The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 54, No. 3, Summer

A "Pan-Arab Virtual Think Tank": Enriching the Arab Information Environment
Information technology (IT) is a key to development in the age of globalization. This article spells out some of the implications and problems associated with the explosive, if belated, growth of IT in the Arab world. It offers some suggestions on how...
Biography: Ismet Inonu and the Making of Modern Turkey
ismet inoni and the Making of Modern Turkey, by Faruk Logoglu. Ankara: Ajans-Turk Basin ve Basym A.S., 1998. vii + 248 pages. n.p. Faruk Logoglu is a senior Turkish ambassador currently serving in Ankara as the Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign...
Biography: The Making of an Egyptian Arab Nationalist: The Early Years of Azzam Pasha, 1893-1936
The Making of an Egyptian Arab Nationalist: The Early Years of Azzam Pasha, 1893-1936, by Ralph M. Coury. Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 1998. viii + 472 pages. Appendix to p. 486. Bibl. to p. 511. Index to p. 528. L35. Reviewed by Vernon Egger The book...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Regional Affairs, Iran, Pakistan 2000 Jan. 17: UN Secretary General Kofi Annan appointed Assistant Secretary General Francesc Vendrell as special envoy to Afghanistan, replacing former envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, who...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
See also, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon 2000 Jan. 16: Citing lack of time as the reason, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak postponed a transfer to Palestinian National Authority (PNA) control of a further 6.1 percent...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 Jan. 18: In the Moskovsky section of the AfghanTajik border, 102 miles southeast of Dushanbe, Russian guards clashed with drug traffickers. The guards seized and confiscated 3 kilograms of heroin. [1/19...
Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 Jan. 16: The Cairo-based Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported that in Cairo, Egyptian Foreign Minister `Amr Musa had received French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine for talks...
Chronology: Information Technology
2000 Jan. 21: The London-based Middle East Economic Digest reported that US-based Clarus Corporation, a Business-to-Business (B2B) E-commerce provider, would extend its operations into the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. [1/21 MEED] Jan....
Chronology: Iran
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Iraq 2000 Jan. 16: In Tehran, publishers of the dailies Fath, `Asr-a Azadegan, and Sobh-a Emrouz appeared in court for publishing remarks by Ayatollah Hossein `Ali Montazeri. [1/28 MEED] The...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran 2000 Jan. 17: UN Secretary General Kofi Annan appointed Rolf Ekeus to head the newly created UN Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) inspection team in Iraq. Russia, China,...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Confict, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Jordan, Lebanon 2000 Jan. 20: Attorney General Elyakim Rubenstein ordered criminal investigations to be conducted on Israeli President Ezer Weizman on charges...
Chronology: Lebanon
Lebanon See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Israel 2000 Jan. 18: Beirut Radio reported that members of the Amal movement had attacked the Bra'shit post, which had served as a gathering for South Lebanese Army (SLA) forces. No injuries...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Regional Affairs 2000 Jan. 17: At Pakistan Square in Karachi, a bomb explosion killed eight people. The Al-Nawaz group had claimed responsibility for the explosion, calling it the "first gift of the new century for General Musharraf." [1/18...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Lebanon 2000 Jan. 18: The New York Times reported that the Damascus-based Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine had decided to rejoin the Executive Committee of the Palestine...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
2000 Feb. 2: Egyptian Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy signed an agreement with the Turkish government that would provide for the yearly export to Turkey of 8 million cubic meters of gas. (2/18 MEED] Feb. 9: The London daily Financial Times reported that...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
2000 Jan. 18: Agence France Presse (AFP) reported that the Mujahedin-e Khalq, based 30 miles north of Basra, had accused Iran of an attack on one of its camps near the southern Iraqi city of Al-Kut. [1/19 FBIS] In Ankara, Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal...
Chronology: Sudan
See also, Regional Affairs 2000 Jan. 24: In an effort to isolate National Islamic Front leader Hassan al-Turabi, President `Umar al-Bashir replaced his cabinet, advisors, and nearly all state governors, leaving intact 15 former members of the cabinet,...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 Jan. 17: In Istanbul, police killed one and took into custody two Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) fighters, following a clash in Beykoz, a town straddling...
