The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 62, No. 2, Spring

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The Arab-Israeli Conflict: A History
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The Arab-Israeli Conflict: A History, by David W. Lesch, Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. xi + 460 pages. Figures. Maps. Gloss. to p. 466. Chron. to p. 472. Further reading to p. 480. Index to p. 495. $38.95...
ART: Intimate Outsiders: The Harem in Ottoman and Orientalist Art and Travel Literature
ART Intimate Outsiders: The Harem in Ottoman and Orientalist Art and Travel Literature, by Mary Roberts. Durham, NC: Duke University Press 2008. xiv + 155 pages. Notes to p. 176. Sel. bibl. to p. 185. Index to p. 195. $84.95 cloth; $23.95 paper.Reviewed...
Chronology: Afghanistan/Algeria/Bahrain/Egypt/Iran/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Lebanon/Libya/Mauritania/Morocco/Oman/Pakistan/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Sudan/Syria/Tunisia/Turkey/United Arab Emirates/Yemen
AfghanistanOct. 27: US-led forces killed about 80 Taliban insurgents in the Helmand province outside of the city of Musa Qala, which had been controlled by Taliban forces since February. This was the fifth major battle in the area in two months, with...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Oct. 17: Israeli Defense Force (IDF) soldiers killed Basem Hamis Mustafa Abu Suria, a senior member of the Tanzim organization, in a raid on the West Bank city of Nablus. The IDF said that Abu Suria had carried out shootings against Israeli soldiers...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
Oct. 21: Voters in Kyrgyzstan approved constitutional changes in a national referendum which international monitoring groups claimed was tainted by ballot stuffing. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev said the changes would give the Kyrgyz people more power....
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
Oct. 18: The Palestinian Authority (PA) decided to shut down and reorganize Islamic charitable organizations in the West Bank. The decision affected zakat committees, which the PA stated were aiding Hamas supporters in the territory. Hamas said that...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Oct. 27: Talks between rebel groups, the Sudanese government, and international mediators aimed at ending the conflict in Darfur began in Sirte, Libya. However, some of the biggest Darfur rebel groups - the faction of the Justice and Equality Movement...
Communications/Deniz Gökalp and Seda ÜNsar Reply
The Journal welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
Editor's Note
This issue offers a cross-section of the sorts of articles which have long characterized the Journal, ranging from a good summary of Russian-Iranian relations, to an analysis of the current ethnosectarian stresses in Iraq, to an argument against the...
EGYPT: Pyramids and Nightclubs: A Travel Ethnography of Arab and Western Imaginations of Egypt, from King Tut and a Colony of Atlantis to Rumors of Sex Orgies, Urban Legends about a Marauding Prince, and Blonde Belly Dancers
EGYPT Pyramids and Nightclubs: A Travel Ethnography of Arab and Western Imaginations of Egypt, from King Tut and a Colony of Atlantis to Rumors of Sex Orgies, Urban Legends about a Marauding Prince, and Blonde Belly Dancers, by L.L. Wynn. Austin, TX:...
How Favoritism Affects the Business Climate: Empirical Evidence from Jordan
This article, based on research conducted in Jordan, discusses how favoritism affects the business climate. Jordan's business climate is mediocre in international and regional comparison, making it insufficient in light of the country's small domestic...
IRAN: Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies: Iran, the U.S., and the Twisted Path to Confrontation
Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies: Iran, the U.S., and the Twisted Path to Confrontation, by Barbara Slavin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2007. ix + 227 pages. Appendix to p. 231. Notes to p. 243. Sel. bibl. to p. 246. Index to p. 258. $24.95.Reviewed by...
IRAN: Rethinking Global Sisterhood: Western Feminism and Iran
IRAN Rethinking Global Sisterhood: Western Feminism and Iran, by Nima Naghibi. Minneapolis, MN and London, UK: University of Minnesota Press, 2007. xxx + 148 pages. Notes to p. 166. Works cited to p.179. Index to p.187. $22.50 paper.Reviewed by Fatemeh...
IRAQ: The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Iraq
IRAQ The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Iraq, by Tareq Y. Ismael. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xi + 321 pages. Index to p. 338. $85.Reviewed by Ronen ZeidelUnfortunately, the number of scholarly books on political parties...
KURDS: Blood and Belief: The PKK and the Kurdish Fight for Independence
KURDS Blood and Belief: The PKK and the Kurdish Fight for Independence, by Aliza Marcus. New York: NYU Press, 2007. xii + 305 pages. Timeline to p. 311. Notes to p. 342. Index to p. 349. $35.Reviewed by David RomanoThe Kurds are often described as "the...
KURDS: The State and Kurds in Turkey: The Question of Assimilation
KURDS The State and Kurds in Turkey: The Question of Assimilation, by Metin Heper. Houndmills, UK and New York: Palgrave Macmilllan, 2007. x + 186 pages. Notes to p. 224. Works cited to p. 239. About the author to p. 240. Index to p. 249. $74.95.Reviewed...
