The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 58, No. 2, Spring

ALGERIA: Ou Va l'Algerie?
ALGERIAOu va I'Algerie? ed. by Ahmed Mahiou and Jean-Robert Henry. Paris: Editions Karthala, and Aix-en-Provence: IREMAM, 2001. 384 pages. 23.75 euros.As co-editor Ahmed Mahiou notes in the preface, the very title Ou va l'Algerie! recalls the traumas...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: Trapped Fools: Thirty Years of Israeli Policy in the Territories
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICTTrapped Fools: Thirty Years of Israeli Policy in the Territories, by Shlomo Gazit. London, UK and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003. xxi + 341 pages. Appends, to p. 359. Index to p. 368. $67.50.The trapped fools in this survey and analysis...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also Regional Affairs, Iran, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia2003Oct. 26: 'AIi Ahmad Jalali, Afghanistan's Interior Minister, dismissed several officials in the northern city of Mazar-e Sharif following factional fighting outside of the city. A new...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
October 16, 2003 - January 15, 2004ABBREVIATIONSAN, www.arabicnews.comAP, Associated PressBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCNN, www.cnn.comDaily Star, www.dailystar.com.lbFT, Financial TimesThe Guardian, www.guardian.co.ukHaaretz, www.haaretz.comJT, Jordan TimesMEED,...
Chronology: Iran
See also Regional Affairs2003Oct. 21: Following a series of negotiations with the foreign ministers of Britain, France, and Germany, Iran officially announced that it would suspend its uranium enrichment program and allow the UN nuclear agency unrestricted...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Jordan2003Oct. 16: An explosion damaged a segment of the main oil pipeline running from northern Iraq. It was unclear whether saboteurs caused the explosion. [WP, 10/17]Three Jordanians and their taxi-driver...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Allah's, Lebanon, Syria2003Oct. 26: Ariel Sharon rejected calls from his coalition government to debate the future of Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip. [FT, 10/27]Oct. 29: lieutenant General Moshe Yaalon,...
Chronology: Libya
2003Nov. 24: Prime Minister Shukri Ghanem announced an economic privatization program for state controlled industries such as chemical plants, textile and shoe factories, and state farms. [MEO, 11/24]A Scottish court ruled that 'Abd el-Basit 'AH Al-Mcgrahi,...
Chronology: Pakistan
2003Oct. 21: US investigators confirmed that Khaled Shaykh Muhammed, the senior alQa'ida leader accused of masterminding the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, was directly responsible for the death of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl. [WP,...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
See also Afghanistan, Iraq, Israel, Syria2003Oct. 16: The UN security Council unanimously approved a resolution endorsing the American presence in Iraq and calling on UN member states to increase financial and military provisions for the reconstruction...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
2003Oct. 20: In response to domestic and international pressure, Saudi authorities announced that Saudi citizens would be allowed partial participation in direct municipal elections by the end of 2004. Furthermore, partial legislative elections would...
Chronology: Sudan
2003Oct. 26: Nine Sudanese relief workers from USAID were killed during clashes between warring tribes in western Sudan. [FT, 10/ 271Nov. 2: Sudan's armed forces admitted to carrying out air strikes against rebel camps in western Sudan but insisted that...
Chronology: Syria
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Iraq, Turkey2003Nov. 30: In an interview, President Bashar al-Asad challenged the US to put pressure on Israel to make peace with the Syrians. According to al-Asad, only months before his father's death,...
Chronology: Turkey
See also Iraq, Syria2003Nov. 4: Turkish Deputy Prime Minister 'Abdullatif Sener announced that the Turkish military would clear 615,000 land mines along its border with Syria. In March, Turkey joined the international ban on antipersonnel mines. [NYT,...
Iran's International Posture after the Fall of Baghdad
Iran's interwoven and complex domestic political structures should be set against an equally complex, dynamic, and unstable regional system, if one is to understand fully the relationship between the domestic and regional forces governing Iran's foreign...
Iraq Considered: A Soldier's Story: From Ottoman Rule to Independent Iraq/Mayada: Daughter of Iraq/Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied/The Crystallization of the Iraqi State: Geopolitical Function and Form/Bush in Babylon: The Recolonisation of Iraq/The Modern History of Iraq
Iraq Considered A Soldier's Story: From Ottoman Rule to Independent Iraq, by Jafar Pasha Al-Askari. Trans, by Mustafa Tariq Al-Askari. London, UK: Arabian Publishing, Ltd., 2003. xxvi + 199 pages. Maps. Illustrations. Appends, to p. 277. Refs. to p....
ISRAEL: Ben-Gurion against the Knesset
ISRAELBen-Gurion against the Knesset, by Giora Goldberg. London, UK and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003. 323 pages. Bibl. to p. 328. Index to p. 338. $64.50.Many books and articles were written about the mythological first Prime Minister of Israel, David...
KURDS: Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State: Evolving Identities, Competing Loyalties, and Shifting Boundaries
KURDS Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State: Evolving Identities, Competing Loyalties, and Shifting Boundaries, by Hakan Ozoglu. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2004. xv +129. Notes to p. 157. Bibl. top. 178. Index to p. 186. $35.The...
LIBYA: Lockerbie and Libya
LIBYA Lockerbie and Libya, by Khalil I. Matar and Robert W. Thabit. Jefferson, NC and London, UK: McFaiiand & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2004. viii + 245 pages. Appends, to p. 317. Bibl. to p. 320. Index to p. 328. $39.95 paper.In the most detailed...
