The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 1, Winter

Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History
Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History, by Norman G. Finkelstein. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. 2005. xi + 226 pages. Appends, to p. 317. Index to p. 332. $22.50.Norman Finkelstein, of...
Chronology: Afghanistan
July 23: Unidentified gunmen shot dead a District Judge in Kandahar, the latest in a series of attacks on Muslim clerics critical of the Taliban. In another incident, an explosion killed a District Administration Chief. [DAWN, 7/24]July 25: In an audiotape...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSAFP, Agence France PresseAl-Jazeera, Aljazeera.netAN, ArabicNews.comAP, Associated PressBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCNN, www.cnn.comThe Daily StarThe Daily Telegraph (UK)DAWNThe EconomistFinancial TimesThe GuardianGN, Gulf NewsHaaretzJP, The Jerusalem...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
July 16: Kyrgyzstan's Constitutional Court approved the July 10 presidential election results in which Kurmanbek Bakiev won nearly 90% of the votes. Bakiev headed the interim government after President Askar Akaev fled in the face of massive demonstrations...
Chronology: Egypt
July 18: Egyptian human rights activist Saad Eddin Ibrahim said he would boycott September's presidential elections to protest the continued lack of political freedom in the country. He had previously said he would run against incumbent President Husni...
Chronology: Iran
July 16: Iran's Information Minister said the country had apprehended more than 1,000 members of al-Qa'ida since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. Most were jailed or deported. Iran is not known for publicly disclosing information about arrests, however,...
Chronology: Iraq
July 16: A suicide bomber detonated explosives alongside a fuel tanker in Musayyib, south of Baghdad, killing at least 60. [BBC, 7/16]July 19: A Sunni Muslim member of the committee drafting the Iraqi Constitution, a Sunni consultant to the committee,...
Chronology: Israel
July 26: The Israeli Justice Ministry indicted Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's son, Omri, for a campaign funding scandal. Attorney General Menachem Mazuz cleared Ariel Sharon in February but said Omri would face charges including fraud, breach of trust,...
Chronology: Jordan
July 21: Prime Minister 'Adnan Badran received a vote of confidence following debate over his policies, specifically his announcement to raise oil prices. The vote was 66-37 in the 110-seat Parliament, and came as Badran attempted to reduce a record...
Chronology: Lebanon
July 18: Lebanon's Parliament approved amnesty for Christian militia leader Samir Geagea, who was serving a life sentence for ordering four political assassinations, including the killing of Prime Minister Rashid Karami in 1987 and the unsuccessful attempt...
Chronology: Mauritania
Aug. 3: A group of army officers, identifying themselves as the Military Council for Justice and Democracy in Mauritania, announced the overthrow of the President and the formation of a military council as troops seized key government buildings. President...
Chronology: Morocco
July 24: Moroccan authorities prevented a group of six Spanish citizens from visiting the disputed Western Sahara territory. It was the sixth Spanish delegation to be denied access since the end of May. Authorities accused the group of intending to propagate...
Chronology: Pakistan
July 18: Women human rights activists in the northwestern city of Peshawar protested a ban on female candidates in local elections in the remote Dir district, instituted one week earlier. The region is a stronghold of the Islamist Jamaat Islami Party....
Chronology: Regional Affairs
July 16: Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim alJa'fari, who spent years in exile in Iran, traveled to Iran in the first top-level visit between the two countries since the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s. [BBC, 7/16]July 26: Syria handed over 21 alleged Tunisian...
Chronology: Sudan
July 17: The two main rebel movements in Sudan's conflict-ridden Darfur region signed an agreement to stop all acts of enmity and friction between their supporters. The agreement was signed in Tripoli, Libya, by 'Abd al-Wahid Muhammad al-Nur, the leader...
Chronology: Syria
Aug. 16: Rioting broke out in the northern town of 'Ayn al-Arab after Syrian supporters of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) were prevented from showing their support for a banned separatist group. Cars were damaged and stones thrown at police, who...
Chronology: Turkey
July 23: Turkish security forces killed five alleged militants in an operation against the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in the southeastern city of Sirnak. [Turkish Press, 7/23]July 25: Tulay Tugcu was elected President of the Turkish Constitutional...
