The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 54, No. 4, Autumn

A Lake beyond the Wind
A Lake Beyond the Wind, by Yahya Yakhlif. Tr. by M. Jayyusi and C. Tingley. New York: Interlink Books, 1999. 215 pages. $12.95. The idea of al-watan, or the Arab nation, goes like this: before colonialism moved in and dismantled it out of spite, there...
Arabs at the Crossroads: Political Identity and Nationalism
Arabs at the Crossroads: Political Identity and Nationalism, by Hilal Khashan. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xi + 149 pages. Notes to p. 166. Bibl, to p. 180. Index to p. 189. $49.95. Hilal Khashan, Professor of Political Science at...
Armed Islamist Movements and Political Violence in Algeria
This article investigates the formation of the principal armed Islamist groups in Algeria-the GIA and AIS-and their justification for armed struggle. Furthermore, it investigates the extent of Islamist involvement in the violence witnessed in Algeria...
Changed Identities: The Challenge of the New Generation in Saudi Arabia
Changed Identities: The Challenge of the New Generation in Saudi Arabia, by Mai Yamani. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2000. xxii + 149 pages. Append. to p. 165. Bibl. to p. 170. $19.95 paper. Saudi Arabia contains more than one-fourth...
Chronology: Afghanistan
2000 Apr. 16: In Badakhshan, in northeastern Afghanistan, a bomb explosion killed six and injured 13. No one claimed responsibility for the bombing. [417 FBIS] The Pakistan-based Jang reported that Taliban officials had arrested Akhtar Muhammad Mansoori,...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
See also, Palestinian Affairs, Israel, Lebanon, Syria 2000 Apr. 16: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak stated that Israel would not seek to annex al-'Aizariya and Abu Dis, two towns near Jerusalem, claiming that the annexations "serve[d] neither the security...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Afghanistan 2000 Apr. 16: In Almaty, Kyrgyzstan, US Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright met with Kyrgyzstani President Askar Akayev, and pledged US aid in combating drug trafficking and arms smuggling in the region,...
Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Regional Affairs 2000 Apr. 17: In Alexandria, visiting Chinese President Jiang Zemin met with Egyptian President Husni Mubarak to discuss bilateral relations. [4/18 FBIS] Apr. 18: At the headquarters...
Chronology: Information Technology
2000 Apr. 17: Sweden-based Ericsson announced that it had been chosen to expand Iran's national mobile telephone network from 400,000 to 1.1 million lines. [4/28 MEED) Apr. 18: The Saudi Press Agency reported that Saudi Telecommunications Company had...
Chronology: Iran
Iran See also, Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan 2000 Apr. 17: Judiciary Chief Mahmud Hashemi Sharoudi removed Gholamhusayn Rahbarpour as head of the Revolutionary Courts, and replaced him with `Ali Mobasheri, former Tehran appeals...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon 2000 Apr. 17: The publication Hatzofe reported that in Tel Aviv, at a ceremony held at Likud Party headquarters, Chairman Ari'el Sharon had stated that neither...
Chronology: Jordan
2000 April 20: In Amman, a military prosecutor opened the trial of 15 suspected followers of Saudi dissident Usama bin Ladin. The 28 suspects, 13 of which had been sentenced in absentia, were accused of conspiring to attack tourist sites throughout Jordan....
Chronology: Lebanon
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Israel 2000 Apr. 19: After a Supreme Court ruling, the Israeli government released 13 of the 15 Lebanese prisoners who had been held as "bargaining chips" for missing Israeli soldiers....
Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan 2000 Apr. 18: Chief Prosecutor Raja Qureshi appealed the 6 April life sentence handed to former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for his alleged hijacking of a Karachi-bound commercial plane, and...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
2000 Apr. 26: The New York Times reported that the United Nations had fined the Royal Dutch/Shell Oil Company $2 million, after US sailors had stopped one of the company's Russian tankers on 5 April. The tanker had allegedly been carrying Iraqi oil,...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
2000 Apr. 16: At the Egyptian Presidential Palace in Heliopolis, Pakistani military leader General Pervez Musharraf met with Egyptian President Husni Mubarak to discuss bilateral relations between the two countries. (4/17 FBIS] Apr. 17: In Tehran, Yemeni...
