The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 57, No. 4, Autumn

A Different Shade of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, and the Mastery of the Sudan
A Different Shade of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, and the Mastery of the Sudan, by Eve M. Troutt Powell. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003. xi + 220 pages. Illustrations. Notes to p. 240. Works cited to p. 250. Index to p. 260....
Answering Only to God: Faith and Freedom in Twenty-First-Century Iran
Answering Only to God: Faith and Freedom in Twenty-First-Century Iran, by Geneive Abdo and Jonathon Lyons. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2003. 276 pages. Notes to p. 282. Principal characters to p.285. Sel. gloss, to p. 288. Sel. bibl. to p. 293....
Business as Usual? Economic Reform in Jordan / Embattled Neighbors: Syria, Israel & Lebanon / Israel, the Hashemites and the Palestinians: The Fateful Triangle / Jordan in Transition / Seeds of Hate: How America's Flawed Mideast Policy Ignited the Jihad / the Jordanian-Israeli War: 1948-1951 / the Levant: A Fractured Mosaic / the Palestinian Impasse in Lebanon: The Politics of Refugee Integration
The Levant: New Faces, Old ThemesBusiness As Usual? Economic Reform in Jordan, by Katherine Blue Carroll. Lanham, MD, Boulder, CO, New York, and Oxford, UK: Lexington, 2003. 284 pages. Appends. to 292. Bibl. to p. 307. Interviews to p. 312. Index to...
Chronology
ABBREVIATIONSAN, www.ArabicNews.comBBC, www.bbc.co.ukFT, Financial TimesThe EstimateThe Guardian, www.guardian.co.ukMEO, www.middleeastonline.comNYT, The New York TimesRadio Free Europe, Caucus ReportWP, The Washington PostWSJ, The Wall Street JournalArab-Israeli...
Communications
The JOURNAL welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
Crude Power: Politics and the Oil Market
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Crude Power: Politics and the Oil Market, by Øystein Noreng. London, UK and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2002. vii + 231 pages. Notes to p. 231. Tables and figures to p. 240. Bibl. to p. 247. Index to p. 254. $73.Oil is a multipurpose...
Daughters of Tunis: Women, Family, and Networks in a Muslim City
TUNISIA Daughters of Tunis: Women, Family, and Networks in a Muslim City, by Paula Holmes-Eber. Boulder, CO and Oxford, UK: Westview Press, 2003. xxiii + 127 pages. Appends, to p. 136. Gloss, to p. 140. Suggestions for further reading to p. 141. Bibl....
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-13
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-13, by Edward J. Erickson. Westport, CT and London, UK: Praeger, 2003. xxiv + 345 pages. Maps. Tables. Figures. Appends, to p.385. Sel.bibl. to p.394. Index to p. 403. $49.95.Edward J. Erickson...
Editor's Note
Although The Middle East Journal cannot, by its nature, reflect the headlines, it can and does seek to provide deeper insights into the issues which trouble the region. Already this year we have published two articles dealing with Iraqi issues, and the...
Historians, State and Politics in Twentieth Century Egypt: Contesting the Nation
EGYPT Historians, State and Politics in Twentieth Century Egypt: Contesting the Nation, by Anthony German. London, UK and New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003. xii + 198 pages. Notes to p. 245. Bibl. to p. 264. Index to p. 276. $90.This valuable examination...
Holy Terrors: Thinking about Religion after September 11
Holy Terrors: Thinking about Religion after September 11, by Bruce Lincoln. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2002. xi + 92 pages. Appends. to p. 107. Notes to p. 137. Index to p. 142. $35.From time to time there appears a work (e.g., James Hunter's...
Islamic Family Law in a Changing World
LAW Islamic Family Law in a Changing World, ed. by Abdullahi A. An-Na'im. London, UK and New York: Zed Books, 2002. xvi + 303 pages. Gloss, to p. 311. Index of countries and general index to p. 320. $69.95 cloth; $27.50 paper.Islamic Family Law in a...
Israeli Identity: In Search of a Successor to the Pioneer, Tsabar and Settler
Israeli Identity: In Search of a Successor to the Pioneer, Tsabar and Settler, by Lilly Weissbrod. London, UK and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2002. 242 pages. Bibl. to p. 254. Index to p. 256. $54.50.In the book under review, Lilly Weissbrod, who has contributed...
Knesset Election 2003: Why Likud Regained Its Political Domination and Labor Continued to Fade Out
The January 2003 Israeli elections for the 16th Knesset marked the resurgence of the Likud Party and an electoral disaster for Labor. The elections also marked a return to the old system under which the Prime Minister is chosen from the dominant party...
Nonviolence and Peace Building in Islam: Theory and Practice
PEACE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION Nonviolence and Peace Building in Islam: Theory and Practice, by Mohammed Abu-Nimer. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003. ix + 186 pages. Notes to p. 211. Index top. 233. $55.In the wake of 9/11 and the invasion...