Chronology: Yemen
July 17: Yemen's long-serving President 'Ali 'Abdullah Salih announced he would not seek re-election in 2006, although the country's constitution allows him to serve another term. Saleh ruled Yemen since unification in 1990 after 12 years as President...
Deadly Connections: States That Sponsor Terrorism
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism, by Daniel Byman. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005, xi + 311 pages. Map. Appendix to p. 333. Bibl. to p. 357. Index to p. 369. $30.Anyone brave...
Documenting Transnational Migration: Jordanian Men Working and Studying in Europe, Asia and North America
Documenting Transnational Migration: Jordanian Men Working and Studying in Europe, Asia and North America, by Richard T. Antoun. New York and Oxford, UK: Berghahn Books, 2005. xii + 313. Bibl. to p. 320. Index to p. 325. $75.Richard Antoun has spent...
Editor's Note
The Middle East continues to be a region dominated by change. This issue touches on several subjects which shed light on some of the developments of recent months, offering new perspectives on some familiar subjects. This issue also marks the beginning...
Fratricide in the Holy Land: A Psychoanalytic View of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Fratricide in the Holy Land: A Psychoanalytic View of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, by Avner Falk. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. vii + 192 pages. Bibl. to p. 256. Index to p. 271. $35.Avner Falk is the leading political psychologist...
Global Jihadism after the Iraq War
How has the invasion of Iraq influenced global jihadist ideology? Based on primary sources in Arabic, this article highlights important ideological changes; Iraq is considered a crossroads in the global jihad against the "Crusaders." New strategic dilemmas...
Guest in a Hostile Society: Notes of the First Professor from an Arab University on Sabbatical Year in Israel
Guest in a Hostile Society: Notes of the First Professor from an Arab University on Sabbatical Year in Israel, by Mohanna Haddad. Tucson, AZ: Hats Off Books, 2005. 166 pages. $14.95 paper.This short book is both a memoir and a statement of philosophy...
In the Shadow of Democracy
In the Shadow of Democracy Uncharted Journey: Promoting Democracy in the Middle East, ed. by Thomas Carothers and Marina Ottaway. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005. viii + 267 pages. Bibl. to p. 282. Index to p. 300. Contribs....
Islamic Modernism, Nationalism, and Fundamentalism: Episode and Discourse
SOCIAL CONDITIONS Islamic Modernism, Nationalism, and Fundamentalism: Episode and Discourse, by Mansoor Moaddel. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005. x + 343 pages. Notes top. 401. Bibl. to p. 431. Index to p. 448. $24 paper.In this latest...
Israel's Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood
ISRAEL Israel's Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood, by Idith Zertal. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 208 pages. Gloss, to 222. Bibl. to p. 230. Index to p. 236. $27.95.The Holocaust accomplished one of the great reversals...
Jordanian Jerusalem
JORDAN Jordanian Jerusalem, by Kimberly Katz. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2005. xvi + 150 pages. Appendix to p. 152. Notes to p. 190. Bibl. to p. 203. Index to p. 214. $59.95.There has been a recent inflation of books dealing with the...
Kazakhstan: Power and the Elite
CENTRALASIA Kazakhstan: Power and the Elite, by Sally N. Cummings. New York and London, UK: I.B. Tauris, 2005. vi + 155 pages. Appendix to p. 160. Notes to p. 180. Bibl. to p. 198. Index to p. 202. $45.As I write this review, Kazakhstan is less than...
Khatami's Legacy: Dashed Hopes
Muhammad Khatami's presidency of Iran's Islamic Republic started with a deafening roar and ended in an unceremonious whisper. Chances are that his crisis-ridden eight-year tenure will be more favorably viewed in the future than is now the case with his...
Media Politics and Democracy in Palestine: Political Culture, Pluralism, and the Palestinian Authority
EDUCATION AND MEDIA Media Politics and Democracy in Palestine: Political Culture, Pluralism, and the Palestinian Authority, by Amal Jamal. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2005. ? + 170 pages. Notes to p. 191. Bibl. to p. 204. Index...
