The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 1, Winter

Algeria: State and Private Sector in Algeria: The Politics of Rent-Seeking and Failed Development
ALGERIA State and Private Sector in Algeria: The Politics of Rent-Seeking and Failed Development, by Bradford L. Dillman. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. xii + 136 pages. Notes to p. 137. Refs. to p. 155. Index to p. 167. Tables. Abbrevs. $55. Reviewed...
A Practical Line: The Line of Withdrawal from Lebanon and Its Potential Applicability to the Golan Heights
This article examines how the United Nations created a "line of withdrawal" to confirm the departure of Israeli forces from Lebanon. The process by which this line -known popularly as the "Blue Line" - came into being was controversial, probably inconsistent...
Arab-Israeli Conflict: Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT Sacred Landscape: the Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948, by Meron Benvenisti. Tr. by Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2000. ix + 340 pages. Notes to p. 352. Index...
Biography: The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution
The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution, by Abbas Milani. Washington, DC: Mage Publishers, 2000. xvii + 399 pages. Notes to p. 383. Index to p. 399. $29.95. Reviewed by James A. Bill Amir `Abbas Hoveyda lived in...
Bourguiba and Bourguibism Revisited: Reflections and Interpretation
Habib Bourguiba's political career spanned six decades, roughly half as leader of the Tunisian nationalist movement and half as President of independent Tunisia. A portrait of his leadership style, relying largely on his own statements, show him to have...
Chronology: Afghanistan
Afghanistan See also, Regional Affairs 2000 July 22: The Washington Post reported that in a Kabul sports stadium, at the first public execution since November, the brother of a murder victim cut the convicted murderer's throat. [7/22 WPI Aug. 3: After...
Chronology: Algeria
See also. Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 July 17: In the first visit by a European head of state since the coup of 1991, Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar arrived in Algeria, to discuss economic cooperation between...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov. The date in the source information refers to the...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 July 17: The Moscow-based news agency ITAR-- TASS reported that Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze had arrived in London, for a meeting with British Prime Minister Tony Blair...
Chronology: Information Technology
Information Technology See also, Turkey 2000 July 18: The Yemeni cabinet announced that it had awarded two global systems for mobile (GSM) licenses, to Egypt-based Orascom telecom and a consortium of Lebanon's Libancell and the local Shahen `Abdel-Haq....
Chronology: Iran
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs 2000 July 15: Iran successfully test-fired the Shahab-3, a ballistic missile with range capabilities of 800 miles. [7/16 NYT, WP, 7/17 FT,...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Regional Affairs 2000 Aug. 11: The London-based Middle East Economic Digest reported that on I August, the head of the UN "oil-for-food" program, Benon Sevan, had arrived in Baghdad for a 17-day tour of facilities. [8/11 MEED] Aug. 12: Iraqi...
Chronology: Israel
2000 July 31: In Jerusalem, by a vote of 63 to 57, the Knesset elected Moshe Katsav, an Iranian-born member of the Likud Party, as President. He defeated former Prime Minister Shimon Peres. [8/1 NYT, FT, WSJ, WP, 8/11 MEED] In Jerusalem, the Knesset...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Syria 2000 July 20: In Beirut, a military court sentenced to prison terms of between three and 15 years 26 former South Lebanese Army (SLA) fighters who had been accused of collaborating with Israel....
Chronology: Pakistan
2000 July 16: In Hyderabad, a bomb exploded on a Karachi-bound train, killing ten and injuring 35. [717 WP, 7/19 FBIS] The Financial Times reported that military leader General Pervez Musharraf had issued a decree reinstating the Islamic provisions of...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
2000 July 27: The Iranian company Petro-Pars signed a $3.8 million deal with the Italian energy group Eni for development of the South Pars natural gas field, located in the Gulf. [7/28 FT, WSJ, 8/11 MEED] July 28: The London-based Middle East Economic...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
2000 July 17: Agence France Presse (AFP) reported that in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, a bomb had exploded in the residence of the Pakistani Ambassador to Afghanistan, `Aziz Khan. There were no injuries. [7/19 FBIS] July 18: The Amman-based Jordan...