Counting Nodes and Counting Noses: Understanding New Media in the Middle East
In order to understand the effects of the information revolution we need significantly more data along three lines of inquiry. The first is quantitative data, so we can understand who is using what medium, what they are watching and reading, and how...
Information Technology, Trust, and Social Change in the Arab World
Western assessments often suggest that the emergence of satellite television broadcasting, the Internet and other new media in the Middle East will profoundly change the political and social realities of the region. Such predictions may underestimate...
Iran: Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran: The Outset of the Diaspora
Comprehensive History of The Jews of Iran: The Outset of the Diaspora, by Habib Levy. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 1999. xix + 551. Gloss. to p. 554. Bibl. to p. 564. Index to p. 597. n.p. This work is an abridgment of Dr. Habib Levy's (1896-1984)...
Iran: Revolutionary Iran: Civil Society and State in the Modernization Process
Revolutionary Iran: Civil Society and State in the Modernization Process, by Masoud Kamali. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Co., 1998. xx + 275 pages. Notes to 298. Gloss. to 302. Bibl. to 311. Index to 318. $68.95. Reviewed by Asef Bayat This ambitious...
Iran: Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran
Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran, by Ervand Abrahamian. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999. vii + 228 pages. Notes to p. 256. Bibl. to p. 272. Index to p. 279. $45 cloth; $16.95 paper. As a social history...
Iraq: The Other Kurds: Yazidis in Colonial Iraq
The Other Kurds: Yazidis in Colonial Iraq, by Nelida Fuccaro. London and New York: LB. Tauris Publishers, 1999. xiii + 170 pages. Notes to 207. Bibl. to 221. Index to 230. $55. Reviewed by Peter P. Garretson In this book, Nelida Fuccaro helps to fill...
Israel: Dialogue, Conflict Resolution and Change: Arab-Jewish Encounters in Israel
Dialogue, Conflict Resolution and Change: Arab-Jewish Encounters in Israel, by Mohammed Abu-Nimer. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1999. xxiii + 199 pages. $17.95 paper. Reviewed by Lily Polliack Mohammed Abu-Nimer puts the Arab-Jewish...
Israel: Israel and the Western Powers, 1952-1960
Israel And The Western Powers, 195 1960, by Zach Levey. Chapel Hill, NC and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1997. xi + 203 pages. Append. to p. 140. Tables to p. 148. Notes to p. 192. Bibl. to p. 197. Index to p. 203. $39.95. Reviewed...
Jordan: The Muslim Brotherhood and the Kings of Jordan, 1945-1993
The Muslim Brotherhood and the Kings of Jordan, 1945-1993, by Marion Boulby. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1999. xix + 160 pages. Index to p. 169. $44.95. The Muslim Brotherhood in the Arab world has received a great deal of attention in recent years...
Libya: Libya since Independence: Oil and State-Building
Libya since Independence: Oil and StateBuilding, by Dirk Vandewalle. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 1998. xxix + 190 pages. Bibl. note to p. 201. Sel. bibl. to p. 218. Index to p. 226. $16.95 paper. Reviewed by Ronald Bruce St John...
Modern History and Politics: Curzon and British Imperialism in the Middle East, 1916-1919
Curzon and British Imperialism in the Middle East, 1916-1919, by John Fisher. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1999. xvi + 301 pages. Appends. to p. 322. Bibl. to p. 332. Index to p. 342. $64.50. Reviewed by Jacob Abadi In this interesting book,...
Modern History and Politics: Heroirc Diplomacy: Sadat, Kissinger, Carter, Begin and the Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace
Heroic Diplomacy: Sadat, Kissinger, Carter, Begin and the Quest for ArabIsraeli Peace, by Kenneth W. Stein. New York and London: Routledge, 1999. xiv + 268 pages. Append. to p. 274. Notes to p. 311. Bibl to p. 320. Index to p. 324. $24.99 paper. Reviewed...
Modern History and Politics: Islam, Liberalism, and Human Rights
Islam, Liberalism, and Human Rights, by Katerina Dalacoura. London and New York: LB. Tauris, 1999. viii + 209 pages. Bibl. to p. 231. Index to p. 238. $19.95 paper. Reviewed by Susan Waltz For more than a decade, there has been an intellectual debate...
