Naval War College Review

United States Navy publication that discusses public policy matters of interest to the maritime services. Articles serve as a arena for new ideas, opinions, and information both academic and professionally.

Articles from Vol. 54, No. 3, Summer

American Airpower Strategy in Korea, 1950-1953
Crane, Conrad C. American Airpower Strategy in Korea, 1950-1953. Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas, 2000.252pp. $35 Conrad Crane is a research professor for military strategy at the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, and formerly a professor...
"Being There" Matters-But Where?
Which parts of the world will be most important to the United States in the future? Where should the United States be ready to fight a war? During the Cold War the answers to these questions seemed obvious. The parts of the world that were most strategically...
Chemical-Biological Defense: U.S. Military Policies and Decisions in the Gulf War
Mauroni, Albert J. Chemical-Biological Defense: U.S. Military Policies and Decisions in the Gulf War. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1998. 226pp. $59.95 Although we lived with the dangerous specter of nuclear attack for more than fifty years during the Cold...
Decoding History: The Battle of the Atlantic and Ultra
Gardner, W. J. R. Decoding History: The Battle of the Atlantic and Ultra. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1999. 263pp. $34.95 For thirty years after the Second World War, historians said very little about the role of signals intelligence in the...
Doctrine Matters: Why the Japanese Lost at Midway
SET AND DRIFT Dallas Isom's article "The Battle of Midway: Why the Japanese Lost" [Naval War College Review, Summer 2000, pp. 60-100] is laudable for its use of Japanese sources and for the interesting points it raises. In particular, we applaud Isom's...
Dog Boats at War: Royal Navy D Class MTBs and MGBs, 1939-1945
Reynolds, Leonard C. Dog Boats at War: Royal Navy D Class MTBs and MGBs, 1939-1945. Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton, 1998. 260pp. $35 There are few untold stories left from World War II, but the actions of the Royal Navy's Coastal Forces can be described...
Flying Black Ponies
Lavell, Kit. Flying Black Ponies. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2000. 376pp. $32.95 Flying Black Ponies is an effective combination of combat narrative, squadron history, and personal memoir, telling the story of Light Attack Squadron 4 (VAL...
Future Carrier Aviation Options: A British Perspective
One of the key debates that face naval aviation in the twenty-first century relates to its key equipment: the airplane. The United States is the only power that will be able to deploy a carrier force of any size, and it has held this position for over...
How Effective Is Strategic Bombing?: Lessons Learned from World War II to Kosovo
Gentile, Gian P. How Effective Is Strategic Bombing? Lessons Learned from World War II to Kosovo. New York. New York Univ. Press, 2001. 273pp. $36 The issue of strategic bombing's effectiveness is vitally important to political and military leaders....
Identifying Potential Ethnic Conflict
Szayna, Thomas S. Identifying Potential Ethnic Conflict. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 1998. 329pp. $25 Since 1989, the U.S. military has been involved in a number of intrastate conflicts integrally related to ethnicity. These ethnic conflicts have been...
India and Pakistan: Thinking about the Unthinkable
Developments in South Asia during 1999 reminded the world that the nuclear tests undertaken in 1998 by India and Pakistan had ominously increased the danger of nuclear conflict. Pakistani occupation of territory in the Kargil and Dras sectors on the...
Interpreting China's Grand Strategy: Past, Present, and Future
Swaine, Michael D., and Ashley J. Tellis. Interpreting China's Grand Strategy: Past, Present, and Future. Santa Monica, Calif: RAND, 2000. 283pp. $20 Michael Swaine, author of the outstanding The Military & Political Succession in China (1992), and...
Japan's Navy: Politics and Paradox, 1971-2000
Woolley, Peter J. Japan's Navy: Politics and Paradox, 1971-2000. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1999. 166pp. $49.95 In 1971 James Auer published The Postwar Rearmament of Japanese Maritime Forces, 1945-1971, "a book that [was] meant to challenge certain...
Letters
MacARTHUR'S CHRYSLER Sir: Your reviewer of my MacArthur's War in the Winter 2001 issue [Dr. Donald Chisholm, of the Naval War College] must have had a bad-hair day. Not a single one of his nit-picking corrections, some of them already altered in the...
New Insights from Old Books: The Case of Alfred Thayer Mahan
Alfred Thayer Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783, which appeared in 1890, is widely regarded as the first important study of the relationship between naval affairs and international politics. Mahan subsequently published twenty-...
Norstad: Cold War NATO Supreme Commander-Airman, Strategist, Diplomat
Jordan, Robert S. Norstad: Cold War NATO Supreme Commander-Airman, Strategist, Diplomat. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. 329pp. $49 Lauris Norstad was a major Air Force leader during the defining years of the Cold War, and except for Dwight Eisenhower,...
Planning the Unthinkable: How New Powers Will Use Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons
Lavoy, Peter, Scott Sagan, and James Wirtz, eds. Planning the Unthinkable: How New Powers Will Use Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 2000.270pp. $45 The title says it all. This book is a compilation of empirical...
President's Forum
America's international status and global interests require that our forces have as their operating domain not only the majority of the earth's surface, but also the skies and space above, the ocean depths below, and the electronic environment we think...
"Security Is like Oxygen": A Regional Security Mechanism for West Africa
Since the end of the Cold War, the geostrategic significance of Africa to the United States has markedly declined, resulting in the treatment of Africa as a "backwater" in official U.S. policy making in recent years.' The derogation of African issues...
The Changing Role of Information in Warfare
Khalilzad, Zalmay M., and John P. White, eds. The Changing Role of information in Warfare. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 1999. 452pp. $25 Is there need for yet another book on the role of the military in the information age? To judge by this volume, a...
The Coast Guard and Navy: It's Time for a "National Fleet"
The U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Navy have been, are, and will remain complementary. They are not competitors. However, notwithstanding the distinctiveness of their missions and functions, in practice their duties overlap. There is a zone of activity...
The Consequences of Nuclear Proliferation
THE CONSEQUENCES OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION Utgoff, Victor A., ed. The Coming Crisis: Nuclear Proliferation, U.S. Interests, and World Order. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2000. 319pp. $22.95 The Coming Crisis is a series of essays by noted scholars in...
The Legacy of the White Oak Laboratory
Anspacher, William B., et al. The Legacy of the White Oak Laboratory. Dahlgren, Va.: Naval Surface Warfare Center, 2000. 503pp. (Available by e-mail at mrspat@gateway.net or by phone [301] 439-3140). $42 The Navy has had a remarkable and productive group...
The Perils of Paperless: Some Questions about the Latest Defense Business Trend
In a document released in November 1997, Defense Reform Initiative: The Business Strategy for Defense in the 21st Century, then-Secretary of Defense William Cohen stated, "To carry out our defense strategy into the 21st century with military forces able...
The Tyrrany of Forward Presence
Aspecter is haunting U.S. Navy strategic and force planning. It is the specter of forward presence, the continual deployment of Navy and Marine Corps units in waters adjacent to foreign littorals. Although the Navy speaks of its central purpose as maritime...
Transforming the U.S. Armed Forces: Rhetoric or Reality?
The leadership of the Defense Department has enthusiastically endorsed the proposition that the growth and diffusion of stealth, precision, and information technology will drastically alter the character and conduct of future wars, yielding a revolution...
Where Will Presidential Autocracy Take Russia?
REVIEW ESSAY Nichols, Thomas. The Russian Presidency: Society and Politics in the Second Russian Republic. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999. 200pp. $45 This book describes the Russian presidency between 1990 and 1996, its society, and its politics...