Chronology: Syria
2000 May 16: Bath Party officials stated that former Prime Minister Mahmud al-Zu`bi's assets had been frozen in connection with an investigation of possible misuse of funds. [5/16 NYT, 612 MEED] May 21: Former Prime Minister AI-Zu`bi committed suicide....
Dialogues in Arab Politics: Negotiations in Regional Order
Dialogues in Arab Politics: Negotiations in Regional Order, by Michael N. Barnett. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. xiii + 270 pages. Notes to p. 337. Bibl. to p. 365. Index to p. 376. $40 cloth; $17.50 paper. Dialogues in Arab Politics is...
Editor's Note
One of the pleasures of editing The Middle East Journal is the fact that, as the oldest quarterly on the contemporary Middle East, there is never any shortage of articles to choose from; in fact, at times our peer review process has been so glutted by...
Egypt at the Crossroads: Domestic Stability and Regional Role
Egypt at the Crossroads: Domestic Stability and Regional Role, ed. by Phebe Marr. Washington, DC: National Defense University, 1999. xxv + 253 pages. n.p. Although this book does not give enough attention to Egypt's future, it is a good, comprehensive...
Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923
Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923, by Efraim Karsh and Inari Karsh. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. 409 pages. $29.95. "At the time of the Muslim occupation of Palestine in the seventh century,...
French Military Rule in Morocco: Colonialism and Its Consequences
French Military Rule in Morocco: Colonialism and its Consequences, by Moshe Gershovich. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass Publishers, 2000. xvii + 218 pages. Sel. bibl. to g. 230. Index to p. 238. $54.50. France's relationship with its Moroccan Protectorate...
Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850-1921
Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850-1921, by Eugene L. Rogan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. xiv + 255 pages. Bibl. to p. 266. Index to p. 274. $64.95. Eugene L. Rogan's impressively-researched book is a...
Islam and Gender: The Religious Debate in Contemporary Iran
Islam and Gender: The Religious Debate in Contemporary Iran, by Ziba Mir-Hosseini. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999. xx + 305 pages. Bibl. to p. Index to p. $55 cloth; $18.95 paper. Ziba Mir-Hosseini has produced a well-informed book,...
Israel's Place in the Middle East: A Pluralist Perspective
Israel's Place in the Middle East: A Pluralist Perspective, by Nissim Rejwan. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1998. vii + 195 pages. Notes to p. 207. Index to p. 216. $49.95. This is the first book that places the Arab-Israeli conflict...
Richard Aldington and Lawrence of Arabia: A Cautionary Tale
Richard Aldington and Lawrence of Arabia: A Cautionary Tale, by Fred D. Crawford. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1998. 206 pages. Notes to p. 224. Bibl. to p. 255. Index to p. 263. $39.95. British Army Lieutenant Colonel T.E. Lawrence...
Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1880-1999
Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1880-1999, by Benny Morris. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. xiv + 669 pages. Notes to p. 710. Sel. bibl. to p. 725. Index to p. 751. $40. This is an encyclopedic account of Arab-Jewish relations...
Saharan Stasis: Status and Future Prospects of the Western Sahara Conflict
The nine-year United Nations effort to hold a "winner-take-all" referendum in Western Sahara is stalemated by fundamental differences as to who should be allowed to vote. The United Nations is pessimistic that such a vote can ever be taken, and the Secretary-General's...
Saudi Arabia and the United States: Birth of a Security Partnership
Saudi Arabia and the United States: Birth of a Security Partnership, by Parker T. Hart. ADST-DACOR Diplomats and Diplomacy Seties. Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press, 1998. xxiii + 253 pages. Notes to p. 269. Bibl. to p. 272....
Tensions in Arabia: The Saudi-Yemeni Fault Line
Tensions in Arabia: The Saudi-Yemeni Fault Line, ed. by Renaud Detalle. BadenBaden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2000. 169 pages. Maps. Annex to p. 181. DM 234, paper. In this volume, six European specialists analyze different facets of the chronically...
The Bahraini Three on St. Helena, 1956-1961
Until 1971, Britain remained a presence in the Persian/Arab Gulf, defending the small Shaykhdoms of the region, at the same time, of course, protecting British economic and political interests. It was inevitable, therefore, that as the Shaykhdoms developed...