Military Rule, Islamism and Democracy in Pakistan
Pakistan's politics has been shaped by the dynamics of civilian-military relations and Islamism's relation to the state. This has created an ongoing negotiation for power in which the military, civilian politicians, and Islamist forces have individually...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Breaking the Real Axis of Evil: How to Oust the World's Last Dictators by 2025
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Breaking the Real Axis of Evil: How to Oust the World's Last Dictators by 2025, by Mark Palmer. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003. xx + 321 pages. Notes to p. 334. Index to p. 348. $27.95.The tension between interest...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Islam, Politics and Pluralism: Theory and Practice in Turkey, Jordan, Tunisia and Algeria
Islam, Politics and Pluralism: Theory and Practice in Turkey, Jordan, Tunisia and Algeria, by Jennifer Noyon. London, UK: The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2003. ix + 134 pages. 10.89 BP.The market these days is flooded with books on political...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The Great American Plunder of Persia's Antiquities, 1925-1941
The Great American Plunder of Persia's Antiquities, 1925-1941, by Mohammad Gholi Majd. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2003. v + 266 pages. Index to p. 275. $69 doth; $41 paper.In recent years, many scholars have turned their attention to the...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The International Politics of the Middle East
The International Politics of the Middle East, by Raymond Hinnebusch. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2003. 262 pages. Bibl. Index. $36.95 paper.In the last few years there has been a growing awareness of the potential benefits of a cross-fertilization...
Oman's Diverse Society: Southern Oman
Dhufar, the southern region of the Sultanate of Oman, displays a tremendous diversity in its social structure, rather surprising for an area so small. While the people of the coastal plain and the inland Najd are Arabic-speaking, the mountain highlands...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Palestinian Politics after the Oslo Accord: Resuming Arab Palestine
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Palestinian Politics After the Oslo Accord: Resuming Arab Palestine, by Nathan J. Brown. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2003. 254 pages. Notes to p. 302. Bibl. to p. 315. Index to p. 323. $50...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: The Palestinians: In Search of a Just Peace
The Palestinians: In Search of a just Peace, by Cheryl A. Rubenberg. Boulder, CO and London, UK: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003. xv + 430 pages. Appends, to p. 431. Bibl. to p. 469. Index to p. 484. $65 cloth; $24.50 paper.Cheryl A. Rubenberg sets out...
Paying for Peace: The Oslo Process and the Limits of American Foreign Aid
American foreign aid has been essential for both cementing and sustaining efforts to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict since the 1970s. During the Oslo process, aid was designed primarily to build public constituencies to support the negotiations. However,...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE: Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World
Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World, by Carl W. Ernst. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. xxv + 213 pages. Notes to p. 229. Refs. to p. 232. $24.95.It has often been stated that the tragedy of 9/11 has...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE: Islam and the West: Conflict or Cooperation?
Islam and the West: Conflict or Cooperation? by Amin Saikal. London, UK and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. ix + 185 pages. Appends, to p. 191. Notes to p. 150. Bibl. to p. 162. Index to p. 171. $69.95 cloth; $22.95 paper.Amin Saikal's book carries...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE: Islam in the Digital Age: E-Jihad, Online Fatwas and Cyber Islamic Environments
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE Islam in the Digital Age: E-Jihad, Online Fatwas and Cyber Islamic Environments, by Gary Bunt. Sterling, VA and London, UK: Pluto Press, 2003. viii + 211 pages. Bibl. to p. 226. Gloss to p. 229. Index to p. 237. $24.95...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE: The Just Prince, A Manual of Leadership, Including an Authoritative English Translation of the Sulwan Al-Muta' Fi 'Udwan Al-Atba' (Consolation for the Ruler during the Hostility of Subjects)
The just Prince, A Manual of Leadership, including an authoritative English translation of the Sulwan al-Muta' fi 'Udwan al-Atba' (Consolation for the Ruler During the Hostility of Subjects), by Muhammad ibn Zafar al-Siqilli. Trans, by Joseph A. Kechichian...
SAUDI ARABIA: The Paradoxical Kingdom: Saudi Arabia and the Movement of Reform
SAUDI ARABIA The Paradoxical Kingdom: Saudi Arabia and the Movement of Reform, by Daryl Champion. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. xxii + 316 pages. Appendix to. p. 330. Bibl. to p. 370. Index to p. 392. $32.50.The Paradoxical Kingdom seeks...
SYRIA: Syria's Terrorist War against Lebanon and the Peace Process/Syria, Neither Bread nor Freedom
SYRIA Syria's Terrorist War against Lebanon and the Peace Process, by Marius Deeb. New York and London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. x + 222 pages. Notes to p. 257. Bibl to p. 275. Index to p. 285. $49.95.Syria, Neither Bread Nor Freedom, by Alan George....
TUNISIA: Le Syndrome Autoritaire: Politique En Tunisie De Bourguiba a Ben Ali
TUNISIA Le syndrome autoritaire: Politique en Tunisie De Bourguiba a Ben AH, by Michel Camau and Vincent Geisser. Mayenne, France: Presse de Sciences Po, 2003. 365 pages. Index to p. 372. 30 Euros.This book is a timely and enlightening historical and...
Turkey's Kurdish Conflict: Changing Context, and Domestic and Regional Implications
This article develops new analytical categories that are necessary to analyze Turkey's Kurdish conflict in its changed domestic and international environments and to evaluate the policy options. If Turkish state policies and discourse, and that of the...
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