The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 4, Autumn

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: Elusive Peace: How the Holy Land Defeated America
Elusive Peace: How the Holy Land Defeated America, by Ahron Bregman. London, UK and New York: Penguin Books, 2005. xxvii + 290 pages. Maps. Illust. Notes on sources to p. 320. Index to p. 337. BP8.99.Reviewed by Clayton E. SwisherIn Elusive Peace, upon...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: Israel/Palestine
Israel/Palestine, by Alan Dowty. Cambridge, UK and Maiden, MA: Polity Press, 2005. x + 216 pages. Chron. to p. 226. Further reading to p. 240. Index to p. 246. $59.95 cloth; $29.95 paper.Reviewed by Paul L. SchamEveryone who deals professionally with...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The West Bank and the Gaza Strip: A Geography of Occupation and Disengagement
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The West Bank and the Gaza Strip: A Geography of Occupation and Disengagement, by Elisha Efrat. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2006. 206 pages. Plates. Figures. Tables. Gloss to p. 208. Bibl. top. 212. Index to p. 216. $125...
Between Palestine and Lebanon: Seven Shi'i Villages as a Case Study of Boundaries, Identities, and Conflict
This article follows the fate of the only seven Shi'i villages in Mandatory Palestine, beginning in the time of the border demarcation between Palestine and Lebanon (1919-1924) and concluding with Hizbullah's demand to retrieve their territories back...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also Regional AffairsApr. 20: Six Afghan policemen were killed by Taliban militiamen in an ambush at a checkpoint along the road between Kandahar and Herat. Four of the bodies were burned following the attack. [Al-Jazeera, 4/21]The Afghan Parliament...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSAl-BawabaAl-Jazeera, Aljazeera.netAN, ArabicNews.comBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCNN, www.cnn.comThe Daily StarDaily TimesFox NewsThe GuardianGN, Gulf NewsHaaretzIndependent OnlineInterfaxJP, The Jerusalem PostMENA ReportMEO, Middle East OnlineNYT,...
Chronology: Bahrain
See also Regional AffairsApr. 30: Masked youths attacked a Bahrain! police vehicle with Molotov cocktails in Abu Subai, west of Manama. Two policemen were injured and their vehicle was gutted in the attack. The attack came after a sound bomb went off...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also Information Technology, TurkeyApr. 19: Azerbaijan's Court for Serious Crimes convicted 16 militants suspected of being members of al-Qa'ida. One received a life sentence, while the others received terms of five to ten years. The men, who came...
Chronology: Egypt
Apr. 16: Clashes in Alexandria between Muslims and Copts continued for the third day after three knife attacks at Coptic churches on April 14. TWo thousand riot police cordoned off the Saints Church in Alexandria after a reported 200 men left after services...
Chronology: Iran
See also Palestinian Affairs, Regional Affairs, YemenApr. 21: Authorities launched a crackdown on women failing to follow the regime's definition of acceptable Islamic dress by placing approximately 200 extra police in Tehran to patrol the streets. Those...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Iran, United Arab EmiratesApr. 20: Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Ja'fari resigned his post in the face of increasing domestic and international pressure. Al-Ja'fari had been criticized for his failure to improve the security situation in the country...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Lebanon, Palestinian Affairs, SyriaMay 8: Israeli police evicted dozens of Jewish settlers from a Palestinian-owned home in Hebron. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert reiterated his determination to dismantle illegal settler outposts...
Chronology: Kuwait
(ProQuest Information and Learning: ... denotes text missing in the original.)See also Petroleum Affairs, Regional AffairsMay 15: Twenty-eight opposition members of Parliament walked out in protest against the government's move to thwart a bill that...
Chronology: Mauritania
Apr. 18: The head of Mauritania's military government stated that the deposed former President in exile in Qatar, Maaouya Ould Sif Ahmed Taya, would be allowed to return to the country, but not to participate in the presidential elections slated for...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also Regional AffairsApr. 20: Pakistan confirmed that it had killed Abu Marwan al-Suri, an associate of alQa'ida's Ayman al-Zawahiri, in the tribal region that bordered with Afghanistan. [BBC, 4/21]Apr. 29: Pakistan conducted a successful second...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Israel, JordanApr. 16: Iran pledged $50 million to the Palestinian Authority (PA) in response to the decision by the United States and the European Union to cut off aid to the new Hamasled government. Hamas officials placed...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
See also Regional AffairsApr. 22: Chinese President Hu Jintao began a three-day visit to Saudi Arabia aimed at strengthening ties between China and the Kingdom, its largest oil supplier. President Hu and King 'Abdullah signed defense, security, and trade...
Chronology: Sudan
See also IranApr. 18: The first cases of H5N1, a deadly strain of bird flu, were reported by Sudanese officials. The strain already had appeared in Egypt, where it was responsible for four deaths. [BBC, 4/18]An international investigation concluded that...
Chronology: Turkey
See also Central Asia and the CaucasusMay 1: A Turkish court rejected an appeal by prominent Armenian journalist Hrant Dink against a ruling that found him guilty of insulting Turkishness in an article on the mass killings of Armenians 90 years ago....
