The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 66, No. 1, Winter

A Dangerous Divide: The Deterioration of Jewish-Palestinian Relations in Israel
This article examines the relations between Jewish and Palestinian-Arab citizens of Israel since the events of October 2000, when massive Arab protests and riots took place and thirteen Arab demonstrators were killed. In the decade since then Arab-Jewish...
AFGHANISTAN-Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire: Diplomacy and Strategy during the Great Game
AFGHANISTAN Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire: Diplomacy and Strategy During the Great Game, by Christopher M. Wyatt. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2011. 336 pages. $99.There is perhaps no more defining legend of Afghanistan's past than that...
Bahrain, Qatar, and the Hawar Islands: Resolution of a Gulf Territorial Dispute
The Hawar Islands dispute, resolved in 2001, is the only territorial dispute between two Arab states that has been resolved by the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Several factors played a role in influencing Qatar and Bahrain to resolve their dispute...
Chronology: Afghanistan
Aug. 6: A NATO helicopter crashed in Syedebad in Central Wardak province during a battle with the Taliban, killing 30 US soldiers, an interpreter, and seven Afghans. The Taliban claimed to have shot down the helicopter with a rocket-propelled grenade,...
Chronology: Algeria
July 18: A pipeline that carried natural gas from Algeria to Italy was hit by two explosions in northern Tunisia, near the town of Zaghouan, though the pipeline's functioning was not hindered. European energy markets relied on Algeria for about a fifth...
Chronology-Arab-Israeli Conflict
July 22: New documents released by the US State Department's history division indicated that during the Yom Kippur War of 1973, the US believed that Israel had the capability to produce "small numbers" of nuclear weapons. The belief was evidenced in...
Chronology: Bahrain
Aug. 5: In response to the July 28 raid on its premises and subsequent arrest and detention of one of its drivers and interpreters, Doctors Without Borders (DWB) announced that it would no longer operate in Bahrain. Bahraini authorities maintained that...
Chronology-Central Asia and the Caucasus
Aug. 4: Authorities in southern Kyrgyzstan allocated up to 18 hectares of land for Kyrgyz citizens living in Barak, an exclave surrounded by Uzbek territory 1.5 km from the Kygryz border, who wished to leave. Barak residents petitioned their government...
Chronology: Egypt
July 17: The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) announced that 14 of the Cabinet's 27 members were replaced, including the Mubarak-allied Ministers of Finance and Foreign Affairs. The Ministers of Justice and the Interior, whom activists blamed...
Chronology: Iran
July 23: Iranian scientist Darioush Rezai- Nejad was shot and killed in front of his home by gunmen riding motorcycles. Iran blamed American, British, and Israeli intelligence for the attack. The nature of his work was unclear; some Iranian news sources...
Chronology: Iraq
July 16: A bomb attached to a policeman's car detonated near a security checkpoint in Karbala, where Shi'a pilgrims had congregated to celebrate the anniversary of Imam Muhammad al-Mehdi's birthday. This third attack in the city in as many days killed...
Chronology: Israel
July 23: Tens of thousands of Israelis took to the streets of Tel Aviv protesting against rising housing prices and social inequalities in Israel. Protestors pitched tents and camped out in cities across Israel. In response, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu...
Chronology: Jordan
July 16: In the wake of violence the previous day that injured at least 17, Jordan announced that four policemen were detained and charged with attacking journalists, promising that the results of the investigation would be announced within 72 hours....
Chronology: Kuwait
July 25: In an effort to help drought-stricken Somalia, the Emir of Kuwait Shaykh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah donated $1 million, marking the start of a donation campaign. The president of the International Islamic Charitable Organisation called...
Chronology: Lebanon
Aug. 6: Armed clashes between rival Palestinian factions, Jund al-Sham and Fatah, broke out at the 'Ain al-Helwe Palestinian refugee camp in southern Lebanon and lasted for nearly six hours. The clashes left six wounded. The following day, residents...
Chronology: Libya
July 17: Libyan rebel forces fought street battles in the oil town of Brega in an attempt to wrest control from the government in one of the biggest offensives in eastern Libya. The town changed hands many times during the months since the rebellion...
