The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 61, No. 3, Summer

ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oral Poetry & Narratives from Central Arabia: Voices from the Desert, Vol. 5
ARABIAN PENINSULA Oral Poetry & Narratives from Central Arabia: Voices from the Desert, Vol. 5, by P. Marcel Kurpershoek. Gloss. Indices. List of Recordings. Leiden, The Netherlands and Boston, MA: Brill, 2005. xxiv + 421 pages. $178.Reviewed by...
Arab Intellectuals and the Bush Administration's Campaign for Democracy: The Case of the Greater Middle East Initiative
This article considers how Arab intellectuals represent the United States and American foreign policy in their editorial contributions to Arabic newspapers. As a case study, it examines Arab intellectuals' reactions to the George W. Bush Administration's...
ARMENIANS: A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility
ARMENIANS A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility, by Taner Akçam. Tr. by Paul Bessemer. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2006. x + 376 pages. Map. Notes to p. 464. Index to p. 483. $30.Reviewed by Edward J. EricksonElizabeth...
A Survey of Arab-Israeli Relations
A Survey of Arab-Israeli Relations (3rd edition). London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2006. ix + 538 pages. Select bibl. to p. 55 1 . $230.A he unsteady course of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations up to 2000, the acceleration of Israeli colonization in...
AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND MEMOIRS: Infidel
Infidel, by Ayaan Hirsi Ali. New York: Free Press, 2007. xii + 354 pages. $26.Reviewed by Wolfgang G. SchwanitzAyaan Hirsi Ali's radical critique on Islam was a wake up call in die Nedierlands that culminated in the murder of the Dutch filmmaker Theo...
AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND MEMOIRS: Once upon A Country: A Palestinian Life
AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND MEMOIRS Once Upon A Country: A Palestinian Life, by Sari Nusseibeh with Anthony David. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007. 534 pages. Notes to p. 542. Acknowledgments. $27.50.Reviewed by Elaine C. HagopianThis memoir by Sari...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also PakistanJan. 17: Captured Taliban spokesman Muhammad Hanif alleged during an interrogation by Afghan authorities that the head of the Taliban, Mullah Muhammad 'Umar, was living in southwestern Pakistan under the protection of the Inter-Services...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSAl-Jazeera, Aljazeera.netAN, ArabicNews.comBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCBS, www.cbs.comCNN, www.cnn.comThe Daily StarDaily TimesFox NewsThe GuardianGN, Gulf NewsHaaretzThe HeraldJP, The Jerusalem PostMagharebia.comMEO, Middle East OnlineNYT, New York...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also Pakistan, Petroleum AffairsFeb. 3: A cooperation agreement was signed between Georgia and the United States to combat the proliferation and smuggling of radioactive and nuclear materials. The accord stipulated that the US provide Georgian experts...
Chronology: Egypt
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Palestinian AffairsJan. 18: Egypt charged 'Abd al-Kareem Nabil Soliman with offending Islam and provoking sectarian conflict after criticizing the Egyptian government and Islamic authorities in his online blog. In 2006,...
Chronology: Iran
See also Iraq, Israel, Palestinian Affairs, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, United Arab EmiratesJan. 16: In a previously unprecedented public rebuke of Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad's political authority, 150 Iranian Members of Parliament...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Regional Affairs, Syria, TurkeyJan. 16: The UN reported that during 2006, 34,452 Iraqi civilians were killed and 36,685 wounded in acts of violence that were principally sectarian. The report further stated that the Iraqi...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Egypt, Lebanon, Palestinian Affairs, Regional AffairsJan. 16: Israeli Defense Force (IDF) Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Dan Halutz resigned. The resignation came in anticipation of the approaching conclusions of the Winograd...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Israel, SyriaJan. 19: The Lebanese army found 75 Grad missiles in a flourmill in the southern Lebanese village of Al-Biri. The missiles, which most likely belonged to the Jama' Al-Islamiya group, had been hidden near the...
