The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 50, No. 2, Spring

After Khomeini: New Directions in Iran's Foreign Policy
After Khomeini: New Directions in Iran's Foreign Policy, by K.L. Afrasiabi. Boulder, San Francisco, and Oxford: Westview Press, 1994. xii + 212 pages. Append. to p. 217. Bibl. to p. 231. Index to p. 244. $54.95. In this aptly titled book, K.L. Afrasiabi,...
America and the Persian Gulf: The Third Party Dimension in World Politics
America and the Persian Gulf: The Third Party Dimension in World Politics, by Steve A. Yetiv. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers, 1995. xii + 158 pages. Append. to p. 165. Bibl. to p. 175. Index to p. 180. $49.95. Steve Yetiv sees a paradox...
"A Trade like Any Other": Female Singers and Dancers in Egypt
"A Trade Like Any Other": Female Singers and Dancers in Egypt, by Karin Van Nieuwkerk. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995. v + 185 pages. Append. to p. 192. Notes to p. 206. Gloss. to p. 209. Bibl. to p. 219. Index to p. 226. $35 cloth; $15.95 paper....
Balancing Factors in Irano-Islamic Politics and Society
Every sophisticated society's stability demands maintenance of political and social balances, but it is more often an ideal than a reality. Iranian conditions require this maintenance. Rulers' ineptitude and foreign invaders' insensitivity to a prerequisite...
Cairo, Dimona, and the June 1967 War
The June 1967 War had an important nuclear dimension. While the nuclear issue was not the hidden cause of the war, nuclear-related events and considerations, on both the Arab and Israeli sides, played a more important role in the evolution of the crisis...
Central Asia: In Search of a New Political Identity
In the aftermath of the break-up of the former Soviet Union, the Central Asian leadership began formulating new policies and creating a new ideology. Basing itself on the secular, republican, Kemalist model of Turkey, it attempted to emulate Turkey's...
Chronology: Algeria
1995 Oct. 16: In Algiers, a journalist for Al-Hayat, Sa` ida Jubayli, and her driver were fatally shot by unknown assailants. [10/17 WP] Oct. 17: In Paris, a bomb exploded on an underground commuter train, wounding 29 people. French authorities suspected...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
1995 Oct. 16: The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) released Islamic Resistance Movement (HAMAS) leader Shaykh Ahmad Bahr, who had been arrested in June. [10/17 In Casablanca, PLO chairman Yasir Arafat met with Morocco's King Hasan II to discuss...
Chronology: Egypt
1995 Oct. 17: In Cairo, 3,000 students at Cairo University demonstrated against a trial being held for 49 Muslim Brotherhood members, which began on 16 September. The accused were charged with attempting to revive the organization. [10/18 FBIS] Oct....
Chronology: Iran / Iraq
1995 Oct. 22: In Buenos Aires, an unidentified assailant wounded Hasan `Ali Rajabi Yazdi, a senior Iranian diplomat. [10/23 NYT] Oct. 23: Authorities suspended the Mashhadbased daily Tus for an unspecified reason. [10/25 FBIS] An Egyptian news source...
Chronology: Israel
1995 Oct. 19: The government approved a plan by the US firm Intel to build a $1.6 billion semiconductor plant in the Negev. [10/20 NYT] Nov. 7: Acting Prime Minister Shimon Peres, who succeeded to the post after the 4 November assassination of former...
Chronology: Lebanon
1995 Oct. 17: Israeli forces shelled various areas of the Israeli self-declared "security zone," and Israeli warplanes staged mock raids over the area. [10/18 FBIS] Oct. 19: Parliament amended the constitution to allow Lebanese president Ilyas Hirawi...
Chronology: Libya / Morocco / Oman
1995 Oct. 17: The government announced it would no longer seek a seat on the United Nations (UN) Security Council, citing hostile US domination of the organization. [10/18 NYT] Nov. 4: At an unidentified location, Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni met...