Chronology: Yemen
See also Regional AffairsApr. 16: Three men were killed and nine wounded in clashes between supporters of the late Shi'ite cleric Badr al-Din al-Huthi in Sana'a when the cleric's supporters were stopped by security forces as they tried to enter a mosque...
Deciphering Islamism and Terrorism
From Secularism to Jihad: Sayyid Qutb and the Foundations of Radical Islamism, by Adnan A. Musallam. Westport, CT, and London, UK: Westview Press, 2005. xiii + 204 pages. Notes to p. 234. Bibl. to p. 250. Index to p. 261. $44.95.Landscapes of the Jihad:...
Democracy, "Arab Exceptionalism," and Social Science
This article deals with a cross-national measurement methodology of democracy as it is applied to Muslim and Arab nations by Freedom House, a major research organization. The results of Freedom House's studies show that Muslim and Arab states prove comparatively...
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS: Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East, by Valerie Marcel. London, UK: Chatham House, 2006. 265 pages. Appends, to p. 294. Bibl. to p. 304. Index to p. 322. $49.91 cloth; $19.95 paper.Reviewed bv Robert LooneyThe field...
Editor's Note
This issue marks the last in Volume 60 of The Middle East Journal. The first issue appeared in January 1947, and our next issue (Volume 61, Number 1), to appear in January of 2007, will begin our anniversary year. The Middle East Institute, and its Journal,...
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: American Encounters with Arabs: The "Soft Power" of U.S. Public Diplomacy in the Middle East/Voices of the New Arab Public: Iraq, Al-Jazeera and Middle East Politics Today
EDUCATION AND MEDIA American Encounters with Arabs: The "Soft Power" of US. Public Diplomacy in the Middle East, by William A. Rugh. Westport, CT and London, UK: Praeger Security International, 2005. xvii + 198 pages. Tables. Notes to p. 211. Sel. Bibl....
EGYPT: Islamist Economics in Egypt: The Pious Road to Development
EGYPT Islamist Economics in Egypt: The Pious Road to Development, by Bjorn Olav Utvik. Boulder, CO and London, UK: Lynne Rienner, 2006. 255 pages. Bibl. to p. 282. Index to p. 287. $55.Reviewed by Elias H. TumaThe subtitle of Islamist Economics in Egypt...
EGYPT: Markets of Dispossession: NGOs, Economic Development, and the State in Cairo
Markets of Dispossession: NGOs, Economic Development, and the State in Cairo, by Julia Elyachar. Durham, NC and London, UK: Duke University Press, 2005. xiii + 279 pages. Notes to p. 243. Bibl. to p. 267. Index to p. 279. $79.95 cloth; $22.95 paper.Reviewed...
IRAN: Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope
IRAN Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope, by Shirin Ebadi with Azadeh Moaveni. New York: Random House, 2006. xvi + 216 pages. Index to p. 272. $24.95.Reviewed by Geneive AbdoThe unstated purpose of Shirin Ebadi's recently released memoir,...
IRAQ: Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism and Nationalism in Southern Iraq
Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism and Nationalism in Southern Iraq, by Reidar Visser. Munster: LIT Verlag, 2005. x + 238 pages. Gloss, to 209. Notes to p. 207. Bibl. to p. 231. Index to p. 238. $39.95.Reviewed by Hala FattahReidar Visser is a...
IRAQ: Imperial Life in the Emerald City: Inside Iraq's Green Zone
IRAQ Imperial Life in the Emerald City: Inside Iraq's Green Zone, by Rajiv Chandrasekaran. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006. 298 pages. Acknowledgements. Notes to p. 306. Index. $25.95.Reviewed by Barbara K. BodineWe do not lack for books on the Iraq...
IRAQ: Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq
Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq, by Ahmed S. Hashim. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006. xxvii + 389 pages. Notes to p. 450. Bibl. to p. 471. Index to p. 482. $29.95.Reviewed by Steven MetzThe conflict in Iraq has spawned a large and...
IRAQ: The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End
The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End, by Peter W. Galbraith. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. 224 pages. Appends, to p. 233. Cast of Characters to p. 239. A note on sources to p. 244. Acknowledgments to p. 247. Index...
IRAQ: Understanding Iraq
Understanding Iraq, by William R. Polk. New York: Harper Perennial, 2005. xviii + 213 pages. Index to p. 221. $13.95 paper.Reviewed by Judith S. YapheSubtitled The Whole Sweep of Iraqi History, from Genghis Khan's Mongols to the Ottoman Turks to the...
ISRAEL: Defending the Holy Land: A Critical Analysis of Israel's Security and Foreign Policy
ISRAEL Defending the Holy Land: A Critical Analysis of Israel's Security and Foreign Policy, by Zeev Maoz. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 2006. xii + 620 pages. Notes to p. 651. Gloss to p. 656. Refs. to p. 680. $45.Reviewed by Stuart...
