The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 49, No. 2, Spring

Algeria -- le Drame Algerien: Un Peuple En Otage / Histoire De l'Algerie Depuis L'independance by Benjamin Stora
Le drame algerien: un peuple en otage, by Reporters Sans Frontieres. Paris: Editions La Decouverte, 1994. 222 pages. 110FF paper.Histoire de l'Algerie depuis l'independance, by Benjamin Stora. Paris: Editions La Decouverte, 1994. 103 pages. Biogs. to...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia1994Oct. 16: In Jalalabad, President Bomanoddin Rabbani reportedly met with members of opposition groups including Harakat-e Enqelab-e-Islami leader Mawlawi Mohammed Nabi Mohammadi, the Hezb-e-Islami leader Mawlawi...
Chronology: Algeria
Oct. 17: Muhammad Redha 'Aslaoui, the husband of former government spokeswoman Leila 'Aslaoui who resigned on 19 September to protest government negotiations with the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), was stabbed to death in his office in Algiers. [10/18...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSFBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report--Middle East & North Africa and South Asia; Western EuropeFT, The Financial TimesJP, The Jerusalem PostNYT, The New York TimesWP, The Washington PostWSJ, The Wall Street JournalArab-Israeli...
Chronology: Bahrain
1994Dec. 5: Shaykh 'Ali Salman Ahmad Salman was arrested on unspecified charges. Salman had organized a petition calling for the restoration of the elected National Assembly. Riots broke out in Bilad and al-Qadin to protest his arrest. [12/19 FBIS]Dec....
Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia
1994Oct. 19: In Istanbul, the Second Turkic Republics Summit was held, attended by Abaijan's President Haydar Aliyev, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kyrgyzstan's Resident Askar Akayev, Turkey's President Suleyman Demirel, Turkmenistan's...
Chronology: Cyprus
1994Oct. 17: In Nicosia, Dervis Eroglu was reelected head of the National Unity Party. [10/18 FBIS]Oct. 18: In Nicosia, Greek Cypriot president Glavlros Kliridhis. Turkish Cypriot president Rauf Denktas, and United Nations special representative to Cyprus...
Chronology: Egypt
Egypt1994Oct. 16: In Cairo, police shot to death alleged Islamic Group mnber Bassam Muhammad Khalil Shahin, and arrested seven people in connection with the 14 October stabbing of author Naguib Mahfouz. [10/17 FBIS, NYT]Two alleged Islamic Group members...
Chronology: Iran
IranSee also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Iraq1994Oct. 31: One hundred and thirty-four Iranian novelists, publishers, and translators published an open letter calling for the abolition of censorship...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Iran, Turkey1994Oct. 16: US officials said that Iraqi troops had resumed their withdrawal from Nasiriya following a week of US military mobilization in the region. The US action had been a response to...
Chronology: Israel
See also. Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon1994Oct. 24: The Knesset rejected by a vote of 56-51 three no-confidence motions on unspecified protests, two of which were submitted by the Likud and Moledet...
Chronology: Kuwait / Lebanon
Kuwait1994Oct. 25: The government announced it would purchase L50 million of air defense missiles from the Belfast-based aerospace company Shorts. [10/26 FT] Dec. 6: Parliament rejected an Islamist-sponsored bill to segregate male and female students...
Chronology: Pakistan
Sea also. Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Regional Affairs1994Oct. 18: Twenty-three people were killed in clashes in Karachi between the Shi'a organization Tehrik Jafria Pakistan (TJP) and the Sunni organization Sipah Sahaba Pakistan (SSP). Violence...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
1994 Oct. 17: In Ankara, Kazakhstan's president Nursultan Nazarbayev met with Turkish president Suleyman Demirel to discuss bilateral relations. [10/18 FBIS]Oct. 19: Israel and the United States urged Japan to stop funding a $1 billion hydroelectric...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
1994Oct. 16: The Dutch-owned NCM Credit Insurance, responsible for four-fifths of all British short-term export credit insurance, announced it would restrict such insurance for companies doing business in Saudi Arabia, because of Saudi Arabia's "very...
