The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 51, No. 3, Summer

Afghanistan-Heroes of the Age: Moral Fault Lines on the Afghan Frontier
Heroes of the Age: Moral Fault Lines on the Afghan Frontier, by David B. Edwards. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996. xvii + 234 pages. Notes to p. 270. Gloss. to p. 277. Bibl. to p. 295. Index to p. 307. $50 cloth; $20 paper....
Biography-Anwar Sadat: Visionary Who Dared
Anwar Sadat: Visionary Who Dared, by Joseph Finklestone. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1996. xxxvi + 288 pages. Index to p. 297. $39.50 cloth; $25 paper. This biography by a distinguished, independent Israeli journalist provides a telling, though...
Biography-Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism
Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism, by Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. x + 140 pages. Append. to p. 142. Notes to p. 186. Gloss. to p. 192. Bibl. to p. 211. Index to p. 222. $45. Reviewed by Bruce...
Can Islamists Be Democrats? the Case of Jordan
In contradistinction to the usual arguments about Islamist movements being the greatest threat to democratic transitions in the Middle East, the argument below posits that the Islamist movement in Jordan has been a force for democratic expansion since...
Chronology: Afghanistan
1997 Jan. 16: Taliban forces captured Bagram airbase, north of Kabul, from opposition forces, amid heavy fighting. [1/22 FBIS] Jan. 24: It was reported that Taliban forces had advanced against opposition forces to a position 13 miles south of the Salang...
Chronology: Algeria
1997 Jan. 18: The government announced that parliamentary elections would be held in May or June. [1/20 NYT] Jan. 19: Security forces reported that "terrorists" had killed 36 people in Bani Sulayman, in Medea Province. [1/22 FBIS] In Algiers, a car bomb...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov/ntis/home .html. The date in the source information...
Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia
1997 Feb. 4: In Obigarm, Tajikistan, the opposition group led by Rizvon Sadirov abducted four UN observers. The group demanded safe passage for other group members from Afghanistan to Tajikistan in exchange for the release of the hostages. [2/5 NYT]...
Chronology: Cyprus
1997 Jan. 20: Turkish president Suleyman Demirel announced that Turkey planned to build air and naval bases on Cyprus and would organize a joint military force with the Turkish-Cypriot military. [1/21 FT] Feb. 2: It was reported that Greek-Cypriot president...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Central Asian and Transcaucasia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran 1997 Jan. 16: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) radio reported that the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the PUK had agreed to allow refugees to return to their...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Central Asian and Transcaucasia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran 1997 Jan. 16: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) radio reported that the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the PUK had agreed to allow refugees to return to their...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Lebanon 1997 Jan. 24: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu announced that he would allow a police investigation into the 10 January appointment of Roni Bar-On as attorney general. The move came after media...
Chronology: Lebanon
1997 Jan. 18: In the 'Ayn al-Hilwa refugee camp, an unknown assailant fatally shot Ahmad Ayyub, a Fatah official. [1/22 FBIS] Jan. 30: In the Israeli self-declared "security zone," a bomb set by Hizballah killed three Israeli soldiers and wounded one...
Chronology: Pakistan
1997 Jan. 18: In Lahore, outside a court hearing a case involving a militant Shi`ite group, a bomb exploded, killing 25 people and wounding at least 24 others. [1/19 NYT] Jan. 29: The Supreme Court ruled that the government of former Prime Minister Benazir...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
1997 Jan. 16: In Iran, Iranian president `Ali Akhbar Hashemi Rafsanjani met with Pakistani foreign minister Sahabzada Ya'qub Khan to discuss the situation in Afghanistan. [1/17 FBIS] Jan. 18: In Amman, Iraqi deputy prime minister Tariq `Aziz met with...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
1997 Jan. 23: US attorney general Janet Reno stated that Saudi Arabia had failed to cooperate with the United States in the investigation into the 25 June 1996 Khubar bombing. [1/24 NYT] Feb. 28: In Washington, Saudi Arabian minister of defense Prince...
