The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 2, Spring

Afghanistan: War, Politics, and Society in Afghanistan: 1978-1992
War, Politics, and Society in Afghanistan: 1978-1992, by Antonio Giustozzi. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2000. xiv + 250 pages. Tables to p. 296. Bibl. to p. 311. Index to p. 320. $55. Reviewed by Anwar-ul-Haq Ahady War, Politics, and...
Algeria: Between Ballots and Bullets: Algeria's Transition from Authoritarianism
Between Ballots and Bullets: Algeria's Transition from Authoritarianism, by William B. Quandt. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1998. iv + 164 pages. Bibl. to p. 172. Notes to p. 192. Index to p. 199. $49.95 cloth; $18.95 paper. Reviewed...
Algeria: Islam and the Politics of Resistance in Algeria, 1783-1992
Islam and the Politics of Resistance in Algeria, 1783-1992, by Ricardo Rene Laremont. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2000. xiv + 226 pages. Append. to p. 227. Notes to p. 259. Bibl. to p. 275. Index to p. 291. $21.95. Reviewed by Yahia H. Zoubir In...
Arab-Israeli Conflict: Negotiating Jerusalem
Negotiating Jerusalem, by Jerome M. Segal, Shlomit Levy, Nadar Izzat Sa'id and Elihu Katz. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000. x + 222 pages. Appends. to p. 336. About the authors to p. 338. Index to p. 341. $31.95 paper. Reviewed by...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Regional Affairs 2000 Oct. 16: For the third straight day, Taliban and opposition United Islamic Force for the Salvation of Afghanistan (UIFSA) forces of General Ahmad Shah Mas`ud clashed in Takhar Province, on the border with Tajikistan. [10/17...
Chronology: Algeria
See also, Regional Affairs, Western Sahara Oct. 17: Radio France Internationale reported that a bomb attack 300 miles east of Algiers had killed two soldiers and injured ten others. [10/18 FBIS] Oct. 27: Agence France Presse (AFP) reported that in Medea,...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov. The date in the source information refers to the...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
2000 Oct. 24: In Tashkent, Uzbekistan, prosecutors accused of murder 12 members of the outlawed Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU). [10/25 NYT] Oct. 27: Armenia marked a day of commemoration on the first anniversary of the mass murders of Parliament...
Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iraq 2000 Oct 18: Egyptians voted in the first of three rounds of elections for the 444-seat Parliament. [10/19 NYT, 10/27 MEED] Oct. 24: In Ashmun, 25 miles...
Chronology: Information Technology
2000 Oct. 17: In the second-biggest acquisition of an Israeli company, US-based Marvell Technology Group, a producer of integrated circuits for broadband communications, had agreed to purchase for $2.7 billion in stocks Israel's Galileo Technology. [10/18...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 Oct. 19: In a statement published in local newspapers, the Islamic Iran Participation Front criticized the Special Court for the Clergy as unconstitutional, claiming that the court...
Chronology: Iraq
Iraq See also, Petroleum Affairs, Iran 2000 Oct. 17: The Iraqi News Agency (INA) reported that Bahraini and Egyptian planes carrying aid supplies had landed at Saddam International Airport in Baghdad. [10/18 NYT, FT, WP] Nov. 5: Baghdad radio reported...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon 2000 Oct 18: Likud Party leader Ariel Sharon said that he would not join in a "national unity" government with Prime Minister Ehud Barak....
Chronology: Lebanon
Lebanon See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum, Affairs, Regional Affairs 2000 Oct. 16: In an interview on the Hizballah television station Al-Manar, Hizballah leader Hasan Nasrallah claimed that Elhanan Tannenbaum, the Israeli who had been captured...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Information Technology, REgional Affairs, Afghanistan 2000 Nov. 10: Interior Minister Hasan Raza Pasha said in an interview that Pakistan had closed its borders, to prevent the influx of refugees fleeing the civil war in Afghanistan. [11/11...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
Palestinian Affairs See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs 2000 Nov. 3: In Gaza, Palestinian National Authority (PNA) officials banned a scheduled protest against Israel that had been organized by the Islamic Jihad. [11/4 NYT] Nov. 24: In...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
2000 Oct. 19: US House of Representatives Speaker J. Dennis Hastert withdrew the resolution on acknowledging as "genocide" the 1915 mass murder of Armenians by the Ottoman Empire. [10/20 NYT, FT, WSJ, WP] Nov. 1: Jordanian Prime Minister `Ali Abu Ragheb...
