Canadian Journal of Public Health

This bimonthly journal publishes articles on all aspects of public health, including health promotion and protection and disease prevention.

Articles from Vol. 98, No. 2, March/April

Epidemiological Analysis of Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae in Saskatoon Health Region
ABSTRACTBackground: The incidence rates of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) in Saskatoon Health Region are approximately double the national average. A descriptive study was designed to try to determine why.Methods: The objectives...
Evaluating the Role of Social Marketing Campaigns to Prevent Youth Gambling Problems: A Qualitative Study
ABSTRACTBackground: Gambling among adolescents is a growing public health concern. To date, social marketing as a strategy to address problem gambling among youth has not been widely used.Methods: A qualitative study through the use of focus groups was...
Exploring Rural Health Inequalities at a Local Scale: The Case of Portneuf, Québec
ABSTRACTBackground: The most common way of accounting for the countryside in health studies has been to compare it, as a whole, to the city. Furthermore, most of the work on small area health inequalities has been confined to major urban centres. To...
Factors Affecting Change over Time in Self-Reported Health
ABSTRACTBackground: Self-reported health status has become a conventional measure of health status at the population level. Further, the literature supports its use as a valid indicator of morbidity and mortality. However, relatively little attention...
Gender, Income and Immigration Differences in Depression in Canadian Urban Centres
ABSTRACTBackground: Immigrants tend to initially settle in urban centres. It is known that immigrants have lower rates of depression than the Canadian-born population, with the lowest rates among those who have arrived recently in Canada. It is established...
Hepatitis B Knowledge, Testing and Vaccination Levels in Chinese Immigrants to British Columbia, Canada
ABSTRACTBackground: Little is known about hepatitis B (HBV) and liver cancer control in Chinese in Canada. Liver cancer, a significant health problem in Asia, is preventable and can be controlled through HBV blood testing, vaccination, and community...
Invasive Pneumococcal Infections in Canadian Children, 1998-2003
Implications for New Vaccination ProgramsABSTRACTBackground: We conducted active surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease to assess the serotype and antibiotic resistance patterns in Canada prior to universal infant immunization programs, in most...
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection in First Nations Preschool Children in Alberta
Implications for BCG (bacille Calmette-Guérin) Vaccine WithdrawalABSTRACTBackground: On April 1, 2004, BCG (bacille Calmette-Guérin), a tuberculosis (TB) control vaccine, was discontinued in all but four high-risk communities in Alberta. To confirm the...
Older Male Sexual Partner as a Marker for Sexual Risk-Taking in Adolescent Females in Nova Scotia
ABSTRACTPurpose: To examine age differences between Nova Scotia women aged 15-19 and their male sexual partners, and to determine if those adolescents with older partners were more likely to have engaged in sexual risk-taking behaviours.Methods: A cross-sectional...
Patterns and Correlates of Pubertal Development in Canadian Youth
Effects of Family ContextABSTRACTBackground: Current health literature suggests that there has been a decline in the age of pubertal onset, and that pubertal development is influenced by social context. Unfortunately, contemporary Canadian-specific data...
Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Body Mass Index as Predictors of Substantial Weight Gain and Obesity
The Canadian Physical Activity Longitudinal StudyABSTRACTBackground: Obesity is a growing health issue in Canada and the identification of the determinants of obesity is important for the development of prevention strategies. The purpose of this investigation...
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Hepatitis C Infection (HCV) in a Multi-Site Canadian Population of Illicit Opioid and Other Drug Users (OPICAN)
ABSTRACTBackground: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent in illicit drug user populations, with three in four new HCV infections related to this risk behaviour and a growing HCV disease burden in Canada. Using data from a multi-site...
Socio-Economic Correlates of Municipal-Level Pollution Emissions on Montreal Island
ABSTRACTBackground: Differential exposure to environmental hazards is one component of the social gradient in health. Few studies have investigated the association between socio-economic characteristics and environmental hazards in a Canadian context....
The Decline in Physical Activity among Adolescent Students
A Cross-national ComparisonABSTRACTBackground: The decline in physical activity during adolescence is a key public health concern. This comparative study assesses whether the age-related decline in physical activity among high school students occurs...