The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 59, No. 4, Autumn

AFGHANISTAN: Revolution Unending, Afghanistan: 1979 to the Present
AFGHANISTAN Revolution Unending, Afghanistan: 1979 to the Present, by Gilles Dorronsoro. Translated from French by John King. New York, NY: Columbia University Press in association with the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Nationales, Paris, 2005. xxiii...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: Shared Histories: A Palestinian-Israeli Dialogue
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT Shared Histories: A Palestinian-Israeli Dialogue, ed. by Paul Scham, Walid Salem, and Benjamin Pogrund. Jerusalem: Modern Arab Press, 2005. vi + 276 pages. Gloss, to p. 281. $17.50 paper.In 2002, the editors convened seminars in...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, United Arab EmiratesApr. 23: A woman was stoned to death in the Urgu district of the northeastern Badakhshan province for committing adultery. The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission said the woman had been sentenced to death by...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSAFP, Agence France PresseAl-Jazeera, Aljazeera.netAN, ArabicNews.comAP, Associated PressBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCNNThe Daily StarDAWNFinancial TimesThe GuardianGN, Gulf NewsHaaretzJT, Jordan TimesMEO, Middle East OnlineNYT, New York TimesRFE,...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also Petroleum Affairs, TurkeyApr. 25: Kyrgyzstan's Parliament voted to confirm a constitutional council to prepare changes to the country's Basic Law. The 114-member council will include 37 legislators, 10 representatives each from the executive...
Chronology: Egypt
See also Regional Affairs, IraqApr. 20: Archaeologists found the largest funerary complex yet, dating from the earliest era of ancient Egypt, more than 5,000 years ago. A joint Egyptian-US team in the Kom al-Ahmar region, south of Cairo, discovered the...
Chronology: Iran
See also Petroleum Affairs, Regional AffairsApr. 18: Iran suspended nationwide operations of Arab television broadcaster Al-Jazeera, after accusing it of inflaming violent protests by Iran's Arab minority in southwestern Iran. The protests erupted in...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Regional Affairs, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, TurkeyApr. 16: In the central Iraqi town of Madain, Sunni militants took about 70 Shi'ite males hostage and threatened to kill them unless all Shi'ites left the town. [AP, 4/16]Apr. 18: The Baghdad...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Palestinian AffairsApr. 24: Former Israeli President Ezer Weizman died at the age of 80. Weizman played a key military role in the Six-Day War in 1967 and later, as Defense Minister, was instrumental in negotiating Israel's...
Chronology: Kuwait
See also Regional AffairsApr. 24: More than 700 Bangladeshi workers employed by a Kuwaiti cleaning company stormed their country's embassy in Kuwait, causing damage inside and injuring two Bangladeshi civilians. A spokesman for the protesters complained...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also Regional Affairs, Syria, KuwaitApr. 19: Prime Minister-designate Najib Miqati, who was appointed by President Emile Lahhud a week earlier, formed a new government, ending six weeks of deadlock in which Lebanon had been without a government....
Chronology: Pakistan
See also Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, IraqMay 5: Security forces arrested Abu Faraj al-Libbi, an al-Qa'ida operative who was allegedly behind two assassination attempts against President Pervez Musharraf in 2003. [DAWN, 5/5]May...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Israel, JordanApr. 23: As part of a major reform initiative aimed at cracking down on corruption within the Palestinian security forces, Palestinian President Mahmud 'Abbas appointed three new security chiefs to replace...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
Apr. 20: Two US companies - Direct Petroleum Morocco Inc. and Anschutz Morocco Corporation - were granted exclusive drilling rights in the Asilah-Tissa region by the Moroccan government. [AN, 4/20]Apr. 29: The Parliament of Azerbaijan ratified three...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Apr. 26: Syria withdrew all of its military forces from Lebanon in line with United Nations demands, ending 29 years of Syrian military occupation. Pressure for Syria to leave grew after the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
See also Regional Affairs, Petroleum AffairsApr. 21: Two suspected militants and one member of the Saudi security forces were killed in a gun battle in Mecca. The clash coincided with local elections in Mecca and nearby areas. [JT, 4/22]Apr. 23: Conservative...