Chronology: Morocco
Sept. 10: Nine international institutions, including the World Bank, the African Development Bank, and the Islamic Development Bank, pledged $38 billion to Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, and Jordan at a meeting of the G7 plus Russia. The loans were intended...
Chronology: Pakistan
July 19: The US charged two individuals, Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai, director of the Kashmiri American Council, and Zaheer Ahmad, with illegal lobbying in the US, having been secretly funded by the Pakistani military. An attorney related to the case said that...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
Aug. 6: Six states of the Gulf Cooperationa Council (GCC), including Saudi Arabia, broke their silence to issue a statement on the violence in Syria. They called for an immediate end to the violence and the implementation of reforms. The US estimated...
Chronology: Sudan
Aug. 2: In the first deaths for the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), a landmine killed four Ethiopian peacekeepers and wounded seven as they patrolled the village of Mabok in the disputed Abyei territory. A UN Medivac helicopter sent to...
Chronology: Syria
July 16: In Istanbul, 350 members of the Syrian opposition gathered and elected a 25-member National Salvation Council. Plans to appoint a shadow government were thwarted after a simultaneous meeting in Damascus was broken up by loyalist attacks. [Guardian,...
Chronology: Tunisia
July 16: Conflict, provoked by the previous day's violence, erupted between police and rioters in Tunis as 200 youths used gasoline bombs and set fire to a police station. The police used tear gas and fired into the air, killing one man in Sidi Bouzid....
Chronology: Turkey
Aug. 4: For the second year, Turkey refused to participate in joint naval exercises with the US and Israel in the Mediterranean Sea. Israel had suspected that Turkey would not participate. Relations between Ankara and Tel Aviv had been deteriorating...
Chronology: Yemen
July 30: Tens of thousands of supporters and opponents of Yemeni President 'Ali 'Abdullah Salih held rival protests in Sana'a after Friday prayers. Protesters had camped for months in the capital and were increasingly frustrated that six months of protesting...
EGYPT-Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History
EGYPT Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History, by Alan Mikhail. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. 380 pages. $95.This innovative book explores the interaction between the physical environment and the social...
In Defense of Al-Aqsa: The Islamic Movement Inside Israel and the Battle for Jerusalem
The past ten years have witnessed the collapse of Palestinian political authority and leadership in East Jerusalem. Evidence suggests that the Islamic Movement is beginning to fill this vacuum from within Israel. This article examines the growing involvement...
IRAN-We Lived to Tell: Political Prison Memoirs of Iranian Women
IRAN We Lived to Tell: Political Prison Memoirs of Iranian Women, by Azadeh Agah, Sousan Mehr, and Shadi Parsi. Toronto, Canada: McGilligan Books, 2007. 239 pages. $22.95.With the increasing participation of women in recent revolutions in the Middle...
IRAQ-Sectarianism in Iraq: Antagonistic Visions of Unity
IRAQ Sectarianism in Iraq: Antagonistic Visions of Unity, by Fanar Haddad. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. 296 pages. $35.Iraqi officials often deny the existence of sectarianism in Iraq. Conversely, Western analysts often view Iraq as an...
ISRAEL-A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism
ISRAEL A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism, by Daniel Byman. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 496 pages. $34.95.Daniel Byman's A High Price; The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism...
ISRAEL-The Forgotten Palestinians: A History of the Palestinians in Israel
The Forgotten Palestinians: A History of the Palestinians in Israel, by Ilan Pappe. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2011. 336 pages. £18.99.In 2004, New Left Review published an interview under the title "On Ethnic Cleansing" with the...
ISRAEL-The Israeli Economy from the Foundation of the State through the 21st Century
The Israeli Economy from the Foundation of the State through the 21st Century, by Paul Rivlin. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. 308 pages. $31.99.There are many good reasons to read Paul Rivlin's account of the recent history...
JORDAN-King's Counsel: A Memoir of War, Espionage, and Diplomacy in the Middle East
JORDAN King's Counsel: A Memoir of War, Espionage, and Diplomacy in the Middle East, by Jack O'Connell. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2011. 266 pages. $26.95.The late Jack O'Connell was a career CIA official and international lawyer who maintained...
