The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 3, Summer

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The Peace Business: Money and Power in the Palestine-Israel Conflict
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The Peace Business: Money and Power in the Palestine-Israel Conflict, by Markus E. Bouillon. London, UK: LB. Tauris, 2004. vi + 204. Bibl. to p. 231. Index to p. 325. GBP40.Markus Bouillon examines the linkage between business interests...
Chaos, Globalization, and the Public Sphere: Political Struggle in Iraq and Palestine
Much of the literature on the contemporary Middle East explores the relationship of strong, authoritarian states with Islamist groups; the professional literature also has examined the role of strong societies with weak states. There has been less study...
Chronology: Afghanistan
see also Regional AffairsJan. 16: At least 24 people were killed in two separate suicide attacks in Kandahar. A suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd in Spin Boldak, killing 20, and one Afghan soldier and three civilians were killed in an earlier...
Chronology: Algeria
Feb. 2: The Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC) announced on their website that former mosque prayer leader of the GSPC, Ahmed Zarabib, was killed on January 17 in the mountains near Toudja, a town east of the capital, Algiers. [Al-Jazeera, 2/2]Feb....
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
January 16, 2006 - April 15, 2006See also Egypt, Israel, Palestinian AffairsJan. 19: A suicide bomber blew himself up in a shopping center in Tel Aviv, injuring 30. The military wing of Islamic Jihad, the Al-Quds Brigades, claimed responsibility. Palestinian...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also Afghanistan, Petroleum AffairsJan. 24: More than 4 million people in Georgia went without heat for the third straight day after blasts destroyed a Russian pipeline supplying the country with natural gas. Emergency supplies through Azerbaijan...
Chronology: Egypt
See also Iraq, Palestinian Affairs, QatarJan. 17: US Vice President Dick Cheney met with Egyptian President Husni Mubarak in Cairo to discuss the Iraqi elections, USSyrian relations, and Iran's reconstitution of its nuclear program. [NYT, 1/17]Egypt...
Chronology: Iran
See also Central Asia and the Caucasus, KuwaitJan. 20: As tensions increased over its nuclear program, Tehran began withdrawing assets from European banks to protect its economy from the effects of possible sanctions. Although Iran claimed its nuclear...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Central Asia and the Caucasus, Iran, Jordan, Petroleum Affairs, Saudi Arabia, YemenJan. 16: US forces in Iraq released 500 Iraqi detainees who had been held without charge from three Iraqi prisons. Approximately 12,000 inmates remained in Iraqi...
Chronology: Kuwait
Jan. 15: After nearly 25 years in power, the Amir of Kuwait, Shaykh Jabir al-Ahmad Al Sabah, died prompting 40 days of mourning. In his place, Crown Prince Shaykh Sa'd al-'Abdullah Al Sabah, the heir apparent, was appointed, but there was concern about...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also Iraq, SyriaJan. 17: Thousands of pro-Syrian Lebanese protested American interference in Lebanese affairs since the withdrawal of Syrian troops near the US Embassy in Beirut. Students and political activists from 18 pro-Syrian groups, including...
Chronology: Libya
See also Jordan, UAEJan. 22: Charitable organizations from Libya, Bulgaria, the European Union, and the US agreed to contribute to an international fund to help treat Libyan children infected with HIV. The families of 426 Libyan children had sought compensation...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also Afghanistan, Petroleum AffairsJan. 17: The UN temporarily suspended operations in southwestern Pakistan after a phone call warned of an imminent al-Qa'ida attack on the world body's headquarters in the country. All UN offices were immediately...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Egypt, Information Technology, Israel, TurkeyJan. 17: Palestinian President Mahmud 'Abbas confirmed he would not enter a bid for reelection in 2009. [BBC, 1/16]The European Union (EU) suspended $42 million in aid to the...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Jan. 18: Hasan Nasrallah, the head of Hizbullah, called on Egypt and Saudi Arabia to mediate the brewing political crisis in Lebanon, and to work to decrease tensions between Lebanon and Syria. Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal said his country...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
See also Egypt, UAEJan. 26: The Saudi government withdrew its Ambassador to Denmark because of Copenhagen's refusal to punish a Danish newspaper for publishing satirical cartoons of the Prophet Muhammed. The Danish government, and the newspaper itself,...
Chronology: Sudan
See also EgyptJan. 20: Two rebel movements in Sudan's western Darfur region, the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), announced that they were merging to create a single alliance. The groups said they had agreed...
Chronology: Syria
See also Egypt, Lebanon, TurkeyJan. 18: Syria freed two of its most prominent political prisoners, Riad Seif and Mamoun al-Homsi, both former legislators who called for democratic change and an end to corruption. Both were arrested in 2001 following...
Chronology: Turkey
Jan. 20: Only eight days after his release, Turkey's highest appeals court ruled that Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who shot Pope John Paul II in 1981, should return to prison. Justice Minister Cemil Cicek argued that Agca should serve a full 10-year...