Chronology: Sudan
2000 Nov. 2: The Financial Times reported that the US Congress had passed the "Sudan Peace Act," a bill aimed at removing from the New York Stock Exchange companies engaged in business in Sudan. Among those targeted were PetroChina and Canada's Talisman...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Cyprus 2000 Oct. 23: Interior Minister Sadettin Tantan announced that authorities had resumed control of the country's prisons and suppressed the Revolutionary People's Liberation...
Communications
The JOURNAL welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
Egpyt: Description of Egypt
Description of Egypt, by Edward William Lane. Edited and with an Introduction by Jason Thompson. Cairo: American University Press, 2000. xxxii + 507 pages. Supplement to p.574. Illustrations to p. 579. Bibl. to p. 588. n.p. Reviewed by Afaf Marsot Description...
Egypt: Economic Crisis and the Politics of Reform in Egypt
Economic Crisis and the Politics of Reform in Egypt, by Ray Bush. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. xvi + 157 pages. Bibl. to p. 178. Index to p. 184. $55. Reviewed by Ibrahim M. Oweiss The title of the book under review is somewhat misleading. In fact, this...
Engendering State-Building: The Women's Movement and Gender-Regime in Palestine
After playing a major role in promoting the Palestinian national cause, the Palestinian women's movement seeks to influence policy-making and improve the legal status of women in the emerging state. The counter-campaign of the Islamic movement and the...
Facing the Market in North Africa
This article examines the results of economic reform programs since the mid-1980s in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Egypt. Although these states have liberalized their economies in the face of international and domestic market forces, ruling elites have...
How the Gulf War Changed the AAUG's Discourse on Arab Nationalism and Gender Politics
The second Gulf War (1991) served as an indirect marker of the changes in the Arab nationalist discourses of the Association of Arab-American University Graduates (AAUG), and in their understanding of gender and politics. During the 1980s, the AA UG...
Iran: Religious Minorities in Iran
Religious Minorities in Iran, by Eliz Sanasarian. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. xix + 163 pages. Gloss. Notes to p. 208. Bibl. to p. 224. Index to p. 228. $59.95. Or Reviewed by Patricia J. Higgins Thirteenth in the Cambridge Middle...
Iran: Who Rules Iran? the Structure of Power in the Islamic Republic
Who Rules Iran? The Structure of Power in the Islamic Republic, by Wilfried Buchta. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy and the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2000. xv + 207 pages. Appends. to p. 223. Sources to p. 230. Index to...
Iraq: Mosul before Iraq: Like Bees Making Five-Sided Cells
Mosul Before Iraq: Like Bees Making Five-Sided Cells, by Sarah Shields. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000. xiv + 192 pages. Tables to p. 212. Notes to p. 254. Bibl. to p. 270. Index to p. 278. $22.95 paper. Reviewed by Thabit Abdullah...
Israel: Israel and the Politics of Jewish Identity: The Secular-Religious Impasse
Israel and the Politics of Jewish Identity: The Secular-Religious Impasse, by Asher Cohen and Bernard Susser. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. xiv + 139 pages. Notes to p. 153. Index to p. 167. $36. Reviewed by Ian Lustick...
Language and Literature: In Search of Walid Masoud
In Search of Walid Masoud, by Jabra Ibrahim Jabra. Tr. from the Arabic by Roger Allen and Adnan Haydar. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. 289 pages. $26.95. Reviewed by Barbara Harlow It was on the road leading out of Baghdad that Walid...
Language and Literature: The Stone Woman
The Stone Woman, by Tariq Ali. London and New York: Verso, 2000. ix + 271 pages. Append. to p. 274. $23.00. Reviewed by Sibel Erol Tariq Ali is a writer and film-maker who was born in Pakistan and resides in London. He has written fiction as well as...
