron, six unknown gunmen killed two Palestinians suspected of collaborating with Israel. [7/18 FBIS] Aug. 1: The Jerusalem-based human rights group, Land and Water Establishment, reported that Palestinian security forces...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
1996 July 16: In Iran, Turkomenistani president Sapurmurat Niyazov met with Iranian president `Ali Akhbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to discuss regional issues and bilateral relations. [7/19 FBIS] In Jidda, Bahraini prime minister Shaykh Khalifa bin-Salman al-Khalifa...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
1996 July 17: US secretary of defense William J. Perry announced that 4,000 of the 5,000 US soldiers in Saudi Arabia would be relocated to protect them against terrorist attacks. [7/18 NYT] July 19: The Beirut-based daily Al-Safir newspaper published...
Commentary
The parameters of the course that Turkey will pursue in its foreign policy in the next century are to be found in the words of the founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatirk, "Peace at home and peace in the world." These words constitute...
Commonwealth or Empire? Russia, Central Asia and the Transcaucasus / the Transcaucasus in Transition: Nation-Building and Conflict
Commonwealth or Empire? Russia, Central Asia and the Transcaucasus, by William E. Odom and Robert Dujarric. Indianapolis: Hudson Institute, 1995. xviii + 267 pages. Bibl. to p. 283. Index to p. 290. $12.50 paper. The Transcaucasus in Transition: NationBuilding...
Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821-1922
Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821-1922, by Justin McCarthy. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1995. xv + 340 pages. Append. to p. 346. Bibl. to p. 357. Index to p. 368. $35. Reviewed by Howard A. Reed This book documents the hitherto...
Iraq: Chronology
Iran See also, Central Asia, Petroluem, Regional Affairs, Iraq 1996 July 23: A court sentenced to death Kurosh Nikakhtar for the 1 February 1994 assassination attempt on President `Ali Akhbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. [7/30 FBIS] July 27: Following a state...
Islam and Democracy in Turkey: Toward a Reconciliation?
Turkey's democracy has been consolidated by the inclusion of the religiouslyoriented into mainstream politics. This was facilitated by the increasing secularization of the Turks that made support for a radical religious revival less likely, and the increasing...
Life at the Crossroads: A History of Gaza
Life at the Crossroads: A History of Gaza, by Gerald Butt. Nicosia, Cyprus: Rimal Publications, 1995.188 pages. Bibl. top. 193. Index top. 200. $24.95. Reviewed by Sara Roy Gerald Butt has written a lively, intelligent and highly readable history of...
Lyautey and the French Conquest of Morocco
Lyautey and the French Conquest of Morocco, by William A. Hoisington, Jr. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995. xi + 207 pages. Notes to p. 253. Bibl. to p. 263. Index to p. 276. $45. Reviewed by Julia Clancy-Smith Historical memory of France's colonial...
Memories of a Revolution: Egypt, 1952
Memories of a Revolution: Egypt, 1952, by Khaled Mohi El Din. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1995. xii + 259 pages. Index to p. 273. $29.50 Reviewed by Joel Gordon The author of these "memories" will be well known to students of modern Egyptian...
Mobile Pastoralists: Development Planning and Social Change in Oman
Chatty. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. xv + 193 pages. Notes to p. 203. Gloss. to p. 205. Refs. to p. 216. Index to p. 230. $17.50 paper. Reviewed by Miriam Joyce As project leader for a two year United Nations Development Program (UNDP),...
Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation
Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation, by Jacob M. Landau. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1995. viii + 234 pages. Select. Bibl. to p. 260. Index to p. 275. $35 cloth; $14.95 paper. Reviewed by Paul B. Henze This attractively...
Perspectives on the Evolution of Turkish Studies in North America since 1946
This article examines the emergence of Turkish studies1 as an academic field, after World War II, and Princeton University's pioneering leadership. It explains how prescient academic leaders, foundation executives and generations of scholars built and...
Secularism and Islamism in Turkey: The Making of Elites and Counter-Elites
There is an inherent power conflict between secular modernist elites and Islamist elites in Turkey today, which is fueled by two different worldviews and life-styles. However, because of the inclusionary nature of Turkish politics, the opportunity for...
Sufism, Mystics, and Saints in Modern Egypt
Sufism, Mystics, and Saints in Modern Egypt, by Valerie J. Hoffman. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995. xix + 377 pages. Notes to p. 418. Glossary to p. 425. Biog. Dictionary to p. 432. Select. Bibl. to p. 439. Index to p. 461. $49.95....