Political Parties in Postwar Lebanon: Parties in Search of Partisans
This article examines the performance of political parties in postwar Lebanon against the benchmark of parties in the prewar period. Parties turned into militias during Lebanon's fifteen-year war and reverted to their party status with the ending of...
Records of Dispossession: Palestinian Refugee Property and the Arab-Israeli Conflict
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Records of Dispossession: Palestinian Refugee Property and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, by Michael A. Fischbach. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003 (uncorrected proof), xxx + 368 pages. Appends. to p. 391. Bibl. to p....
Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism
Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism, by Meghan L. O'Sullivan. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. xvi + 320. Notes to p. 405. Index to p. 424. $19.95 paper.Shrewd Sanctions is a wise book of advice about how the...
The Communists and the Kadro Movement. Shaping Ideology in Ataturk's Turkey
The Communists and the Kadro Movement. Shaping Ideology in Ataturk's Turkey, by George S. Harris. Istanbul: The Isis Press, 2002. 172 pages. Appends, to p. 226. Bibl. to p. 235. Index to p. 241. $25 paper.The journal Kadro, published in the Turkey of...
The Glory of Cairo: An Illustrated History
The Glory of Cairo: An Illustrated History, ed. by Andre Raymond. Tr. from the French (Editio-Editions Citadelles & Mazenod, 2000) by Jane Brenton and Barbara Mellor. Cairo: The American University Press in Cairo, 2002. 450 pages. 530 color illustrations....
The Invention of a Nation, Zionist Thought and the Making of Modern Israel
The Invention of a Nation, Zionist Thought and the Making of Modern Israel, by Alain Dieckhoff, New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. xi + 289 pages. Index to p. 297. $30.The last sentence of this otherwise comprehensive and interesting book by...
The Last Days in Israel: Understanding the New Israeli Democracy
ISRAEL The Last Days in Israel: Understanding the New Israeli Democracy, by Abraham Diskin. London, UK and Portland, OR: Frank Cass Publishers, 2003. iii + 135 pages. Tables. Notes to p. 139. Appends. top. 175. Bibl. to p. 183. Index to p. 190. $64.50...
The Monks of Tibhirine: Faith, Love and Terror in Algeria
ALGERIA The Monks of Tibhirine: Faith, Love and Terror in Algeria, by John W. Kiser. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2002. xvi + 286 pages. Appends, to p. 308. Notes to p. 319. Bibl. to p. 329. Index to p. 335. $14.95.When I first read about this account...
The Nature of the Early Ottoman State
TURKEY The Nature of the Early Ottoman State, by Heath W. Lowry. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003. ix + 143 pages. Appends, to p. 157. Notes to p. 176. Bibl. to p. 189. Index to p. 197. $62.50 cloth; $20.95 paper.In this book Lowry...
The Neoliberal Model's Planned Role in Iraq's Economic Transition
For many in the Bush Administration Iraq is now the test case for whether the US can create, through introducing a series of neoliberal economic reforms, a system of American style free market capitalism in the Arab world. The neoliberal model as applied...
The Tunbs and Abu Musa Islands: Britain's Perspective
Hundreds of recently declassified documents now reveal details of the complex negotiations leading to Iranian occupation of Abu Musa Island and outright invasion of the two Tunbs islands in 1971. Whitehall was so concerned about the prospects of invasion...
The United States and Shi'ite Religious Factions in Post-Ba'thist Iraq
In post-Saddam Husayn Iraq, Shi 'ite militias rapidly established their authority in East Baghdad and other urban neighborhoods of the south. Among the various groups which emerged, the Sadr Movement stands out as militant and cohesive. The sectarian,...
Traditional Crafts in Qajar Iran, 1800-1925
IRAN Traditional Crafts in Qajar Iran, 1800-1925, by Willem Floor. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2003. ix + 407 pages. Photos to p. 420. Appends, to p. 464. Bibl. to p. 492. Index to p. 507. $45 paper.This highly informative book examines the nature...
War and Peace in Sudan: A Tale of Two Countries
SUDAN War and Peace in Sudan: A Tale of Two Countries, by Mansour Khalid. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. [First published in 2002 by Kegan Paul Limited.] xxxi + 510 pages. Appendix to p. 516. Sel. bibl. to p. 527. Index to p. 536. $144.50.In...
Women in Iran: Gender Politics in the Islamic Republic / Women in Iran: Emerging Voices in the Women's Movement
WOMEN Women in Iran: Gender Politics in the Islamic Republic, by Hammed Shahidian. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2003. ix 271 pages. Bibl. to p. 296. Index to p. 303.Women in Iran: Emerging Voices in the Women's Movement, by Hammed Shahidian. Westport,...