Chronology: Turkey
1994Oct. 16: In Ankara. Dogu Perincek was reelected Labor Party leader. [10/19 FBIS]Oct. 18: Prime Minister Tansu Ciller reportedly gained the support of Foreign Minister Mumtaz Soysal for her privatization plan that would sell state telephone and electricity...
Coming Back Full Circle: The Palestinian Option in 1967
This article examines and explains the initial choice of the Palestinian option made by Israeli policy makers, and the factors that led them to abandon it and to adopt the Jordanian option instead. An examination of the conditions and circumstances existing...
Flowing Streams and Arid Politics -- Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin by Miriam R. Lowi / Rivers of Eden: The Struggle for Water and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East by Daniel Hillel
Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin, by Miriam R. Lowi. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. xix + 204 pages. Appends. to p. 211. Notes to p. 270. Bibl. to p. 285. Index to p. 291. $49.95.Rivers...
Israeli-Russian Relations since the Collapse of the Soviet Union
OTHER than continental Europe, perhaps no area on the globe saw a greater transformation of Soviet foreign policy in the era of President Mikhail Gorbachev than the Middle East. When Gorbachev took power in the Soviet Union in March 1985, the Middle...
Israel -- Israel's Nuclear Dilemma by Yair Evron
Israel's Nuclear Dilemma, by Yair Evron. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994. xii + 276 pages. Notes to p. 302. Bibl. to page 314. Index to page 327. $39.95.Reviewed by George H. QuesterThis is the substantially expanded English translation of...
Language and Literature -- an Introduction to Persian by Wheeler M. Thackston
An Introduction to Persian, by Wheeler M. Thackston. Bethesda, MD: Iranbooks, 1993. xxxiv + 213 pages. Appends. to p. 249. Gloss. to p. 284. Index to p. 287. $25 paper.Reviewed by Mahvash Shahegh HaririThis book is an ambitious attempt to bring together...
Language and Literature -- Studies in the Short Fiction of Mahfouz and Idris by Mona N. Mikhail
Studies in the Short Fiction of Mahfouz and Idris, by Mona N. Mikhail. New York and London: New York University Press, 1992. xii + 150 pages. Bibl. to p. 163. Index to p. 168. $40.Reviewed by William HutchinsThe best part of this book is the author's...
Language and Literature -- the Hostage by Zayd Mukee' Dammaj and Translated by May Jayyusi and Christopher Tingley
The Hostage, by Zayd Mukee' Dammaj. Tr. by May Jayyusi and Christopher Tingley. New York: Interlink Books, 1994. 151 pages. $10.95.Reviewed by Sheila CarapicoIn this sparse little novel, Dammaj provides both a prison diary and a coming-of-age tale. The...
Modern History and Politics -- Bitter Legacy: Ideology and Politics in the Arab World by Paul Salem
Bitter Legacy: Ideology and Politics in the Arab World, by Paul Salem. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1994. xii + 276 pages. Bibl. to p. 288. Index to p. 299. $39.95.Reviewed by Antony T. SullivanIn this volume, Paul Salem analyzes the political...
Modern History and Politics -- State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East by Roger Owen
State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East, by Roger Owen. London and New York: Routledge Press, 1992. xvi + 290 pages. Bibl. to p. 295. Index to p. 302. $55 cloth; $18.95 paper.Reviewed by Don PeretzThis book, the first in a forthcoming...
Modern History and Politics -- the United States and the State of Israel by David Schoenbaum
The United States and the State of Israel, by David Schoenbaum. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. xiv + 330 pages. Notes to p. 380. Bibl. to p. 393. Index to p. 404. $39.95 cloth; $16.95 paper.One must read the introduction of David...
Palestine -- Armenians of Jerusalem: Memories of Life in Palestine by John H. Melkon Rose
Armenisns of Jerusalem: Memories of Life in Palestine, by John H. Mellron Rose. London and New York: Radcliffe Press, 1993. xvii + 275 pages. Maps to p. 282. Index to p. 291. $39.50.Reviewed by S. Peter CoweThe title's rather broad scope is a somewhat...
