The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 52, No. 3, Summer

After Such Knowledge, What Forgiveness?: My Encounters with Kurdistan
After Such Knowledge, What Forgiveness?: My Encounters with Kurdistan, by Jonathan C. Randal. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997. 319 pages. Notes to p. 341. Bibl. to p. 345. Index to p. 356. $25. Reviewed by George S. Harris The Kurds have had...
Basic Freedoms in a Fractured Legal Culture: Egypt and the Case of Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd
The modernization of law in the Arab world, which began in the nineteenth century, has created a dichotomy between the European-based laws in the constitutional, commercial and criminal law fields and the Islamic and other religious laws which continue...
Bridging the Gap across the Atlantic: Europe and the United States in the Persian Gulf
Disagreement has emerged between the United States and the European Union over the policies needed to achieve certain goals in the Persian Gulf about which there is a general consensus on both sides of the Atlantic. Causes for disagreement include different...
China and the Persian Gulf: Energy and Security
Energy cooperation is the dominant aspect of expanding relations between China and the Persian Gulf countries. Propelling this is China's increasing reliance on Gulf oil imports. In pursuing its objectives in the Gulf, China has encountered as many challenges...
Chronology: Afghanistan, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
see also. Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Petroleum Affairs 1998 Jan. 20: Hizb-i-Islam sources reported that the president of the United Nations Security Organization, Allen Brent Berls, and the UN humanitarian aid observer, Alfred Sestari, met with...
Chronology: Algeria, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
1998 Jan. 19: A European Union (EU) delegation composed of junior ministers from the past, present and upcoming holders of the EU rotating presidency, including Derek Fatchete, secretary of state in the British foreign office, George Wohlfart of Luxembourg,...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov. The date in the source information refers to the...
Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
see also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan Jan. 17: In the Tursunzade region of Tajikistan, in the west, 70 former rebel fighters voluntarily handed over their arms to Presidential Guard forces in return for amnesty. [1/21 FBIS] Jan....
Chronology: Cyprus, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
See also, Regional Affairs 1998 Jan. 19: Sotos Zakkhaios, Cyprus' representative to the United Nations, asked UN secretary-general Kofi Annan to prevent Turkey from violating Cypriot airspace. [1/21 FBIS] Jan. 23: In Moscow, Cyprus and Russia signed...
Chronology: Egypt, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
1998 Jan. 21: The Antiquities Council announced plans to tear down 65 homes built on government land near the Valley of the Kings, in Upper Egypt. The council also announced that the government had built a new village for displaced residents. However,...
Chronology: Iran, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
1998 Jan. 16: During Friday prayers at Tehran University, Ayatollah `Ali Khamene'i ruled out any dialogue with the US government but praised President Muhammad Khatami for his overture to the American people during his televised interview with the Cable...
Chronology: Iraq, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
See also, Regoinal Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Turkey 1998 Jan. 16: American William Scott Ritter, Jr. and his 16-member UN Security Council Special Commission (UNSCOM) weapons inspection team left Baghdad, departing...
Chronology: Israel, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Jordan, Lebanon 1998 Jan. 18: The state-owned electricity supplier, Israel Electric Corporation (IEC), approved its first unlimited credit framework with a European Bank, Deutsche Morgan Grenfell, to...
Chronology: Jordan, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
1998 Jan. 26: The Supreme Court revoked the press law, passed in May 1997, that increased newspapers' minimum capital, calling it unconstitutional. [1/27 FT] Feb. 10: The interior minister, Nadhir Rashid, banned pro-Iraq rallies. [2/11 FBIS, 2/14 NYT]...
Chronology: Lebanon, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
See also, Regional Affairs, Isreal 1998 Jan. 16: Lebanese security officials reported that Israel had launched an air raid near Nabatiyya, in the south, after Hizballah forces had killed three Israeli soldiers in the area. [1/17 WP] Jan. 30: In Baalbek,...