Chronology: Sudan
2000 July 27: Salah Idris, owner of the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical plant in Khartoum, filed a $50 million suit with the US Court of Claims, as compensation for the 20 August 1998 bombing of his plant by the US military. [7/27 FT, 7/28 WSJ] Aug. 9: Sudanese...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Regional Affairs, Iraq 2000 Aug. 10: The government overrode a veto by President Ahmed Necdet Sezer and approved a decree that would enable officials to dismiss those government workers suspected of ties to Kurdish separatists. [8/11 WP] Aug....
Editor's Note
This issue provides, I hope, a veritable, smorgasboard of food for thought. The articles cover a wide range of subjects and countries. Some are as timely as the headlines, and others look back over some of the men and myths that have formed the modern...
Iran: Resistance to the Shah: Landowners and Ulama in Iran
Resistance to the Shah: Landowners and Ulama in Iran, by Mohammad G. Maid. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2000. viii + 351 pages. Appends to p. 371. Notes to p. 395. Gloss. to p. 398. Index to p. 415. n.p. Reviewed by Amir Ismail Ajami...
Jordan: State Interests and Public Spheres: The International Politics of Jordan's Identity
JORDAN State Interests and Public Spheres: The International Politics of Jordan's Identity, by Marc Lynch. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. xii + 270 pages. Notes to p. 317. Index to p. 327. $49.50 cloth; $18.50 paper. Reviewed by Curtis R....
Kuwait: Stories of Democracy: Politics and Society in Contemporary Kuwait
KUWAIT Stories of Democracy: Politics and Society in Contemporary Kuwait, by Mary Ann Tetreault. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. xv + 238 pages. Notes to 282. Bibl. to 298, Index to 309. $18.50 paper. Reviewed by Paul Aarts In most Arab countries,...
Language and Literature: Scattered like Seeds: A Novel
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE Scattered Like Seeds: A Novel, by Shaw J. Dallal. With a Foreword by John B. Harcourt and Introduction by Muhammad Hallaj. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1998. xvii + 335 pages. n.p. Reviewed by Charles E Butterworth...
Language and Literature: The Politics of Writing in Iran: A History of Modern Persian Literature
The Politics of Writing in Iran: A History of Modern Persian Literature, by Kamran Talattof. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. xi + 181 pages. Notes to p. 218. Bibl. to p. 233. Index to p. 250. n.p. Reviewed by Nasrin Rahimieh The Politics...
Modern History and Politics: Allenby and British Strategy in the Middle East, 1917-1919
Allenby and British Strategy in the Middle East, 1917-1919, by Matthew Hughes. London: Frank Cass, 1999. xvi + 163 pages. Notes to p. 189. Bibl. to p. 213. Index to p. 224. $57.50. Reviewed by Harold E. Raugh, Jr. Numerous studies of the First World...
Modern History and Politics: A Middle East Mosaic: Fragments of Life, Letters, and History
A Middle East Mosaic: Fragments of Life, Letters, and History, by Bernard Lewis. New York: Random House, 2000. xxv + 428 pages. Appends. to p. 441. Index to p. 466. $35. Reviewed by Ray L. Cleveland The premise assumed in much of Professor Lewis' scholarly...
Modern History and Politics: Arab Nation, Arab Nationalism
Arab Nation, Arab Nationalism, ed. by Derek Hopwood. London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 2000. x + 204 pages. $65. Reviewed by William L. Cleveland This slim volume consists of ten essays, each of which was originally presented as one of the annual George Antonius...
Modern History and Politics: Palestine: A Twice-Promised Land? Volume 1: The British, the Arabs & Zionism, 1915-1920
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Palestine: A Twice-Promised Land? Volume 1: The British, the Arabs & Zionism, 1915-1920, by Isaiah Friedman. London and New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2000. lxxvii + 282 pages. Notes to 363. Appends. to p....
Modern History and Politics: Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine 1917-1948
Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine 1917-1948, by Naomi Shepherd. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000. xiv + 250 pages. Notes to p. 282. Index to p. 290. $28. Reviewed by John J. McTague Over the past 30 years, literally hundreds...