Chronology: Sudan
Apr. 27: The first deployment of a UN peacekeeping mission in Sudan began with the arrival of 12 Nepalese soldiers and equipment in the west of the country. The soldiers were part of an eventual deployment of 10,000 peacekeeping troops, military observers,...
Chronology: Turkey
See also Regional AffairsApr. 25: After months of delay, Turkey's cabinet approved a US request for access to the strategic southern Incirlik Air Base for one year beginning in June. Turkey had refused to allow US troops to stage an invasion of Iraq...
Editor's Note
Every issue of The Middle East Journal seeks to balance lasting contributions to scholarship with timely analysis, long-term research with articles which can inform current policy. In some ways this issue is a prime example of that; it contains articles...
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: The Making of Arab News
EDUCATION AND MEDIA The Making of Arab News, by Noha Mellor. Oxford, UK and New York: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005. xii + 146 pages. Tables. Figures. Refs. to p. 158. Index to p. 161. $69 cloth; $23.95 paper.The Making of Arab News is...
EGYPT: Dramas of Nationhood: The Politics of Television in Egypt
EGYPT Dramas of Nationhood: The Politics of Television in Egypt, by LiIa Abu-Lughod. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2005. xvii + 245 pages. Appendix to p. 249. Notes to p. 285. Refs. to p. 302. Index to p. 319. $22.How do Egyptians come...
Free Trade as a Strategic Instrument in the War on Terror?: The 2004 US-Moroccan Free Trade Agreement
In June 2004, the United States signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Morocco. FTAs are typically thought of as economic agreements, but the agreement with Morocco has an explicit security component. Indeed, US officials have cast the agreement as...
IRAN: The Iranian Labyrinth: Journeys through Theocratic Iran and Its Furies
IRAN The Iranian Labyrinth: Journeys Through Theocratic Iran and Its Furies, by Dilip Hiro. New York: Nation Books, 2005. xxxiv + 372 pages. Notes to p. 392. Gloss to p. 404. Sel. bibl. to p. 406. $16.95.Dilip Hiro is a prolific writer. In addition to...
ISRAEL: Words and Stones: The Politics of Language and Identity in Israel
ISRAEL Words and Stones: The Politics of Language and Identity in Israel, by Daniel Lefkowitz. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2004. xiv + 272 pages. Figures and tables. Notes to p. 297. Refs. to p. 308. Index to p. 316. $49.95.Daniel Lefkowitz's...
JORDAN: Institutions and the Politics of Survival in Jordan: Domestic Responses to External Challenges, 1988-2001
JORDAN Institutions and the Politics of Survival in Jordan: Domestic Responses to External Challenges, 1988-2001, by Russell E. Lucas. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2005. xv + 185 pages. Tables to p. 156. Notes to p. 171. Bibl. to p....
JORDAN: Nationalist Voices in Jordan, the Street and the State
Nationalist Voices in Jordan, The Street and the State, by Betty S. Anderson. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2005. x + 205 pages. Notes to p. 243. Bibl. to p. 269. Index to p. 288. $25 paper."Can Jordan exist without the Hashimites?" "Was Transjordan...
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE: Destined to Die: A Novel about Palestinian Youth as Fighters and Suicide Bombers
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE Destined to Die: A Novel about Palestinian Youth as Fighters and Suicide Bombers, by Victor Sasson. New York: iUniverse, Inc. 2004. 252 pages. $16.95.Reviewed by Sabah A. SalihLong, long before George Bernard Shaw made a name...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: "The Infidel Within." Muslims in Britain since 1800
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS "The Infidel Within." Muslims in Britain since 1800, by Humayun Ansari. London, UK: C. Hurst & Co., 2004. xiv + 438 pages. Bibl. to p. 424. BP 14.95.Among the first Muslims in the British islands were travellers, sailors,...
Myths and Historiography of the 1948 Palestine War Revisited: The Case of Lydda
Arab and Israeli revisionist historiography has taken the events in the town of Lydda (Lod, al-Lud) during the 1948 Palestine War (Israeli War of Independence) as an example of Israel's premeditated expulsion of the Palestinian Arabs in 1948, coupled...