New Media and the Information Revolution in the Arab World: An Assessment
The information revolution in the Arab world, while initially limited to the elites, has transformed political discourse in the region in the space of a few years. Beginning with the spread of pan-Arab newspapers published simultaenously in several cities,...
New Media, Globalization and Kuwaiti National Identity
The growth and spread of new information media is often seen as part of the globalization of culture, but in fact local cultural traditions are often adapted to the new media. Field research on the new media in Kuwait demonstrates that despite the availability...
New Media, New Politics? from Satellite Television to the Internet in the Arab World / New Media in the Muslim World: The Emerging Public Sphere/ Arabizing the Internet
New Media, New Politics? From Satellite Television to the Internet in the Arab World, by Jon Alterman. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1998. Policy Paper No. 48. xiv + 80 pages. n.p. New Media in the Muslim World: The Emerging...
Palestine and Palestinians: Resignation or Revolt: Socio-Political Development and the Challenges of Peace in Palestine
Resignation or Revolt: Socio-Political Development and the Challenges of Peace in Palestine, by Christopher Parker. London and New York: LB. Tauris Publishers, 1999. vii + 210 pages. Notes to p. 248. Bibl to p. 255. Index to p. 260. $59.50. Reviewed...
Palestine and Palestinians: The Transformation of Palestinian Politics: From Revolution to State-Building
The Transformation of Palestinian Politics: From Revolution to State-Building, by Barry Rubin. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1999. xi + 201 pages. Appends. to p. 219. Notes to p. 266. Gloss to p. 268. Bibl to p. 277. Index to p....
Philosophy, Religion, and Science: Moderate and Radical Islamic Fundamentalism. the Quest for Modernity, Legitimacy, and the Islamic State
Moderate and Radical Islamic Fundamentalism. The Quest for Modernity, Legitimacy, and the Islamic State, by Ahmad S. Moussalli. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 196 pages. Notes to p. 214. Bibl. to p. 242. Index to p. 249. $49.95....
Philosophy, Religion, and Science: Narratives of Islamic Orgins: The Beginnings of Islamic Historical Writing
Narratives of Islamic Origins: The Beginnings of Islamic Historical Writing, by Fred M. Dormer. Princeton, NJ: The Darwin Press, 1998. xv + 358 pages. $29.95. Reviewed by Muhammad Qasim Zaman This work represents a major contribution to early Islamic...
Producers and Middle East Internet Technology: Getting beyond "Impacts"
The spread of the Internet in the Middle East involves networks of technology actors. Because of the social character of the Internet, developers are particularly important: theirs are among the first values built into Internet technology, and because...
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia: The Shape of a Client Feudalism
Saudi Arabia: The Shape of a Client Feudalism, by Geoff Simons. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998. xvi + 415 pages. $35. Reviewed by Kamran M. Dadkhah The main thesis of this book is that Saudi Arabia is a despotic country that not only denies its people...
Syria: Ambiguities of Domination: Politics Rhetoric and Symbols in Contemporary
Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric and Symbols in Contemporary Syria, by Lisa Wedeen. Chicago, IL and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1999. xi + 160 pages, with 28 illustrations. Notes to p. 210. Bibl. to p. 230. Index to p. 244....
Syria: Authoritarianism in Syria: Institutions and Social Conflict 1946-1970
Authoritarianism in Syria: Institutions and Social Conflict 1946-1970, by Steven Heydemann. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999. x + 218 pages. Index to p. 226. n.p. Reviewed by Fred H. Lawson Authoritarianism in Syria offers an accessible overview...
Syria: Syria Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics
Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics, by Hanna Batatu. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999. xviii + 329 pages. Tables to p. 353. Notes to p. 390. Bibl, to p. 403. Index to p. 414. $49.50. Hanna...
Tunisia: (Islam and Freedom: The Historic Misunderstanding)
Islam et Liberte: Le malentendu historique (Islam and Freedom: The Historic Misunderstanding), by Mohamed Charfi. Paris: Albin Michel, 1999. 250 pages. Notes to p. 269. Contents to p. 273. 98 ff. Reviewed by Kamel Labidi Arab intellectuals who are bilingual...

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