The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 67, No. 3, Summer

AFGHANISTAN-Afghanistan in Transition: Beyond 2014?
AFGHANISTAN Afghanistan in Transition: Beyond 2014?, ed. by Shanthie Mariet D'Souza. New Delhi: Pentagon Press, 2012. 206 pages. $31.What are Afghanistan's prospects fol- lowing Barack Obama's pledge in May 2012 to "responsibly wind down the war in Afghanistan"?...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT-Pathways to Peace: America and the Arab-Israeli
Pathways to Peace: America and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, ed. by Daniel C. Kurtzer. New York. Palgrave Macmillan. 2012. 237 pages. $30. "Brokers of Deceit: How the US Has Undermined Peace in the Middle East, by Rashid Khalidi. Boston, MA: Beacon Press....
Chronology: Afghanistan
Jan. 21: A two-part attack on the Kabul traffic police headquarters left five attackers and three policemen dead following a suicide bombing of the National Directorate of Security (NDS) on January 16. Afghanistan continued to face increasing violence...
Chronology: Bahrain
See also Saudi ArabiaJan. 22: The justice minister invited members of the opposition to talks with the government almost two years after the February 2011 protests began. The opposition called for a constitutional monarchy and more political rights....
Chronology-Central Asia
See also IranJan. 21: Hundreds of Georgians rallied in Tblisi to demand President Mikheil Saakashvili's resignation. According to the Georgian constitution, Saakashvili's five- year term ended on January 21. However, elections were not scheduled until...
Chronology: Egypt
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Libya, QatarJan. 19: An Egyptian judge invoked a pardon issued last year by President Mohamed Morsi to acquit 379 people accused of participating in deadly Cairo street fights in November 2011, which left 42 people dead....
Chronology: Iran
See also Central Asia, Egypt, PakistanFeb. 2: A vote from Iran's parliament dismissed Labor Minister Abd-ol-Reza Sheykh-ol-Eslami, the ninth minister from President Mahmud Ahmadinejad's cabinet to be impeached during his second term. The labor minister's...
Chronology: Iraq
Jan. 21: The Islamic State of Iraq (ISI), an umbrella group of militants affiliated with al-Qa'ida, claimed responsibility for the January 15 assassination of Sunni Iraqi MP 'Ifan al-'Isawi in Anbar Province. 'Isawi led a local chapter of Sahwa, an association...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Lebanon, TurkeyJan. 22: Israeli prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu's right-wing Likud Party won a narrow victory in the 2013 parliamentary elections. Exit polls showed that voters valued domestic policy concerns more than...
Chronology: Jordan
See also IraqJan. 23: Approximately 56.5% of the country's eligible voters, went to the polls in the parliamentary election. The Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition parties boycotted the election, contesting that the monarchy rigged the electoral...
Chronology: Kuwait
Jan. 22: A group of Kuwaitis gathered outside the capital demanding the dissolution of parliament and fresh elections, but police used stun grenades to disperse the protesters when they began to march toward a highway. A decree Emir Shaykh Jabir al-...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also SyriaJan. 21: Russia sent two planes to Lebanon to evacuate more than 100 Russian nationals from Syria who wished to leave. Russia rejected the assertion that this was the beginning of a larger evacuation. [AJE, 1/21]Jan. 30: Israeli warplanes...
Chronology: Libya
See also EgyptJan. 23: The Petroleum Security Guard increased deployment at southwestern oil fields close to Algeria's Tigantourine oil facility, where a hostage crisis occurred the week before. The guard staff at each field was raised to over 100 from...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also IranJan. 24: Politicians and labor groups critized Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf after he asked that the murder charges against two factory owners be reevaluated. The two factory owners were charged with murder after a garment fire at their...
Chronology: Sudan and South Sudan
Jan. 16: Gunmen kidnapped four Chinese road construction workers in the Darfur region on January 12 and released them to the Sudanese government four days later. This followed the kidnapping of 29 Chinese workers in Sudan in January 2012, after which...
Chronology: Syria
See also Lebanon, Iran, IraqJan. 17: Forces supporting the Syrian government perpetuated a massacre of approximately 160 civilians in Haswiyya, a poor district on the edge of Homs. [Reuters, 1/17]Jan. 23: For the first time since early January, Syrian...
Chronology: Tunisia
See also Algeria, LibyaJan. 23: Tunisia reinforced its borders following the Tigantourine crisis in Algeria to defend its oil and gas fields against terrorist acts. This occurred after Libya dispatched security forces alongside its Petroleum Faculty...
Chronology: Turkey
See also IraqJan. 21 : The first of six NATO Patriot missile batteries intended to protect Turkey from potential spillover from the Syrian conflict arrived at the port city of Iskenderun. A small protest arose near the port, consisting primarily of Turkish...
Chronology: Yemen
See also PakistanJan. 23: Some 20 Yemeni militants were killed by US drone strikes within one week. An additional 10 suspected militants from al-Qa'ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) died in an explosion in southern Yemen. [Reuters, 1/23]Jan. 24: Sa'id...
Documenting the Roots and Dynamics of the Syrian Uprising
Syria: The Fall of the House of Asad, by David W. Lesch. London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012. 288 pages. $28.Syria: A Decade of Lost Chances: Repression and Revolution from Damascus Spring to Arab Spring, by Carsten Wieland. Seattle: Cune...
Editor's Note
As this issue goes to press, Iran has elected a new president, Hasan Rowhani, reput- edly more moderate than his predecessor, Mahmud Ahmedinejad; the bloodshed in Syria continues unabated; and the US's announced intention of arming the rebels is leading...