Oman: Oman under Qaboos: From Coup to Constitution, 1970-1996
Oman Oman Under Qaboos: From Coup to Constitution, 1970-1996, by Calvin H. Allen and W. Lynn Rigsbee, II. London: Frank Cass, 2000. xix + 227 pages. Appends. to p. 236. Bibl. to p. 244. Index to p. 251. $57.50, Reviewed by J.E Peterson The Sultanate...
Palestine and Palestinians: The Palestinian Hamas
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS The Palestinian Hamas, by Shaul Mishal and Avraham Sela. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. xi + 171 pages. Appends. to p. 199. Notes to p. 226. Bibl. to p. 235. Index to p. 244. n.p. Reviewed by Marion Boulby This...
Philosophy , Religion, and Science: Islam in America
PHILIOSHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE Islam in America, by Jane I. Smith. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. xvi + 203 pages. Chron. to p. 207. Notes to p. 214. Gloss. to p. 218. Resources to p. 226. Index to p. 251. $18.50 paper. Reviewed by Frederic...
Re-Thinking the Islamic Republic: A 'Conversation' with Ayatollah Hossein 'Ali Montazeri'
Ayatollah Hossein `Ali Montazeri, a high-ranking political and religious cleric, lies at the center of the conflict now raging over religious interpretation in Iran. Once named to succeed Ayatollah Khomeini, Montazeri has been under house arrest since...
Russian Policy toward the Middle East: The Yeltsin Legacy and the Putin Challenge
Given its greatly weakened geopolitical position after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Moscow has had to reorient its foreign policy. Displaying increasing concern about the newly independent states of Central Asia and the TransCaucasus, which many...
Syria: Demographic Developments and Population Policies in Ba'thist Syria
SYRIA Demographic Developments and Population Policies in Ba'thist Syria, by Onn Winckler. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 1999. xv + 158 pages. Notes to p. 183. Appends. to p. 187, Bibl. to p. 208. Index to p. 218. $100. Reviewed...
The Political Mythology of the Battle of Karameh
The March 1968 battle of Karameh was a conflict with limited military importance fought primarily between the Israelis and Jordanians with some Palestinian guerrilla participation. Despite the limited guerrilla role, this battle, nevertheless, became...
Turkey: A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States
TURKEY A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States, by Heinz Kramer. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2000. xv + 248 pages. Notes to p. 293. Index to p. 304. $18.95. Reviewed by Henri Barkey Heinz Kramer has accomplished...
Turkey: Dimensions of Western Foreign Direct Investment in Turkey
Dimensions of Western Foreign Direct Investment in Turkey, by Ekrem Tatolu and Keith W. Glaister. London and Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 2000. xvi + 181 pages. Append. to p. 186. Bibl. to p. 205. Index to p. 211. $67.50. Reviewed by Mine Eder Couched...
Turkey: Secularism and Revivalism in Turkey: A Hermeneutic Reconsideration
Secularism and Revivalism in Turkey: A Hermeneutic Reconsideration, by Andrew Davison. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998. viii + 196 pages. Append. to p. 203. Notes to p. 242. Bibl. to p. 264. Index to p. 270. $37.50. Reviewed by Sabri Sayari...
Turkey: Turkey Today: A Nation Divided over Islam's Revival
Turkey Today: A Nation Divided over Islam's Revival, by Marvine Howe. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. xv + 284 pages. Notes to p. 295. Sel. bibl. to p. 300. Index to p. 310. $26. Reviewed by Metin Heper This essay comes up with two diametrically opposed...
Women: Getting God's Ear: Women, Islam and Healing in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf
WOMEN Getting God's Ear: Women, Islam and Healing in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf, by Eleanor A. Doumato. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. Illust. xii + 233 pages. Append. to p. 243. Notes to p. 283. Bibl. to p. 303. Index to p. 312. $45 cloth;...
Women: Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East
Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East, ed. by Lila AbuLughod. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998. ix + 285 pages. Notes to p. 287. Contribs. to p. 290. Index to p. 300. $55 cloth; $16.95 paper. Reviewed by Hoda Elsadda...
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