Chronology: Sudan
1997 Jan. 19: Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) sources reported that SPLA units had ambushed a government convoy near the Damazin hydroelectric plant, killing 150 soldiers and seizing nine government trucks. [1/22 FBIS] Jan. 21: The National...
Chronology: Turkey
1997 Jan. 17: The Czech Republic and Turkey signed cooperation agreements on drug interdiction and combating organized crime. [1/21 FBIS] Jan. 20: It was reported that Turkey had threatened to block the expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization...
Cuba's Opposition to Jewish Statehood in Palestine, 1944-49: A Critical Review of Varying Interpretations
Despite Latin America's majority support for the partition of Palestine, the UN General Assembly witnessed a minority of the region's players cast non-affirmative votes in November 1947, with Cuba the single consistent opponent of such a plan. Cuba's...
Democracy, Dragons and Delusions: The Middle East Today and Tomorrow
Visions and Mirages: The Middle East in a New Era, by John Roberts. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing, 1995. 306 pages. Notes to p. 315. Index to p. 322. $35. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival: The Politics of Ideas in the Middle East, by Martin Kramer....
Egypt-Traditional Egyptian Christianity: A History of the Coptic Orthodox Church
Traditional Egyptian Christianity: A History of the Coptic Orthodox Church, by Theodore Hall Partrick. Greensboro, NC: Fisher Park Press, 1996. xiii + 187 pages. Bibl. to p. 213. Index to p. 226. $14.95 paper. Reviewed by Anne Dammarell In the minds...
Faust without the Devil? the Interplay of Technology and Culture in Saudi Arabia
The present article argues, in contrast with the prevalent view, that the massive import of modern technology has profoundly changed Saudi traditional culture. The change is seen in the culture's response to specific technologies, clock-based time and...
Iran-A Journey to Persia: Jean Chardin's Portrait of a Seventeenth-Century Empire
A Journey to Persia: Jean Chardin's Portrait of a Seventeenth-Century Empire, ed. and tr. by Ronald W. Ferrier. London and New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers, 1996. xiv + 177 pages. Notes to p. 184. Bibl. to p. 186. Index to p. 193. $39.50. Reviewed by...
Iran-The Soviet Socialist Republic of Iran, 1920-1921: Birth of the Trauma
Chaqueri. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995. xxvii + 456 pages. Append. to p. 478. Notes to p. 612. Refs. to p. 630. Index to p. 649. $75. Reviewed by Kaveh L. Afrasiabi This book is likely to remain for many years the definitive study...
Israel-In Pursuit of Peace: A History of the Israeli Peace Movement
In Pursuit of Peace: A History of the Israeli Peace Movement, by Mordechai BarOn. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996. xix + 332 pages. Notes to p. 418. Bibl. to p. 429. Index to p. 470. $37.50 cloth; $24.95 paper. Reviewed by...
Israel-Israel on the Road to Peace: Accepting the Unacceptable
Israel on the Road to Peace: Accepting the Unacceptable, by Ziva Flamhaft. Boulder, CO and Oxford: Westview Press, 1996. xviii + 191 pages. Appends. to p. 231. Bibl. to p. 242. Index to p. 252. $59 cloth; $17 paper. Ziva Flamhaft's Israel on the Road...
Israel-On the Margins: The Arab Population in the Israeli Economy
On the Margins: The Arab Population in the Israeli Economy, by Aziz Haidar. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995. xiii + 182 pages. Bibl. to p. 189. Index to p. 192. $42. Reviewed by Ian S. Lustick Aziz Haidar's book may be added to the list of studies...
Israel-The Holocaust and Israel Reborn: From Catastrophe to Sovereignty
The Holocaust and Israel Reborn: From Catastrophe to Sovereignty, by Monty Noam Penkower. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1994. xiii + 338 pages. Index to p. 361. $47.50 cloth; $19.95 paper. Reviewed by Howard J. Dooley In The Jews...