Tales of Two Cities: A Persian Memoir
Tales of Two Cities: A Persian Memoir, by Abbas Milani. Washington, DC: Mage Publishers, 1996. 259 pages. Acknowl. to p. 263. $24.95. Reviewed by Michael Beard Autobiography is not a well-established genre in Iran. The value of privacy in Iranian life...
Text and Trauma: An East-West Primer
Text and Trauma: An East-West Primer, by Ian Richard Netton. London: Curzon Press, 1996. xiii + 136 pages. Bibl. to p. 152. Index to p. 162. $65 cloth; $25 paper. Reviewed by Roger Allen The alliterative title of this monograph attracts our attention...
The Lebanon War / Lebanon: A Shattered Country, Myths and Realities of the Wars in Lebanon
The Lebanon War, by A.J. Abraham. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers, 1996. xvii + 186 pages. Bibl. to p. 189. Index to p. 195. $55. Lebanon: A Shattered Country, Myths and Realities of the Wars in Lebanon, by Elizabeth Picard. Tr. by Franklin...
The Lessons of Israel's Great Inflation
The Lessons of Israel's Great Inflation, by Haim Barkai. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers, 1995. xviii + 212 pages. Figures and Tables to p. 236. Refs. to p. 240. Index to p. 244. $69.50. Reviewed by Avia Spivak This book is a union of two...
The Lessons of Modern War: Volume IV, the Gulf War
The Lessons of Modern War: Volume IV, The Gulf War, by Anthony H. Cordesman and Abraham R. Wagner. Boulder, CO and London: Westview Press, 1996. xviii + 965 pages. Bibl. to p. 981. Index to p. 1022. $98 cloth; $23.95 paper. Reviewed by Michael Collins...
The Mediterranean Debt Crescent: Money and Power in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey
The Mediterranean Debt Crescent: Money and Power in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey, by Clement M. Henry. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1996. xviii + 300 pages. Notes to p. 306. Bibl. to p. 321. Index to p. 336. $49.95. Reviewed...
The Political Economy of Syria under Asad
The Political Economy of Syria under Asad, by Volker Perthes. London and New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers, 1995. xii + 273 pages. Bibl. to p. 290. Index to p. 298. $59.50. Reviewed by Steven Heydemann Studies of contemporary Syrian politics often reflect...
The Quest for Hegemony in the Arab World: The Stuggle over the Baghdad Pact
The Quest for Hegemony in the Arab World: The Struggle over the Baghdad Pact, by Elie Podeh. Leiden and New York: E.J. Brill, 1995. xvi + 253 pages. Appends. to p. 258. Bibl. to p. 272. Index to p. 281. $74.50. Reviewed by Frank Tachau This study of...
The Stern Gang: Ideology, Politics and Terror, 1940-1949
1. Open Economy Macroeconomics (New York: Basic Books, 1980). Frank Cass Publishers, 1995. x + 299 pages. Notes to p. 347. Bibl. to p. 352. Index to p. 358. $47.50. Reviewed by Neil Caplan This condensation of a seminal 1989 Hebrew work offers English-speaking...
Three Messengers for One God
Three Messengers for One God, by Roger Arnaldez. Tr. by Gerald W. Schlabach, with Mary Louise Gude and David B. Burrell. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994. viii + 190 pages. Notes to p. 198. Bibl. to p. 202. List of Authors to p. 219....
Turkey: Chronology
1996 July 18: The government agreed to delay until September plans to move 1,200 judges and prosecutors to other judicial posts. The delay came after the media and the Bar Association denounced the act as a purge of secularists. [7/19 FT] July 22: The...
Turkey's Kurdish Question: Critical Turning Points and Missed Opportunities
The deteriorating Kurdish problem in Turkey is neither new nor is it beyond resolution. This article focuses on two sets of occasions that help us understand the dynamics and chances for the resolution of the conflict.' The first set includes critical...
Unsettled States, Disputed Lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria, Israel and the West Bank-Gaza
Unsettled States, Disputed Lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria, Israel and the West Bank-Gaza, by Ian Lustick. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 1993. xiv + 451 pages. Appends. to p. 456. Notes to p. 564. Index to p. 576. $19.95...
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.