Chronology: United Arab Emirates (UAE)
Jan. 29: The UAE denounced a Danish newspaper for publishing pictures that depicted the Prophet Muhammad as an Islamic terrorist. [GN, 1/29]Jan. 30: A chain of UAE supermarkets, the Consumer Cooperative Union, began a boycott of Danish products in response...
Chronology: Yemen
Jan. 21: Five insurgents and six Yemeni soldiers died during a violent clash in Saada, a province in northern Yemen. The insurgents were loyal to Husayn Al Huthi, a Muslim cleric who led a 2004 rebellion against the government in Saada. [Al-Jazeera,...
Communications
The JOURNAL welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
Editor's Note
This issue offers a range of articles on the core Middle East region, ranging from nuclear proliferation to globalization, from the questions of Iraq and Palestine to Turkey's AKP government. If there is a common thread it may be the functioning of states...
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: Reflections in a Bloodshot Lens: America, Islam and the War of Ideas
EDUCATION AND MEDIA Reflections in a Bloodshot Lens: America, Islam and the War of Ideas, by Lawrence Pintak. London, UK: Pluto Press, 2006. xviii + 314 pages. Notes and refs. to p. 361. About the author. Index to p. 374. $85 cloth; $26.95 paper.Reflections...
EGYPT: The Egyptian Economy, 1952-2000: Performance, Policies and Issues
EGYPT The Egyptian Economy, 1952-2000: Performance, Policies and Issues, by Khalid Ikram. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2006. xvi + 317 pages. Abbrevs. Figures. Tables. Notes to p. 329. Bibl. to p. 350. Indexes to p. 360. $60.This book analyzes...
Globalization, International Finance, and Political Islam in the Arab World
This article looks at one important aspect of globalization in the Arab World, namely the provision of international finance by the US, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank in support of economic liberalization programs. This flow...
IRAN: Eternal Iran: Continuity and Chaos
IRAN Eternal Iran: Continuity and Chaos, by Patrick Clawson and Michael Rubin. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005. ix + 162 pages. Notes p. 195. Index to p. 203. $24.95.In Eternal Iran, Patrick Clawson and Michael Rubin discuss the history of modern...
IRAQ: Reclaiming a Plundered Past: Archaeology and Nation Building in Modern Iraq
IRAQ Reclaiming a Plundered Past: Archaeology and Nation Building in Modern Iraq, by Magnus T. Bernhardsson. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2006. xi + 221 pages. Notes to p. 284. Works consulted to p. 311. Index to p. 327. $45.The title and dust...
Israel and the Origins of Iran's Arab Option: Dissection of a Strategy Misunderstood
This article argues that Iran's "Arab option" - the Arab and pro-Palestinian tilt in Iran's foreign policy - did not emerge out of the ideological musings of Iran's Islamic revolutionaries, but out of Iran's new-found position of preeminence in the later...
ISRAEL: Israel and the Persian Gulf: Retrospect and Prospect
ISRAEL Israel and the Persian Gulf: Retrospect and Prospect, by Gawdat Bahgat. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2006. viii + 155 pages. Notes to p. 167. Bibl. to p. 176. Index to p. 187. $59.95.This book is a welcome addition to the historical...
KURDS: The Kurds in Syria: The Forgotten People
KURDS The Kurds in Syria: The Forgotten People, Kerim Yildiz. London, UK and Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press, 2005. vii + 124 pages. Appends, to p. 128. Notes to p. 148. Bibl. to p. 153. Index to p. 160. $55.In recent years a number of studies on the Kurds...
LAW: Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century
LAW Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century, by Rudolph Peters. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. xi + 190 pages. Maps. Gloss, to p. 196. Bibl. to p. 207. Further...
LIBYA: A History of Modern Libya/Forgotten Voices: Power and Agency in Colonial and Postcolonial Libya
LIBYA A History of Modern Libya, by Dirk Vandewalle. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. xxviii + 206 pages. Maps. Notes to p. 217. Bibl. to p. 225. Index to p. 246. $75 cloth; $23.99 paper.Forgotten Voices: Power and Agency...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Citizens Abroad: Emigration and the State in the Middle East and North Africa
Citizens Abroad: Emigration and the State in the Middle East and North Africa, by Laurie A. Brand. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. xv + 223 pages. Tables. Bibl. to p. 237. Index to p. 246. $85.Considerable scholarly attention...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Crisis and Crossfire: The United States and the Middle East since 1945
Crisis and Crossfire: The United States and the Middle East Since 1945, by Peter Hahn. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2005. xix+ 135 pages. Appendix to p. 181. Notes to p. 201. Bibl. to p. 212. Index to p. 221. $45.Americans have never been more...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Mirage: Power, Politics, and the Hidden History of Arabian Oil
Mirage: Power, Politics, and the Hidden History of Arabian Oil, by Aileen Keating. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2005.510 pages. Gloss, to p. 513. Who's Who to p. 531. Bibl. to p. 540. Index to p. 560. $28.Despite the ambitious subtitle, this lengthy...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Storm from the East
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Storm from the East, by Milton Viorst. New York: Random House, 2006. xiv +176 pages. Sources to p. 186. Index to p. 195. $21.95.Milton Viorst's latest work packs a wealth of valuable information and insight into a very slim...
