The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 69, No. 2, Spring

After Qadhafi: Development and Democratization in Libya
This article examines Libya's troubled transition from Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's authoritarian regime. The author asks what past transitions tell us about possible positive pathways from authoritarian rule and what Libya can learn from its previous failures...
A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War, by Leila Tarazi Fawaz. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014. 384 pages. $35.Reviewed by Eugene RoganIn 1916, the celebrated Turkish author Halide Edip (Adivar)...
Blurring the Geo-Body: Mental Maps of Israel/Palestine
This article explores how geographical forms of Israel/Palestine are represented in maps sketched by high school students. The results show that they are significantly different from the geopolitical map, demonstrating the unique ways through which these...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also Pakistan, TurkeyOct. 27: In Helmand Province, the last American and British forces departed from the bases of Camp Leatherneck and Camp Bastion, and turned them over to the Afghan military. The bases acted as the headquarters for the United...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
October 16, 2014 - January 15, 2015See also Iran, Lebanon, SyriaOct. 16: Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers killed a 13-year-old Palestinian boy during clashes between Palestinians and IDF soldiers in the West Bank town of Bayt Liqya. The conflict...
Chronology: Bahrain
See also QatarOct. 28: The Manama administrative court banned the leading opposition group, Al Wefaq National Islamic Society, one month before parliamentary elections were scheduled to take place, claiming that the group violated the law on associations....
Chronology: Egypt
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Palestinian Territories, Libya, QatarOct. 17: Military officials arrested Walid 'Attalah, the leader of the military wing of radical Islamist group Ansar Bayt alMaqdis, in the North Sinai Governorate. 'Attalah was suspected...
Chronology: Iran
See also Syria, YemenOct. 20: Police arrested four men accused of carrying out four separate acid attacks on four women, causing serious injuries to the victims, some of whom were sitting in their cars at the time of the attack. Men on motorcycles carried...
Chronology: Iraq
See also Iran, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, SyriaOct. 16: A series of four car bombs hitting predominantly Shi'i districts of Baghdad killed at least 40 people and wounded 98. The deadliest attack took place in the Dawla'i neighborhood when two parked car...
Chronology: Israel
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Palestinian Territories, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, SyriaNov. 9: Environmental Protection Minister 'Amir Peretz resigned, citing his disagreement with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's settlement policy. After his resignation,...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also SyriaOct. 22: Families of the 27 soldiers and policemen held captive by the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) renewed protests demanding that the government negotiate the release of the hostages. In Beirut, protesters cut off the northern...
Chronology: Libya
See also EgyptNov. 3: Thirteen people were killed in clashes between the army and Ansar al-Shari'a militant fighters in Benghazi. The army encouraged residents of the central neighborhood of Sabiri to evacuate in preparation of an offensive against the...
Chronology: Pakistan
Oct. 23: Thirteen people died from three different attacks in Quetta. Eight men were killed and two injured in the first attack when a gunman opened fire on a bus full of Hazaras, a Shi'i minority group. A motorcycle bomb killed two other people and...
Chronology: Palestinian Territories
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, LebanonOct. 29: About 24,000 Hamas government employees in the Gaza Strip received salaries for the first time in months, relieving some of the tension between rival Palestinian political factions...
Chronology: Syria
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Bahrain, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey, United Arab EmiratesOct. 16: Aided by two days of United States-led air-strikes, Kurdish forces succeeded in pushing back insurgents from the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) from...
Chronology: Tunisia
See also LibyaOct. 23: A shoot-out between gunmen and police left one policeman dead and others wounded in the Tunis suburb of Oued Ellil. The police surrounded a house where they believed Islamist insurgents were planning attacks, only returning gunfire...
Chronology: Turkey
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, SyriaOct. 20: Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavusoglu announced that Turkey would allow Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga to cross the border into Syria to help defenders of Kobani fight militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham...
Chronology: Yemen
See also Saudi Arabia, United Arab EmiratesOct. 18: At least 31 were killed over two days in clashes between Huthi rebels and a combined force of Sunni tribesmen and alQa'ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) militants in and around Ibb Governorate in...
Defining Neighbors: Religion, Race, and the Early Zionist-Arab Encounter
Defining Neighbors: Religion, Race, and the Early Zionist-Arab Encounter, by Jonathan Marc Gribetz. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014. 287 pages. $35.Reviewed by Roberto MazzaDefining Neighbors by Jonathan Marc Gribetz is a work of intellectual...
