The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 59, No. 2, Spring

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The Truth about Camp David: The Untold Story about the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The Truth About Camp David: The Untold Story About the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process, by clayton E. Swisher. New York: Nation Books, 2004. xxii + 405 pages. Maps. Notes to p. 436. Index to p. 455. $14.95 paper.Any book...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also PakistanOct. 18: Election officials announced that five people traveling in an election commission jeep were killed in a roadside explosion in Paktika Province, close to the Pakistani border. [NYT, 10/19]Oct. 24: According to the election commission,...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSAFP, Agence France PresseAl-Jazeera, Aljazeera.netAN, ArabicNews.comAP, Associated PressBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCNNThe GuardianGN, Gulf NewsHaaretzHuman Rights WatchInterfaxJT, Jordan TimesMAP, Maghreb Arabe PresseMEN, Middle East NewslineMEO,...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also Information Technology, Petroleum AffairsOct. 18: Leading members of three parties represented in the Armenian coalition government denied that incumbent President, Robert Kocharian, was seeking to amend the constitution to permit him to run...
Chronology: Iran
See also Regional AffairsOct. 20: Iran's Defense Minister 'AIi Shamkhani announced that Iran test-fired an improved version of the Shahab-3 ballistic missile. [BBC, 10/20]A senior religious leader in Iran, Grand Ayatollah Kazem Ha'eri, severed ties with...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Central Asia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional AffairsOct. 16: Five churches in Baghdad were firebombed in what appeared to be coordinated attacks. [NYT, 10/17]Oct. 17: US Marines and Special Forces soldiers captured 17 men suspected of working with...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Palestinian AffairsOct. 17: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon rejected a demand by the Yesha Council, the main group representing Israeli settlers, that he hold a national referendum on his plan to withdraw...
Chronology: Pakistan
Oct. 26: A rocket attack by suspected militants in the Azam Warsak area of South Waziristan killed at least 14 pro-government tribesmen. The victims were militiamen scouring the area for Abdallah Mehsud, a former Guantanamo Bay prisoner who masterminded...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, IsraelOct. 19: A group of armed militants from the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade seized the buildings of the Palestinian Finance Ministry and Palestinian Legislative Council in Jenin. The militants demanded that the Palestinian...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
Oct. 19: The Kazakh oil and Gas Institute and Halliburton signed an agreement in Astana to set up a joint company, Petrodata Kazakhstan, to act as the national technical operator for a data bank that is being set up on all Kazakh oil and gas projects....
Chronology: Regional Affairs
See also, MoroccoOct. 18: The majority of UN General Assembly members abstained from voting on the issue of an independence referendum for Western Sahara. The measure passed 52 to O with 89 abstentions, including Morocco and all 25 members of the European...
Chronology: Sudan
Oct. 16: Foreign Minister Mustafa 'Uthman Isma'il questioned UN estimates that up to 70,000 people have died from hunger and disease in its remote Darfur region since a rebellion began 20 months ago, contending that UN estimates were based on faulty...
Clash of Interest over Northern Iraq Drives Turkish-Israeli Alliance to a Crossroads
Turkey and Israel enjoyed an almost perfect relationship throughout the 1990s that amazed their friends, yet bothered their rivals. The US war in Iraq revealed, however, that the two longstanding allies did indeed have contradictory objectives and concerns...
Communications
The JOURNAL welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS: Doing Business in the Middle East: Politics and Economic Crisis in Jordan and Kuwait
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS Doing Business in the Middle East: Politics and Economic Crisis in Jordan and Kuwait, by Pete W. Moore. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004. xii + 190 pages. Appends to p. 198. Bibl. to p. 209. Index to p. 215. $70.The...
Editor's Note
We do not normally publish "theme" issues at The Middle East Journal, given the very large number of submissions we receive and the extremely varied topics which we cover, but the pace of events in the region has meant that certain themes tend to dominate...
EGYPT: Cairo: City of Sand
EGYPT Cairo: City of Sand, by Maria Golia. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2004. 213 pages. Photos. Refs. to p. 229. Bibl. p. 230. Acknowledgements to p. 231. $22.50.Maria Golia's goal is to "make sense of how and why, given some of the...
Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World
Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World, by Robert R. Bianchi. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. xvi + 272 pages. Appends, to p. 310. Notes to p. 334. Gloss, to p. 338. Bibl. to p. 352. Index to p. 358. $35.This...
Independence, Cantons, or Bantustans: Whither the Palestinian State?
The Palestinian state remains an internationally endorsed project, yet an increasingly difficult one to implement. By analyzing the territorial, legal, and demographic developments that took place in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip over the past ten...
Iraq's Chemical Weapons Legacy: What Others Might Learn from Saddam
Iraq's experience with chemical weapons provides ample lessons for nation-states looking to redress their conventional military shortcomings. Nation-states are likely to learn from Saddam that chemical weapons are useful for waging war against nation-states...