Chronology: Pakistan, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan 1998 Jan. 16: In Lahore, police arrested 65 Shi'ite activists, who allegedly had taken part in riots on 12 January. [1/21 FBIS] Jan. 21: Karachi Dawn reported that along the "line of control"...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
1998 Jan. 16: In Akmola, Kazakstan, the Kazakstan State Investment Committee and the Mangistaumunaygaz oil and joint-stock company of Kazakstan signed contracts to extract carbonates from 15 oil and gas deposits in the Mangistau region of Kazakstan....
Chronology: Regional Affairs, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
1998 Jan. 17: In the Rabiyya district of Amman, unknown attackers entered the home of an Iraqi businessman, Sami George Thomas, killing him and seven other people, including Hikmet alHajun, the number two official at the Iraqi Embassy in Jordan. [1/19...
Chronology: Turkey, January 16, 1998-April 15, 1998
see also, Perroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Cyprus, Iraq 1998 Jan. 16: The Constitutional Court banned the Welfare Party "because of evidence confirming its actions against the principles of the secular republic." The court also banned seven party...
Civil Society and Democratic Transformation in the Arab World
Civil Society and Democratization in Morocco, by Azzedine Layachi. Cairo: Ibn Khaldun Center, 1995. 195 pages. Append. to p. 197. Notes to p. 211. Bibl. to p. 221. n.p. Al-Urdun, by Mustafa al-Hamarna. Cairo: Ibn Khaldun Center, 1995. 153 pages. Notes...
Contemporary Egyptian Art / Modern Islamic Art: Development and Continuity
Contemporary Egyptian Art, by Liliane Karnouk. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1995. vii + 132 pages. Notes to p. 130. Index to p. 132. n.p. Modern Islamic Art: Development and Continuity, by Wijdan Ali. Gainesville: University Press of Florida,...
Democratization and the Islamist Challenge in the Arab World
Democratization and the Islamist Challenge in the Arab World, by Najib Ghadbian. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997. xv + 150 pages. Bibl. to p. 159. About the Book and Author to p. 161. Index to p. 171. $50. This volume is a welcome addition and a valuable...
Fabricating Israeli History: The 'New Historians'
Fabricating Israeli History: The `New Historians,' by Efraim Karsh. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass and Co., 1997. xii + 205 pages. Index to p. 210. $35 cloth; $17.50 paper. Since the mid-1980s a group of Israeli scholars known as the "new historians"...
Fighting World War Three from the Middle East: Allied Contingency Plans, 1945-1954
Fighting World War Three from the Middle East: Allied Contingency Plans, 19451954, by Michael J. Cohen. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1997. xv + 329 pages. Append. to p. 330. Bibl. to p. 339. Index to p. 349. $24. Reviewed by George H. Quester...
Islam and Human Ideology
Islam and Human Ideology, by Samih Atef El-Zein. Tr. by Elsayed M.H. Omran. London and New York: Kegan Paul International, 1996. xxv + 365 pages. Notes to p. 375. $76.50. There are several ways by which a non-Muslim Westerner who does not know the original...
Jordan and the Rise and Fall of the Arab Cooperation Council
This article examines Jordan's role in the creation of the Arab Cooperation Council (ACC), from its origins to its sudden demise in the turmoil of the 1990-91 Gulf crisis and war. The analysis focuses on three key factors in Jordan's foreign policy,...
Notes from the Minefield: United States Intervention in Lebanon and the Middle East, 1945-1958
Notes From the Minefield: United States Intervention in Lebanon and the Middle East, 1945-1958, by Irene L. Gendzier. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. xxii + 378 pages. Notes to p. 422. Bibl. to p. 444. Index to p. 470. $39.95. This is a comprehensive...
Overcoming Tradition and Modernity: The Search for Islamic Authenticity
Overcoming Tradition and Modernity: The Search for Islamic Authenticity, by Robert D. Lee. Boulder, CO and Oxford: Westview Press, 1997. viii + 195 pages. Bibl. to p. 207. Index to p. 216. $62. The most important virtue of Overcoming Tradition and Modernity...