Language and Literature: Three Tales of Love and Death
Three Tales of Love and Death, by Out El Kouloub. Tr. and with an introduction by Nayra Atiya. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. xviii + 137 pages. $24.95. Reviewed by Magda Al-Nowaihi Out El Kouloub (1899-1968), an aristocrat who was "the...
Modern History and Politics: An Introduction and Notes: T.E. Lawrence's Seven Pillars of Wisdom
An Introduction and Notes: T.E. Lawrence's Seven Pillars of Wisdom, by Rene and Andre Guillaume. Tr. by Hilary Mandleberg. Limited edition. Oxshott, Surrey, UK: Tabard Press, 1998. 269 pages. Bibl. to p. 274. GBP 32.50. Reviewed by Harold E. Raugh, Jr....
Modern History and Politics: British Petroleum and Global Oil 1950-1975: The Challenge of Nationalism
British Petroleum and Global Oil 19501975: The Challenge of Nationalism, by James Bamberg. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. vii + p 499. Notes to p.602. Bibl. to p. 615. Index to p.637. $130 cloth; $39.95 paper. Reviewed by Jean-Francois...
Palestine and Palestinians: A Very Political Economy: Peacebuilding and Foreign Aid in the West Bank and Gaza
A Very Political Economy: Peacebuilding and Foreign Aid in the West Bank and Gaza, by Rex Brynen. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 2000. 229 pages. Notes to p. 268. Index to p. 287. $19.95 paper. Reviewed by Denis J. Sulllivan Peace is not merely...
Palestine and Palestinians: Hamas: Political Thought and Practice
Hamas: Political Thought and Practice, by Khaled Hroub. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 2000. xiv + 261 pages. Append. to p. 312. Sel. bibl. to p. 320. Index to p. 329. $29.95 cloth; $16.95 paper. Reviewed by Beverley Milton-Edwards...
Palestine and Palestinians: One Palestine, Complete
One Palestine, Complete, by Tom Segev. Tr. by Haim Watzman. New York: Henry Holt, 2000. 519 pages. Notes to p. 599. Acknowledgments to p. 602. Index to p. 612. $35. Reviewed by Lawrence Davidson Tom Segev's One Palestine, Complete is an episodic examination...
Palestinian Interest in Homeland Investment
Palestinians, like other diasporas, register high interest in homeland investment. However, the process of transforming investment interest into actual investment remains problematic. In this paper, we report the results of two surveys of diaspora Palestinians...
State-Building in Azerbaijan: The Search for Consolidation
The process of political consolidation in Azerbaijan has occurred largely under the auspices of an emerging system best described as "presidential monarchy. " This has taken place following years of political turmoil and the eventual, though gradual,...
The Lebanese War Revisted: The Long Road from Breakup to Reconciliation
The Breakdown of the State in Lebanon, 1967-1976, by Farid El-Khazen. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. xiv + 398 pages. Bibl. to p. 417. Index to p. 432. $49.95. An American Nurse Amidst Chaos, 1975-1998: The Story of the American University...
Turkey: Visible Islam in Modern Turkey
Visible Islam in Modern Turkey, by Adil Ozdemir and Kenneth Frank New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. [Also published simultaneously by MacMillan, London and SEV Printing & Publishing Co., Istanbul] Foreword by Annemarie Schimmel. Library of Philosophy...
Women: Engendering Citizenship in Egypt
Engendering Citizenship in Egypt, by Selma Botman. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. xii + 115 pages. Notes to p. 124. Bibl. to p. 141. $45 cloth; $13.95 paper. Reviewed by Arlene MacLeod Selma Botman's clear and perceptive book argues that...
Women: Secularism, Gender and the State in the Middle East
Secularism, Gender and the State in the Middle East, by Nadje Al-Ali. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Cambridge Middle East Studies, No. 14. xv + 232 pages. Bibl. to p. 252. Index to p. 264. $64.95 cloth; $22.95 paper. Reviewed by Cynthia...
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