Chronology: Morocco
See also Petroleum AffairsJan. 23: In a news conference in Rabat one week before a global conference in Paris on the death penalty, a human rights coalition called on Morocco to become the first Arab country to abolish the death sentence. The death penalty...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also AfghanistanJan. 16: Pakistani authorities reported that they had killed an estimated 25 insurgents in an early morning air strike in the northwestern province of South Waziristan. Local residents claimed that there were fewer casualties than...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Libya, Regional AffairsJan. 18: The Palestinian Journalists Syndicate, which represented hundreds of journalists, called for an emergency conference to address the growing number of attacks on Palestinian journalists and...
Chronology: Sudan
Jan. 19: South Darfur police and security officials raided an NGO compound in Nyala, arresting 20 people including UN, AU, and NGO staff gathered for a social event. The UN launched a formal investigation into the incident after five were assaulted and...
Chronology: Turkey
See also Egypt, Petroleum AffairsFeb. 6: A man suspected of being al-Qa'ida's chief operative in Turkey was arrested in the central Anatolian town of Konya. The operation followed a simultaneous action in seven different cities throughout Turkey tiiat...
Chronology: Yemen
Jan. 22: Forty-five Yemeni Jews left their homes in the Sa'ada province of Yemen after reportedly receiving threats. The threats, which demanded that the Jews leave their homes within ten days or face death, robbery, and abduction, were attributed to...
Communications
The JOURNAL welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
Editor's Note
The 40th Anniversary of the June 1967 Arab-Israeli war (the Six Day War) produced a number of new books and the usual journalistic reflections; it has become something of a commonplace assertion that so many of the problems of today stem from that war...
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: Filming the Modern Middle East: Politics in the Cinemas of Hollywood and the Arab World
EDUCATION AND MEDIA Filming the Modern Middle East: Politics in the Cinemas of Hollywood and the Arab World, by Lina Khatib. London, UK and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2006. viii + 209 pages. Bibl. to p. 227. Filmography to p. 231. Indexes to p. 242. $74.95...
EGYPT: Liberalism without Democracy: Nationhood and Citizenship in Egypt, 1922-1936
EGYPT Liberalism without Democracy: Nationhood and Citizenship in Egypt, 1922-1936, by Abdeslam M. Maghraoui. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006. xx + 148 pages. Notes to p. 169. Sel. bibl. to p. 179. Index to p. 192. $74.95 cloth; $21.95 paper.Reviewed...
EGYPT: Muslim Rebels: Kharijites and the Politics of Extremism in Egypt
Muslim Rebels: Kharijites and the Politics of Extremism in Egypt, by Jeffrey T. Kenney. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. xi + 184 pages. Notes to p. 205. Bibl. to p. 216. Index to p. 221. $45.Reviewed by James JankowskiThe 7th century Muslim...
Hamas in Power
This article challenges the static approach to Hamas as a simple fundamentalist organization by analyzing its political documents. It shows that Hamas' Islamist ideology has not prevented it from moving from fundamentalism to radicalism. Hamas has innovated...
IRAN: Iran's Nuclear Ambitions
Iran's Nuclear Ambitions, by Shahram Chubin. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006. xx + 148 pages. Chron. Notes to p. 204. Gloss, to p. 208. Index to p. 222. Figures. $32.95 cloth; $12.95 paper.Reviewed by Paul KerrAs the...
IRAN: Jasmine and Stars: Reading More Than Lolita in Tehran
Jasmine and Stars: Reading More than Lolita in Tehran, by Fatemeh Keshavarz. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2007. x + 165 pages. Index top. 174. $24.95.Reviewed by Nasrin RahimiehJasmine and Stars is a passionate and poetic...
Islam, Sovereignty, and Democracy: A Turkish View
In this article, some conceptual and empirical relations between Islam, sovereignty, and democracy will be examined, with comparisons to Christianity. In the first part of the article, the historical conditions of the formation of the dualist (Christianity)...
ISRAEL: The Pursuit of Peace and the Crisis of Israeli Identity: Defending/Defining the Nation
ISRAEL The Pursuit of Peace and the Crisis of Israeli Identity: Defending/Defining the Nation, by Dov Waxman. New York: Palgrave, 2006. viii + 198 pages. Notes to p. 243. Index to p. 254. $69.95.Reviewed by Ilan PelegThis is a highly important book for...