Palestine -- Politics and Society in Ottoman Palestine: The Arab Struggle for Survival and Power by Donna Robinson Divine
Politics and Society in Ottoman Palestine: The Arab Struggle for Survival and Power, by Donna Robinson Divine. Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1994. v + 215 pages. Index to p. 226. $38.Reviewed by Michael R. FischbachDonna Robinson Divine's...
Philosophy and Religion -- Struggling to Surrender: Some Impressions of an American Convert to Islam by Jeffrey Lang
Struggling to Surrender: Some Impressions of an American Convert to Islam, by Jeffrey Lang. Beltsville, MD: Amana Publications, 1994. ix + 245 pages. $11.75 paper.Reviewed by Greg NoakesJeffrey Lang's Struggling to Surrender is at once a personal reflection...
Philosophy and Religion -- the Gate to Perfection: The Idea of Peace in Jewish Thought by Walter Homolka and Albert H. Friedlander
The Gate to Perfection: The Idea of Peace in Jewish Thought, by Walter Homolka and Albert H. Friedlander. Providence: Berghahn Books, 1994. xv + 108 pages. Append. to p. 120. Bibl. to p. 128. $19.95.Reviewed by Kenneth CraggThere is something deeply...
Pre-20th Century History -- Rebel and Saint: Muslim Notables, Populist Protest, Colonial Encounters (Algeria and Tunisia, 1800-1904) by Julia A. Clancy-Smith
Rebel and Saint: Muslim Notables, Populist Protest, Colonial Encounters (Algeria and Tunisia, 1800-1904), by Julia A. Clancy-Smith. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994. xxiii + 265 pages. Abbrevs. to p. 268. Notes to p. 346. Gloss. to p. 350....
Russia, the West, and the Caspian Energy Hub
ALTHOUGH the Cold War has ended, geopolitical competition has not. A new, more competitive, regional international system is forming around the Caspian basin in response to declining Russian national power, rising local nationalism, and the arrival of...
Sociology -- the Making of Exile Cultures: Iranian Television in Los Angeles by Hamid Naficy
The Making of Exile Cultures: Iranian Television in Los Angeles, by Hamid Naficy. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. xviii + 198 pages. Tables to p. 226. Notes to p. 3. Bibl. to p. 263. Index to p. 283. $44.95 cloth; $18.95...
Sudan -- on Trek in Kordofan: The Diaries of a British District Officer in the Sudan, 1931-1933 by C. A. E. Lea and Edited by Martin W. Daly
On Trek in Kordofan: The Diaries of a British District Officer in the Sudan, 1931-1933, by C. A. E. Lea, ed. by Martin W. Daly. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 1994. ix f 291 pages. Maps to p. 295. Append. to p....
Syria -- Syria's Quest for Independence, 1939-1945 by Salma Mardam Bey
Syria's Quest for Independence, 1939-1945, by Salma Mardam Bey. Reading, UK Ithaca Press, 1994. xxxii + 227 pages. Append. to p. 232. Bibl. to p. 235. Index to p. 242. $55.Reviewed by Philip S. KhouryScholarship on Syria during the Second World War has...
The Kennedy Administration and the Egyptian-Saudi Conflict in Yemen: Co-Opting Arab Nationalism
In September 1962 a coup d'etat in North Yemen set the stage for a bloody and prolonged civil war in which Egypt and Saudi Arabia intervened militarily--Egypt supporting the republicans and Saudi Arabia backing the royalists. Furthermore, as the Yemen...
The October 1973 War: Kissinger in Moscow
THE first word of the Israeli counter-offensive in the Sinai Peninsula began to reach Moscow on Tuesday, 16 October 1973, the day Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin left for Cairo. According to the Soviet Military Intelligence reports and the recordings...
Women -- the Eloquence of Silence: Algerian Women in Question by Marnia Lazreg
The Eloquence of Silence: Algerian Women in Question, by Marnia Lazreg. London: Routledge, 1994. xi + 226 pages. Notes to p. 252. Bibl. to p. 260. Gloss. to p. 262. Index to p. 270. $55 cloth; $16.95 paper.Reviewed by Mary Ann TetreaultThere is an irony...
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