Politics and Islam in Contemporary Sudan
Politics and Islam in Contemporary Sudan, by Abdel Salam Sidahmed. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. xiv + 226 pages. Notes to p. 242. Index to p. 249. $55. For the past ten years. the Sudan has been in the international spotlight as a result of its...
Politics without Process: Administering Development in the Arab World
Politics without Process: Administering Development in the Arab World, by Jamil E. Jreisat. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1997. xx + 244 pages. Bibl. to p. 253. Index to p. 259. $52. Jamil E. Jreisat has written an eloquent yet saddening...
Red Sea Security and the Geopolitical-Economy of the Hanish Islands Dispute
This paper examines the global, regional and national geopolitical and economic dimensions of the Eritrea-Yemen conflict over the Hanish Islands, and the implications of this conflict for security in the southern Red Sea region. For Eritrea and Yemen...
Struggle for the Holy Land: Arabs, Jews and the Emergence of Israel
Struggle for the Holy Land: Arabs, Jews and the Emergence of Israel, by William Hare. Lanham, MD and London: Madison Books, 1995. viii + 464 pages. Notes to p. 479. Bibl. to p. 484. Index to p. 497. $29.95 Reviewed by Kenneth Cragg Described in the blurb...
The Arabs: Myth and Reality
The Arabs: Myth and Reality, by Gerald Butt. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 1997. 312 pages. Notes to p. 321. Index to p. 330. $18.95 paper. Reviewed by Clovis Maksoud This is an important book that discusses Arab intellectuals, social activists and...
The Dual Nature of Islamic Fundamentalism
The Dual Nature of Islamic Fundamentalism, by Johannes J.G. Jansen. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997. xvii + 180 pages. Notes to p. 191. Index to p. 198. $29.95. This book seeks to employ "a theologian's outlook to understand what fundamentalism...
The Forbidden Modern: Civilization and Veiling
The Forbidden Modern: Civilization and Veiling, by Nilufer Gole. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996. 140 pages. Notes to p. 159. Bibl. to p. 167. Index to p. 173. $42.50 cloth; $15.95 paper. The Forbidden Modern was originally published in...
The Kurds and the Future of Turkey / the Kurdish Question and Turkey: An Example of a Trans-State Ethnic Conflict
The Kurds and the Future of Turkey, by Michael Gunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. vii + 136 pages. Notes to p. 165. Bibl. to p. 174. Index to p. 184. $45. The Kurdish Question and Turkey: An Example of a Trans-state Ethnic Conflict, by Kemal...
The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States
The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States, by Terry Lynn Karl. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. xviii + 244 pages. Tables to p. 274. Notes to p. 297. Bibl. to p. 331. Index to p. 342. $55 cloth; $22 paper. This important book promises...
The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate
The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate, by Wilferd Madelung. Cambridge, NY and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1997. xviii + 387 pages. Bibl. to p. 393. Index to p. 413. $69.95. Reviewed by Elton L. Daniel This erudite, complex,...
The United States and Iran: In the Shadow of Musaddiq
The United States and Iran: In the Shadow of Musaddiq, by James F. Goode. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. xiii + 190 pages. Appends. to p. 192. Notes to p. 220. Bibl. to p. 230. Index to p. 235. $39.95. Reviewed by John P. Miglietta James F. Goode's...
Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers under French Rule
Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers under French Rule, by Zeynep Celik. Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1997. xiv + 193 pages. Notes to p. 220. Bibl. to p. 226. Index to p. 236. $40. Algiers was occupied by the French...
War in the Gulf, 1990-91
War in the Gulf, 1990-91, by Majid Khadduri and Edmund Ghareeb. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. x + 268 pages. Notes to p. 294. Index to p. 299. $30. Reviewed by Louay Bahry The two authors of this book are well-known writers in the field of...
Women and the War Story / Reconstructed Lives: Women and Iran's Islamic Revolution
Women and the War Story, by Miriam Cooke. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. x + 300 pages. Notes to p. 322. Bibl. to p. 348. Index to p. 367. $50 cloth; $18.95 paper. Reconstructed Lives: Women and Iran's Islamic Revolution, by Haleh Esfandiari....
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