Chronology: Pakistan
1995 Oct. 16: In Karachi, police arrested Nasr Husayn, brother-in-law of Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto, in connection with the slaying of former Pakistan People's Party (PPP) leader `Ali Ahmad Sumru on 15 October. [10/17 FT] Oct. 25: The Canadian...
Chronology: Qatar / Saudi Arabia
1995 Dec. 5: The Ministry of Information and Culture suspended the newspaper al-Watan for one month for publishing the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) final draft communique. [12/6 FBIS] Dec. 10: Foreign Minister Shaykh Hamad binJassim al-Thani announced...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
1995 Oct. 17: Iraq and Iran exchanged the bodies of 15 Iranian and 61 Iraqi soldiers killed during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War. [10/20 FBIS] Pakistan ordered six Afghani diplomatic officials to leave the country for an undisclosed reason. [10/18 FBIS]...
Chronology: Sudan / Syria / Tunisia
1995 Oct. 22: It was reported that the government had released nine political prisoners jailed since April 1995. [10/24 FBIS] Oct. 25: In Parajog, Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) forces clashed with government forces. [10/26 FBIS] Oct. 26: The...
Chronology: Turkey / United Arab Emirates / Yemen
1995 Oct. 16: Turkish prime minister Tansu Ciller's True Path Party (DYP) and the People's Republican Party (CHP) agreed to form an interim government until elections could be held on an unspecified date in early December. [10/17 FT] Oct. 17: Turkish...
Chronology: Western Sahara / Afghanistan
1995 Nov. 19: The Popular Front for the Liberation of Saquia al-Hamra and Rio de Oro (POLISARIO) announced that it had released to the Red Cross 185 Moroccan prisoners of war held since at least 1989. [11/20 NYT] Dec. 9: The POLISARIO rejected United...
Editor's Note
As in the previous issue of this fiftieth anniversary volume, the lead essay here takes a long-range view of its subject matter: Irano-Islamic politics and society. It delves to the heart of the matter with the insight of a scholar who has spent a long...
Gladstone's Imperialism in Egypt: Techniques of Domination
Gladstone's Imperialism in Egypt: Techniques of Domination, by Robert T. Harrison. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press, 1995. vii + 166 pages. Bibl. to p. 178. Index to p. 184. $55. Robert Harrison's thesis, often repeated in this volume, is that...
Inside the Kremlin during the Yom Kippur War
Inside the Kremlin During the Yom Kippur War,l by Victor Israelyan. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995. xix + 219 pages. Notes to p. 226. Index to p. 238. $29.95. Very late in the evening of 24 October 1973, during the last days...
Intimate Enemies: Jews and Arabs in a Shared Land
Intimate Enemies: Jews and Arabs in a Shared Land, by Meron Benvenisti. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1995. xiii + 234 pages. Notes to p. 236. Index to p. 260. $24.95. Meron Benvenisti's Intimate Enemies is a haunting...
Islamic versus Traditional Banking: Financial Innovation in Egypt
Islamic versus Traditional Banking: Financial Innovation in Egypt, by Elias G. Kazarian. Boulder, San Francisco, and Oxford: Westview Press, 1993. xv + 233 pages. Gloss. to p. 236. Interviews to p. 239. Bibl. to p. 252. Index to p. 260. $32.50 paper....
Jordan's Inter-Arab Relations: The Political Economy of Alliance Making
Jordan's Inter-Arab Relations: The Political Economy of Alliance Making, by Laurie A. Brand. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. x + 302 pages. Append. to p. 303. Notes to p. 326. Bibl. to p. 337. Index to p. 350. $17.50 paper. Reviewed by Michael...
La Tunisie a la Recherche De Sa Securite
La Tunisie a la recherche de sa securite, by Nicole Grimaud. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1995. 216 pages. Append. to p. 222. FF148. Nicole Grimaud, one of France's veteran Maghrib-watchers, puts her finger on Tunisia's strategy to preserve...