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE: Foundations of Modern Arab Identity
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE Foundations of Modern Arab Identity, by Stephen Sheehi. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2004. 198 pages. Notes to p. 222. Sel. bibl. to p. 230. Index to p. 256. $59.95.Reviewed by Orit BashkinFoundations of Modern...
MAGHRIB: Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa: A Comparative Perspective
MAGHRIB Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa: A Comparative Perspective, by Melani Claire Cammett. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xix and 218 pages. Appends. to p. 231. Bibl. to p. 254. Index to p. 265....
Militarizing Welfare: Neo-Liberalism and Jordanian Policy
Jordan's seemingly successful economic and political reforms have been used to advertise the American vision of societal transformation in the Middle East. The imposition of neo-liberal economic policies removed a key source of welfare for the populace,...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: American Policy toward Israel: The Power and the Limits of Beliefs
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS American Policy Toward Israel: The Power and the Limits of Beliefs, by Michael Thomas. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2007. viii + 192 pages. Notes to p. 222. Refs. to p. 244. Index to p. 253. $150.Reviewed by Michelle...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Barriers to Democracy: The Other Side of Social Capital in Palestine and the Arab World
Barriers to Democracy: The Other Side of Social Capital in Palestine and the Arab World, by Amaney A. Jamal. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007. xiii + 138 pages. Illust. Appends. to p. 151. Bibl. to p. 164. Index to p. 173. $35.Reviewed...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Democratizing the Hegemonic State: Political Transformation in the Age of Identity
Democratizing The Hegemonic State: Political Transformation in the Age of Identity, by Ilan Peleg. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. viii + 240 pages. $76.Reviewed by Uri RamIn Democratizing The Hhegemonic State: Political...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The Greater Middle East and the Cold War: US Foreign Policy under Eisenhower and Kennedy
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS The Greater Middle East and the Cold War: US Foreign Policy Under Eisenhower and Kennedy, by Roby C. Barrett. London, UK, and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2007. xxvi + 327 pages. Notes to p. 456. Bibl. to p. 472. Index to p. 494....
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The United States and Persian Gulf Security: The Foundations of the War on Terror/Turning Point: The Arab World's Marginalization and International Security after 9/11
The United States and Persian Gulf Security: The Foundations of the War on Terror, by Steven Wright. Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 2007. v + 208 pages. Bibl. to p. 231. Index to p. 242. $54.50.Turning Point: The Arab World's Marginalization and International...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The Zionist Masquerade: The Birth of the Anglo-Zionist Alliance, 1914-1918
The Zionist Masquerade: The Birth of the Anglo-Zionist Alliance, 1914-1918, by James Reston. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. xi + 155 pages. $69.95.Reviewed by Alan DobsonJames Reston has written a powerfully argued and well-researched book that...
Occultation in Perpetuum: Shi'ite Messianism and the Policies of the Islamic Republic
This article examines the assertion, widespread in both media and academia, that the Islamic Republic of Iran - and especially the current government under Mahmud Ahmadinejad - is actuated by a powerful, Shi'ite-based messianism. Much evidence appears...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: The Politics of the Palestinian Authority: From Oslo to Al-Aqsa
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS The Politics of the Palestinian Authority: From Oslo to al-Aqsa, by Nigel Parsons. New York and London, UK: Routledge, 2005. xxx + 319 pages. Appendix to p. 341. Notes to p. 394. Bibl. to p. 411. Index to p. 429. $130.Reviewed...
Recent Publications
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICTNo Man's Land: Dispatches from the Middle East, Richard Crowley. Dublin and West Chester, PA: Liberties Press and Dufour Editions, 2007. 251 pages. $26.95 paper. Richard Crowley is a senior journalist with the Irish RTE news and...
Russian-Iranian Relations in the Ahmadinejad Era
Russia and Iran share a common hostility toward the United States. There have, however, been important differences between Moscow and Tehran - especially over nuclear issues. Relations seemed to improve, though, with Vladimir Putin's October 2007 visit...
Schooling and Curricular Reforms in Arab and Muslim Societies
Islam and Education: Myths and Truths, ed. by Wadad Kadi and Victor Billeh. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2007. 212 pages. Index to p. 223. $25.Teaching Islam: Textbooks and Religion in the Middle East, ed. by Eleanor Abdella Doumato...
SYRIA: Dissident Syria: Making Oppositional Arts Official
SYRIA Dissident Syria: Making Oppositional Arts Official, by Miriam Cooke. London, UK and Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007. viii + 166 pages. Notes to p. 175. Bibl. to p. 185. Index to p. 196. $74.95 cloth; $21.95 paper.Reviewed by Margaret L....
The Unraveling of Iraq: Ethnosectarian Preferences and State Performance in Historical Perspective
This article argues that the ethnosectarian chaos of today's Iraq is a consequence of state policies and capacity. The same ethnosectarian problems have existed since the birth of the Iraqi state in 1921. However, unlike the post-2003 period where ethnosectarianism...
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