Editor's Note
As this issue was being prepared for press, an already perilous situation in Yemen escalated when Saudi Arabia and a coalition of allies intervened, internationalizing yet another Middle Eastern internal crisis. As instability spreads, serious students...
Europe in the New Middle East: Opportunity or Exclusion?
Europe in the New Middle East: Opportunity or Exclusion?, by Richard Youngs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. 253 pages. $80.Reviewed by Rory MillerThe merits of this well-written book are soon stated. It is informed and informative on Europe's...
Gaza: A History
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Gaza: A History, by Jean-Pierre Filiu. New York: Oxford University Press. 422 pages. $29.95.Reviewed by Sara RoyWhen I first visited the Occupied Palestinian Territories in the summer of 1985, I began my research in the West...
Ibn Khaldun/Applying Ibn Khaldun: The Recovery of a Lost Tradition in Sociology
BIOGRAPHY Ibn Khaldun, by Syed Farid Alatas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. 160 pages. $21.95 paper.Applying Ibn Khaldun: The Recovery of a Lost Tradition in Sociology, by Syed Farid Alatas. London and New York: Routledge, 2014. 207 pages. $143.Reviewed...
Iran's Strategy for Saving Asad
For decades, Iran has supported the regime of Bashar al-Asad in Syria with military advisors, weapons, and both diplomatic and financial support due to Tehran's belief that a pro-Iranian government in Syria is a core national interest. In this regard,...
Joyriding in Riyadh: Oil, Urbanism, and Road Revolt
SAUDI ARABIA Joyriding in Riyadh: Oil, Urbanism, and Road Revolt, by Pascal Menoret. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. 250 pages. $85 cloth; $32.99 paper.Reviewed by Toby C. JonesJoyriding in Riyadh is a dazzling book. Based on four years of...
Karachi: Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City
PAKISTAN Karachi: Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, by Laurent Gayer. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 256 pages. $34.95.Reviewed by Nazia HussainLaurent Gayer's work is a valuable contribution to understanding the seemingly chaotic...
Official Stories: Politics and National Narratives in Egypt and Algeria
Official Stories: Politics and National Narratives in Egypt and Algeria, by Laurie A. Brand. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014. 274 pages. $27.95.Reviewed by Hugh RobertsThis tightly written book offers an account of "how state elites construct...
Print Media Liberalization and Electoral Coverage Bias in Kuwait
The article discusses the political effect of print media liberalization in Kuwait based on content analysis of Arabic language newspapers in the 2009 parliamentary election. The analysis found no systematic favoring of pro-government candidates in electoral...
Recent Publications
AFGHANISTANChildren of Afghanistan: The Path to Peace, edited by Jennifer Heath and Ashraf Zahedi. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2014. 374 pages. $55. Jennifer Heath and Ashraf Zahedi present the first comprehensive volume examining youth in...
The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era
EGYPT The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era, by Sebastian Elsässer. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. 336 pages. $74.Sebastian Elsässer has written a muchneeded analysis of a community whose history is often marginalized, distorted and erased in...
The July 2012 Libyan Election and the Origin of Post-Qadhafi Appeasement
The July 2012 parliamentary election in Libya was free and fair. Nonetheless, the election exacerbated various local, tribal, and religious cleavages. The National Transitional Council's policy of appeasement successfully averted widespread armed conflict,...
The Privileged American: The U.S. Capitulations in Iran, 1856-1979
IRAN The Privileged American: The U.S. Capitulations in Iran, 1856-1979, by Guive Mirfendereski. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2014. 190 pages. $25.This small-scope monograph traces a topic of considerable importance to Iran, one that, author Guive...
Track-Two Diplomacy toward an Israeli-Palestinian Solution, 1978-2014
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT Track-Two Diplomacy toward an IsraeliPalestinian Solution, 1978-2014, by Yair Hirschfeld. Washington, DC and Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014. 452 pages. $44.95 paper.Yair Hirschfeld...
Twilight of the Saints: Everyday Religion in Ottoman Syria and Palestine
Twilight of the Saints: Everyday Religion in Ottoman Syria and Palestine, by James Grehan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. 341 pages. $74.Reviewed by Theophilus C. ProusisIn Ottoman Syria and Palestine, why did non-Muslims celebrate Ramadan and...
Why Yemen Matters: A Society in Transition
YEMEN Why Yemen Matters: A Society in Transition, edited by Helen Lackner. London: Saqi in Association with London Middle East Institute, SOAS and British-Yemeni Society. 2014. 360 pages. £21.99.Reviewed by Najwa AdraThis collection of papers presented...
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