KURDS-Kurdish Identity, Discourse, and New Media
KURDS Kurdish Identity, Discourse, and New Media, by Jaffer Sheyholislami. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 252 pages. $85.The new communication media (satellite television and the internet specifically) have increasingly affected global political...
KURDS-The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone
The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone, by Janet Klein. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011. 288 pages. $55.In this informative study, Janet Klein discusses Hamidiye Light Cavalry in the context of state-tribe relations....
LAW-Islamic Law and Civil Code: The Law of Property in Egypt
LAW Islamic Law and Civil Code: The Law of Property in Egypt, by Richard A. Debs. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. 191 pages. $50.The recent revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya have added fuel to the ongoing discussion about the appropriate...
MAGHREB-The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States
MAGHREB The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States, by Bruce Maddy-Weitzman. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2011. 304 pages. $55.Bruce Maddy-Weitzman's The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African...
MEDIA-The New Arab Journalist: Mission and Identity in a Time of Turmoil
MEDIA The New Arab Journalist: Mission and Identity in a Time of Turmoil, by Lawrence Pintak. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011. 288 pages. $92.There are perhaps three keywords that one can use to describe Lawrence Pintak's new book the New Arab Journalist:...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS-Reset Middle East: Old Friends and New Allies: Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Iran
Reset Middle East: Old Friends and New Allies: Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Iran, by Stephen Kinzer. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2010. 288 pages. $21.57 paper.In this book Stephen Kinzer argues that the US national interests would be served by...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS-The Islamic World in the New Century: The Organization of the Islamic Conference, 1969-2009
The Islamic World in the New Century: The Organization of the Islamic Conference, 1969-2009, by Ekmelleddin Ihsanoglu. 288 pages. $65.After the collapse of the bipolar system, a serious debate in the international arena to shape the new international...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS-The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East, by Andrew Scott Cooper. New York: Simon Schuster, 2011. 544 pages. $28.This is a fascinating book recounting in great detail...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS-Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza: Engaging the Islamist Social Sector
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza: Engaging the Islamist Social Sector, by Sara Roy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011. 319 pages. $35.Sara Roy's recent work on Hamas, civil society, and the Islamist social service...
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY-Arabian Seas 1700-1763
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY Arabian Seas 1700-1763, by R.J. Barendse, Four volumes. Leiden and Boston, MA: Brill, 2009. 1772 pages. $800.These four volumes are the sequel to the author's Arabian Seas 1640-1700. Rather than describing the history of the...
Recent Publications
Prepared with assistance by Elizabeth Barber, Sam Lasman, and Will Tamplin.BIOGRAPHYMy Happiness Bears No Relation to Happiness: A Poet's Life in the Palestinian Century, by Adina Hoffman. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010. $27.50. In this biography...
Redefining the Relationship: Reclaiming American Public Diplomacy from the US Military in Iraq
This article traces the US military's foray into public diplomacy (PD) in Iraq since 2003. The military initially assumed PD responsibilities, traditionally a civilian activity, in order to inform the Iraqi people about its wide-ranging reconstruction...
SAUDI ARABIA-Awakening Islam: The Politics of Religious Dissent in Contemporary Saudi Arabia
SAUDI ARABIA Awakening Islam: The Politics of Religious Dissent in Contemporary Saudi Arabia, by Stéphane Lacroix. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. 384 pages. $29.95.Saudi Arabia has a complex history of political dissent. Although rare,...
Saudi Influence on Islamic Institutions in Turkey Beginning in the 1970s
This article investigates the influence of Saudi Arabia on aspects of Islamic social, political, and economic life in Turkey. Since the 1970s, long before the rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) of today, Turkish-Saudi Arabian relations have...
Understanding Egypt's Worldly Miracles
Understanding Egypt's Worldly Miracles Review Article by Raymond William Baker The New Arab Revolt: What Happened, What It Means, and What Comes Next, by Council on Foreign Relations/Foreign Affairs. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2011. 496...
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES-Dubai: The City as Corporation
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dubai: The City as Corporation, by Ahmed Kanna. Minneapolis, MN and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2011. 262 pages. $25 paper.In recent years, media and academic attention to Dubai has been booming as the city-state has undergone...
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.