L'Europe et Les Pays Arabes Du Golfe: Des Partenaires Distants / L'Europe et la Mediterranee: Geopolitique De la Proximite
L'Europe et les pays arabes du Golfe: Des partenaires distants, by Bichara Khader. Paris and Ottignies: Publisud-Quorum-Cermac, 1994. 233 pages. Append. to p. 239. Contents to p. 244. FF174. L'Europe et la Mediterranee: Geopolitique de la proximite,...
Metaphysics as Rhetoric: Alfarabi's Summary of Plato's "Laws"
Metaphysics as Rhetoric: Alfarabi's Summary of Plato's "Laws," by Joshua Parens. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995. xxxviii + 145 pages. Notes to p. 178. Bibl. to p. 186. Index to p. 195. $17.95 paper. Abu Nasr al-Farabi (d. A.D. 950)...
Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story of the Soviet Withdrawal
Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story of the Soviet Withdrawal, by Diego Cordovez and Selig S. Harrison. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. xi + 388 pages. Append. to p. 398. Notes to p. 425. Index to p. 450. $35. Diego Cordovez is the former undersecretary...
Pakistan: 1995
Pakistan: 1995, ed. by Charles H. Kennedy and Rasul Bakhsh Rais. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995. v + 192 pages. Chron. to p. 212. Append. to p. 213. Contribs. to p. 217. Index to p. 229. $40. Edited by two professors of political science, one at Wake...
Populism and Feminism in Iran / Gender and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: The Politics of Women's Resistance
Populism and Feminism in Iran: Women's Struggle in a Male-Defined Revolutionary Movement, by Haideh Moghissi. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994. x + 190 pages. Notes to p. 206. Bibl. to p. 213. Index to p. 217. $59.95. Gender and the Israeli-Palestinian...
The Art of the Saljuqs in Iran and Anatolia: Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Edinburgh in 1982
The Art of the Saljuqs in Iran and Anatolia: Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Edinburgh in 1982, ed. by Robert Hillenbrand. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 1994. xxii + 313 pages. $65. Published 12 years after the 1982 symposium on the Saljuqs closed...
The Boundaries of Liberty and Tolerance: The Struggle against Kahanism in Israel
The Boundaries of Liberty and Tolerance: The Struggle Against Kahanism in Israel, by Raphael Cohen-Almagor. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. xv + 253 pages. Appends. to p. 260. Notes to p. 305. Bibl. to p. 318. Indices to p. 329. $34.95....
The Carrot and the Stick: Israel's Policy in Judea and Samaria, 1967-1968
The Carrot and the Stick: Israel's Policy in Judea and Samaria, 1967-1968, by Major General Shlomo Gazit. Washington, DC: B'nai B'rith Books, 1995. xii + 296 pages. Appends. to p. 306. Index to p. 316. $25 cloth; $20 paper. This book by the former head...
The KDP-PUK Conflict in Northern Iraq
This article analyzes the causes of the civil war in the Kurdish region of Iraq between Mas'ud Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Jalal Talabani's Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) that broke out in May 1994. The conflict called into question...
The Sultanate of Oman: A Twentieth Century History
The Sultanate of Oman: A Twentieth Century History, by Miriam Joyce. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers, 1995. xv + 124 pages. Bibl. essay to p. 126. Index to p. 131. $45. Miriam Joyce, an assistant professor at the University of Purdue, Calumet,...
Through Secret Channels: The Road to Oslo, Senior PLO Leader Abu Mazen's Revealing Story of the Negotiations with Israel
Through Secret Channels: The Road to Oslo, Senior PLO Leader Abu Mazen's Revealing Story of the Negotiations with Israel, by Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen). Reading, UK: Garnet Publishing, 1995. Dist. by Paul & Company, New York. 224 pages. Appends. to...
Vetluga Memoir: A Turkish Prisoner of War in Russia: 1916-18
Vetluga Memoir: A Turkish Prisoner of War in Russia, 1916-18, by Mehmet Arif Olqen. Intro. and Epilogue by Ali Nejat Ol0en. Tr. by Gary Leiser. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995. xi + 234 pages. Notes to p. 241. Biogs. to p. 244. Index to...

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