National Security in Saudi Arabia: Threats, Responses, and Challenges
National Security in Saudi Arabia: Threats, Responses, and Challenges, by Anthony H. Cordesman and Nawaf Obeid. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005. xxiv + 402 pages. Notes to p. 426. $54.95.Every so often a book comes along that is definitive - it covers its...
Overthrowing Geography
GEOGRAPHY Overthrowing Geography, by Mark Levine. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005. xv + 248 pages. Tables to p. 218. Notes to p. 376. Bibl. to p. 416. Index to p. 442. $65 cloth; $19.95 paper.The book under review promises to offer...
Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military
PAKISTAN Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, by Husain Haqqani. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005. xi + 397 pages. Notes to p. 372. Index to p. 395. $35.95 cloth; $17.95 paper.As the subtitle suggests, this book examines...
The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians
ARMENIANS The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians, by Donald Bloxham. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2005. xiv + 234 pages. Maps. Photos. Notes to p. 285. Bibl. to p. 311. Index to p. 329....
The Kurds in Turkey: EU Accession and Human Rights
TURKEY The Kurds in Turkey: EU Accession and Human Rights, by Kerim Yildiz. Foreword by Noam Chomsky. London, UK and Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press, 2005. xxvii + 149 pages. Notes to 175. Index to 182. $55.Turkish membership in the European Union (EU) holds...
The Middle East: A Cultural Psychology
The Middle East: A Cultural Psychology, by Gary S. Gregg. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. 472 pages. $45.The book's title immediately attracts the attention of any scholar interested in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA),...
The Odd Couple: Ending the Jordanian-Syrian "Cold War"
Of all the bilateral relationships between Arab states, the Jordanian-Syrian relationship has been among the most tumultuous. Jordanian-Syrian relations have, more often than not, been marked by varying degrees of mutual hostility and even violence....
The One-State Solution: A Breakthrough for Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Deadlock
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The One-State Solution: A Breakthrough for Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Deadlock, by Virginia Tilley. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 2005. xii ?234 pages. Appends, to p. 242. Notes to p. 260. Bibl. to p. 267....
The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law
LAW The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law, by Wael B. Hallaq. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. x + 206 pages. Maps. Gloss, to p. 210. Short bios, to p. 216. Bibl. to p. 224. Index to p. 234. $70 cloth; $24.99 paper.Professor...
The Political Economy of Lebanon under Rafiq Hariri: An Interpretation
International consensus supported Lebanon's effort to rebuild its shattered economy after the civil war and Rafiq Hariri, with Saudi and Western backing, took over as Prime Minister in 1992 to oversee the reconstruction program. Yet persistent Syrian...
The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900
IRAN The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900, Rudi Matthee. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005. xvii + 303 pages. Bibl. to p. 334. Index to p. 346. 18 illust. $39.50.The main interest of this well-written...
The Saudi Enigma: A History/Saudi Arabia Exposed: Inside a Kingdom in Crisis
SAUDI ARABIA The Saudi Enigma: A History, by Pascal Ménoret. London and New York: Zed Books, 2005. xiv + 221 pages. Chronology to p. 227. Notes to p. 245. Bibl. to p. 248. Index to p. 257. $22.50.Saudi Arabia Exposed: Inside a Kingdom in Crisis, by John...
Towards a Representative Military? the Transformation of the Lebanese Officer Corps since 1945
This article discusses the transformation of the officer corps of the Lebanese Army since 1945, based on data collected on 4,453 officers who served in this institution over the years. It examines the social makeup, professional careers, and political...
Victory in Tripoli: How America's War with the Barbary Pirates Established the U.S. Navy and Shaped a Nation
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY Victory in Tripoli: How America's War with the Barbary Pirates Established the U.S. Navy and Shaped a Nation, by Joshua E. London. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2005. 242 pages. Photos. Bibl. to p. 259. Index to p. 276....
Women with Mustaches and Men without Beards: Gender and Sexual Anxieties of Iranian Modernity
Women with Mustaches and Men without Beards: Gender and Sexual Anxieties of Iranian Modernity, by Afsaneh Najmabadi. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2005. xiv + 244 pages. Notes to p. 305. Illustrations. Gloss, to p. 309....
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