EGYPT-Nasser's Gamble: How Intervention in Yemen Caused the Six-Day War and the Decline of Egyptian Power
EGYPT Nasser's Gamble: How Intervention in Yemen Caused the Six-Day War and the Decline of Egyptian Power, by Jesse Ferris. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012. $45.The Yemen War of 1962-1970 often appears as a largely forgotten episode of...
Iran's Basij: Membership in a Militant Islamist Organization
The Basij militia is a central component of Iran's clerical regime and a supporter of hard-line conservative interests. It is a security organization that also engages in social and political activism. This study focuses on the group's rank-and-file...
IRAQ-Reclaiming Iraq: The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State
IRAQ Reclaiming Iraq: The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State, by Abbas Kadhim. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2012. 213 pages. $55.Abbas Kadhim sets out to qualitatively change our understanding of the critical po- litical events...
ISRAEL-The Triumph of Israel's Radical Right
ISRAEL The Triumph of Israel's Radical Right, by Ami Pedahzur. Oxford: Oxford Univer- sity Press, 2012. 277 pages. $29.95.This book presents the fruit of almost two decades of research by the most promi- nent scholar of the Israeli radical right to-...
LEBANON-Pax Syriana: Elite Politics in Postwar Lebanon
LEBANON Pax Syriana: Elite Politics in Postwar Lebanon, by Rola el-Husseini. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2012. 319 pages. $45.Postwar Lebanese politics have often been described as an era of systematic Syrian control. In this timely study, Rola...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS-Asymmetry of Interest: Turkish-Iranian Relations since 1979
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS Asymmetry of Interest: Turkish-Iranian Relations since 1979, by Eliot Hentov. Saarbrücken: Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012. 296 pages. $103 paper.Eliot Hentov adopts an "interdisciplinary approach, relying on the...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS-Tell This in My Memory: Stories of Enslavement from Egypt, Sudan and the Ottoman Empire
Tell This in My Memory: Stories of Enslavement from Egypt, Sudan and the Ottoman Empire, by Eve Troutt Powell. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012. 264 pages. $40.In the 19th century, hundreds of thou- sands of trans-Saharan Africans were forced...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE-Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion: Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East
Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion: Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East, by Eleanor H. Tejirian and Reeva Spector Simon. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012. 296 pages. $35. Reviewed by Heather J. SharkeyCompared to their...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE-The Impossible State: Islam, Politics, and Modernity's Moral Predicament
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE The Impossible State: Islam, Politics, and Modernity's Moral Predicament, by Wael B. Hallaq. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. 256 pages. $37.50. Reviewed by Mark D. WeltonReaders familiar with Professor Wael...
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, AND SCIENCE-Toward an Islamic Enlightenment: The Gülen Movement
Toward an Islamic Enlightenment: The Giilen Movement, by M. Hakan Yavuz. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2013. 300 pages. $35. Reviewed by Michael M. GunterThis is a richly nuanced, balanced analysis of the influential Giilen movement, a "transnational...
Recent Publications
AFGHANISTANWorking Toward Peace and Prosperity in Afghanistan, ed. by Wolfgang Danspeckgruber. Liechtenstein Colloquium Report. Volume 5. 272 pages. $32.50. The goal of this work is to transform Afghanistan into "a state of tranquility" by providing...
Russia and the Persian Gulf: Trade, Energy, and Interdependence
This article examines changes in Russia's diplomatic, trade, and energy rela- tions in the Persian Gulf over time. Our data suggest that Russia's profile in the Persian Gulf is rising in the post-Cold War period. While Russian-Gulf state trade has not...
SAUDI ARABIA-Legal and Political Reforms in Sa'udi Arabia
SAUDI ARABIA Legal and Political Reforms in Sa'udi Arabia, by Joseph A. Kéchichian. London: Routledge, 2013. 368 pages. $160.It is often facilely assumed that while the economy of Saudi Arabia has undergone enormous transformation and perhaps even that...
SAUDI ARABIA-Politics and Society in Saudi Arabia: The Crucial Years of Development, 1960-1982
Politics and Society in Saudi Arabia: The Crucial Years of Development, 1960-1982, by Sarah Yizraeli. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012. xxi + 336 pages. $50.Sarah Yizraeli returns to the field of scholarship on Saudi Arabia with her lat- est...
SYRIA-Damascus Diary: An Inside Account of Hafez Al-Asad's Peace Diplomacy, 1990-2000
SYRIA Damascus Diary: An Inside Account of Hafez al-Asad's Peace Diplomacy, 1990-2000, by Bouthaina Shaaban. Boul- der, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2012. 245 pages. $55.The personal story of Bouthaina Shaa- ban is, to a great extent, the story of Syria...
The Future of Arms Control in the Middle East
Political space is opening up in the Arab world. While it is particularly difficult to speak with any degree of confidence on the ultimate trajectory of the Arab uprisings (with all their local variants), the process of democratization that is sweeping...
The Price of Peace: A Reevaluation of the Economic Dimension in the Middle East Peace Process
The economic offshoot of the Oslo Accords governing Israeli-Palestinian economic cooperation failed in 2000. The Paris Protocol as it was known, has become increasingly irrelevant due to the Israeli closures policy, disengagement, and economic policies...
University under Siege: The Case of the Professors' Basij Organization
The purpose of this article is to analyze the evolution of the Professors' Basij Organization (PBO) and its role in maintaining state control over Iranian universities. This study will examine why and how the PBO became involved in politics in general...
YEMEN-Regionalism and Rebellion in Yemen: A Troubled National Union
YEMEN Regionalism and Rebellion in Yemen: A Troubled National Union, by Stephen W. Day. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. 336 pages. $29.99.In Regionalism and Rebellion in Yemen, Dr. Stephen Day builds on almost two de- cades...
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