IRAQ: The Future of Iraq: Dictatorship, Democracy, or Division?/The Kurds in Iraq: The Past, Present and Future
IRAQ The Future of Iraq: Dictatorship, Democracy, or Division? by Liam Anderson and Gareth Stansfield. New York and Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. xii + 236 pages. Notes to p. 253. Index to p. 260. $24.95.The Kurds in Iraq: The Past, Present...
Israeli-Jordanian Dialogue, 1948-1953: Cooperation, Conspiracy, or Collusion?
Israeli-Jordanian Dialogue, 1948-1953: Cooperation, Conspiracy, or Collusion? by Yoav Gelber. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2004. ix + 294 pages. Notes to p. 346. Bibl. and sources to p. 349. $75.The relationship between the Hashimite...
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE: A Diplomat's Progress: Tales of Diplomatic Adventure in and around the Middle East
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE A Diplomat's Progress: Tales of Diplomatic Adventure in and around the Middle East, by Henry Precht. Savannah, GA: Williams and Company, 2004. 226 pages. Gloss, to p. 231. About the author. $14.95 paper.A retired Foreign Service...
MILITARY AFFAIRS: The Middle East Strategic Balance 2003-2004/the Military Balance in the Middle East
MILITARY AFFAIRS The Middle East Strategic Balance 2003-2004, ed. by Shai Feldman and Yiftah S. Shapir. Portland, OR and Brighton, UK: Sussex Academic Press, 2004. vii + 243 pages. Tables and charts to p. 261. Contribs. $34.95 paper.The Military Balance...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism, by Zachary Lockman. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. xxi + 272 pages. Maps. Notes to p. 292. Bibl. to p. 303. Index...
Muslim Americans, Islam, and the "War on Terrorism" at Home and Abroad
Muslim Americans, Islam, and the "War on Terrorism" at Home and Abroad Bin Laden, Islam, and America's New "War on Terrorism," by As'ad AbuKhalil. New York: Seven Stories/Open Media, 2002. 106 pages. $8.95 paper.Namaste Sharon: Hindutva and Sharonism...
No One Will Scratch My Back: Iranian Security Perceptions in Historical Context
Iranians support a policy of deterrence because their perception of Iran's security is colored by historical experiences. For Iranians, geopolitical realities together with national psychology define national security. This article attempts to explain...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Culture and Customs of the Palestinians
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Culture and Customs of the Palestinians, by Samih Farsoun. Westport, CT and London, UK: Greenwood Press, 2004. xxvii + 123 pages. Appends, to p. 133. Gloss, to p. 139. Bibl. to p. 151. Index to p. 160. $25.This volume is part...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE: Dynamic Islam: Liberal Muslim Perspectives in a Transnational Age
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE Dynamic Islam: Liberal Muslim Perspectives in a Transnational Age, by Jon Armajani. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2004. ix + 149 pages. Notes to p. 191. Bibl. to p. 225. Index to p. 235. $34 paper.This book...
Ruling Shaikhs and Her Majesty's Government 1960-1969
Ruling Shaikhs and Her Majesty's Government 1960-1969, by Miriam Joyce. Portland, OR, and London, UK: Frank Cass, 2003. xvii + 148 pages. Maps. Index to p. 156. $54.50.This is a brief and largely unsatisfactory diplomatic history of Britain's relations...
SAUDI ARABIA: Wahhabi Islam: From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad
SAUDI ARABIA Wahhabi Islam: From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad, by Natana J. DeLongBas. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. 290 pages. Map. Notes to p. 343. Gloss, to p. 348. Bibl. to p. 359. Index to p. 370. $35.Since Arabian...
The Turkey-EU-US Triangle in Perspective: Transformation or Continuity?
This article examines the delicate dynamics of the triangle of Turkey-EU-US relations. While acknowledging the role of the United States in promoting close links between Turkey and the EU, this study underlines the limits of American influence on EU...
The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West
The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West, by Gilles Kepel. Cambridge, MA and London, UK: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2004. 295 pages. Sources to p. 309. Acknowledgments to p. 312. Index to p. 327. $23.95.Gilles Kepel has emerged...
TUNISIA: Tunisia: A Journey through a Country That Works
TUNISIA Tunisia: A Journey Through a Country That Works, by Georgie Anne Geyer. London, UK: Stacey International, Interlink Publishing Group, 2004. 191 pages. Appendix to p. 196. Bibl. to p. 198. Index to p. 206. $27.95.The author first visited Tunisia...
TURKEY: From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide
TURKEY From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide, by Taner Akçam. London, UK and New York: Zed Books, 2004. 288 pages. 288 pages. Notes. Bibl. Index. $25 paper.In 1944, the Polish Jewish international lawyer Raphael Lemkin...
YEMEN: Britain and the Yemen Civil War, 1962-1965: Ministers, Mercenaries and Mandarins
YEMEN Britain and the Yemen Civil War, 1962-1965: Ministers, Mercenaries and Mandarins, by Clive Jones. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Publishers, 2004. viii + 227 pages. Abbrevs. Maps. Notes to p. 260. Bibl. to p. 266. Index to p. 273....
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