KAZAKHSTAN: Modern Clan Politics: The Power of "Blood" in Kazakhstan and Beyond
KAZAKHSTAN Modern Clan Politics: The Power of "Blood" in Kazakhstan and Beyond, by Edward Schatz. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2004. xxvi + 182 pages. Appendix to p. 183. Notes to p. 222. Bibl. to p. 243. Index to p. 250. $22.50.Reviewed...
LAW: Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and Their Judgments/Intent in Islamic Law: Motive and Meaning in Medieval Sunni Fiqh
LAW Dispensing Justice in Islam: Qadis and their Judgments, ed. by Muhammad Khalid Masud, Rudolph Peters, and David Powers. Leiden and Boston, MA: Brill, 2006. xiv + 541 pages. Bibl. to p. 569. Index to p. 591. $195.Intent in Islamic Law: Motive and...
LAW: Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary
Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary, ed. by Hisham M. Ramadan. Lanham, MD and New York: AltaMira Press, 2006. xi + 184 pages. Appends, to p. 203. Commentary to p. 209. Index to p. 217. About the contribs. $69 cloth; $24.95 paper.Reviewed...
LIBYA: Architecture and Tourism in Italian Colonial Libya: An Ambivalent Modernism
LIBYA Architecture and Tourism in Italian Colonial Libya: An Ambivalent Modernism, by Brian L. McLaren. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2006. xi + 227 pages. Figures. Notes to p. 259. Bibl. to p. 271. Figure credits to p. 277. Index to p....
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire, by Sugata Bose. Cambridge, MA and London, UK: Harvard University Press, 2006. xiv + 282 pages. Notes to p. 313. Index to p. 333. $27.95.Reviewed by Edward A....
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism: The Globalization of Martyrdom
Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism: The Globalization of Martyrdom, ed. by Ami Pedahzur. New York and London, UK: Routledge, 2006. xix + 197 pages. Index to p. 202. $125 cloth; $35.95 paper.Reviewed by Clark McCauleyThis volume is the product of a conference...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The Decline of the Anglo-American Middle East 1961-1969
The Decline of the Anglo-American Middle East 1961-1969, by Tore T. Petersen. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2006. xi +134 pages. Notes to p. 164. Bibl. to p. 176. Index to p. 181. $67.50.Reviewed by Alan P. DobsonThis book is...
National Security Decision-Making in Israel: Processes, Pathologies, and Strengths
This article presents a first of its kind typology of Israeli national security decision-making processes, focusing on five primary pathologies and a number of strengths. It will demonstrate that these pathologies are the product of an extraordinarily...
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, The First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805, by Richard Zacks. New York: Hyperion, 2005. 380 pages. Acknowledgements to p. 385. Notes to p. 415. Bibl. to p. 421. $25.95.Reviewed by Richard...
Qatar and the World: Branding for a Micro-State
There are two factors that have shaped Qatar's integration and place in the international system. The first revolves around the constraints and problems of small states while the second is Qatar's response - a strategy of branding the state for survival....
REFERENCE: The Arab American Experience in the United States and Canada: A Classified, Annotated Bibliography
REFERENCE The Arab American Experience in the United States and Canada: A Classified, Annotated Bibliography, by Michael W. Suleiman. Ann Arbor, MI: Pierian Press, 2006. xix + 575 pages. Author index to p. 594. Periodicals index to p.601. Country index...
SAUDI ARABIA: Thicker Than Oil: America's Uneasy Partnership with Saudi Arabia
SAUDIARABIA Thicker Than oil: America's Uneasy Partnership With Saudi Arabia, Rachel Bronson. Oxford and London, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. xi + 262 pages. Map. Notes to p. 310. Sel. bibl. to p. 331. Index to p. 353. $30.Reviewed...
SYRIA: Syria: Revolution from Above/The New Lion of Damascus: Bashar Al-Asad and Modern Syria
SYRIA Syria: Revolution from Above, by Raymond Hinnebusch. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2001, xiii + 186 pages. $41.95.The New Lion of Damascus: Bashar alAsad and Modern Syria, by David W. Lesch. New Haven, CT and London, UK: Yale University Press,...
SYRIA: Syria, the United States, and the War on Terror in the Middle East
Syria, the United States, and the War on Terror in the Middle East, by Robert G. Rabil. Foreword by Walid Phares. Westport, CT and London, UK: Praeger security International, 2006. xxvi + 208 pages. Notes to p. 256. Sel. bibl. to p. 266. Index to p....
TURKEY: Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern Turkey: Who Is a Turk?
TURKEY Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern Turkey: Who is a Turk? by Soner Cagaptay. London, UK and New York, 2006. xx + 162 pages. Figures and maps. Notes to p. 222. Bibl. to p. 244. Index to p. 262. $65.Reviewed by Omer TaspinaySamuel Huntington,...
What Do Egypt's Islamists Want? Moderate Islam and the Rise of Islamic Constitutionalism
What type of political order do Egypt's Islamists seek to create? This question is examined by studying two types of sources: the theoretical works of Egypt's most prominent contemporary Islamic thinkers and the documents issued by the Muslim Brotherhood...

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