Nuclear Proliferation: The Case of Saudi Arabia
Since the 1970s, the world's attention has focused on nuclear proliferation in Iran and Iraq. Very little attention has been given to nuclear proliferation in the third regional power in the Persian Gulf- Saudi Arabia. This article addresses the question...
PAKISTAN: Living Islam: Muslim Religious Experience in Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province
Living Islam: Muslim Religious Experience in Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province, by Magnus Marsden. Cambridge UK and New York: Cambridge University Press. 2006. xvi + 263 pages. Maps. Bibl. Index. $75 cloth; $29.99 paper.This book very attractively...
PAKISTAN: The Encyclopedia of Pakistan
PAKISTAN The Encyclopedia of Pakistan, ed. by Hafeez Malik and Yuri V. Gankovsky. Karachi, Pakistan, and Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2006. xv + 428 pages. Maps. Charts. Tables. Photos. Addenda to p. 432. $74.This volume originated as a project...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Mandated Landscape: British Imperial Rule in Palestine, 1929-1948
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Mandated Landscape: British Imperial Rule in Palestine, 1929-1948, by Roza I.M. El-Eini. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2006. xxxiii + 455 pages. Appends, to p. 554. Bibl. to p. 630. Index to p. 670. $75."I shudder at...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: The Palestinian National Movement: Politics of Contentions, 1967-2005
The Palestinian National Movement: Politics of Contentions, 1967-2005, by Amal Jamal. Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press, 2005. xviii + 177 pages. Notes to p. 205. Bibl. to p. 219. Index to p. 299. $50 cloth; $22.95 paper.Reading...
POLITICAL THOUGHT: Consult Them in the Matter. A Nineteenth-Century Islamic Argument for Constitutional Government. the Muqaddima (Introduction) to Ithaf AHL A-Zaman Bi Akhbar Muluk Tunis Wa 'Ahd Al-Aman (Presenting Contemporaries the History of the Rulers of Tunis and the Fundamental Pact)
POLITICAL THOUGHT Consult Them in the Matter. A Nineteenth-Century Islamic Argument for Constitutional Government. The Muqaddima (Introduction) to Ithaf Ahl a-Zaman bi Akhbar Muluk Tunis wa 'Ahd al-Aman (Presenting Contemporaries the History of the Rulers...
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Britain and the Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY Britain and the Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence, Shahbaz Shahnavaz. London, UK and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. 187 pages. Appends, to p. 224. Notes to p. 263. Bibl....
SAUDI ARABIA: Saudi Arabia in the Balance: Political Economy, Society, Foreign Affairs
SAUDI ARABIA Saudi Arabia in the Balance: Political Economy, Society, Foreign Affairs, ed. by Paul Aarts and Gerd Nonneman. London, UK: Hurst and Company, 2005; and New York: New York University Press, 2006. xvi + 455 pages. Index to p. 462. $50.The...
The Economic Policies of Turkey's AKP Government: Rabbits from a Hat?
How can we account for the priority that Turkey's "Islam-sensitive " government has placed on adhering to the IMF's prescriptions for macroeconomic stability and fiscal restraint in lieu of its electoral promises to pursue a justice-oriented social agenda...
THE SHI'A: Reaching for Power: The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World
Reaching for Power: The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World, by Yitzhak Nakash. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press, 2006. xiii +164 pages. Notes to p. 206. Further reading to p. 210. Index to p. 226. $19.95.In Reaching for Power: The...
THE SHI'A: The Shi'a of Lebanon: Clans, Parties and Clerics/The Shi'is of Jabal 'Amil and the New Lebanon: Community and Nation-State, 1918-1943
THE SHI'A The Shi'a of Lebanon: Clans, Parties and Clerics, by Rodger Shanahan. London, UK and New York: LB. Tauris, 2005. xi + 177 pages. Notes to p. 194. Index to p. 208. $75.The Shi'is of Jabal 'Amil and the New Lebanon: Community and Nation-State,...
TURKEY: Turkey, Islamists and Democracy: Transition and Globalization in a Muslim State
TURKEY Turkey, Islamists and Democracy: Transition and Globalization in a Muslim State, by Yildiz Atasoy. London, UK and New York: LB. Tauris, 2005. xii + 190 pages. Tables. Refs. to p. 214. Index to p. 227. $45.In Turkey, Islamists and Democracy, Yildiz...
Who's Sorry Now? Britain, the United States, and the Politics of the Middle East Status Quo, 1945-1967
Who's Sorry Now? Britain, the United States, and the Politics of the Middle East Status Quo, 1945-1967 Caught in the Middle East: US Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict 1945-1961, by Peter L. Hahn. Chapel Hill, NC and London, UK: University of North...
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