The Birth of Israel, 1945-1949: Ben-Gurion and His Critics
The Birth Of Israel, 1945-1949: BenGurion and His Critics, by Joseph Heller. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xii + 293 pages. Append. to p. 307. Notes to p. 354. Bibl. to p. 362. Index to p. 379. $49.95. Reviewed by Miriam Joyce Based...
The End of the Islamist Insurgency in Egypt?: Costs and Prospects
The Egyptian state appears to have weathered the storm of violent Islamist opposition from al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya and Jihad which lasted from 1990 until the Luxor attack of 1997. Its successes stem in part from the internal divisions of the Islamist...
The Geopolitics of the Caspian Basin
The Geopolitics of the Caspian Basins This article examines the current geopolitical situation in the Caspian Basin and the extent to which it differs from the historical "Great Game" played by imperial powers in the previous centuries. It looks first...
The Israeli-Syrian Peace Talks: 1991-96 and Beyond
The Israeli-Syrian Peace Talks: 1991-96 and Beyond, by Helena Cobban. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1999. xv + 196 pages. Notes to p. 226. Index to p. 235. $19.95 paper. Helena Cobban's book is a straightforward, clearly written...
The Jewish State, A Century Later
The Jewish State, A Century Later, by Alan Dowty. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press,1998. xiv + 255 pages. Notes to p. 303. Bibl. to p. 331. Index to p. 337. $35. The author of this important book on Israeli society and...
The Kin Who Count: Family and Society in Ottoman Aleppo 1770-1840
The Kin Who Count: Family and Society in Ottoman Aleppo 1770-1840, by Margaret L. Meriwether. Austin, TX: Texas University Press, 1999. viii + 212 pages. Appends. to p. 234. Notes to p. 256. Bibl. to p. 268. Index to p. 278. $45 cloth; $22 paper. The...
The Ottomans in Syria: A History of Justice and Oppression
The Ottomans in Syria: A History of Justice and Oppression, by Dick Douwes. London and New York: LB. Tauris Publishers, 2000. vii + 244 pages. Gloss. to p. 221. Annexes to p. 230. Bibl. to p. 240. Index to p. 244. $55. Justice was at the core of the...
The Veil: Modesty, Privacy, Resistance
The Veil: Modesty, Privacy, Resistance, by Fadwa El Guindi. Oxford: Berg 1999. xx + 185 pages. Notes to p. 213. Bibl. To p. 234. Index to p. 242. $60 cloth; $19.50 paper. Not since Elizabeth and Robert Fernea published their classic 1979 article "A Look...
Turkey. Anglo-American Security Interests 1945-1952: The First Enlargement of NATO
Turkey. Anglo-American Security Interests 1945-1952: The First Enlargement of NATO, by Ekavi Athanassopoulou. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1999. 274 pages. Bibl. to p. 267. Index to p. 274. $59.50. This excellent seven-chapter book deals with...
Water in the Middle East: A Geography of Peace
Water in the Middle East: A Geography of Peace, by Hussein A. Amery and Aaron Wolf. Austin, TX. The University of Texas Press, 2000. xviii + 293 pages. Figures to p. 238. Tables to p. 256. Appends. to p. 272. Gloss. to p. 278. Index to p. 293. $45 cloth;...
Western Representations of the Muslim Woman: From Termagant to Odalisque
Western Representations of the Muslim Woman: From Termagant to Odalisque, by Mohja Kahf. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1999. ix + 207 pages. Notes to p. 177. Bibl. to p. 195. Index to p. 207. $35 cloth; $16.95 paper Beginning with its witty...
Women, Citizenship and Difference / Feminism and Islamic Fundamentalism: The Limits of Postmodern Analysis / A Daughter of Isis: The Autobiography of Nawal El Saadawi
Women, Citizenship and Difference, ed. by Nira Yuval-Davis and Pnina Werbner. London and New York: Zed Books, 1999. xii + 261 pages. Index to p. 271. Ser. Postcolonial Encounters. $65 cloth; $22.50 paper. Feminism and Islamic Fundamentalism: The Limits...
Women, Work & Islamism: Ideology and Resistance in Iran
Women, Work & Islamism: Ideology and Resistance in Iran, by Maryam Poya. London and New York: Zed Books, 1999. xvii + 186 pages. $55. This book, which is divided into seven chapters, traces Iranian women's resistance to state oppression and patriarchal...

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