Israel-Wars, Internal Conflicts, and Political Order: A Jewish Democracy in the Middle East
Wars, Internal Conflicts, and Political Order: A Jewish Democracy in the Middle East, by Gad Barzilai. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. ix + 223 pages. Notes to p. 276. Bibl. to p. 289. Index to p. 301. $71.50 cloth; $23.95 paper. Reviewed...
Kuwait and the Dynamics of Socio-Economic Change
Because of Kuwait's rapid economic development in the past four decades, new social strata have emerged with new demands and aspirations. Education and expanded employment opportunities, government subsidies and assistance, travel, immigration, and television...
Lebanon-Lords of the Lebanese Marches: Violence and Narrative in an Arab Society
Lords of the Lebanese Marches: Violence and Narrative in an Arab Society, by Michael Gilsenan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. xv + 310 pages. Maps to p. 321. Notes to p. 360. Bibl. to p. 365. Index to p. 377. $55 cloth; $22 paper. The...
Libya-Etat et Societe En Libye
Etat et Societe en Libye, by Moncef Djaziri. Paris: Editions L'Harmattan, 1996. 269 pages. Bibl. to p. 284. n.p. Reviewed by Dirk Vandewalle Very few observers 'of Libya in the last decade have proven to be both dispassionate and knowledgeable about...
Modern History and Politics-Islam and Democracy
Islam and Democracy, by John L. Esposito and John O. Voll. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. 202 pages. Notes to p. 220. Further Reading to p. 223. Index to p. 232. $45 cloth; $17.95 paper. Reviewed by As'ad AbuKhalil Amid the plethora...
Palestine and Palestinians-An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s
An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s, by Dror Ze'evi. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. xii + 195 pages. Notes to p. 235. Bibl. to p. 247. Indicies to p. 258. $24.95 paper. Reviewed by Haim Gerber A book-long study...
Palestine and Palestinians-Comrades and Enemies: Arab and Jewish Workers in Palestine, 1906-1948
Comrades and Enemies: Arab and Jewish Workers in Palestine, 1906-1948, by Zachary Lockman. Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1996. xvi + 440 pages. Notes to p. 418. Bibl. to p. 431. Index to p. 440. $60 cloth; $25 paper. Reviewed by...
Palestine and Palestinians-Palestinian Peasants and Ottoman Officials: Rural Administration around Sixteenth-Century Jerusalem
Palestinian Peasants and Ottoman Officials: Rural Administration Around Sixteenth-Century Jerusalem, by Amy Singer. Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press, 1994. xvii + 131 pages. Appends. to p. 157. Notes to p. 190. Bibl. to p. 197. Index...
Palestine and Palestinians: Women, Property and Islam: Palestinian Experiences, 1920-1990
Women, Property and Islam: Palestinian Experiences, 1920-1990, by Annelies Moors. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. xi + 260 pages. Refs. to p. 268. Index to p. 274. $59.95 cloth; $19.95 paper. Reviewed by Sheila H. Katz This is one of the...
Philosophy and Religion-Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought
Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought, by Daniel W. Brown. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. x + 141 pages. Notes to p. 168. Bibl. to p. 178. Index to p. 185. $49.95. Reviewed by Bruce Borthwick For Muslims, the Sunna...
Syria-Why Syria Goes to War: Thirty Years of Confrontation
Why Syria Goes to War: Thirty Years of Confrontation, by Fred H. Lawson. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1996. xvi + 181 pages. Notes to p. 217. Index to p. 222. $29.95. Reviewed by Max L. Gross This volume is another in the series of "Cornell...
The Advent of Electoral Democracy in Morocco? the Referendum of 1996
The 1996 constitutional referendum in Morocco was unprecedented in its establishment of a directly elected Chamber of Representatives. For the first time, a chamber of Parliament will be open to direct suffrage. To be sure, the conduct of future elections...

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.