Negotiating Rights in Iraq: Women and the Personal Status Law
Recent attempts to abolish the Personal Status Law, in force since 1959, with the intent of placing family matters in the hands of religious authorities, caused an uproar among Iraqi women's rights activists. This article seeks to place the protest in...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Palestinian NGOs in Israel: The Politics of Civil Society
Palestinian NGOs in Israel: The Politics of Civil Society, by Shany Payes. London, UK and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2005. xi + 237 pages. Map. Notes to p. 276. Bibl. to p. 315. Appends. to p. 322. Index to p. 331. $75.Palestinian NGOs in Israel by Shany...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Suicide in Palestine: Narratives of Despair
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Suicide in Palestine: Narratives of Despair, by Nadia Taysir Dabbagh. Northampton, MA: Olive Branch Press, 2005. xi + 245 pages. Appendix to p. 248. Gloss, to p. 251. Abbrevs. to p. 252. Sel. bibl. to p. 262. Index to p. 265....
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Guns for the Sultan, Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY Guns for the Sultan, Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire, by Gábor Ágoston. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. xvii + 205 pages. Maps. Figures. Tables. Appendix to p. 241....
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Public Health in Qâjâr Iran
Public Health in Qâjâr Iran, by Willem Floor. Washington, DC: Mage, 2004. 270 pages. $50 paper.The history of medicine in Iran has usually focused on the medieval period and its renowned physicians such as Râzi and Avicenna. Historiographical literature...
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran
Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran, by Sussan Babaie, Kathryn Babayan, Ina Baghdiantz-McCabe, and Massumeh Farhad. London, UK and New York: LB. Tauris, 2004. xiii +138 pages. Illustrations. Appendix to p. 147. Notes to p. 191. Bibl. top....
REFERENCE AND TRAVEL GUIDES: Afghanistan: A Traveler's Companion and Guide
REFERENCE AND TRAVEL GUIDES Afghanistan: A Traveler's Companion and Guide, by Bijan Omrani and Matthew Leeming. Introduction by President Hamid Karzai. Hong Kong: Odyssey Books & Guides, 2005. $29.95. 768 pages. Illustrations. $29.95.Afghanistan:...
REFERENCE AND TRAVEL GUIDES: Palestine and Palestinians: Guidebook/Palestine: A Guide
Palestine and Palestinians: Guidebook, by Sabri Giroud et al. Tr. by Carol Scheller-Doyle and Walid Shomali. Beit Sahour: Alternative Tourism Group, 2005. 435 pages. $32.Palestine: A Guide, by Mariam Shahin. Photography by George Azar. Northampton, MA:...
SAUDI ARABIA: Secrets of the Kingdom: The Inside Story of the Saudi-U.S. Connection
SAUDI ARABIA Secrets of the Kingdom: The Inside Story of the Saudi-U.S. Connection, by Gerald Posner. New York: Random House, 2005. 196 pages. Notes to p. 228. Bibl. to p. 239. Index to p. 254. $24.95.According to Gerald Posner, author of the New York...
SYRIA: Syria and the Doctrine of Arab Neutralism: From Independence to Dependence
SYRIA Syria and the Doctrine of Arab Neutralism: From Independence to Dependence, by Rami Ginat. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2005. xix + 233 pages. Appends, to p. 237. Notes to p. 279. Bibl. to p. 288. Index to p. 310. $69.50.Ginat's...
The Continuing Evolution of Iran's Military Doctrine
Iran's military has tried to develop concepts for warfighting suitable for deterring the United States while dealing with a complex security environment and numerous constraints on its military power. The military's key task has been to align doctrine...
The Democratic Imperative vs. the Authoritarian Impulse: The Maghrib State between Transition and Terrorism
Despite public promises to the contrary, Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia continue to be ruled autocratically even as their civil societies aspire to greater public space. Rather than promoting concrete steps towards democratization including institutionalizing...
The Politics of Suicide Terrorism
The Politics of Suicide TerrorismDying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, by Robert Pape. New York: Random House, 2005. 250 pages. Acknowledgments to p. 252. Appends, to p. 277. Notes to p. 316. Index to p. 335. $25.95.Dying to Kill: The...
TURKEY: Rethinking Islam and Liberal Democracy: Islamist Women in Turkish Politics
TURKEY Rethinking Islam and Liberal Democracy: Islamist Women in Turkish Politics, by Yesim Arat: New York: SUNY Press, 2005. x + 116 pages. Appendix to p. 120. Notes to p. 134. Bibl. to p. 144. Index to p. 150. $55.That democracy is neither solely give...
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