The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 65, No. 2, Spring

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT-Palestine in Pieces: Graphic Perspectives on the Israeli Occupation
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT Palestine in Pieces: Graphic Perspectives on the Israeli Occupation, by Kathleen and Bill Christison. London, UK: Pluto Press, 2009. $19.95.Reviewed by Elaine C. HagopianKathleen Christison and her late husband, Bill, have produced...
Border Pedagogy in Israel
Sense of geographical place is an essential element in students' understanding of their own place in the world. For a country such as Israel, with numerous neighbors with which it has had contentious relations, the idea of place and especially the conception...
Chronology-Afghanistan/Algeria/Bahrain/Egypt/Iran/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Lebanon/Libya/Mauritania/Morocco/Oman/Pakistan/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Sudan/Syria/Tunisia/Turkey/United Arab Emirates/Yemen
See also IranOct. 17: The preliminary results of the September 18 parliamentary elections scheduled to be announced on October 17 were postponed due to suspicions of voting fraud. The Afghan Independent Election Commission expected that votes from 430...
Chronology-Arab-Israeli Conflict
See also Israel, Palestinian AffairsOct. 17: Palestinian President Mahmud 'Abbas declared that if Palestinians were able to establish a state from pre-1967 borders, they would be willing to renounce all historic claims against Israel. The Palestinian...
Chronology-Central Asia and the Caucasus
Oct. 27: Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev met in the southern Russian city of Astrakhan to discuss the need for confidence-building measures as well as a peace settlement in the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh....
Editor's Note
This issue is dedicated to the memory of Ambassador Richard B. Parker, 1923-2011, third Editor of The Middle East Journal.The dramatic, revolutionary changes that have rocked the Middle East since the appearance of our last issue have caught veteran...
EGYPT-Egypt on the Brink: From Nasser to Mubarak
EGYPT Egypt on the Brink: From Nasser to Mubarak, by Tarek Osman. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2010.Reviewed by James JankowskiIt is hard to imagine a timelier book than Egypt on the Brink. Written as a guide for the general public,...
Exacerbating Social Cleavages: The Media's Role in Israel's Religious-Secular Conflict
This article challenges the traditional model of the media as a positive agent for political socialization. The increasing variety of news sources has reversed the role of the media, contributing to growing cultural fragmentation, rather than the unification...
IRAN-The Shah
IRAN The Shah, by Abbas Milani. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. $30.Reviewed by Fereshteh Nouraie-SimoneReading Abbas Milani's compelling biography The Shah is a rewarding yet dispiriting journey, as it might be for its author. In an engaging narrative...
ISRAEL-Out of the Frame: The Struggle for Academic Freedom in Israel
ISRAEL Out of the Frame: The Struggle for Academic Freedom in Israel, by Ilan Pappe. London: Pluto, 2010. £14.99.Reviewed by Matthew HughesIn 2007, Israeli "new" historian Ilan Pappe left his long-standing academic post at the University of Haifa to...
KURDS-The Passion and Death of Rahman the Kurd: Dreaming Kurdistan
KURDS The Passion and Death of Rahman the Kurd: Dreaming Kurdistan, by Carol Prunhuber. Trans. by Ellen Porter. New York and Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, Inc., 2009. $24.95 paper.Reviewed by Michael M. GunterOn July 13, 1989, Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou -...
LEBANON-In the Shadow of Sectarianism: Law, Shi'ism, and the Making of Modern Lebanon
LEBANON In the Shadow of Sectarianism: Law, Shi'ism, and the Making of Modern Lebanon, by Max Weiss. Cambridge, MA and London, UK: Harvard University Press, 2010. $39.95.Reviewed by Mark D. WeltonThe religious, political, legal, and cultural landscape...
LIBYA-The Origins of the Libyan Nation: Colonial Legacy, Exile and the Emergence of a New Nation-State
LIBYA The Origins of the Libyan Nation: Colonial Legacy, Exile and the Emergence of a New Nation-State, by Anna Baldinetti. London and New York: Routledge, 2010. $130.Reviewed by Jacques RoumaniSituated in a strategic position on the Mediterranean between...
OMAN-An Arabian Utopia: The Western Discovery of Oman
OMAN An Arabian Utopia: The Western Discovery of Oman, by Alistair Hamilton. London: Oxford University Press for the Arcadian Library, 2010.Reviewed by J.E. PetersonThis is a coffee table book with real heft, both in weight and price, and, almost as...
OMAN-Oman Emerges: An American Company in an Ancient Kingdom
Oman Emerges: An American Company in an Ancient Kingdom, by Lois M. Critchfield. Vista, CA: Selwa Press, 2010. $29.95.Reviewed by Calvin H. Allen, Jr.Lois Critchfield is a former Central Intelligence Agency employee who worked in Jordan, Lebanon, and...
Recent Publications
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICTDisputed Land: A Geopolitical Perspective on the Israel-Palestine Conflict, by Elisha Efrat. Jerusalem: ABC Publisher, 2010. Efrat's book describes and analyzes the geopolitical situation of the disputed land that Israelis and Palestinians...
Reinterpreting Authoritarian Power: Syria's Hereditary Succession
When Hafiz al-Asad died in 2000, his son Bashar became Syria's president. By examining an unresolved inconsistency in the leading accounts about Syria's succession, this article reveals the limitations of single-person rule analysis as the causal explanation...
SOCIAL CONDITIONS-Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East
SOCIAL CONDITIONS Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East, by Asef Bayat. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010. $21.95.Reviewed by Zain AbdullahWorks on the Middle East and Muslims are in no short supply. And the recent...
The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria, 1945-1958: Founding, Social Origins, Ideology
This article examines the founding, social origins, and ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood in Syria from 1945 to 1958. The organization was influenced ideologically by the original Egyptian Brotherhood, but its founding was essentially an independent...
The Winner Takes All: The 1949 Island of Rhodes Armistice Negotiations Revisited
Why is there no peace between Israel and the Palestinians? This article draws the line all the way back to the very first Arab-Israeli negotiations. In 1949, on the Island of Rhodes, UN mediator Ralph Bunche negotiated an armistice agreement between...
TURKEY-Blood, Beliefs and Ballots: The Management of Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey, 2007-2009
Blood, Beliefs and Ballots: The Management of Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey, 2007-2009, by Robert Olson. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2009. $35.Reviewed by David RomanoRobert Olson's book seeks to gauge the Turkish state's attempts to manage...
TURKEY-The Young Turk Legacy and Nation-Building: From the Ottoman Empire to Atatürk's Turkey
The Young Turk Legacy and Nation- Building: From the Ottoman Empire to Atatürk's Turkey, by Erik J. Zürcher. London and New York: I.B. Taurus, 2010. $99 cloth; $30 paper.Reviewed by Michael E. MeekerAfter two centuries of relentless decline, the Ottoman...
TURKEY-Turkey, Islam, Nationalism, and Modernity: A History, 1789-2007
TURKEY Turkey, Islam, Nationalism, and Modernity: A History, 1789-2007, by Carter Vaughn Findley. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2010.Reviewed by Metin HeperThis is an ambitious monograph and, on the whole, well achieves its goal: coming...
"War of Narratives"
From Empathy to Denial: Arab Responses to the Holocaust, by Meir Litvak and Esther Webman. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009. $95.The Arabs and the Holocaust: The Arab-Israeli War of Narratives, by Gilbert Achcar. Translated by G.M. Goshgarian....

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