KURDS: The Kurds in Iran: The Past, Present and Future
KURDS The Kurds in Iran: The Past, Present and Future, by Kerim Yildiz and Tanyel B. Taysi. London, UK and Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press, 2007. ix + 117 pages. Notes to p. 128. Index to p. 134. $40.Reviewed by Michael M. GunterSenior author Kerim Yildiz...
LEBANON: An Enchanted Modern: Gender and Public Piety in Shi'i Lebanon
LEBANON An Enchanted Modern: Gender and Public Piety in Shi'i Lebanon, by Lara Deeb. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press, 2006. ix + 232 pages. Gloss, to 233. Refs. to p. 249. Index to 263. $60 cloth, $24.95 paper.Reviewed by Anne...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Faith in Moderation: Islamist Parties in Jordan and Yemen
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Faith in Moderation: Islamist Parties in Jordan and Yemen, by Julian Schwedler. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. xxi + 2 1 5 pages. Refs. to p. 244. Index to p. 252. $80 cloth; $19.99 paper.Reviewed...
MOROCCO: Murder in Marrakesh: ÉMile Mauchamp and the French Colonial Adventure
MOROCCO Murder in Marrakesh: Émile Mauchamp and the French Colonial Adventure, by Jonathan G. Katz. Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press, 2007. xv + 278 pages. Notes to p. 347. Index to p. 358. $29.95.Reviewed by Moshe GershovichMost...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Failing Peace: Gaza and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Failing Peace: Gaza and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, by Sara Roy. London, UK and Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press, 2007. xxiii + 332 pages. Notes to p. 368. Index to p. 379. $85 cloth; $24.95 paper.Reviewed by Rex BrynenSince...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION AND SCIENCE: Journey into Islam: The Crisis of Globalization
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION AND SCIENCE Journey into Islam: The Crisis of Globalization, by Akbar Ahmed. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2007. x + 285 pages. Notes to p. 301. $28.95.Reviewed by Charles E. ButterworthAkbar Ahmed is well known and...
Recent Publications
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICTOrigins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict [revised edition], by Ann M. Lesch. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006. xxvii + 125 pages. Maps. Chron. Photo essay. Bios, to p. 147. Primary docs, to p. 171. Gloss, to p. 179....
SAUDI ARABIA: Ad Hoc Arabism: Advertising Culture and Technology in Saudi Arabia
Ad Hoc Arabism: Advertising Culture and Technology in Saudi Arabia, by Roni Zirinski. New York, NY: Peter Lang. 2005. xiv+ 176 pages. $24.95.Reviewed by Uri RamAdvertising, according to Roni Zirinski, is "a machine that creates culture" (p. 128). The...
SAUDI ARABIA: Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation
SAUDI ARABIA Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices From a New Generation, by Madawi Al-Rasheed. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. xxi + 262 pages. Notes to p. 291. Bibl. to p. 302. Index to p. 308. $30.Reviewed by Steffen...
Testing the Logic of Unilateral Withdrawal: Lessons from the History of the Labor Zionist Movement
The combination of pessimism regarding the possibility of a negotiated settlement and a recognition that maintaining the status quo in the Occupied Territories is impossible has led leading Israeli policymakers to advocate a policy of unilateral withdrawal....
TURKEY: Between Islam and the State: The Politics of Engagement
TURKEY Between Islam and the State: The Politics of Engagement, by Berna Turam. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007. xi + 164 pages. Notes to p. 200. Bibl. to p. 216. Index to p. 223. $21.95 paper.Reviewed by Binnaz ToprakBerna Turam's book...
What the Axis of Evil Metaphor Did to Iran
This article focuses on the Axis of Evil metaphor that was used by President George W. Bush in his State of the Union Address in 2002 to represent Iran, Iraq, and North Korea. After describing "axis" as a metonym for fascism and Nazism, and "evil" as...

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